Sanctuary.making Incidentally, on the subject of birds and gardens Mr.
Witherby, who is perhaps the most famous organiSer of the science of bird observation in the world, has recently published a little book by Miss E. L. Turner, the most famous—and best—of women observers. Every Garden a Bird Sancluanl (5s. net) is much more than a plea to make birds welcome near our homes. Miss Turner, by word and photograph and sketch, makes clear to us all the little devices by which we may provide birds with what they want in the way of meat and drink and homes and shelter. After all, it is a scientific business. Just as some Western sportsmen have attracted great companies of woodcock to their estates merely by pro- viding the right sort of cover, so we may all draw to our gardens all sorts of birds, and one may say, with due reservation, just those birds in which we are particularly interested. She tells a tale of waxwings (which she photographed) that were at- tracted to a Cambridge garden by the cotoneaster (Eragifis), and comes to a conclusion that many others ells have reached that this bush is of all others' the most eagerly desired by berry-eating birds. The designs for food-hoppers and bird boxes and water supplies are wholly admirable. The most curious is that new thing, a communal nesting box.