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fraurr.—Tho Emperor and Empress returned to Paris from Com- piegne on Sunday afternoon. Before they left their country retreat the Marquis Antonini, the Neapolitan Minister, breakfasted with the Em- peror; and on quitting Compiegne set out express for Naples.
All the great Powers have now accepted the invitation to meet in Con- gress, and it is supposed it will be opened at Paris on the 5th of January, 1860.
The trial concerning the publication in the _Anti de in Religion of a letter ascribed to the King of Sardinia has ended. Its responsible editor, the Abb6 Sisson, has been sentenced to throe months' imprisonment and a fine of 1000 francs, and the printer to one month's imprisonment and a fine of 500 francs.
The Juge d'Iustruction has decided that there is no ground for further proceedings in the affair of M. Girardin's pamphlet entitled Napoleon et 1' Europe. The copies seized by the police have been returned. The Moniteur of Thursday contained the following list of nomina- tions of Envoys Extraordinaty and Ministers Plenipotentiary of France to Foreign Courts-
" The Prince de la Tour d'Auvergne, to Berlin. M. de Talleyrand, to Turin. M. de Sartiges, to Holland. Count Mercier, to the United States
of America. M. de Damremont, to Sweden. M. Baudin to Denmark. Count Rene de Comminges Guitau, to Portugal. Count lieiset, to Hesse Darmstadt and Nassau. M. de Bouree, to Greece. The Marquis de Bonne- ville, to Bavaria. Baron de Malaret, to Hanover. M. Sarnpayo, to Hesse Electoral."
ift ill--Central Italy has been newly constituted under the rule of " Governor-General " Buoncompagni. The result of the Tuscan oppo- sition has been a reconsideration of the question. Salvagnoli and Buoneompagni have met at Modena, and agreed upon the following points. "1. That Commendatore Buoncompagni shall assume the title and exercise the high office of Governor-General of the above-mentioned provinces. "2. The Governors of Tuscany and/of the Romagna and the Duchies re- tain their respective offices, with all the powers which were given them by the assemblies, with the following modifications. "3. The Governor-General is the only authority which unites the two Governments with each other and with that of Sardinia.
"4. The supreme direction of the army of the League belongs to him : the orders to the Commander-in-Chief are given by him. "5. To the Governor-General belongs the supreme direction of foreign affairs, as well as of the diplomatic relations which the two united Govern- ments may establish with the Powers of Europe, in order to carry out the union with Piedmont."
Farini has boldly annexed the Romagna and the Duchies of Modena and Parma, organized a single government for the whole, and accepted the post of governor. It has made a great impression in Italy. Farini regards them as pertaining to the House of Savoy, "to which they belong by virtue of the national will." The Unione of Turin of the 30th of November was seized on account of a letter from Paris, in which the subject of universal suffrage was discussed in a manner held to be offensive to the Emperor of the French. Information from Venetia, purporting to be "authentic," states that the hostility of the inhabitants of the province to the Austrians is greater than ever, and the poverty of the lower classes is such that the country has become extremely unsafe. "Night after night, and day after day, burglariea are committed in Venice. In fact, the national character has undergone a complete change." The great distress of the inhabitants of Venetia is attributed to the excessive taxation.
The Session of the Council of State at Rome has been opened. The Concordat with Baden has been published, and is similar to that con- cluded with Austria and Wurtemberg.
A telegram from Naples gives news from Palermo to the 27th of No- vember. The Commander Maniscaleo, Director-General of the Sicilian police, had been stabbed while walking with his wife and children in the Plato of the Cathedral. The wound inflicted was very severe, but
probably not mortal. The assassin, who was well dressed, escaped. Fears were entertained that the attempted assassination would be fol- lowed by an insurrection, but tranquillity prevailed.
