forrigu out Colonial.
cf ARM—Paris is engaged in celebrating the festival of Easter with all the pomps that are usual in the Roman Catholic Church ; in feting the Russian General Todtleben ; and in preparing for the visit of the
Grand Duke Constantino—whom, it is said, Prince Napoleon, although urpd to do so by the Emperor, will not go forth to meet. The .11oniteur of Saturday published an Imperial decree, promulgating the convention which was concluded on the 14th of January between Count de Persigny on behalf of the French Government and the Earlsof Clarendon with .Mr. Labouchere on the part of the Government of Great Britain, for the regulation of the Newfoundland fisheries. This convention confirms the French privilege of exclusive fishing secured by the peace of 1814, and to the extent laid down in the treaty of 1783, which the pence of 1814 recognized,—that is to say, from Cape St. John, on the East coast, to Cape Ray, on the extreme South-west corner, that is half the East and the whole of the West coast of Newfoundland. But, this being the general principle of the convention, a modification is made, by which the French give up a certain part of the West coast, that is, the part between the Humber and Cape Ray, about 150 miles, to English fishing exclusively, in exchange for 80 miles fishing on the coast of Labrador, to be enjoyed' by them in common with the English. It is to be added, however, that from the line of coast given up to exclusive English fishing, fire fishing-ports, with a neighbourhood of three miles coast attaching to each, is excepted, and retained exclusively by the French. The Newtoundland Legislature regards the convention as a desertion of their rights and privileges on the part of the Mother-country.
The Monitear de Is Flotte gives some particulars relating to the British and French possessions on the Western coast of Africa, which show that the late arrangements concluded between the British and French Governments with respect to those settlements are highly advantageous to both countries. The French possess at Albreda, on the Western coast of Africa, to the South of Senegal, a small space of ground, about 200 yards square, on the banks of the Gambia. This little corner, surrounded on all sides by water or by the British possessions, is of no value to France in a commercial point of view; the British, by virtue of their right of sovereignty, preventing all communication between Albroils and the upper portion of the river, whence arrives the produce of the country. On the other hand, at the same time that the treaty of 1783 secured to Franco the coast to the North of St. Louis, it reserved to England a right to barter exclusively in the small bay of Portendie. The latter is a desert spot on an arid coast ; but when the Moors are at war with the French, as the latter do not purchase their gum, they endeavour to sell it to the English at Portendie. During the last few years, the Governor of Senegal has so warmly hunted these Moorish robbers, that they have no other resource but to take refuge in the British possessions. The result was, that the French were an impediment to the English at Albreda, and the English were an impediment to the French at Portendie. By abandoning reciprocally those possessions—that is, Great Britain renouncing what was reserved to her by the treaty of 1783, and France withdrawing from Albredathey have accomplished a friendly act, and at the same time one of good policy. The result has been beneficial to the two countries.
Piedmonteso Government, it is said, are about to propose a reform in the organization of tho National Guard, that will place it on a footing similar to that occupied by the Prussian Landwehr and Landstorm ; and it is added that this step will not fail to please the Radical party, as well as conduce to the defence of the state. Advices from Naples revive the report that the King, weary of the existing condition of things, has made overtures of reconciliation, and that he has now under consideration certain propositions which, if agreed to, will enable the Western Powers to resume communications with him. In the mean time, the reports of the condition of the country are as unhappy as ever. A system of espionage has demoralized the army. The officers are set to watch their men, and the men their officers. "instead of being a school of soldiers, it resembles rather a school of little boys, telling tales' of one another to the master; who confesses them, whips, imprisons, or exiles them, as the 'young gentlemen' seem to require." The police, underpaid, increases its stipends by threatening persons that unless a certain sum be paid they shall be denounced and ruined. The Neapolitan correspondent of the Times gives one or two specimens. "A 'suspect,' one of the many thousands who are under the surveillance of the police, consulted a friend almost in these words—' I am watched by such a policeman ; every now and then he comes to me and menaces me with some denunciation if I do not give him two or three piastres. I have already given him forty piastres, but I cannot continue it, for I am poor. What must I do?' ' I do not know what to advise,' was the reply, for you are threatened with one of two evils—imprisonment, or continual plunder.' The case of Baron — is another in point, who in this way was robbed of 2000 ducats."
The practice of covering the walls with seditious placards, and of circulating inflammatory addresses, has not ceased.
