THE GENERAL ELECTION.
" Ministerialist " and " Non-Ministerialist " respectively—the only simple classifi- [The letters M and N beading the columns of figures in the following list indicate cation possible in the present confused state of parties. The Italic type denotes that the Member is altogether new to Parliament, or that he has changed from the place he represented at the dissolution.]
MN General autlfeild
Col. Tynte 1 Annoven
11. B. Coles 1
Alderman W. Cubitt 1
H. Whitmore 1
Sir R. Pigot 1
Lord B. Howard -
T. A. Mitchell 1
Charles Ilindley -
Sir G. Pechell
Lord A. Hervey 1
R. Bethell - 1
F. Peel - 1
BURY ST. EDMUNDS
H. W. Tancred
J. Stuart 1 Sir TV. Frazer 1
Earl of Shelburne 1
1 IL Macaulay 1
J. H. Astell
Lord George Paget - 1
H. P. Gipps
Hon. B. Johnson
S. Whitbread - 1
H. Stuart 1
W. Corn - 1
W. Forster - 1
Sir James Graham 1 .1. Mope:ton - 1 Joseph Ferguson
Hon. M. Lawley
D. M orris
M. B. Hughes
Sir 7'. Winnington
Sir F. Smith
G. F. Muntz
C Berkeley - 1
- 1 Earl Grosvenor 1
Hon. W 0. Stanley 1
Dr. Mitchell 1 -
J Abel Smith - 1
C. G. Bowie
Lord H Lennox 1 -
1 J. Crook - 1
H. G. Boldero
J. H. Heathcote - 1
Capt. Walcott, R.N.
B. B. Cabbell
H. Wickham 1
1 Joseph Mullings
A. G. J. Ponsonby
Alit a 2. moron
Czrrnicans 11. Wilson 1
MN lassonerrea MN G. Wyndham
B. Gardner 1
W. W. Howlcini......
1 Lonl J. Manners 1
1 - COL°rd.TRNYaag
J. G. PhWimore
E. Ellice C. Geach
Hon. H. Fitzroy
Hon. M. Brand
Viscount Anson 1 A. Goddard 1 - Lord Alfred Paget - 1
DIr T. Bass
1 Col. Sibthorp
T. B. Horsfall
G. F. Heneage
Dgiff W. if eneage
1 A. B. Crowder 1
Forbes M'Ienzie 1
LONDON 1 DORCHESTER
J. Masterman 1
11../4 Sh,eridan Dovss-ur"
1 Lord John Russell Sir James Duke Baron Rothschild 1 24ra Chelsea
E. R. Rice
1 Sir R. Fergusson
Sir J. Pakington 1
.5. Clive 1
Lord W. Paulett
D on. roznab°w _
Lord A. Vane 1
Sir J. R. Comae
W. S. Mackinnon
EAST s ItoEuirGaiw
Lord Jocelyn Lord Stanley 1 1
Hone. W.t.E. Dualicombe
J. Brocklehurst - Sir H. Willoughby 1
Grenville Berkeley -
G. Dodd 1 - Sir T. Duckworth 1
E. Divett -
B. C. Irerrison 1
J. E. Denison
Hon. IV. Fitzwilliam
Thomas S. Duncombe
Milner Gibson John Bright
- 1 GATESHEAD -
Lord Ernest Bruce 1 Gr-isa ow
H. B. Baring 1 A. Hastie
T. P. Williams 1
Col. Knox 1
TV. P. Price
Admiral Berkeley - 1 Lord Dudley Stuart - /
Sir Benjamin Hall
G. E. Welby 1
Hon. F. Tollemache
1 Sir J. Guest - 1 Goma:wren
Hon. S. Walpole 1
Peter Bait 1
- MONMOUTH DISTRICT
C. Bailey 1 -
_Earl of Annesley 1
J. Hume - 1
1 Hon. E. Howard - I
Sir Charles Wood
OH. Vernon - 1 F. Crossley
1 lion. M. Sutton - 1 HARWICH
S. Peacock 3.
J. B. BlacIcett
T. E. Headlam
.1. P. Robertson 1
W. Jackson 1 M. Briscoe
J. H. Phillips 1
W. Biggs 1
W. A. Massey 1
Sir R. Vyvyan 1
W. B. Wrightson 1 Sir R. Price
1 Vernon Smith 1
Hon. W. Cowper
S. M. Peto
Sir J. W. Hogg
Edward Strutt 1
W. B. S. Fitzgerald 1
J. M. Cobbett 1
W. R. Stansfield
1 John Duncuft . .........
Sir W. P. Wood
Joseph Lluigaton - 1
1 Sir J. Owen 1 Thomas Baring 1
Hon. A. Kinnaird
E. D. Brockman - 1 Prinatiortouzar
Hon. G. Fitzwilliam 1 A. Matheson
R. Watson 1
H. E. Adair
1 Sir W. Jolliffe 1 J. C. Cobbold
1 G. C. Glyn
R. P. Collier - 1
R. H. Mines 1
Hon. Hugh Arbuthnot
H. D. Seymour 1 Col. Fergusson -
G. FV. Franklyn
J. P. Westhead
1 Sir F. T. Baring 1
J. D. Dent - 1 Lord Mona - 1 B. T. Wood 1
Sir J. Strickland
1 .R. T. Parker
Hon. J. W. Percy
Sir T. F. Lewia
Hon. Josceline Percy
H. P. Seating
1 Sir G. Goodman
M. T. Baines
1 T. S. Cocks 1
Henry Rich Marmaduke Wyvil Aims
Hon. E. La:celles
polcli■LE BOCERSTER Hon.!. Villiers
Sir T. H. Maddox SALronn Joseph Brotherton
Lord Charles Clinton — Gregor
Sir J. Johnstone Lord Mulgraoe
J. A. Roebuck G. Hadfield SilotutaAst Sir C. M. Burrell Lord A. Lennox Ssraawsiscra G. Tontline E. H. Baldock
B. M`G. Wilcox Sir Alex. Cockburn Bourn Samna B. Ingham
Sir W. Molesworth Apsley Pd alt
Sr. ANDREW'S BURGHS
Edward Ellice jun
G. A. Wise A. °limy
.7. L. Ricardo lion. L. Gowar
G. Poulett Scrape Lord Moreton
W. D. Seymour
J. H. Vivian
Sir Robert Peel Captain Townshend
H. Labouchere A. Mills TAlasrocx G. Brig 8. Carter
H. Brown John Martin
Hon. F. Baring Earl of Ruston
Sir W. P. Gallwey - 1 1
1 1 - 1 - 1 - - 1 1 1 1 - - 1 1 1 N 1 1
- 1 -
1 1 - - 1 1 1 1 1 1 1 1
1 1 1 1 1 1 1 1 1 1 1 1
Lord Palmerston John Heathcoat Torwess Lord Seymour Mills — Towma HAsfixrs Sir William Clay 11". Butler
J. E. Vivian H. Vivian Trxwmotrru Hugh 7bylor
G. Srndars WALLING FORD It. Medina
J. S. E. Drax
G. Repton B. Greaoes Writs O. Pavlov W. G. Hayter WENLocx Rt Hon. G. C. C. Forester Milnea Gaskell Wr.rrnuirr J. Wilson
Sir J. Shelley Sir Be Lacy Evans
.7. T. Devereux
G. Butt Col. Freestun WarrxisAvEN R. C. Hildyard
R. A. Thicknesse Hon. Colonel Lindsay WevroN H. A' Court
J. B. Carter Sir J. B. East WINDSOR Lord C. Wellesley C. Grenfell
Marquis of Blandford WoLvsanex.Proar Hon. C. P. Villiers J. Thornely
0. Ricardo A. Laslett WIrcoune Sir G. Dashwood M. T. Smith
C. E. Rumbold Sir G. Lawn
J. G. Smythe W. Miner
MN 1 1
1 1 1
1 1 1 1 1 1 1 1 1
[Note—Three names are inserted under the head of KM UtE8B0110110H, though the town re- turns but two Members: there were four candidates; three obtained 113 rotes each, and the fourth 107.) THE Mrrnorous.