Off 1111I it R.—The Austrian Government is represented as deliberating on the question—shall the state of siege be proclaimed in Hungary ? Large bodies of troops have been quietly moved in that direction, but not so quietly as to escape observation. And well may Austria feel alarmed. Hungary is alive with political excitement. There was a great festival at Klansenburg on the 23d of November, on which day the "Transylvanian Museum Association" was constituted. The Hungarian Academy sent a deputation to Klausenburg on the occasion, and Baron adviis, its President, made a patriotic and brilliant speech, which was received with loud cries of "Eljen !" Several men bearing names well known in history were present, and among others the Counts Bethlen, Teleky, Gyarfas, and Pal. In the statutes of the Association it was said that the members must de- cide by ballot whether the German or Hungarian language should be used, and when the urns were examined it was found that all the mem- bers—there were 383—wished to employ the Hungarian tongue. The Hungarians are resuming their national costumes, a fact of much signi- ficance. Nor are the acts of Austria calculated to allay the excitement. The aged and venerable Papovies, Greek Bishop of Munckacs, has been kidnapped by a Roman Catholic Bishop,—" the only Hungarian prelate who is pro-Austrian,"—and has been carried off no one knows where. His family, his friends, his flock have made the most anxious inquiries after him, but in vain. The authorities will not say in what prison or fortress he is cooped up. A domiciliary visit has been made at Mr. E. Zsedenyi's, who was the first to raise his voice on behalf of the Protes- tants at the meeting at Kaesmark, and to protest against Count Thun's famous decree for the organization of the Protestant Church. M. Zsedenyi is a wealthy man, always remarkable for his conservatism ; before 1848 one of the ablest advocates of the Government measures at the Diet, and one of the best high officials of the Government. The burgesses of the mining town of Oravicza, in the Banat, found that it would be rather convenient for them to have their streets lit. Since they had the necessary funds at hand, they at once entered into an agreement about lighting the town. Scarcely, however, had the lamps been placed and lit up, when the Government official stopped the light- ing, because the town of Oravicza had not previously requested and got the permission from Vienna for lighting the streets. Such is the patri- archal Government of Austria.
The Austrian Government has issued a supplementary Press Law which has filled the Viennese editors with great apprehension. The system of warnings is adopted, and penalties imposed on the circulation of rumours or false news, or official intelligence. The 4th Article says- " The same penalties will be applied to these persons, when false news or false documents assigned to any definite authority or individual shall have been published as mere rumours, even should they not come within the range of the penal code, whenever they appear of a nature to wound or ridi- cule any one in his social or official position, or to injure the Government or any public authority, or the official respect due to any special organ of the Government, or to provoke any excitement dangerous to order and tran- quillity, or to weaken confidence in Government."
The editors desire to know how, under this law, they are to publish anything. The Vienna correspondent of the Times says- " The fourth paragraph of the supplementary regulations to the Press Laws is to the Austrian Government what a bowstring is to an Oriental despot. If either of the Ministers has a pique against an Austrian paper, he has but to tighten the cord which has been placed round the neck of the whole press, and the special object of his dislike will fall helpless at his feet. A distinguished barrister yesterday told me that the law was remarkable for its elasticity. It can,' said he, be turned, twisted, and stretched into any shape and form, so that the editors of the papers are entirely at the mercy of the Minister of the Police.' An Austrian of high rank and standing declares the work of Count Rechberg and Baron Thierry to be an atrocity ;' and other men of influence in the Empire speak in a way which is anything but flattering to the gentlemen in question." The Prussian „Moniteur of the 5th of December contains the appoint- ment of Lieutenant-General Von [loon as Minister of War.
Mr. Thomas Carlyle, the historian, has received the Commander's Cross of the Falcon Order from the Grand Duke of Weimar.
At a meeting held in Bremen on the 2d of December, it was resolved that "the inviolability of person and property in time of war on the high seas, extended also to the subjects and citizens of belligerent States, ex- cept as far as the operations of war necessarily restrict the same, is im- peratively demanded by the sentiments of justice universally entertained at the present day." The High Senate of the Haase Towns are re- quested to give a strenuous support to this proposition.
=Hilt—The Ministerial crisis in Denmark is over for the pre- sent. The new Ministry has been provisionally formed as follows- " Councillor Rottwitt, President of the Council and Minister of Justice, and also ad interim for Holstein and Lauenburg. Baron Blixen Fineck, Minister of Foreign Affairs, and also ad interim for Schleswig. Major- General Thestrup, Minister of War and Marine. The Councillor of State, M. Westenholz, Minister of Finance. The Chamberlain, M. Jessen, Minis- ter of the Interior."