Of Hi 8.—As a matter of course, the Cortes recently elected consists of a large majority of members devoted to the so-called Conservative" or Court party. Marshal O'Donnell, it is said, will lead such opposition as will be permitted ; and in this he will be supported by sonic of the Generals who took part with him in the insurrection of Vicalvaro. The Madrid journal Iberia has been prosecuted for an article on the elections, and acquitted. This acquittal is ascribed to two causes,—the eloquent pleadings of Setter Ohmaga and his warm defence of representative institutions; and also to the hostility of the journal to O'Donnell, regarded as the enemy of the Ministry. The Queen has abstained from performing the customary ceremony of "feet-washing" this Easter. It is said that the reason for this omission is the probability of an addition to the number of her children. There is much talk of a war between Spain and Mexico, on account of outrages perpetrated on Spanish subjects some months ago in Mexico, for which the Mexican Government has shown an indisposition to apologize. The latest news is pacific in tone.
finrkeq.—A deputation of proprietors, boyards, and lawyers, waited on Sir Henry Bulwer, on his arrival at Bucharest on the 4th April, to present an address of welcome from the Roumans to "the worthy representative of free England." Their object also was to engage his influence in securing for them the independent exercise of the electoral privileges bestowed on them. Sir Henry replied, that he could assure them the Porte desires with all sincerity that its instructions shall he faithfully carried out. He praised the Kainiakan Ghika, and urged the deputation to show those civic virtues—that prudence, moderation, and tact—which every nation desirous of enjoying representative government should possess. 1 kr a.—The fuller advices of the overland mail explain the supposed military intentions of General Outram. It appears that the Persian Arabs at Mohatumerah on the Karoon have been busily engaged in intercepting supplies sent down the river from Bussora and other places above the Persian town. General Outrtun desired to put an end to this, and to secure the free flow of provisions to his camp. He is also said to have had another object in view. He wished to secure Ifohammerah as a base of operations against Shuster, should it be found necessary to leave a garrison at Bushire and carry the war up the country towards Ispahan. The Karoon is navigable as far as Shuster, and thence to Ispahan would be a march of 190 miles. The plan of operations said to be in contemplation at Bu.shire on the 25th February was a rapid movement on Mohammerah, and an equally rapid retreat to Bushire, as soon as the former had been captured, fortified, and garrisoned. The reason for this return was that the Persians were again mustering in force at Burazjoon. It was supposed that the movement on Mohammerah would take place about the 15th March, unless between that date and the 25th February the intelligence that peace had been signed reached the expedition.
A telegraphic message from Trieste states that the Bombay Government had ceased to send reinforcements to the Persian Gulf. The intelligence from Paris is, that the messenger with the treaty of peace has reached Teheran. While the Pays says that adviees from the Persian Gulf state that the armistice concluded between Persia and England was announced on the 9th of March to the General commanding the English expedition to Bushire ; and that the convention relative to the suspension of arms had been signed anterior to the treaty of peace between the two nations, and when the bases of that treaty were agreed to.
Milli ft.—Some curious information has been supplied by the last advices from India. The Third Europeans, under orders for Busbire, were marched at the laid moment back to their cantonments at Poonah. Had they embarked, there would have been only one European regiment in the Bombay Presidency—the Eighty-sixth, stationed in Bombay ; and they would have been replaced by the First Madras Fusiliers. But the reason that led to the retention of the Third Europeans in Bombay detained the First Fusiliers in Madras—the scarcity of European troops. These two facts are placed in connexion by the newspaper-correspondent, with the symptoms of insubordination shown by more than one native regiment. In Madras the First Native Infantry were ordered to march, leaving behind their wives and families under the charge of select men. They did not comply without showing strong symptoms of disaffection. At liarrackpore in Bengal, the Nineteenth Native Infantry heard of the dispute about the cartridge-paper supposed to be greased with animal fat.
"By way of expressing their feelings, they held a parade on their own account with their arms. The Colonel commanding remonstrated with the Native officers ; who as usual, adhered after a passive fashion to their superiors. The men, however, were still refractory ; and he called out a regiment of cavalry and two guns. The two arms in India seldom coalesce, and the cavalry arz usually as trustworthy as marines on board ship. The men were then ordered to ground their arms and return to their barracks. They agreed if the Colonel would send away his cavalry. The Colonel appears to have dreaded the responsibility of an armed conflict, and acceded to the conditions; for which he has been rebuked."
