During the past week, the annual elections of the Mayors has taken place in the different cities and boroughs. At Manchester, Mr. Elkanah Armitage was unanimously reelected. The new Mayor for Liverpool is Mr. T. B. Horsfall; for Birmingham, Mr. Charles Geach, Managing Director of the Midland Bank.
The accounts from the rinumfacturing distaices continue to represent the
existence of a large amount of suffering, and concur in praising the ad- mirable patience with which the distress is borne by the people. The Ashton strike continues, and the town is describedas all but pauperized. Le Oldham, twelve manufactories have entirely stopped, and the number of mills working short-time is as great as ever—an equal amount of distress in Oldham is not remembered. At Moseley, the turn-out has ceased, the hands having agreed with their employers. At Stockport, there has been a partial revival of manufacturing operations-' and a decided improvement is noticed in Manchester—during the week ending Tuesday last, there were 836 more hands working full time, and 662 less out of employment than during the previous week.
.• A meeting was held on Saturday last in the Town-hall of Birmingham, for the purpose of receiving the report of the deputation appointed to wait on Lord John Russell last week to demand further relief for the commercial world. Mr. Alderman Weston having been called on to preside, Mr. Wil- liam Scholefield, M.P., reported the result of the deputation's interview with the Premier-
• He did not know- whether any of them had ever had any personal knowledge of interviews with.hlinisters of the Crown: he had frequently been a member of such deputations and he might state to them as a fact, that the result generally re- minded bin: of the passage— "The King of France, with fifty thousand men, March'd up the hill, end then—march'd down again." They were received with great courtesy, politeness, and attention, by Lord John Russell—nothing, so far as personal urbanity went, could be more satisfactory; and then they were as politely and courteously bowed out.. (Laug)lter.) And that was all he as a member of the deputation had to say about it.
Several Currency speeches were delivered; among them, one from Mr.
Muntz, who rated the press, and particularly the Times, for giving currency to " falsehoods." [Mr. Muntz seems to have confounded " reports " and " statements" with mere comments and illustrations.] The meeting agreed to a resolution for a memorial to the Queen, and a petition to the House of Commons, praying for a full inquiry into the monetary system of the country.
The proprietors and directors of the Royal Bank of Liverpool had a
second meeting, on Saturday, to receive the report of the committee ap- pointed at the previous meeting. As before, Mr. Josias Booker presided; and stated, that practically they had now met to decide whether the Bank should be resuscitated, or the concern closed at once. The report stated that the result of a careful reexamination of the accounts showed the amount of liability to be considerably reduced; and the early available assets had been much underrated in the former report. The reopening of the Bank was recommended; and the report stated that measures, yet in- complete, had been taken to effect that object. The report concluded with a recommendation "that power be taken to create 4,000 shares of 1001 each; the subscribers to have preference to the extent of seven per cent per annum; to take liability only on transactione of the bank from the date of reopening, and subject to the revision of the deed of settlement." This report was unanimously adopted; and Mr. Samuel EIelme was added to the Committee.
The stoppage of railway works in the North has led to the precautionary Measure of despatchiug a body of Police front .London, upwards of a thousand strong.,
The investigation instituted by the Poor-law Commissioners into the removal of the boy Mogan by the Rochdale Board of Guardians has terminated. The result, which has been officially communicated to Mr. William Roberts, Clerk to the Guardians, is that on the whole the boy was not improperly removed, and that adequate arrangements were made to insure proper care of him during the journey. The Relieving-officer, Whitehead, however, is not considered free from blame, in neglecting to produce the boy before the Magistrates when be applied for the removal-order; though his explanation has satisfied the Commissioners that the omission arose from a misapprehension of his duty, and nut from wilful neglect. The Commissioners consider another officer, Mr. Travis, to have been guilty of inattention, in net having made himself acquainted with the regal's- tions at the bottom of the removal-warrant. These directed the Dnignans to be conveyed on the deck by day and in the cabin by night; whereas they were sent on deck.
