11 AUGUST 1866, Page 1

The American " House Committee on Foreign Affairs " has

recommended, and the House of Representatives has passed, a Bill relaxing the neutrelitsr lawn, abollehing in pautictilar the law which . requires the owners of waned 'fess* quittjpg posts Nypihin ,tee. Union to give bondslor @sod cominct, 41 he pcport which4gggegta, this change gives as its principal reason sysapatisy with *eland under her treatment by Great Britain, an I both report and Bill are simply bids for the support of the Fenian, whose leaders were visible on the floor of the House. The Liberals fear the armed Irish will support the President in his expected contest with Con- gress, described elsewhere, and Mr. Johnson on his side has directed Mr. Seward to advise Lord Monck that any severity towards Fenians will be regarded with disfavour in the United States. All this while the true feeling of nine Americans in ten is that Ireland has grievances, as Germany has, but that Irish citizens of the Union ought, like German citizens, to forget their old nation- ality and devote themselves to the interests of the new one. If they choose to invade England well and good, and if England hangs them better still, but the welfare of the Union is not to be made dependent upon their proceedings or their fate. The curse of American politics is the necessity of intriguing for " heavy" votes, just as the curse of ours is the necessity of " conciliating" special interests.