*gain.—The war in Africa does not go on very brilliantly. The Spaniards at Ceuta have had enough to do to maintain their position on the heights in front of the place. The Spaniards, as well as the Moors, have suffered very severe losses in their actions with the enemy. It is said that O'Donnell will return to Madrid. The Spanish army is about to attack Tetuan. It is remarkable that the "accident" which led the French Admiral to fire on the forts there, has been the means of sparing the Spaniards much labour.
rkrn.—Reports of a Ministerial crisis come from Constantinople- " A Ministerial crisis had been brought about by the dissensions between Fund Pasha and Riza Pasha. Fuad had tendered his resignation, which was refused by the Sultan, but a permanent agreement between the two Ministers appeared impossible. Fuad Pasha WBB the only Minister who con- tinued to oppose the Suez Canal. M. de Thouvenel and Baron Prokeseh, the Ambassadors of France and Austria, had made joint representations in favour of M. de Lesseps, and the adhesion of the other Continental Powers to his scheme was expected, as the language of their Ambassadors was ex- tremely favourable. The Grand Vizier was endeavouring to work out re- forms, but the combination to reduce the paper currency was prevented by the insufficiency of the means at the disposal of the Treasury. The retention of from twenty to thirty per cent of the salaries of the employes in the su- perior public establishments and the taxation of licences had been ordered."
g i 1.—Two incidents are recorded in the advices of the Bombay mail of the 11th of November and the Calcutta mail of the 2d: the entry of Lord Canning into Luoknow and the capture of Dwarka. Lord Canning entered Lueknow on the 22d of October, and received and decorated the great men of Oude. On the 24th he held a Durbar, attended by the Talookdars, and to them he made this speech. "Talookdars of Oude—I am glad to find myself in your country and among you, and to have this opportunity of speaking to you in the name of the Queen your Sovereign. "A year has not passed away since this province was the seat of anarchy and war. The conduct of its people had been such that the Government was compelled belay a heavy hand upon it. But peace and order are now restored to every corner of Oude, and I am come to speak to you not of the past, but of the future. "You have all of you who are here present received yesterday the grants of these estates which the Government has restored to you. "You will have seen by the terms of those grants that the ancient Ta- lookdaree system of Oude is revived and perpetuated. "Be assured that so long as each one of you is a loyal and faithful subject, and a just master, his rights and dignity as a Talookdar will be upheld by me and by every representative of your Queen, and that no man shall disturb them.
"You will also have seen by those grants that the same rights are secured on the same conditions to your heirs for ever. "Let this security be an encouragement to you to spend your care, and time and money upon the improvement of your possessions.
"L the Government has been generous to you so do you be generous to those who hold under you down to the humblest tiller of the soil. Aid them by advances of money and other indulgences to increase the pro- ductiveness of the land, and set them an example of order and obedience to your rulers.
"Let the same security in your possessions encourage you to bring up your sons in a manner befitting the position which they will hereafter occupy as the Chiefs of Oude. Learn yourselves, and teach them to look to the Government as a father.
"Talookdars, I trust that there are none among you who are so infatu- ated as to believe that the Government has had designs against your religion. Even if there be any such, I will not condescend to repeat the assurances which they have already received on this head. I leave it to time, and ex- perience, and their own senses to dispel their perverse suspicions. But for their own sakes I warn them not to be led into acts of opposition or distrust towards the Government by the false tales of designing men. " Lastly,Talookdars whenever in any matter you have doubts to be re- solved or wishes to make known address yourselves to the Chief Commis-
sioner. He will tell you the known, in all things. He is the high and trusted representative of the Government in Oude, and, depend upon it, he will be your best adviser and your truest friend. I wish that I could speak to you in your own language. 'That which I have said will now be interpreted to you, and I enjoin you to bear it in your memories."
It is said that the Talookdars looked well satisfied.
Dwarka was captured on the 30th of October. By the fire of our ships and the daring of our blue jackets the outworks were carried, and the Waghers cooped up. But on the night of the 30th they broke through a weak place in the investing force, killing some of the 28th Foot, and so got away.
There are to be several small campaigns in Rajpootana and Bundel- cund, to disperse the remnants of the rebels.
The Chief Justice of Ceylon is dead.
11 iff If histrs.—Advices have been received from Portland to the
26th of November.
