The election of the Representative Peers for Scotland took place on Tuesday, in the Picture-Gallery of Holyrood House. After the usual forms were gone through, the Peers whose names are subjoined were declared to be elected. The numbers affixed to each name give the votes they respectively received.
Marquis ofTweeddale 60 Viscount Arbuthnot 53 Earl of Morton 56 Viscount Strathallan 53 Earl of Home 51 Lord Forbes 57 Earl of Elgin 57 Lord Saltoun 63
Earl of Airley 54 Lord Gray 57 Earl of Leven 57 Lord Sinclair 47 Earl of Selkirk 52 Colville of Culross 53
Earl of Orkney 51 The following votes were also given— For the Earl of Bothell, 22—Earl of Mar, 1—Lord Elphinstone, 35-- Lord Elibank, 1—Lord Buchan, 3—Lord Cranstoun, 3—Lord Belhaven, 1—and Lord Rollo, I.
The votes of the Earls of Crawford and Stirling were received, under protests from the Earl of Lauderdale and the Duke of Buc- clench, that they bad no right to vote, as their titles to the Peerage had not been judicially recognized by the House of Lords. The result of this election is the removal of Lord Elphinstone, a Liberal and the substitution of the Tory Lord Reny. The Liberal Central Election Committee of Edinburgh held a meeting on the 3rd instant, and unanimously passed the following re- solutions.
" 1. That this meeting have heard with much satisfaction that the Right Honourable James Abercromby has agreed to accept the office of qpcaker of the I louse of Corn mons. if elected thereto. 2. That Sir John Campbell be respectfully requested to be in his place on the tlay of the election of the Speaker."
About three hundred of the Liberal electors of East Lothian dinned together at Haddington on Friday sennight, in honour of the return of Mr. Ferguson. Sir David Baird, Sir G. Warrender, Sir T. D. Lauder, Mr. Fergus, M.P., Mr. Stewart, M. P., and Sir David Kin- loch, were among the principal gentlemen of the party. We extract some passages from Mr. Ferguson's speech— They found that his Majesty had been advised to dismiss a Liberal Cabinet without a trial ; and it bad been suggested to them to submit with humility- to be ruled, he should say misruled, by a Tory Government. But let them think of the victory they boasted to.day, to which there was not any thing similar all over the country.. This strongly proved where public virtue existed, and that the boasted reaction of the Tories only existed in corruption and abuse of their natural influence on society.. The reaction was only proved by the tyrannical use they had made of the influence they possessed-; and what a melancholy sight it was to see the timid, the oppressed, and the bribed, marched rank and file before them to the poll. There lay their strength, and these vere their unwilling supporters. He did not limit this description to the county of East Lothian: no; it was applicable over the whole empire. But this he would say, that if no influence had been used in East Lothian, and if every man had been allowed to vote according to his own opinions and feelings instead of 37, he would have been more than 137 ahead of his opponent : and similar results would have taken place over the whole empire. Now, with such proofs before them, he asked, how could the Tories presume to take power ?—how could they dare to say to the King that the People would trust in a Tory Govern- ment? He was convinced, whatever might he said otherwise, that his Majesty was a Reformer, and that his wishes were to carry forward progressive reforms. Scotland in the present struggle had nobly done its duty. It h ad reared an independent front, in spite of all attempts to control it ; and he had Ill) doubt that England had returned also an oVerpowering majority of steady and stror17- hearted Reformers, who would soon assist in ending the miser able Tor y sty itFe. The day of battle and of trial was now near at hand—a trial in which the permanent liberty, important reform, and tranquillity of the country was at stake; and he had no fear of the result Were they to allow Ire- land to remain under the bigoted thraldom from which it had so !ono- sufil.red; and would Parliament rote supplies in order that that country shoidd remain under the dominion of the Orange faction? (Cheers, and eras of" ! ") God forbid. He trusted that both Scotchmen and Englishmen would resist this to the very last. But it was not to be expected that the present. Govern- ment would bring forward any measures of amelioration for that country. It xva contrary to their principles, if they meant to retain any principles at all. But enough of that subject The only comfort they could enjoy—the only hope which remained of changing the melancholy prospect before them, was, that he believed the present Government could not stand a fortnight. (Immense cheering.) The return of Lord Dalmeny for the Stirling Burghs, was c.lebratel by a public dinner at Stirling on Tuesday week. Lord Dalnierny spoke at length in reference to the circumstances of his contest with Mr. Crawfurd, and complained of" black machinations," and the "menaces of malignant enemies." He declared himself adverse to the Ballot ; and while he disapproved of the "puerile thirst for novelty " and "inn- satiable love of change," which distinguished one class of politicians, took some pains to prove that Sir Robert Peel and the Tories were in a false position, and held out merely vague promises, which were in- tended to deceive the Reformers. On the whole, his Lordship's speech gives us the impression that he is one of those " Conservative 'Whigs" who will uaquestionably vote to turn out the Horse Guards Cabinet, if they do nothing else. Lord Abercromby's health was drunk; and Colonel Abercromhy, in returning thanks, regretted the small number of Liberal Peers in Scot- land, and proposed" Union among all the friends of Reform." Mr. Fox Maule spoke with truth and modesty of the late contest in Perthshire and took occasion to rebut some injurious reports respect- ing the health of his father, Lord Parnnure ; who had been for so many years one of the three Independent Members for Scotland. De ex- pressed in feeling language his anxious hope that Lord Panmure %vould long survive to enjoy the triumph of the principles he had advocated. Mr. P. M. Stewart, M. P. for Lancaster, delivered a very decided Anti-Tory speech.
