16 OCTOBER 1841, Page 1

The history of Spain has presented a varying aspect since

the page which we gave last week. The insurrection to restore Curtis

TINA to the Regency, which seemed at first to be little more than a partial outbreak by a scatterbrained young General, proves to have been of all the extensive and elaborate construction ascribed to it in anticipation by the correspondent of the Times many weeks back. While O'DONNELL holds Pampeluna, MONTES DE OCA, an ex Minister, has assumed the head of a Provisional Government at Vittoria, and DIEGO LEON makes an attempt to seize the person of the Queen. There was a new revolution in Spain. The scheme, however, though large and bold, snapped in pieces almost as soon as it was put to a practical use. LEON and his partisans in Madrid could make no head against ESPARTERO : all who were net put to the rout were seized ; and, from the yet imperfect accounts, it does not appear that the metropolitan populace manifested the least interest in the fate of the insurgents or the slightest wish to bring CHRISTINA back. Even in Bilboa, the hostility to a Govern- ment who have invaded the municipal privileges of the Basques, does not appear to have given any decided bias in favour of Cams- TINA. In Pampeluna, where O'Dormazz holds the citadel, he may also be said to be hemmed in, and to be as much a prisoner as a possessor. It is in Vittoria that the most decided temper is seen ; and there MONTES DE OcA has issued a proclamation, conceived in so ferocious a spirit, that if it awe his opponents on the spot, it must multiply and exasperate opponents elsewhere. But the whole project seems a mistake in its essentials. As a diversion in favour of CARLOS it might have served some end ; but so far there has been no direct demonstration in favour of the Pretender, and the Carlists who have joined the movement profess to do so in the name of CHRISTINA. But CHRISTINA represents nothing to the Spaniards, except an administration which was not particularly successful. The local privileges which her partisans have promised to maintain in the Basque Provinces do not concern Spain at large ; and the Basques have no reason, and it may be guessed but little disposition, to believe that CHRISTINA can do more for them than ESPARTERO. Her only hold is simply upon the discontent of the people ; and the effect of popular ignorance, chronic anarchy, and national poverty, is too aimless to be con- centrated as a tool at the service of a refugee and an intrigante. The new revoluton has been deliberately planned ; it has a bold, and, as their sect ecy has shown, a disciplined staff; but it lacks substance.

It has been insinuated that the French Government is intriguing with CHRISTINA ; that Louis Pinurra is not averse from her project ; and that M. GuIZoT, forgetting his statesmanship, is one of CHRISTINA'S adherents. Proofs of these allegations are wanting. One which has been offered is, that the King lately visited the royal refugee ; but on the other hand, her Council have been ordered to quit Paris. Because the acts of LOUIS PHILIPPE and M. Grazer are not known, it is not to be assumed that they are wicked and silly.