The Secretary of War had received on the 25th a despatch from Lieu- tenant-General Scott, dated Straits of Fuca, and sent by way of Leaven-
" Two days ago I despatched from Fort Townsend a communication to Governor Douglass, proposing a temporary adjustment of the existing diffi- culties on the basis suggested by the President in his suggestions to me. There has been no answer yet, but there is no doubt the proposition will be accepted. Everything is tranquil in these islands." General Harney had quitted San Juan, hurt, it is said, at being superseded.
The excitement at Charleston, Virginia, growing out of rumours of a revival of the Harper's Ferry movement, had subsided, and the troops were being sent home. The Court of Appeals had refused to award a writ of error in the case of John Brown, being of opinion that the judg- ment of the Circuit Court was correct.
It is believed that Major French, late disbursing agent for the Trea-
sury extension building: and who was under 10,000 dollars bonds for his
appearance at the criminal court for the Washington district to answer the charge of defalcation, has absconded to Europe. It is now reported the defalcations arc very large. It is stated at the Post Office department that it has been discovered the late Postmaster Westcott, of Philadelphia, is a defaulter to the amount of nearly 20,000 dollars. " Tattnall's Noble Answer" is the subject of some downright heartfelt lines by Mr. S. G. Bullfinch, an Unitarian minister in the United States, which will exemplify the feeling that we know to exist towards this
" Hear what the gallant Tattnall said At the mouth of the Chinese river, When, through Asian balls and English dead, He pressed on to deliver ; His Starry flag, to each English heart, Flashed hope through that darkening slaughter,
And his words—as he played his manly, pact—
Were, Blood is thicker than water.'
Land of our sires, the strife is o'er That armed us against each other ; We give thee the homage of sons no more, But the love of a free-born brother.
We bid thee hail! as the noblest State That bends to a monarch's orders ; Prosperity dwell in thy palace gate And peace be within thy borders !
Hear it, proud realm of the gray old past, From our young land of the present ; Let the words ring forth like a trumpet blast, Our greeting to prince and peasant. And if wrathful thoughts again are stirred, Ere we rush to fraternal slaughter, Let the madness cease at the homely word, That blood is thicker than water.'" thin a .—Some items of information come from Hongkong under date October 29. "A part of the 68th Regiment has arrived from Calcutta. A destructive fire took place here on the 20th. Property to the value of 100,000 dollars burnt. The Yates Hartley steamer was lost on the rocks eighty miles from this place ; the crew and treasure were saved. The ship Inkermann, of London, has also been lost." The new Anglo- Chinese Customs we hear have been " opened " at Canton, and "do not work well."
S Alla II.—A telegram dated Nagasaki, October 21, gives this rare piece of news-
" The Japanese Embassy will leave for Washington by the Powbattan on the 22d of February. Trade is progressing."
urn u.—Intelligence from Sarawak to the 17th of October, states "the Datoo Patingi Gapoor has been seized for plotting with the Dyak Chiefs to murder the Europeans. The Datoo is to be banished to Singa- pore. Tranquillity is restored."
S RS a .—From Batavia comes the news that "great fears are en- tertained that the natives of Java will rise. Every European is well armed. Much excitement prevails among the natives, owing to their being forced on board ship as Coolies, for Boni. A conspiracy to murder the European residents has been detected at Danda."
infra 118.—The Assembly of Victoria was opened on the 13th of October, and Mr. Murphy was again chosen speaker. It is hinted that he will be knighted. The Assembly met in strength ; 23 sat on the Ministerial side, and 43 on the Opposition, 12 were absent. A vote of want of confidence in the Government was to come on immediately, but the above array does not indicate how it will turn out, since the Opposi- tion is composed of squatters and anti-squatters. The revenues show a satisfactory state of the finances—the revenue having increased 360,0831.; but the export and production of gold have fallen off. The imports were 11,399,6561.; the exports, 10,053,803/.
The revenue of New South Wales is also in a flourishing state. A re- solution against the separation of Moreton Bay has been carried in Council.
Three Englishmen have been shot in New Caledonia, being in arms against the Government. These men had settled in the island before the French took it ; but it seems to be admitted that, through one Padden, these men were engaged in intrigues against the French, and that they supplied the natives with arms. An insurrection of the latter occurred; the English were taken and shot.