Loin:gm A contest extemporized at a late period, but evidently meant to be prosecuted with vigour to the utmost, awakened unexpected in- terest in the election for the City. The Sheriffs appeared on the hustings on Tuesday at ten o'clock, and ordered the gates of Guildhall to be opened : the gates were no sooner open than the hell was crammed by a rushing multitude of partisans. The favourites of the great mass of the crowd seemed to be Mr. Masterman, and Baron Rothschild—an immense iepresentation of the Jewish persuasion mustered to support the latter : a great body of respectable electors scattered through the mass appeared to be in favour of Lord John Russell ; Sir James Duke seemed to have strong partisans and strong opponents ; Mr. Crawford's party seemed weak in numbers. In one of the galleries of the hall were Lady John Russell, Baroness Rothschild, and a party of friends. The French Prinees, the Dukes de Nemours, Montpensier, and Aumale, were also in this gallery, attracted from Claremont by curiosity to witness the prac- tical working of our representative system, and evidently interested in the bearing of the democracy. In the opposite gallery was Father Gavazzi, and we have heard that Father Achilli was present Sheriff Cotterill having opened the proceedings, Lord John Russell was proposed by Mr. Thompson Hankey, and seconded by Mr. John Dillon ; Baron Lionel de Rothschild, by Mr. Henry Prescott and Mr. Alderman Wire ; Mr. Masterman, by Mr. Russell Ellice and Mr. J. B. Heath ; Sir James Duke, by Mr. Martineau and Mr. Alderman Lawrence. The new candidate, Mr. Robert Wigram Crawford, was nominated by Mr. W. J. Hall and seconded by Mr. Henry Bateman. The speeches in favour of Sir James Duke were interrupted by great uproar ; and those in favour of Mr. Crawford by cries of "He's not a willing candidate !" "One volunteer is better than forty pressed men ! " Lord John Russell spoke frankly, but rather meekly ; telling the electors that they had better take him or reject him for what he had done already for liberty in religion, politics, and commerce, than for any pro- fessions he could now make ; and putting it to them whether they should support him "because he had done those things, or choose some other advocate of those measures, and discard one who had served them to the best of his ability."
"It would neither be good feeling nor good policy," he-thought, "so to act; because any man whom they chose in his place, professing similar prin- ciples, would expect, if ever he acted beneficially for the interest of the coun- try, that he likewise would incur their disapprobation." Much insisting on Ins labours in behalf of the Jews, he said, if the people of England sent a large majority to the House of Commons to remove all religious disabilities, there would be found 1:10 obstacle to the consummation of their wishes. With respect to Free-trade, he told them to observe that there was not one of the late Members of the City of London, nor one of the present candidates who wished to represent the City, that was not favourable to Free-trade. But, more than that, throughout the country the Protectionists were ready to give
up that battle, and, like the garrison of a besieged place, 'were only about to muster their forces for the purpose of laying down their arms. He was aware that it was proposed to make some sort of capitulation before those arms were piled but the terms of that capitulation must be narrowly looked at, and he said for himself that he should vote for no relief to a particular class, but if the revenue could afford relief he thought it should be given to the com- munity at large. In reply to an exclamation of "No Popery !" in the crowd, he said, his principle upon that subject was very clear : he never would allow any interference with the supremacy and independence of the Crown and of the nation ; but, on the other hand, he would never punish any man for his religious opinions. In respect to the charges made against him by some in- dividuals, of having committed various errors in his political life, he might, if he were to detain them, say i something in answer to those critics; but he rr much preferred to say. that, no doubt, n the course of a long political life, and with an infirm and fallible understanding, he had committed many er- rors ; but he threw himself upon their indulgence. (Loud cheering.) Examined by Mr. Benumb, a Common Councilman, about the vote by ballot, he said, he had frequently stated his opinions on that subject in Par- liament. He was for publicity in all proceedings. He thought it right that our courts of justice should be open ; he thought it right that the discussions in Parliament should be open ; and he thought that if we resorted to secrecy in giving votes for Members of Parliament, there would be equally good ar- guments for excluding the public from the places he had named. (Applause and groans.) He was aware of the many evils which were brought upon in- dividuals by the free exercise of the franchise. He did not believe, however, that those evils would be cured by secret voting, but that there would be a secret inquisition into every man's vote, and that, as now men were punished for open voting, so means would be found to punish them for secret voting. (Cheers and hisses.) Examined about the franchise and the duration of Parliaments, he said, with regard to those two questions he must ask the indulgence of the electors. With regard to any measure that he might bring forward, or that he might support in Parliament, he had to consider first what was best for the country ; and he had next to consider what other men would support, and what he had a chance of carrying. (Great applause.) If he was fit to be their represent- ative, he was fit to be intrusted with discretion upon those questions; and he would advise them rather to choose one whom they could trust, and to rely upon his judgment and honesty, rather than to choose an automaton in order that they might be able to direct the wires with which it was moved. Baron Rothschild asked the electors to follow up the vote given in his favour five years ago; which would be handed down to posterity as a national political fact. He concluded by referring to a charge made against him about the loan which had been contracted with his firm by the Austrian Government.
In i making reference to that, he did not wish that it should be considered that he was n any way making an excuse for the manner in which he, their representative, had been acting. But he wished to take advantage of that opportunity to state, that in Austria the Jews now enjoy the same privi- leges and rights enjoyed by all other religious persuasions. At present there are two Jews who hold very high situations in the Austrian Government. As regards civil and religious liberty, therefore, Austria is already in advance of this country. Ile now appealed to the electors to come forward as Englishmen —as men who never desert a cause or principle until they have carried and established it ; and, as they were the first to elect a member of the Jewish persuasion, he trusted and hoped that they would not give in until they have conferred upon them an equality of civil privileges.
Mr. Masterman, in his speech, relied mainly on his performance of the duties devolving on a Member for London. As regarded Protection, he thought he might say that he had voted for all the relaxations that had been proposed in our commercial tariff; and that, if a renewal of the duties on corn should ever be proposed, he for one would never give his consent to it in any way. (Cheers.)
Sir James Duke stood chiefly on his past endeavours at all times to be accessible and useful to his fellow citizens • but he reminded them also, that he had fought the Liberal battle in difficult times, and therefore he hoped he was not now to be deserted.
Mr. Crawford stated, in explanation of "the very anomalous and em- barrassing circumstances under which it was his lot to appear," that he was "not himself a candidate," but only complied with the wishes of friends, and he wished to stand "a neutral party."
He felt bound by every regard to consistency, honour, and to those con- clusiorut which he came to on a careful consideration of all the circumstances, not to present himself there to them as a candidate. On the other hand, he was bound not altogether to ignore the spontaneous exhibition of feeling which had been manifested towards him, humble as he was, within the last few days. (Cheers and some confusion.)
