Tuesday's Gazette announces the appointment of Lieutenant-General the Earl of Cathcart to be Captain-General and Governor-in-chief of her Majesty's Pro- vinces of Canada, Nova Scotia, and New Brunswick, and of the Island of Prince Edward, and Governor-General of all her Majesty's Provinces on the Continent of North America, and of the Island of Prince Edward.
We have great pleasure in intention that the Court of Directors of the East
India Company have announced their to grant an allowance of 1001. per annum to Master Charles Nett, until he attains the age of eighteen years; it being understood to be for the purpose of his education.—Carmarthen Journal. The King of Prussia, whose turn it is to nominate the new Bishop of Jeru- salem, has named M. Belson, a converted Jew.
The Queen has presented a pair of milk-white Cashmere goats, part of a flock sent to her Majesty by the Shah of Persia, to the Twenty-third Welsh Fusileers, to replace the venerable Cambrian goat which accompanied that gallant regi- ment, and which lately died at Barbadoes.
The Globe mentions a rich case in store for the lawyers. "A bill in Chan- cery has been filed by Sir John Edmund De Beauvoir, Bart., against Richard Benyon De Beauvoir, Esq., of Culford Hall, for the recovery of a sum of money and other property to the value of 1,000,000/. and upwards. Mr. De Beauvoir had some years ago a long and protracted lawsuit with Mr. Rhodes which rendered that case memorable. The present, it is expected, will be equal fruitful to the lawyers. Sir John claims as next heir, in virtue of his wife. Ir. De Beauvoir is a widower, without children; and Sir John has an only brother, Mr. C. Browne."
George Stephenson, Esq., has sent a challenge to Mr. Brunel, to the effect that he will put 10,000/. down with him to build an engine on the narrow gauge which shall beat anything constructed for the broad. The challenge has not been ac- cepted--Derbyshire Courier.
At a meeting of the Cork and Bandon Railway Company, it was stated that compensation had been claimed by a person for the injury which would be done to the milk of his cows by the noise, steam, and smoke, of the locomotives in their transit!
The Marquis of Waterford met with an accident the other day, while riding in a steeple-chace at Heaton Park, the seat of Sir William Massey Stanley. He had cleared all the fences except the last; but in attempting that his horse fell, throwing his Lordship, whose shoulder was dislocated. Fortunately, a surgeon happen to be on the spot; the dislocation was reduced ; and the Marquis was enabled to ride on.
A leopardess escaped last week from the Clifton Zoological Gardens, and, leaping the wall, took a scamper along the Down. Everybody got out of its way as quickly as possible; and along with the rest, a beggar, who, throwing aside his crutches as an inctunbrance, took to his heels, and reached the point of safety, much to the surprise of the persons who were accustomed to relieve him on the score of his incurable lameness. The leopardess was decoyed into an out- house, and secured.
The following extract from a letter addressed by Mr. Bridgeman Lees, an officer of the Forty-third Native Infantry, to his father, the Reverend Sir Harcourt Lees, confirms the previous reports of skirmishes between the Silths and the British army on the left bank of the Sutlej, subsequently to the great battles of December. The letter is dated "Camp, two miles from the river Sutlej, January 17."
"On the 13th and 14th of this month, we were at them [the Sikhs] again, commencing at one o'clock p.m. each day. They crossed over, 30,000 strong, with seventeen guns. The first day we did nothing but throw shells and nine-pounders, and also rockets. The second day we brought eighteen and twenty-four pounders down, under cover of an intrenchment, which cut up their camp awfully. Whilst we were lying on the ground to avoid their shot, a twenty-four pound shot passed down our regiment, and knocked down all our muskets, which were piled; not a man of us touched. It is said we cross over for the final overthrow of the Pun- jaub on the 30th of this month, with 50,000 troops and 185 guns. God knows if many of us will ever recross the Sutlej. They have 100,000 troops and 400 guns on the other side, where their camp is now, they say, all undermined—thanks to the trench. Their head man is a General Montan, who was a private in the French army. Remember the 30th, for on that day there will be awful slaughter. We are making our bridge, and they are continually shooting our skirmishers."