Many of those men are natives of Oude, and gossip refers the mutiny to the intrigues of the late King. But the objection to animal fat seems sufficiently to account for it. Another incident perplexes the Indian mind, chiefly from its oddity, the mystery attending it, and the organization of the police, 90,000 in number, which it reveals. The incident is this—.
"A few days since, [the 8th March,] a chowkeydar, or village policeman, of Cawnpore, ran up to another in Futtegliur, aml gave him two chupatties. These are indigestible little unleavened cakes, the common food of the poorer classes. He ordered him to make ten more, and give two to each of the five nearest chowkeydars with the same order. He was obeyed, and in a few hours the whole country was in commotion with ehowkeydars running about with these cakes. The wave swept province after province with a speed at which official orders never fly. The magistrates were powerless, and the ehupatties at this moment are flying Westward. Nobody has the least idea what it all means. Some officers fancy it is a ceremony intended to avert the cholera ; others hint at treason—a view encouraged by the Native offirials ; others talk of it as a trifle—a joke. The English authorities of the districts through which these edibles passed looked at, handled, and probably tasted them ; and, finding them upon the evidence of all their senses harmless, reported accordingly to Government." It is said that the police themselves are ignorant of the source or object of this extraordinary proceeding. One supposition is, that it is of superstitious origin, and intended as a spell to ward off the cholera ; another, that it has been done in fulfilment of the vow "of some wealthy fool "a a third, that the late King of Oude is at the bottom of it all.
In Oude, Mr. Boileau, a Civil servant, has lost his life in attempting to put down the band of Furl Ali, a noted Deceit. The robbers drew Mr. Boileau and six Sepoy troopers into an ambuscade, and killed four troopers and their loader.
Brigadier Chamberlain was about to lead a large expedition into the mountains to chastise a tribe called "the Borders." "Scone smart fighting is looked for."
flihh At EIttl.—Tho Africa arrived at Liverpool on Sunday, with Rarities from New York to the 1st April. The New York Herald states that the present position of affairs in China is under consideration of the United States Cabinet. The British Minister at Washington had been in communication with the United States Government, with the design of effecting a tripartite alliance of England, France, and the United States—the three leading commercial powers of the world—for the protection of mutual interests, the promotion of commerce, and civilization in Chins. It is said, however, on authority quite as good, first, that the American Government is determined not to cooperate either with England or France but to stand alone ; and secondly, that the Washington Cabinet is disposed to ally itself with France, in order to limit as much as possible the interruption to trade in China, and to profit to the uttermost by our successes.
The Supreme Court of California had reiterated its former opinion in regard to the unconstitutionality of all the State debt over 300,000 dollars, and had further declared that the Legislature possessed no power to impose taxes for the payment of the interest. The feeling of the people was
strongly against repudiation. The Legislature had passed a concurrent resolution almost unanimously declaring that the debt should be paid in good -faith, and that immediate provision for the repayment ought to be made.
t nitre limuira.—The latest news from Nicaragua describes the desperate position of General Walker. The allied troops of the neighbouring states of Costa Rica, Guatemala, and San Salvador, had gathered round his fortified camp at &vas, a town between the Lake of Nicaragua and the Pacific. The loss of the lake steamers had deprived him of all means of communicating with New York or New Orleans. A force was on the march to occupy the road leading from Rivas to San Juan del Sur on the Pacific. Walker had in Rivas about 480 men, including servants and civilians. About 126 men had deserted him. The Costa Ricans had received them kindly, and shipped all who desired to return for New York.
Cut off from communication with his resources, it was thought Walker would be speedily reduced to surrender at discretion. In the mean time, affairs have taken a new turn. The allies have met at San Miguel, anti, at the suggestion, it is said, of the leading Nicaraguans, have agreed to partition that state.
"It is intended that the partition shall be nearlyas follows—Costa Rica will take both banks of the San Juan river and the territory between the Lake and the Carribean Sea. Honduras will take Chontailas. The rest will fall to San Salvador. And if so, it will be a great acquisition. For San Salvador is the most populous for her extent ; and a removal of many of her inhabitants into the new territory would, it is believed, be a relief from which great benefits would be derived. In agreeing to this arrangement, it is understood that Nicaragua will require each of the states to keep a sufficient force in the territory they may receive to preserve peace and security to person and property. It is also understood that all the powers interested will stipulate that, after the lapse of a number of years, (to be named,) the fragments shall be permitted to unite again as an independent republic, without opposition, if they shall desire to do so. The above are the mam points before the convention, and it is believed that they will be agreed upon unanimously, without material alteration."