After some testy speeches between Common Councilmen as to mine election manceuvres, a show of hands was taken. Mr. Sheriff Swift wa the counter of the hands. He declared that the show was in favour of Mr. Masterman, Lord John Russell, Baron Rothschild, and Mr. Craw- ford. Sir James Duke's party asserted that the show in Sir James's fa- vour was more numerous than that for Mr. Crawford. A poll was de- manded by Sir James Duke, and was fixed by the Sheriffs for the follow- ing day. Mr. Crawford then stepped forward and again entreated his friends not to go to the poll. In doing this, he said he must take the liberty of stating before the noble Lord, that he desired not to go to the poll, on the clear and distinct confidence and belief that his Lordship, when he had the power to do so, would relax no effort and would spare no means to carry the emancipation of the Jews, and that he would also carry forward a thorough and complete reform of the Customs establishment. He did not doubt his Lordship's desire to promote free trade to the utmost ; but he did tell him now, that without the confi- dence in his mind which he had just expressed, he would not have retired from the contest. Lord John Russell begged to acknowledge his sense of the very hand- some manner in which Mr. Crawford had expressed his confidence with respect to his conduct in the future, both with respect to the emancipation of the Jews and a reform of the Customs department. He could only assure the electors, that that trust and confidence would not be misplaced, and that he should always endeavour with respect to those and other questions to do that which was best for the welfare of the city of Lon- don and the benefit of this great empire. It was understood that as the poll had been demanded, and officially an- nounced, it must now go on. There was a notion that Sir James Duke would retire before Wednes- day, but it proved unfounded. The poll commenced at eight o'clock on Wednesday morning, and closed at four, as follows- 1,1 . . • . • . . . . . 6195 Russell .. . • • • .. 6537 Duke . .. • . 6270 Rothschild .. 4748 Crawford .. .. 3765 The candidates all appeared to give thanks ; the four winners for their election, and the loser for the surprising demonstration made in favour of an unwilling candidate, without preparation, or any canvass whatever. Lord John Russell passed high eulogiums on his colleagues, and the highest of all on Mr. Masterman ; the integrity of whose public conduct entitled him to the eminence of heading the polL Lord John made a point of a small political "secret." "Although I am no longer in a position to tell you Cabinet secrets, yet there is a secret which I think I may, a little before the time, be able to re- veal to you; and that secret is this, that you need be no longer in suspense about a great question. I will venture to say, that as soon as the last county election is over, as soon as the last farmer has polled, you will be told by the Government that they consider that the cause of Protection is hopeless, and that the question of Free-trade has been triumphantly carried."
WPSTMINSTER. This was one of the most keenly contested of the
Metropolitan elections. Early in the week the walls glared with pla- dards, inciting the electors by all the various arts of persuasion and warning to vote for or against particular candidates. General Evans had to deny the calumny of having been a woman-flogger in Spain; Sir John Shelley, to clear himself of the odium of having been a Tory twenty years ago; Mr. Coningham, to demonstrate indignantly that he is no ad- herent to the principles of Mr. Robert Owen, but deems them Utopian, and is no Roman Catholic ; and Lord Maidstone had to bear up against all the charges to which a silent and quietly-working Conservative candidate in Westminster would be obnoxious. There was a most ex- tensively-organized system of committees and canvassing; and the Libe- rals made it a great point in their oratory to the crowds, that aristocratic ladies were coercing the shopkeepers, as in old times of high aristocratic intervention in the elections.
The nomination was at hustings in famed Covent Garden, on Wednes- day; in presence of a vast crowd, who, notwithstanding the sweltering heat of the sun, maintained the old privilege of the place for physical struggle and uproar. Distinguished foreigners were present here, as on the City of London hustings,—the Chevalier Bunsen, the Duke of Angus- tenberg, and the American and Turkish Ambassadors. Scarcely a word of the candidates was heard, and what is reported concerns only the elec- tioneering raanceuvres of the antagonist candidates and their supporters. Sir John Shelley is said to have indicated Lord Palmerston as a political lodestar for the country. Lord Maidstone made his speech "quite pri- vate and confidential' to the reporter of the Horning Herald, who sat be- neath him. Mr.. Coningham's best-heard and most emphatic sentences were, that he came not to divide but to conquer, and that he stood mainly the representative of "manhood suffrage.' The show of hands was in favour of Coningham and Shelley—thousands for Coningham, a fair dis- play for Shelley, a few dozens for Maidstone, and a couple of dozens for Evans. The latter two demanded a poll. It was decided on Thursday, after a lively struggle, in favour of Shelley and Evans. Shelley .. .. 4199 Evans .. 3756 Maidstone .. 3473 Coningham .. 1716
Menvinnown. Sir Benjamin Hall and Lord Dudley Stuart were un- opposed. Their election has been done free of expense to them. They were drawn to the hustings in Park Crescent, at the end of Portland Place, in a carriage with four cream-coloured horses, as grand as the Queen's. In their speeches of thanks, Sir Benjamin Hall acknowledged the forbearance of political adversaries, who, though they could not have ousted binnudf or Lord Dudley Stuart, could have annoyed them by a con- test; and he attributed-the forbearance to the industry which he and his colleague have shown in attendance to the vast local interests of the borough. Lord Dudley Stuart hoped that the noble example of the con- stituency in returning their Members free of expense would be copied through the length and breadth of the land.
Frersnunr. The contest was between the two Liberals who sought to fill the vacancy left by Mr. Wakley's retirement Mr. Wyld, late Mem- ber for Bodmin, and Mr. Alderman Challis, battled for this honour. Mr. Thomas Duncombe had busied himself to repair the slight deterioration of his interest consequent on the lax service lately caused by his preca- rious health; and having done this, by industrious speechifying at meet- ings he went on with his canvass, and demanded to be at the head of the poll. Mr. Wyld had been holding meetings, first to feel his position, and afterwards to promote his open candidature, for weeks past. The canvass of Alderman Challis had also been very diligent, and had been greatly assisted by his local connexion and civic position. At the nomination, on Wednesday, Mr. Duncombe defended himself from the charge of having been uncourteous to one candidate and unkind to the other.
"He could only say that such was never his intention ; but gentlemen who came forward as candidates to unseat an old representative must forgive him if he told them that the old representative must look with a little sus- picion and jealousy upon them when they appeared in the field before any vacancy had occurred. All he could say was— 'How happy could I be with either,
Were t'other dear charmer away; But while you thus tease me together. To neither a word will! say."
He then made a rattling Anti-Derby speech ; defying the Premier to restore Protection even if he got a majority of 60 or 100, instead of the minority he will get. Mr. Wyld had to give much explanation to clear himself from partici- pation in the publishing of scurrilous placards against Alderman Challis. His earnestna on this point appeared to carry conviction to the hearers.
Mr. Challtsd,his claim to the position of candidate, though later in
the field r. Wfifi, on the requisition, signed by between four and
five tho eirs; -which had been presented to him.
Thc‘s -of bands was in favour of Duncombe and Challis and the poll nt,flay'as w in favour of Challis and Duncombo. Challis took the lead thejee lining of the day, and maintained it to the end.
Toatftr'inrS. The nomination was on Tuesday, at hustings on Stepney Green: .MI4 eindidates were the late Members, Sir William Clay and Mr. George 'Manson ; and three new candidates, Mr. Ayrton, Mr. C. L. Butler, and Mr. W. Newton of " Amalgamated Engineers" no- toriety. The uproar was so great that the nomination was almost an affair of dumb-show. Sir William Clay. did Rot profess to speak to the electors ; he went to the "gentlemen of the press," and spoke a speech to them alone, which they pay him the compliment to report at considerable length, but which chiefly concerned local interests and squabbles. Sir William, when once he could scarcely be heard even by the reporters, waived his hand majestically to the crowd, and said, "I am not speaking to you!" Mr. Ayrton spoke as a Radical Reformer; Mr. C. S. Butler spoke as "a Reformer in all senses of the word," and especially as candi- date to be the "resident Member of the borough." In the speech of Mr. Newton, who was evidently the favourite of the crowd, the most notable point was this phrase—" My views are, that a responsibility should rest upon the Legislature of this country t6 find employment for the people." The show of hands was in favour of Mr. Newton and Mr. Thompson ; and a poll was demanded for the other three candidates. It was deter- mined on Wednesday, with these results—
Clay.. 7728 Butler .. .. 7718 4yrtoii . :• .. 2792 ewton .. 1095 At the speeches of thanksmaking, on Thursday, Mr. Butler and Sir William Clay were inaudible from uproar. Mr. George Thompson was jeered severely.
