10 MAY 1935, Page 2

The Supreme Court and Congress One more crisis inS, the

progress of the New Deal in America—a serious one—has arisen from a ruling by five of the nine Justices of the Supreme Court last Monday, who pronounced that the law by which Congress impoied a pension system on the railways is unconstitutional. One of the • main planks in President Roosevelt's policy is the provision of measures to give " security " to the worker. If all the laws of this class that may be passed by Congress may be overruled by the Judiciary, on the ground that they are contrary to the Constitution; Presi- dent and legislature together will be powerless to promote their reforms. If the Court does not revise its decision the Government will have only one means of pressing on with its progranune—by recourse to the complicated, lengthy and dubious procedure of constitutional amendment. *. *