His constituents (he said) were men of noble and independent characters. They were deaf to the entreaties, blind to the allurements, and indignant at the overtmes made them by the Tories. His acquaintance with them was not of longstanding. He was, for the first time, in that Parliament in whiali the Re- form Bill was first brought forward, and tine one individual who formed the majority of one in favour of the second reading of that measure. In the short space of four years, he had been returned at four successive elections. He re- gretted to say, that upon the present occasion, England had not done her duty. Lancaster, until he knew it, was noted and designated as the Toriest of all Tory towns. Several attempts were made to shake the footing he held among them, but they proved ineffectual. He defied his opponents to approach hum; and if they did approach him, he defied them to move him.
He strongly condemned the "ill-judged, ill-timed, uncalled for step of dismissing the late Ministry." He ridiculed the idea that Lord
Spencer's death should occasion such a change in the Government- of a great country.
There was, however, no occasion to speculate upon the subject, for in a very short time—perhaps in a few days—Parliament should meet, when ail these secrets must and should be revealed, and when the friends of Rethrm were strong and irresistible. Notwithstanding the Liberal manifesto from those who assumed the reins of government, he felt himself compelled to say, that he en tertained no hopes from their being placed in their hands. As soon should he expect, standing upon this rock orStirling, to see their river, that ever flowed in a winding channel, take a straight course, as that those silo were uniformly opposed to Reform should pursue Liberal measures. Thew was a neighbour- ing mount known to them by the name of the Burly Ilawkie, and they also knew the amusements of sliding down and tumbling over connected with it. In like manner, they ought look forward to the fall of the present Ministry: their seats should be subverted, and they should come sliding down with greater ra- ddity than the boldest Lad ever tiered to anticipate,— and upon the simple ground that their position %vas untenable, except at au expense of eharacter and consistency, both public and private, which he did not think that even they were disposed to make. \Visiting that we might have no more instauces of an interregnum, and that the important intetests of this country should no longer be trifled with, but he intrusted to the hands of a liberal and popular Govern- ment, he would conclude by giving as a toast, " Lord Melbourne and the mem- bers of the late Cabinet, and may a liberal Administration be soon intrusted with the Government of the country."
[Mr. Stewart was placed in our table among the Doubtful, who would only give a yenera /opposition to the Duke; but after reading this speech, we have no hesitation in placiug him among the decided A lois Tories.]
Lord Dalmeny gave the health of Mr. Abercromby, with FOITIP re- marks (not reported in the Stitliny Journal) on the Speakership. Lord Durham's health was also given, and the company broke up.
The triumphant Reformers of Perthshire dined with their Member, Mr. Fox Manic, on the 6th, in the County Buildings of Perth. Among the party, were the Marquis of Breadalbane' the Earl of Camperdown, Lord Kinnaird, Mr. Arthur Kinnaird, Mr. P. Chal- mers, Mr. Hallyburton, Mr. Oliphant, Colonel Abercromby, Mr. Nairn° of Dunsinane, and Sir Alexander Ramsay. Viscount Duncan was in the chair, as having been Chairman of Mr. Maule's Electien Committee.
Mr. Motile promised his decided opposition to the new 3Iiiiistry.