"There must be a momentary mortification on the part of the unsuccess- ful candidates ; you could not help it. But let neither candidates nor elec- tors nourish those feelings. They would shorten their days, disturb the cir- culation of the blood, and arrest the functions of the heart. (A Voice—. "What do you say to the diggings now?") He would reply to no invidious remarks. • He left the Tower -Hamlets without one angry feeling. (Another Voice—" Give the man Bach his money!") He repudiated with more in- dignation than words could express the charges contained in such imputa- tions. - If the person who made that remark comes where I stand, I will brand him as a cowardly. miscreant. (Cheers and laughter.) I appeal to a public life of twenty years, and I tell the miscreant behind me, that if he is not satisfied with his victory, which ought to be enough for him—if he is going to pursue me now this great contest is over, I tell him that if I find him and recognize him, and know the name of the villain, I will gibbet him." (The rest of the sentence was inaudible in a .....t of cheers and laiwhter. Mr. Newton exhorted his partisans to prepare for the next struggle—
With union among themselves, they could create a power at the next election Which would enable them to vindicate their strength. The people must look to the registration. They must have five thousand honest men placed upon the registration this month.
Sourirwenr. The nomination was at the Town Hall, on Wednesday ; and the procedings were the most orderly of any at the Metropolitan elections. Sir. William Molesworth said, he with 'sorry that the -consti- tuency could not elect "all three" of the candidates, instead of only two of them. Mr. Apsley Pellatt said, that in his limited sphere he had la- boured to prove himself a patriot and a philanthropist, and he was now seeking that more extended sphere of usefulness which as Member for that constituenethe would have before him'. .Mr. Pellatt was marked in his compliments to Sir William Molesworth, and asked as an honour the privilege a being his colleague. Sir William: hewed acknoWledgemen. Mr. Scovell explained his principles as a Liberal and a Free-trader, and said that the requisition presented to him proved- that a numerous body were not perfectly satisfied with the political- sentiments of the Liberal candidates who preceded him in the canvas& Tho show of hands was in favour of Sit William Molesworth and Mr. Pella% and a poll was de- manded for Mr. Scovell. The poll, on Thursday, confirmed the decision of the show of-hands, and returned Molesworth and Mien.
Molesworth .. 3941 Pellatt 3887 Lamarrir. The nomination was on Tuesday; and the hustings were on Kennington Common. Mr. Tennyson D'Eyncourt was nominated and seconded by Mr. Corry and Mr. Knott ; Mr. W. Williams, by Mr. J. Doulton and Mr. Lyon. The new candidate, Mr. William Arthur Wil- kinson, a wealthy member of the Stock Exchange, by Mr. T. Brotherton and Mr. Sewell. Mr. D'Eyncourt encountered much popular disfavour. The points on which he defended himself were his age—he asserted that he felt now, at seventy-four, the same power and vigour of body and mind as he did twenty years ago ; and his lax voting in the House—he main- tained that not to vote was sometimes the best vote. Mr. Williams relied on his services, and on the fact that he is "sprung from the people." Mr. Wilkinson justified his coming forward by the strong proofs laid before him that there was "great dissatisfaction in the constituency with respect to one of their late Members." The show of hands was in favour of Mr. Williams and Mr. Wilkinson and a poll was demanded by Mr. D'Eyn- court. It took place on Wednesday, and resulted in his defeat Wilkinson .. .. 4732 Williams . .. • • • • • • . • . • • . 4022 D'Eyncourt 3829'
The success of Mr. Wilkinson by so great a majority was a surprise to all ; and the popular feeling, which before the poll was strongly against Mr. D'Eyncourt, turned suddenly with full tide in his favour. Mr. D'Eyncourt was received with marked respect and sympathy, and ob- tained an attentive hearing to the whole of a long valedictory speech. The most interesting passage of his address was this-
" I should not be a man, if, after twenty years of intimate and confidential
connexion, I could contemplate a severance from you without a deep emotion of regret. But, on the other hand, I should not be worthy of having been selected as your representative for those twenty years, if I were not able with a firm mind to bear with equanimity any political failure on my part, even though it should be that I had to part from you as your representative. I have served my country faithfully and truly through a long and an eventful period of its history. During that period, I have assisted in bringing about that noble but truly English and peaceful revolution which reastablished and regenerated the glorious institutions of the country. I have been a party to and an actor in those measures which have placed the civil, political, and re- ligious liberties of the people, upon a basis which I trust will be im-
perishable; and gladly should I have felt had I been permitted in your name to carry on that noble work. Grateful am I that during twenty years of that eventful period you have permitted mete perform those duties as your servant; and though you have now rejected me, I feel this consolation—and permit me to lay it to my. heart—that I have been to a great extent the victim of misapprehension. I am not about to raise against me any of those personal animosities that have unfortunately been rife in this borough. I feel none towards any of you ; but I repeat that I have been the victim of unintentional misrepresentations. But this I can say, that I carry to my home, and into private life, the noble and conscientious
feeling that I have discharged my duty faithfully both to you and to the people of this country. In that retirement to which you consign me, it is a happy thing for me to know that I can resort to it in the full and vigorous exercise of all my natural functions, and be enabled to enjoy that active repose from which much good often results. It would, notwith- standing, disturb that repose and embitter my retirement, if I thought that I should not• 'carry with me, • notwithstanding the heat of this election, notwithstanding the prejudices which have raged against me, some portion of your good opinion—I would venture to add, of your esteem and affection. (Protracted cheering.) When I was invited for the sixth time to become a candidate for your favours, I will fairly own to you now, that it was rather with the object of vindicating myself against those unjust aspersions that had been levelled against me, than from any desire to continue in the laborious exercise of those duties which, as your Member, I should have had to discharge. I do not regret the appeal I have made to you; for, although that appeal has failed me in the one great object of my wishes, it nevertheless has succeeded in enabling me to achieve ano- ther almost as valuable an object in my regard. Your returning-officer has informed you that I have been supported by 3829 votes,—a larger number than I have ever yet had the honour to poll at any previous election, and a number nearly equal to that by which you have returned Mr. Williams. With that verdict pronounced by you, I can go into private life with some satisfaction at reflecting that I have not been treated with utter injustice."
GREENIVICII. The combined local and Government interest of Mr. Bolt, the Derby candidate, placed him at the head of the poll ; and Mr. Montague Chambers's personal popularity, with a degree of unpopularity which has fallen on Mr. Alderman Salomans, has displaced the latter, and replaced a Jewish representative by a good advocate of the Jewish claims.
Chambers .. .. 2360 Admiral Stewart .. .. 2026 Sakmons .. 1102
Brienronn. The Mentor of Free-trade is ejected from the seat which he honoured. The numbers were— Milligan, Liberal Free-trader .. 1266 'Wickham, a Conservative Free-trader .. 1169 Thompson .. 1163 BRIDGEWATER. The division of the Liberal interest has ended in the admission of a Conservative. The result of the poll was as follows.
Colonel Tynte (Liberal) .. .. 271 Follett (Conservative) .. .. 243 Mansell (Conservative) .. .. 177 Lord Henley (Liberal) .. 149 Kinglake (Liberal) .. .. 101
CANTERBURY. The late Members have quarrelled themselves both out of their seats. The candidates were, up to the eve of the election, Mr. Smythe, Colonel Hominy, Sir William Somerville, Mr. H. P. Gipps, and Mr. Butler Johnstone. The show of hands was in favour of Gipps and Smythe. But before the poll began on Thursday, Mr. Smythe had pe- remptorily withdrawn from the contest, both in writing and speech, though his name was still retained at the poll.