Dr. Bowring, MP., and his brother, Mr. Charles Bowring, met with an alarm- ing adventure last week. Mr. Charles Bowring is chief manager of the Llynvi Iron-works, at Maesteg, in South Wales; of which company Dr. Bowring is chairman. On the 4th instant, Mr. Bowing went in a gig to Bridgend, a dis- tance of ten miles, to draw money from the bank for the payment of wages. The check cashed was for 1,0001.; 6701. in gold, 601. in silver, and the rest in notes: the whole was placed in a bag, and deposited beneath the seat of the gig. Mn. Bowring met the Dieter, and the brothers started homewards at noon. 1Vheir about mid-way, in a lonely place on the ascent of a bill, two strong men presented. themselves, armed with a pistol in each hand, and demanded of the travellers "their money or their lives." As neither Dr. Bowring nor his brother had any kind of weapon, the 1,0001. was surrendered to the nobbees; one of whom exclaimed, holding his pistol to Mr. Bowring's breast, "Give me the two bags": there was only one bag on this occasion—the cash had formerly been placed in two. One of the fellows thee shot the horse; and both made off into the woods. Leaving isis- brother on the spot, Mr. Charles Bowring ran back towards Bridgend; he found. a farm not far off; and, borrowing a horse, he soon reached the town. The Workmen turnee out; armed and mounted constables were sent out in all direce lions; a. large reward was offered; and by four o'clock one of the robbers had been captured, having still in his possession 2501. in gold. The other was taken lea. at night hp Jones, a constable, at Taibach. The constable thus describes the en. counter—" I was watching on the turnpike-road, near a gate leading up from Margarri, Moors. About a quarter to eleven, I saw a man moving from the gateway. / e to him, and he said he was working on the railway. I suspected he was the party I wanted. He said he was on the spree, and I asked him to go tow public-house. He walked with me a little way; when he pulled something oat of his pocket, and was feeling it, and said he would not go any further. I was rifted& of him, but I coaxed him on. We walked together till we reached the Somerset public-house, at Taibach; when he ran away. 1 came up with him in the middle of Taibach village; and he turned round and said, Stand back or I'll shoot you through.' I immediately struck him with my staff', and he leant against a wa/1,- when I took hold of him. When against the wall, I heard something like money fall on the other side. Wright, a policeman, came up, and took hold of my pre- soner; and I got over the wall, and, under the spot on which the prisoner leaned with his hands, found a handkerchief with 5151. in sovereigns and half-sovereigns in it. Ten sovereigns and some silver were found on his person." Of the notes, 170/. was found in a wood. The culprits turned out to be two Irishmen, who had recently been employed on the Llynvi Iron-works—Mahoney and Lloyd; they had prepared for their exploit by buying pistols, at Swansea, on the Monday. When brought before the Magistrates at Bridgend, they were identified by the Messrs. Barring, and were committed for trial. Samuel Vickers, a retailer of flour.in Leeds, and Elizabeth his wife, have been committed to prison for vending adulterated flour, at a low price. Several persona who had bought flour of Vickers became ill, and applied for relief at the Dis- pensary. The medical officer reported the circumstance to the Magistrates; and Mr. James, the Superintendent of Police, was ordered to make inquiries. He ar- rested Vickers; who declared that the flour was just as he received it from the miller's: but subsequently Mr. Vickers took Mr. James into a cellar where there- was a quantity of white powder resembling Paris white and plaster of Paris, as well as a stone table and some implements evidently used in reducing the sub- stance to a fineness resembling that of flour. A search being made in another house belonging to Vickers' more of the stuff was found in bins, besides several sacks of flour. These sacks were examined, and their contents were declared to be without adulteration. Inquiry was neat made of the miller, named Jackson; and it was ascertained that he sold the flour to Vickers at 88e. per sack of 20 stone; whereas the price at which the latter retailed the compound which he sold. for flour would only amount to 36s. 8d. the sack. Some doubt being entertained as to the indictable nature of the offence, the case was adjourned; Vickers and, his wife remaining in custody.
On Wednesday, Vickers and his wife were again examined, and further evi-
dence of the fraud was produced. Vickers was convicted in three cases, and summarily sentenced to pay a fine of 20/. in each case, or to undergo a montlei imprisonment in default of paying each fine, with hard labour. The wife WS& fined 201. in one case, with the alternative of a month's imprisonment in default. of payinent.
A fatal collision occurred on the North-western Railway, between Warrington
and Crewe, on Monday. A luggage-train was on its way from Liverpool to Bir- mingham; as it was passing Winsford, a train of coal-waggons emerged, suddenly and rapidly, from a siding; the locomotive of the up-train was overturned; the driver was killed on the spot, and the stoker hurt; and the waggons were off the rail. The road was rendered impassable by the wreck which covered iii every direction.