The shipwreck of the Great Liverpool, a steamer belonging to the Peninsular and Oriental Steam Navigation Company, was mentioned in our latest edition last week. The ship was on her voyage to England; when, says the captain, Lieutenant ltrLeod, " at four o'clock on the morning of the 24th ultimo, whilst steering N.N.E., with a strong wind from the S.S.W., and a heavy sea running, and about seven to ten miles from Cape Finisterre, the weather thick, dark, and hazy, the ship going about ten knots an hour, we struck upon a shoal or rock, and made so much water in the engine-room that she soon became unmanageable from the fires being put out; and consequently drifting towards the land, grounded in a small sandy shoal called Guros,' about one league and a half Southward of Corcubion; where she lay with her head to the Southward broadside on the beach, at the distance of three hundred yards, on which a heavy surf was breaking. The boats were all got ready for lowering to land the passengers and crew, and the larboard life boat was sent with a party of seamen and a line to haul a rope on shore, which they with difficulty reached in safety; and we soon after got a hawser on shore and the end of it made fast and hove taut from the ship. Mr. Hamilton, chief officer, was sent in the launch with a party of passengers and crew, among whom were several ladies and children: all were safely landed except Mrs. Archer, a child belonging to Mrs. Morris, seven years old, and a Native female Indian servant, who were lost in the surf on the beach by the swamping of the launch, though every exertion was made both by those on the beach and in the launch to save them. After this, the launch, which was with great difficulty hauled alongside by us on board, and baled out, made several successful trips, and all on board were safely landed." As soon as any of the cargo or wreck came on shore the Spaniards began to plunder; a course which they pertinaciously, continued, the very soldiers sent to protect the property interfering with the English seamen and officers, and stealing the goods I No assistance or protection could be obtained from the English Consular Agent at Corcubion,—a Spaniard, speak- leg no Eeglish, of tio influence, and altogether a most incapable officer. On the 25th, the crew of the steamer succeeded in getting the mails, a few packages of the cargo, and the passengers' luggage, on shore, all much da- maged. On the night of the 26th it blew hard, and the ship went to pieces. On the 27th, M. Santos, the English Vice-Consul at Corunna, arrived, and arrange- ments were begun for removing the property saved and the crew to Corunna; the ladies and children being obliged to wait till side-saddles could be obtained from that place. The mails, twenty-nine of the passengers, and twenty-one of the crew, arrived from Corunna at Southampton, in the Company's steamer Pacha, on Saturday; the remainder of the passengers are expected by the Queen steamer, about the 17th. Lieutenant M‘Leod remained in Spain, to see all the people and property saved despatched home. Mr. Lane, the purser, was sent to England in charge of the mails. In a letter to the Secretary of the Company, he says—" It may be satisfactory to the relatives and friends of those passengers from the Great Liverpool, who did not arrive by the Pacha, to know, that when I left they were all tolerably well; and I have no doubt that on Friday evening, or by the latest on Saturday- morning, they will all have arrived in Corunna, under the es- cort of Captain Ineod, M. Santos, and the remaining officers of the ship; for as we came into Corunna on Monday the 2d, we met eighteen donkies with side- saddles, and some horses, going out to the village of Cie for them. We also met a squadron of Lancers, whom the Captain-General of the province, on the appli- cation of Mr. Baker Hall, Consul for Galicia, had sent to patrol the road in order to protect those who were coming from insult or injury; and I think it only right to inform you, that, when the authorities at Corunna were made acquainted with the circumstances, and the robberies that were being committed, they imme- diately offered to place at the disposal of her Majesty's Consul some troops and officers, who with one of the Captain-General's Aides-de-camp, were to proceed with the Consul to scour the country and search every house; with the under- standing that if they proved a theft against any carabinero or soldier in iums, he was to be shot on the beach. I fear, however, from the wildness of the country, and the immense concourse of people who were down, the recovery of much of the property is a matter of great uncertainty." The Great Liverpool was insured to the amount of 30,000/.
M. de Boutenieff, the Russian Ambassador at the Court of Rome, has addressed a note to the Pope on the subject of the Basilian Nuns of Minsk. Taking the account of the alleged atrocities as it appeared ma Polish journal published at Paris under the title of The Third of May, the Ambassador asserts that it is erroneous in every part: there is no such convent as the one mentioned; and neither does the Arch- bishop of Lithuania, who is said to have ordered the persecution, nor any other ecclesiastic, possess the power to inflict corporal punishment. He states that "no Basilian nun has been transferred to a Russian monastery; they have all remained in their own convents, except such as, having a desire to go and live with their relations of the Roman Catholic religion, obtained permission from the Archbishop of Lithuania. Undoubtedly, if this Prelate had to upbraid himself with such re- yoking conduct as that imputed to him, he would not now have consented to this last-named arrangement, which offered his victims so much facility for spreading through the country their accusations and their complaints. The means of existence of the Basilian nuns have not been reduced; but, on the contrary, have been augmented by new grants, which convents of this order have of late years been accorded in Russia." As to the Abbess, whose statements have given rise to the accusations against the Archbishop, the Russian Government knows nothing of her; and the Ambassador thinks that the woman has devised the falsehoods for the purpose of obtaining money. He adds, that the Imperial Government, notwithstanding the censorship to which foreign journals are subjected, has authorized the free circulation of the calumnious articles throughout the whole of Russia.
Prince Adam Czartoryski, in a letter to the Journal des Debats, challenges the validity of this refutation; asking, "Why, for instance, did not the Government obtain a denial, signed by some of the Basilian nuns, whom the Russian Govern- ment permitted, as affumed in the note, when they had refused to conform to the Greek schism, to retire among the Catholic members of their families ?"
The Journal des Dibats observes, that "the note of M. de Boutenieff has left much in doubt. Did there exist at Minsk a convent of Basilian nuns? Here is a certificate from four sisters of Saint Vincent de Paul, who affirm that they were in correspondence with this convent." The Debats then quotes the document,, from the Univers.
Our agricultural correspondent who writes from West Surrey, says, on the 12th- " Since my-last report, the weather has continued everything the agriculturist could desire for fanning operations; and the general observation is, that the crops never looked so forward and flourishing as they now do, at this early season. The immediate effect is, that labour is in demand; and all industrious workpeople are in employ, men, women, and children. Feed for cattle is more plentiful than ever recollected; and consequently the farmer can keep his stock and flock cheap- ly and easy in health and good condition,—an object of the first importance. Bar- ring, therefore, an adverse change in the weather, one of the earliest and most prolific harvests on record may be expected; and the apprehended scarcity, and consequent high prices, will turn out to be a fever of the imagination." w.