Gipps.. .. .. 767 Johnstone .. 767 Somerville .. .. 569 Romilly .. 532 Smythe .. .. 7
CARLISLE. The nomination, on Wednesday, presented a curious scene. It is an etiquette at elections that the late Members should be proposed before the new candidates ; but it is also an etiquette that emi- nent candidates who have held high offices and are Privy Councillors should have precedence. On this occasion each party wished to have the last speeches, and neither would precede the other. When the candidates on the hustings had whispered each other for a quarter of an hour to be- gin, a farmer asked, with broad local dialect., "Mr. Mayor, be ther no candi- dates ?" The question excited great laughter ; but still the contest of taci- turnity was kept up, and an hour more was lostbefore business was begun by a "dodge." Mr. Hough, the Conservative agent, and Mr. Perring, the editor of the Conservative newspaper, came forward and proposed Sir James Graham, amidst protesting uproar among the Liberals. The nomination then went on ; and Sir James Graham was again nominated last, by his own partisans. There was another pause of some minutes. Sir James Graham then tame forward, and, saying that his respect for the constituency was too sincere to let him consent to the proceedings being made ridiculous, he endeavoured to turn the incident of a nomina- tion by opponents to advantage. "I perceive there is great unanimity among us. I am proposed by the agent from the opposite party, seconded by one of their principal supporters ; and they make it appear that there is no real difference between us. As far as I can understand, Mr. Hodgson is a Free-trader' a Reformer, and a Mend of economy and retrenchment. If so, I should really like to know What is the matter in dispute between us ; why lam so little eligible, and he se much to be preferred." Sir James proceeded to vindicate his public career, in a speech of great kill and power. Mr. Hodgson said he was a Free-trader, and indeed was one long before Sir Tames Graham 'was— No one could canvass the constituency of Carlisle without being aware of HS opinion on the question of Free-trade. The candidates for whom he had voted in Carlisle had always been Free-traders. That was the case with Sir Philip Musgrave when he opposed Mr. Curwen with Mr. Garnett and Sir John Malcolm. Never in his life had he done anything so much against Free-trade as when he voted for Sir James Graham.
The poll, on Thursday, was in favour of the two Liberals—
Graham .. 525 Ferguson 512 Hodgson .. .. 419
CEIPPENHAM. The late Members, Mr. Joseph Neeld and Captain Boldero, were elected without opposition. Mr. Neeld made a confession, in explanation of his abandonment of the Corn-duties- " He would not conceal from them, that during his canvass, especially among the agricultural portion of the community, he had not been asked to press upon the Government the enactment of those duties. His constituents bad one and all said to him, 'We have been great sufferers, but the Minis- ter himself seems to have abandoned Protection. The candidates for election have abandoned it, and the constituencies generally have done the same. We therefore do not feel that we can ask for a return of Protection ; and we are willing that the poorer classes of the community should have the whole of the benefit their are said to derive from its removal : but we do ask you to press upon the -Government some other relief. that shall at least lighten the burdens which now press upon us.'" CoLettesrea. The attempt to unseat Lord John Manners has resulted only in the placing of a second Conservative by his side as returned Mem- ber. The Anti-Tractarian Conservatives put forward Mr. Piinsep against Lord John ; and the supporters of Mr. Hardcastle, the late Liberal Member, gave Mr. Prinsep some aid. The supporters of Lord John Manners immediately put up Mr. W. W. Hawkins as a se- cond " Blue " candidate. The utmost excitement was aroused ; and the struggle of canvassing, of carrying the show of hands on Thurs- day, and at the poll yesterday, was most vigorous. At the nomina- tion, Lord John asked frankly to be returned "on the old and well- known Tory principles which on so many previous occasions had been pa- ramount in elections for that borough." The poll gave these votes— COVENTRY. At the last moment, Mr. Hubbard, the Conservative can- didate, retired, and the election was an unopposed one—" the first in Coventry for this forty years." Mr. Ellice and Mr. Geach were returned on Tuesday.
DEVONPORT. The Conservatives here have a triumph in the exclusion of Sir John Romffiy, Master of the Rolls. The candidates were Mr. Tufnell and Sir John Hominy, the late Members ; against Sir George Berkeley, Master of the Ordnance, and Sir J. H. Maxwell. Both the Conservatives took the lead, and in the end they returned one of their men.
Tufnell .. 1079 Berkeley .. .. 1066 Remaly .. 1046 Maxwell .. .. 1032 Sir George Berkeley is reported to have confessed a conversion to Free- trade.
DOVER. The late Peelite Member, Sir George Clerk, was attacked by the Derbyite Viscount Chelsea. The Whig, Mr. Rice, seemed to rest in a calm between the two most opposed candidates. The Idinisterialist was victorious ; and one of the ablest of the Peelite trained band is ex- cluded from Parliament
Lord Chelsea 6. 1092 Clerk .. .. 776
DUDLEY. At the last moment a Liberal candidate was put forward. The late Member, Mr. Benbow, Lord Ward's nominee, was faced by Al- derman Baldwin, of Birmingham ; and a poll was demanded. Mr. Ben- bow came out for Free-trade, and consequently not much show was made against him at the poll. Benbow • • • . • • • • • • . • • • . • 400
Baldwin .. .. 231
HERTFORD. The candidates were Lord Mahon and Mr. Dimsdale, supporters of the Government, the Honourable F. Cowper and Mr. T. Chambers, Liberals. The Liberals gained both seats.
Cowper.. .. 302 Dimsdale .• .. 182
ICING'S LYNN. Viscount Jocelyn and Lord Stanley encountered at the last moment the opposition of Mr. Pashley, Q.C., who lately retired from York. The two Conservative candidates were not in coalition, but Mr. Pashley asserted that they were mutually recommending each other among the electors ; and the language of Lord Stanley at the nomination con- firmed his assertion.
"Having had the advantage and pleasure of a long personal acquaintance with him, I do not feel myself restrained from saying, that the one import- ant question of 1846 having now been finally set at rest, I do believe there exists between my noble friend's opinions and my own no very wide or ma- terial difference on any point of public policy. I make that declaration honestly, and I think lana entitled to make it." Discussing the question of the franchise, be recurred to the topic of Protection. "There is a question that has created far deeper and more extensive agitation in this country than any question of constitutional reform. I allude to the financial position of the Government. (A Voice—" Something looming in the distance") I am aware that that position is a very peculiar one, and that the Government have been exposed to much misconception and misrepresentation. You know that those who compose the present Cabinet were for a series of years the firmest in opposing the measure introduced by Sir Robert Peel in 1846. That was, I believe, almost the only point of difference between myself and my noble friend—the only point which divided the great Conservative party of this country. That difference is now set at rest, and I am glad that it should be so. It has very often been said of the present Go- vernment that they had left the question to be settled by the country, and that if they obtained a Parliamentary majority they were prepared to repeal the act of 1846. That is, I think, a misrepresentation. It was distinctly stated that the measure ought not to be repealed ; that it ought not to be carried one way or the other by a bare Parliamentary majority. What the Govern- ment stated was, that if so large a majority were returned to Parliament in favour of a return to the protective system as to make it apparent that the voice of the country was decidedly on that side, then they would be prepared to carry out the principles they had formerly advocated ; but they stated distinctly—and here perhaps I may differ from some of my friends near me, yet still I must declare my opinion—that if a mere bare majority were re- turned in favour of a protective duty, it would then be theirbusiness to consider whether any amount of duty which it would be in their power to impose would produce benefits counterbalancing those necessary and inevitable evils which would arise from the renewed agitation which would instantly be created by the continuance of that struggle between town and country which had so long prevailed, and from the disunion of those who, thinking perhaps alike on constitutional questions of great and equal im- portance, were nevertheless on this single point at issue. Now, I have no hesitation in stating—and I state it, I admit, with regret—that I believe a return to a protective duty to be utterly impossible. But that does not pre- vent us from stating distinctly that which has been admitted by statesmen of all parties and opinions—by Lord John Russell as well as Sir Robert Peel— the distress and depression under which the agricultural interest is suffer- ing. It will be the duty of the Government, and you cannot doubt their good-will, to take such measures as may relieve that interest without casting an undue proportion of the public burdens on any other class."
