19 JULY 1919, Page 22

The Annual of the British School at Athens. No. XXII.

(Macmillan. 25s. net.)—With the return of Peace the British School at Athens has been able to resume the publication of its annual volume. The School during the war served as a centre of naval and military activity ; the members of the staff were on active service, and seven old students were killed in action. Nevertheless the Director, Mr. Wace, contrived to give some part of his time to archaeology, and the opportunities afforded by the occupation of Macedonia were properly used. Thenew volume contains an interesting letter of Byron's, written from Athens in 1811 and now the property of the SchooL " I am living in the Capuchin convent," he wrote, " Hymettus before me, the Acropolis behind, the Temple of Jove to my right, the Stadium in front, the town to the left, eh, Sir, there's a situation, there's your picturesque I nothing like that, Sir, in Lunnun, no not even the Mansion House." Among the chief papers we may mention Professor Woodhouse's elaborate study of the battle of Man- thuds, Mr. Tillyard's essay on the baffling problem of " The Modes in Byzantine Music," and Professor Hasluek's account of " The Mosques of the Arabs in Constantinople," illustrating the ingenious way in which the conversion of Christian Churches

into mosques was justified by the invention of legends—a process that seems to be still continuing in Turcopiffle circles.