" I have little confidence, or I should rather say, no confidence at all in the present Ministry ; so that I will enter Parliament as their decided opponent. I do not say that I am factiouely opposed to them, but I have no confidence in them; because I am satisfied that they will not carry through meesures con- ducive to the present benefit, and the ultimate delivery of the country from ruin and anarchy. Gentlemen, Sir Robert Peel, the nominal head of the present Ministry, took an opportunity of denying any knowledge of what took place in his abeenee. Supposing that he knew not dug of the Tory intrigues, lie should remember the unconstitutional usurpation by one individual of all the powers of the State. He should remember, also, that, by the law, the King never dies, and for the same reason, he must always have responsible advisers; and, by accepting the Premiership under suell circumstances, Sir Robert took upon Isinisidi ;he responsibility of all the acts it the Executive, from the dismissal of the Malbietrne Admirdstration till his aeeession to office. Then fore evilly
friend to the Ciinstitution will say that he is a joirfkgm criminis ono of the greatest violations of that roust:holm, imaginable. On this aeceent, also,
I can have no coefi,lenee in Sit. Robert Peel. But Sir Robert, it appears, now calls himself a Reformer. Butt to what extent ? It is impossible not to admire the oecasie •i it which Sir Robert has composed his recent public doeuments- their im,euious vageweess—the absence of a single tangible point on which :in honest \ lini-ter would be desirous of addressing an expectaut people. No such example iif ambiguity has occurred in my reading; and I certainly give him credit thr it, but. such credit does him no honour."
The Marquis of Breadalbane declared that the grand question was, whether the country would be governed by an Ultra- Tory Adminis- tration. lie believed that the late " unconstitutional exereise of the prerogative" would serve only to bring about the more firm establish- ment of a Liberal Government.
Lord Camperdown said, that the victory in Perthshire was the triumph of public principle—of the spirit of the age, to use a phrase most disagreeable to Tories.
He had seen the speech of Sir George Murray, in which he says he would be guilled by the spirit of the age, and asks where is it to be found ? Was it with laird souley when he left the Cabinet, or with Earl Grey when he re- mained in ? or did it go from Camperdown Ilinese to Dundee with Lett! Dur- ham ? Sir George had put the question, and he would answer it. Sir George looked in the wroog places for it : it was to be found in the increase of know- ledge atteing the l',:ophs— it might have been seen in the exertions of the People for Reform. Part of it may have gone with Lord Durham to Dundee but part of it went west ward, and might have lieen found in the polline-places iii Perthshire. Mr. Fox :11attle was a determined enemy to the present Administra- tion. Ile agreed with Mat. A high Ultra-Administration could nit be ; mil if this was mit one, where could one be found ? Be had the high authority of Sir. Robert Peel, in Lis speech at London, for judging of their former measeres. They were nut untried Ille11; and except one or two recreant Whigs, no one of them suppoited reform in any shape. The Law and the Cum ;my were quesI:Uli in general policy ; but on the East Retfotal rpteetion, what did Sir Robert do? Did he not support the transference to Basingstoke instead of
Manchtster ? Atul yet he says he is a Reformer. lie t•pposed all the Reform Lills; Is oppesed the disfranchising of the rottea lee- 0:1;01e. If the Country
think die present Ministry should be supported, it God's name let rheni do so; but they should also now inch by inch do away with Reform. They had no- thing to look for from them—they were unfit for their office, pe broad 'Finciples liewall support the Country and the People. He had heard it stited that the Darien was to be ruled hereafter by the Ministry, instead of a majorit of the Ilimse of Commone. He hoped not. Ile kuew nothing more likely Y to brine, tile question of Prerogative and Privilege to an issue. As to the house of Peer-, if the gulf alluded to by Mr. Mode was not filled up, it would swal- low up the Peerage. The middle classes were the bond to keep the others to- gether, by which alone we could exist as a °Ica nation. After eulogizing Earl Grey, he proposed " Earl Grey and the Relorm Bill.
Lord Kinnaird was eaually strong in expressing his disapprobation of the present Ministry.
He and the other reformieg Peers considered themselves their Representa- tives; and though in the Upper House, they were bound to and would willingly support the interests of the People. There was a strong phalanx opposed to them, and he regretted to say that it was increased by the Reverend Bench. They had seen the mitred Tory Peers oppose every Liberal measure. He hoped every one of them and of the Tory Peers would take warning by the gulf. They stood on the brink of a precipice; and if they did not take warning by meeting with the P .ople, and learning their grievances, instead of taking their opinions from private tutors and other sycophants, they would foil to their cost that it would soon be too late. He stated that their Member would leave the county for London in the beginning of the week, to be present when the Speaker was chosen—to say whether the Reformed House was to have a Tory Speaker, or one of their own choice. The result of the debate would be watched for with anxiety. Every eonstitneney shouhl call upon its Repres,en- taller to attend and rate for a Liberal Speaker. No private feelings or rea- sums should be inrolred. It was a public principle. If the Tories gaimed, we miyht fall for a time under Lay domination. Ile agreed in utter detes- tation of the supposition that Ministers can govern on Tory principles. They might be offered reforms, but could they trust the friends of depotistn abroad and tyranny at howe, and who lavish money in heartless expenditure?