The show of hands was in favour of Mr. Pashley and Lord Stanley and this was confirmed by the poll on Thursday. Jocelyn 627 Stanley .. • .. .. 551
Pulley • • . • • • • • • • • • 383 LEWES. Up to Friday, when the writ was received, there were four candidates in the field,-the Honourable Henry Fitzroy, Peelite, one of the late Members ; the Honourable Henry Brand, a Liberal Free-trader, who stood for the seat vacated by the retiring Liberal Mr. Robert Per- fect; Mr. John Day, a County Magistrate and a Protectionist ; and Mr. Bovill, barrister and Protectionist. But on Friday night the Protection- ists abandoned the field. The two first-mentioned candidates were there- fore returned without opposition on Tuesday. Mr. Brand, in his speech of thanks, said-
He regarded it as a very significant fact, that in this constituency, at the foot of the South Down Hills, in the midst of an agricultural county, they would perhaps be the first to send two Members to oppose a return to Pro- tection.
LIVERPOOL. The nomination was on Tuesday, at hustings in front of the Town-hall and Castle Street, an& was a scene of great excitement. On the Monday there had been violent collisions between the partisans of the candidates, almost amounting to riot ; but on Tuesday the police ar- rangements effectively maintained order. The Government candidates had an immense display of flags and election paraphernalia ; the Liberal candidates a moderate display. Mr. Cardwell made a speech chiefly of statistical facts, showing the good effects of the Free-trade policy on commerce and navigation. Mr. Forbes Mackenzie followed him, with a speech chiefly dwelling on the religious faults of the Whigs, whom Mr. Cardwell supported-
" In his opinion, the religious question was of more importance than the question of Free-trade. (Great cheering.) What had been the conduct of the Whig party upon the religious question ? Was it not notorious that they tampered with the Roman Catholics ?."
Mr. Charles Turner, the local Conservative candidate, expressly avowed himself for Free-trade.
He was for carrying out Free-trade fully and fairly to all classes of the community-(Cheers from the Free-traders)-adhering as closely as circum- stances would permit-(' Oh, oh !")-to that policy which was advocated by the late Mr. Huskisson, the honoured and much respected representative of this borough. He wished to carry out every measure of justice to all classes of the community, without making hasty or unnecessary changes, and inflicting as little injury as possible upon existing interest& As regarded the Navi- gation-laws, he was quite aware that many alterations and amendments were required to adapt them to the progress of events ; but he thought that the total abrogation of those laws had inflicted great injury upon the shipping- interest Of this country. He did hope that this would be amended-in the next session of Parliament, without reversing or going back to the old sys- tem of the Navigation-laws, which no merchant could desire. (Great cheering from both parties.)
After the speeches, Mr. Forbes Mackenzie was catechized by Mr. Daniel Neilson.
"Are you prepared to oppose every Government grant in which Roman .Catholics are interested !':
Mr. Mackenzie-".I don't think the ion faviT' put. If you will in- terrogate me with respect to any particular grant, I give you an answer."
Mr. Neilson-"How did you vote for the Government Educational grant last year ?" Mr. Mackenzie (shouting through his hands to make himself heard)-" I don't know." (Loud and prolonged laughter.) The answer not being understood by a-great body of gentlemen on the platform, Mr. Neilson, with considerable animation, exclaimed several times, amidst great laughter, "He don't know."
In reply to another elector, whether, if no one else in the House proposed the repeal of the grant to kaynooth, he would do so, Mr. Mackenzie re- plied, that "he knew some one else would propose it." The answer created considerable hubbub, which rendered it impossible for further questions to be put. The show of hands was in favour of the Liberals. But the poll on Wednesday turned the tables : the two Derbyites were the chosen of Li- verpool. Turner .. .. 6693 Mackenzie 6377 Cardwell.. .. 5247 Ewart • .. 4910 MAmsToNs. Contrary to anticipation, and indeed to announced "ar- rangement," a second Liberal candidate was nominated. The men put forward were Mr. Dodd, the late Member, a Conservative who yielded to Free-trade, Mr. Whatman, a Liberal, and Mr. Lee, also a Liberal. Mr. Lee was rejected.
Dodd .. .. 708
MANCHESTER. The two late Members, Mr. Milner Gibson and Mr. Bright, were opposed by Mr. Loch and Captain Denman, the candidates of the Reverend Hugh Stowell's party. The contest was conducted in a manner indicating strong feeling on both aides. At the nomination, on Wednesday, Mr. Milner Gibson, in a good hust- ings speech, branded his opponents as hybrid politicians, put forward by the Conservatives only because regular thick-and-thin Tories would not go down with Manchester. Mr. Bright was afflicted with a bad cold, and his speech was short, but pithy and manly. Mr. Loch charged Mr. Bright with having been the cause of the success of that motion of Mr. Locke King which made the late Ministers resign in 1851; with having urged Irish Members to support Mr. Disraeli's motion • and with having thereby been the real imperiller of Free-trade. Mr. Loch came forward with his colleague to enable Manchester to free herself from the nomina- tion of the League. Captain Denman was very warm in his repetition of these charges ; Mr. Gibson, he said, had once been one of the most rabid Tories in England; and he was now only the echo of Mr. Bright and of his dangerous opinions, "I tell you again that Mr. Gibson is Mr. Bright's echo. Mr. Bright's opinions are dangerous and destructive opinions; they are thoroughly Re- publican, if we knew all of them ; and I tell you again that Mr. Gribson is Mr. Bright's echo. When Corn-law repeal was earned, the League nominally dissolved, but remained in the bands of a few persons, who assumed all the characteristics of a mere Jacobite club. That club is endeavouring to ride down your freedom of election. Intimidation has been practised to a great extent ; and I have no doubt, indeed I know, that corrupt practices have in a considerable degree been already carried on."
The show of hands was for Gibson and Bright ; and the polling, on Thursday, was triumphantly in their favour. Gibson .. .. 5792
Denman .•. 3969 N0RTHAMPT6N. Mr. Miles Currie and Mr. Vernon Smith were op. posed by Mr. G. A. Hunt, of Wadenhoe House, a Conservative, and Mr. Lockhart, described as a Chartist ; but they were returned by a good ma- jority over the best man against them.
Lockhart .. 106
Nom/con-am. At the last moment, Mr. Gishorne was compelled by ill health to retire. The nomination was on Tuesday, in the Town-hall. The candidates nominated were the late Member Mr. Walter, Mr. Strutt, Mr. Sturgeon, barrister, and Sir George Larpent, who was not present.
Mr. Walter spoke at great length. On the personnel of the borough representation he said-
I owe it to the position of my late colleague, and I owe it still more to his misfortunes, to tell you, that whatever difference of opinion may have prevailed between us-and great differences there were-on matters of public policy, and whatever differences of opinion may have prevailed among your- selves as to his merits or his demerits, I have always maintained, and do still maintain the opinion, that the presence of that gentleman in the House of Commons was a matter of great public advantage-(Cheers, and a shout of "Bravo !"); and I further tell you, as one who happens to have among his acouaintance more than one gentleman professedly attached to Chartist principles, that I could not, if I wished to convince such a one of his errors, hope to do it in a more effectual way than by returning him to Parliament. (Laughter.) The last five years have produced considerable changes in the respective positions of the four parties that were pre- sented to your notice in 1847. The Whig party, with an instinct which seems peculiar to their nature, improved the defeat of their favourite candi- date, Sir John Cam Hobhouse, by raising him from the House of Commons to the more elevated sphere of the House of Lords ; and I have no doubt that from that secure and elevated *Rhin my Lord Broughton looks down at this moment with pity upon us unfortunate people, who are sweating here in the month of July, and that he thinks with infinite compassion upon this town of Nottingham, where'he has himself experienced such strange vicissi- tudes of fortune. With respect to his partner in defeat at that election, Mr. Gisborne, for whom no Peerage could be found, after making one desperate effort to retrieve the position he then lost, and finding that effort vain, he has retired to a more tranquil sphere of. life ; more congenial, I think, to his years, and I am sorry to add, to his declining health. The last account I heard of my unfortunate Chartist colleague was, that he was playing at bil- liards in a lunatic asylum ; and I, therefore, alone am left out of the four candidates who stood before yen in 1847, to solicit the renewal of your con- fidence." In reference to liis:present pietensions, the kernel of what he said was in this sentence-" .Ai for me, a Conservative Free-trader, 'I was when you elected me in 1847-a"Conservative Tree-trader I am now : but, though I use the word Condervative' to distinguish myself from a party which has arrogated to itself the term 'Liberal,' I believe that I am much more liberal at heart and in conduct than the party whose motto seems to be, 'Let us keep everything to ourselves and give nothing to anybody else.'" Mr. Strutt relied on the course he had pursued in his twenty years of Parliamentary services for other constituencies.
The show of hands was in favour of Mr. Walter and Mr. Strutt ; the name of Sir George Larpent was withdrawn ; and a poll was demanded or Mr. Sturgeon. At the poll Mr. Sturgeon was rejected, his votes being less than a third of those polled by Mr. Walter.
PORTSMOUTH. Sit Prancis- Bating and Viscount Monck were unop- posed, and were returned on Tueaciajc, Sir Francis Baring said- When his party were i a minority on the great question of Reform, the King dissolved Parliament, and in his speech declared that he did so for the purpose of taking the opinion of his people. That question was frankly answered, and the Reform Bill was carried. On the present occasion, he had carefully studied the Queen's Speech, and, although many other subjects of minor importance were mentioned, not a word was said as to the reason of the present dissolution. [Is it not delicately hinted in the last paragraph of the Queen's Speech, that the dissolution was in order to the election of a House of Commons of greater "wisdom and patriotism," &c. ?] READING. There were three candidates. Mr. Piggott, the late Mem- ber, a Liberal and Free-trader, Mr. Keating, a Liberal Free-trader, and Mr. Dickson, a Conservative who hoped as a Free-trader to take the place which Mr. Sandford, the late Conservative and Protectionist Mem- ber, vacated. The Liberals were chosen.
Pigott.. .. 753 Keating . .. 631 Dickson . 518 Ereon. The unprecedented event of a contest for this borough was due to the enthusiasm of Mr. Newton, a• Liberal barrister. The result was what might have been expected.
Beckett .. .. 266
Lascelles .. 202
But it is noteworthy, that both the successful Conservatives are Free- traders,-Mr. Denison a firm follower of Sir Robert Peel, and Mr. Las- miles, a previously self-avowed "convert to the principles of Free-trade."
SALFORD. Mr. Brotherton was returned to his sure seat on Tuesday. In a practical speech of thanks he made these statements on our com- parative position in 1831 and 1851- The value of land assessed to the Property-tax in 1815-and there as no return between that and 1831-was 66,300,0001.; in 1848 it amounted to 99,180,000/. In 1831, the taxes per head upon the population of this cow'- try were 423.; in 1851 they were 38s. 2d. The expenditure for the relief of the poor in 1831 was 6,509,4661., or 98. 11d, per head for the population ; in 1851 it was 4,962,7044, or 5s. sid. per head. The declared value of the exports of the produce and manufactures of this country had increased from 57,164,3721. in 1831, to 71,367,885/. in 1851. This had all tended to the general benefit of the nation. But what had been the benefit to the poor man ? Between 1831 and 1851, the four-pound loaf had diminished in price from 8d. to 4d. ; tea, from 68. per pound to 4s. ' • coffee, from 2s. to Is. 3d. ; soap, from 9st. to 5d. ; candles, from 9d. to 41c1.; a hat which cost 158. in 1831 was in 1851 only 98.; a shirt which then cost 98. might now be made for 3a.; a print dress which then cost 108., might now be had for 58.1 stockings were reduced from ls. 3d. to 10d. per pair ; a print which was then sold for 7fd. was now sold at 4id. per yard. In 1831 there were 412,217 depositors in savings-banks, in 1851 there were 1,161,838 ; whilst the total amount of deposits had increased from 13,507,565/. to 30,184,6041.9 and the amount per head from 12s. 8d. to 1/. 2s. 3d. In 1831 the price of Three per Cent Consols was 80, and now it is upwards of 100. All these facts show the increased prosperity of the nation, and these are the fruits of the Reform Bill.
SCARBOROUGH. It will be remembered that Mr. George Frederick Young was invited by Cambridgeshire to be returned there in place of Mr. Townley, who was to be discarded by the Protectionists ; and that he accepted the invitation ; but that he afterwards retracted his accept- ance on finding that his own seat at Scarborough could not be defended successfully by any less powerful Protectionist than himself. The fears he entertained have been justified. Scarborough has placed him at the bottom of her poll.
Johnstone .. .. 423 3fulgrave 388
SHEFFIELD. The candidates were Mr. Roebuck and Mr. Parker, the late Members, and Mr. Hadfield and Mr. Overend. The result of the poll on Wednesday, was the return of Mr. Roebuck and Mr. Hadfield, by a good majority. In Mr. Roebuck's speech of thanks, on Thursday, he said- " Speaking of my friend Mr. Overend, I said he was a supporter of Lord Derby, 8 Government. I want to explain to him why I said so. So soon as
we meet in Westminster Hall, two motions will be made—one in favour of the principles of Free-trade, the other against the present Administration. In favour of the first I should expect the vote of my honourable friend. I am sure he would be against the second; therefore I say he would be a friend of Lord Derby's Government. (Cheers. Mr. Overend—" No, no !") My friend says 'No, no.' I will tell you how I put it. The second motion about to be made would be this—that Lord Derby and his friends having in opposition always opposed Free-trade, are unfit to conduct the Government based on the principles of Free-trade. Would my honourable friend support that motion ? I say he would not. It is on that ground that I call him a friend of Lord Derby's Government. The practical result is as I say. He would vote against that motion, and upon that motion depends the existence of Lord Derby's Government. "I can't talk to you tonight. I thank you from my heart for what you have done. (" You're welcome ! " "God Mess you ! ") I believe I shall maintain every principle I have expressed. I hope to do so with all the efficiency that I have hitherto done, whatever it may be. And I do hope that all past differences in this town will be forgotten ; and that I as a Mem- ber for Sheffield shall be, with my honourable colleague here, a friend and supporter of all great Liberal advances. And I hope to find in his vote at least a great support. Not at this hour will I forget my friend. I have lost him as a colleague—I will not forget him as a man. (4 Voice—" Lord Duncan ! ") I have not forgotten Lord Duncan. Bath has forgotten him as well as me. But I do believe that a more thoroughly honest, how- ever much I believe him in many cases to be a mistaken politician, does not exist, than John Parker. (Loud cheers.) I look upon him as a personal friend. I differ from him as a politician, but it is not on this day that I will forget our friendship, or deny my alliance. But I have a new alliance. You have determined on a second Member. I will work with him for your benefit, and for all the interests of humanity. I hope, I trust, I believe, that
I shall not be deserted in my course, and that in his vote at least I shall
have a firm supporter. He cannot go beyond me. (Loud applause, in which 3fr. Hadfseld heartily joined.) In civil and religious liberty I hope he will be my supporter. In that trust I accept your addition. He is Member for Sheffield, so am I. I accept him cheerfully and in friendship as a colleague. I hope hereafter that the Liberal party in Sheffield may not be divided; that we may go on with the great business we are engaged in, so that the people
will have the power of expressing in the polling-booth that which they are ,exrgessing here. In the belief that you have chosen a man that will aid me
in these matters, I say to you, I bow to your decision, however much my personal feelings may be wounded on the occasion. I bow and make my thanks to you." (Loud cheers, and " God bless thee ! ")
SOUTHAMPTON. Sir Alexander Cockburn and Mr. Willcox were op- posed by Mr. Baillie Cochrane and Mr. Vansittart. In the course of Mr. Cochrane's speech, he said—
He took this opportunity of stating the fact, that he had told Lord Derby that if the Government proposed a five-shilling duty, he should feel bound to vote against it. He had heard in that hall frequent allusions to Bridport and he would tell them with perfect frankness, that Bridport was one of those boroughs which were not immaculate. (Laughter.) It was a delicate matter for a person to say anything against a connexion which he had once maintained; but when he was askedwhy he left Bridport, he must state that that was one of the reasons. (Renewed laughter.) But he declared, upon his honour as a gentleman, that he was not conscious, directly or indi- rectly, of one sixpence being expended at the present election in an improper way ; and all he could say was, that if he were returned to Parliament, and a Committee were named to inquire into improper practices at that election, he would be the first to submit to that Committee the names of the persons influenced, and of the persons influencing, if any such there were. His op- ponent, on the only point in respect to which he referred to a personal mat- ter, referred to Mr. Cochrane's application for a Peerage. That, however, was a merely formal application on his part, he being one of the co-heirs; and Colonel Tynte, being another of the co-heirs, adopted the same course. But the application was not complied with either by Sir Robert Peel or Lord John Russell, on the ground of an objection to revive Peerages from abeyance.
The show of hands was in favour of Cockburn and Willcox. The poll was also in their favour.
Cockburn 1017 Cochrane .. 797 Vansittart
TAM WORTH. Sir Robert Peel and Captain Townshend were returned on Tuesday. Sir Robert, at the close of his speech of thanks, said—
It remained for the country to state whether they wished for an advancing or a reactionary policy : they could not remain stationary. "Much has been said of the cheapness of the necessities : to what was that attributable ?- Free-trade. By whom was that policy inaugurated in Parliament ?—By my father." (Great cheering.)
TrvEarox.—Lord Palmerston and Mr. Heathcoat were returned on Wednesday, without opposition. The gay Viscount returned thanks in a long and pleasant speech, full of amusing anecdote and illustration, in +defence of his Parliamentary conduct and principles, especially of his course on the Militia B .1, and his opinion in favour of the Maynooth grant. The Corn-law question called ally for a brief reference— "I took the liberty of telling you la' autumn, when I had the pleasure of being here, that when you saw the river Exe running up from the sea to Tiverton, instead of running down from Tiverton to the sea, you might then, and not until then, consider certainly that the revival of protection was near at hand. I see no change in the current of the Eva. I don't even see that in the construction of your bridges you have taken any precautions to secure them against a turn of the stream."
After his speech, a Mr. Rowcliff cross-examined and rather "pitched into" him; but got a demolishing reply for his plitns. "Whether Mr. Rowcliff is a Radical, a Chartist, or a Tory, I really cannot say. 1 believe that all parties may have some reason or other for claiming
him. Mr. Rowcliff says I only told you of the good that Governments and Parliaments have done, and that I have myself done, and that I have not told you of the bad. Why, God bless me, it was quite unnecessary for me to do that when he was here. If there was a bad thing to be recorded, to be invented, or to be imagined, I am quite sure Mr. Rowcriff would be the first man to tell you of it. Laughter, which was increased when Hr. Rotoclif called out , Question !' ) Well, Me. Roweliff is impatient under this castigation. I will hit lower or higher, just as he pleases ; but he must allow me to hit somewhere. Mr. Rowena' has asked me what Government I mean to join. Now, that is a question that must depend upon the future : but I will tell him what Government I do not mean to join' I can assure you and him that I never will join a Government called a Row- cliff Administration. (Great laughter and cheering.) Now, gentlemen, don't you imagine, beause you deem it very absurd that there should be such an Administration, that my friend Mr. Rowoliff is at all of that way of thinking; for I believe I am not far mistaken in the opinion that he will consider everything going wrong in this world, and in this country, until the Rowcliff Administration shall govern the land. Mr. Rowcliff says I I voted for the Militia Bill. As I have already explained to you, the ma- terial difference between the Militia Bill which I opposed, and the Militia Bill which I supported, was that the former was founded upon com- pulsory service as the rule, admitting voluntary service as the excep- tion; while the bill of the present Government, which I supported, was founded upon voluntary service as the rule, and admits of compulsory service as only the remote and contingent exception. The Militia now to be raised will be raised by bounty ; and, if I have any fault to find with the act, it is that I think the bounty is rather too high. That, however, I presume, can be no ground of objection to young men who may be disposed to enlist. My belief is that you will have no ballot, but that you will gain all your men from the spontaneous patriotism of the people, aided by the inducement of the bounty. I do not think so ill of the young men of England as to believe that they will be afraid of twenty-one days' service during the year in the Militia. I commanded a regiment of Local Militia, which used to assemble for twenty-eight days' training, and I knew only one instance of a man who wished to go home before the twenty- eight days were over. He was one of the privates, who came to me, and said, 'My Lord, I wish you would let me go home.' I replied, ' Why ? you have only a week to serve now?' ' Well,' said he, the fact is, that before I corned here I promised a young woman in my parish that I'd marry her, if so be as I surwived the campaign.' (Great laughter.) I replied- ' Heaven forbid that the young woman should be disappointed. Go home and marry her, and tell her the campaign has not been so dangerous as she may have thought it.' I am convinced that the young men of England won't be afraid of three weeks' campaign in a Militia Regiment." The " five or six, or any other number of points" of the Charter, having been smartly disposed of, the meeting testified their admiration by "three cheers for Lord Palmerston" as a newly-chosen Member.
WA.LLINOPORD. Here the struggle was even closer than at the last election, in 1847. Mr. Blackstone, the late Member, then beat Mr. Mor- rison by 166 to 154. Mr. Blackstone has retired, and favoured Mr. Mor- rison with his local influence ; but Mr. Morrison is again beaten by the Conservatives, and Mr. Malins QC. is returned by 174 to 168.
GLASGOW. The nomination of candidates was made on Wednesday, iui front of the Court-house. Five candidates had been in the field,—the late Members, Mr. M'Gregor and Mr. Hastie' Lord Melgund, Mr. Peter Blackburn, and Mr. Alison. At the last Mr. Alison retired, and was not nominated. Mr. M'Gregor offered himself as a labourer in the work of carrying out still further the principles of Free-trade. Lord Melgund boldly pronounced his views against religious persecution. On Parlia- mentary Reform he said-
" Well, as to Parliamentary reform, this question will be agitated in the next session of Parliament; and you are in a great mistake if you think it will be carried without a considerable stru,ggle. You must get the steam up much higher before you can induce the House of Commons, or bully the House of Lords, into passing that measure. For my part, I am willing to go as far as a five-poundliousehold franchise ; which in this town, I am informed, will be equal to household suffrage. When you get this ranch, you will be strong enough to ask for more." The polling was on Thursday, in favour of the old Members.
Hastie, Liberal .. .. 3205 M'Gregor, Liberal.. .. .. 3142 Blackburn, Conservative .. .. 1683 Lord Melgund, (withdrawn at eleven o'clock) .. 350
[Note—The numbers of the polls are not those given at the official declaration by the retuuming-officers, except in the instances of the Metropolitan Boroughs, in- cluding Greenwich, and of Carlisle, Manchester, and Reading. For the pre- sent we are obliged to accept the uncertain numbers of the polling-booths.]