forrign Anil Colonial.
PIMP. —The articles in the Times on the subject of the active military and naval preparations of Fiance, have drawn from the Moniteur the following statement- " About three months ago the English journals pretended that the French Government were preparing extraordinary armaments. The Moniteur contradicted the fact. The same assertions are now repeated; we contradict them again. The land -and sea forces established a year ago for the budget Of 1858 have not been augmented." This paragraph appeared in the non-official part, so that, according to die precedent of the swaggering letters of the French colonels, we ?tight not to pay much attention to it. The Thnes Paris correspondent " soestions its accuracy," and points to the fact that the naval estimates of rrance for 1869 are greater by 28,393,289 francs than the naval estimates of 1853. More than a million sterling addition to these esti- mates for a number of years, it is pertinently remarked, is not an ordi- nary demand. The Daily News correspondent observes that the Itioniteur Only says that the land and sea forces, which were settled for the year bY the budget of 1858, have not been augmented. "That is not the question. A French budget is a very elastic thing. Few people understand it in France, and nobody does abroad. It is notorious that the Mediterranean squadron has recently been augmented from eight to fourteen vessels, that 40,000 extra recruits were called out this spring, and that immense armaments far beyond what the defences of the country re- quire are going on' and have long been going on, not only at Cherbourg, but in every military port of the empire."
Marshal Magnan, at a banquet given to him at Caen, after proposing the Emperor, Empress, and Prince Imperial, turned towards the En4i* Consul, and said-
" Gentlemen—I see among you the representative of her Britannic Mae jesty, and you Mill be happy, I doubt not, to join in my second toast—' To the health of her Gracious Majesty Queen Victoria.' May the alliance of the two great nations be always as solid as it is at present, for the prosperity of their commerce, and for the development of their moral and material in. tercets."
Some sensation has been caused by the resignation of General Espi- nesse. M. Delangle, President of a section of the Council of State, is appointed to succeed him. It is noticed that his title is "Minister of the Interior" only, and not "Minister of the Interior and of Public Safety." General Espinasse has done his work. He was appointed to "break up the continual plotting of anarchists." He has exercised his "extraordi- nary powers" unsparingly, and has seized and disposed of some 300 per. sons. He is made a Senator.
The Conference has continued its sittings. It is understood that the non-union of the Principalities has been decided upon.
The Prefect of the Gironde, in a note communicated to La Guiettne of Bordeaux, congratulates the administrators of the charitable establish- ments in that city on having anticipated the measures prescribed by the Minister of the Interior by selling, several years since, the landed pro- perty belonging to the establishments under their care, consisting of thirteen houses, some arable land, and marshes. These properties, which were valued at 229,525f., and produced a rental of 7479f. 94e. were sold for 258,135f., and this srun vested in Government mites produces revenue of 11,616f. 7c.
tfarkur.—A telegraphic despatch from Constantinople, dated June 14, states that "the insurrection in Candla is at an end. The insur- gents explained to the Turkish Connnissioners their complaints againat the local authorities, and then retired."
The scoundrels who attacked Mr. Fonblinque, the British Consul-Ge- neral at Belgrade, were, it seems, Turkish regulars.
"On the afternoon of the 7th, Mr. Fonblanuue was assailed by a Turkish nizam, or soldier in a regiment of the line, us he was walking on the glacier of the fortress. The ruffian, who had a 'cut and thrust' bayonet in his right band and a very large stone in his left, suddenly rushed. upon Mr. Fonblanque and made a cut at his head. The Consul-General managed to parry the blow, but in doing so received a lone and deep wound in his arm. The assassin then made a violent thrust at M7. Foublanque, but the latter guarded his body with his hand, which was subsequently found to be cut through.' Some Servians chancing to appear at this critical moment, the wounded man lost no time in making his way towards them. While he was retreating the soldier threw the stone five times at him, and three times it hit him. The Servians attempted to seize the fellow, who is extremely pow- erful, but some of his comrades ran upend rescued him. While this to
unprovoked attack was being made on an unarmed man, about
Turkish soldiers of different grades were looking on from the walls of the fortress, which are at a distance of rather more than 50 yards from the spot on which Mr. Fonblanque received his first wound. As soon as the latter had reached his house, the Pasha in command of the fortress sent to say that he was extremely sorry for what had happened, and had put the soldier in prison."
50/E.—Intelligence from Bombay to the 19th May arrived in Lon- don by the overland mail on Wednesday. Some portion of the news it brought was communicated by telegraph on Saturday. It has already been stated that Bareilly was captured on the 7th May. Three columns were moving upon that town early
in the month. Sir Colin Campbell, with Walpole's division, leaving Shahjehanpore in charge of six companies of Infantry under Colone/ Herbert, moved forward on the 1st. On the 3d, he was joined by a column which General Penny had led through Budaon ; but the column had lost its general. It appears that while riding on ahead some sus- picious movements on the road in front were observed, but not sufficiently heeded. Presently a gun was fired and grape-shot showered around the advancing party. A squadron of Carbineers came up at the charge,
carried the gun, and cut up the enemy. Then the Brigadier's body was found stripped and dead. It is supposed that his horse was wounded, and that running away it carried him among the enemy. Strengthened by Penny's brigade Sir Colin Campbell moved sharply upon Bareilly. He found the enemy drawn up to defend a bridge over a stream in ad- vance of Bareilly, but fighting with his heavy guns he soon drove them away. In the mean time Brigadier Jones, moving from Moradabad, beat the enemy at Meergunge, and killed Prince Feroze Shale. "No impediment remained to a further advance, and accordingly early on the morning of the 6th the camp was broken up, and the head of the column speedily came in sight of a stone bridge by which the road passes a tributary of the Sunha, which flows past Bareilly. Major Coke, with Jones's cavalry, reconnoitred, and found the bridge occupied, and enfiladed by some heavy guns. Brigadier Jones disposed his men to the right and left, a well sus. tained fire of rifles from the 60th was maintained for a couple of hours, and then with a rush the bridge was carried, two guns on the other side captured, and an entrance effected into Bareilly. The palace of Khan Bahadoor, found empty, was occupied at once, with other commanding positions, by the 60th Rifles and Sikhs."
On the other side Sir Colin Campbell had carried the positions before him, and on the 7th the three columns were concentrated in the town. Nana Sahib and Khan Bahadoor fled, the latter to Pilleebheet, the former to the Moulvie of Lucknow at Mohumdee. That fanatical personage had closed upon Sir Colin's rear with 8000 men and driven Colonel Herbert into the gaol of Shahjehanpore. Sir Colin Campbell instantly sent Bri- gadier Jones to relieve Colonel Herbert. Ile started from Bareilly on the 8th, and encountering the Moulvie defeated him and relieved the garrison. It will be seen that the Commander-in-chief has managed to drive his enemies from the valley of the Ganges, and to confine them to a region north-east of Bareilly. In Central India Sir Hugh Rose' unaided by General Whidock, who was detained at Banda, had advanced to within a few miles of Calpee. The Ranee of Jaloum had surrendered. The Ranee of Thansi, Tends Topes, and the Nawab of Banda were at Oalpee, greatly dispirited by
repeated disasters. Troops had been drawn down the Doab to prevent the enemy front fleeing across the Jumna. In the rear of Sir Hugh Rose's force Brigadier Smith, following the Kotah men, had advanced to Goona. But a party of rebels had retaken Chundaree, which had been left in charge of Scindiah's troops.
In the battle at Koonch Sir Hugh Rose gained the victory with such comparative ease by turning the flank of the fortifiedrebel position. The Sepoys, men of six different regiments, retreated with some order, firing regularly, forming square to receive cavalry, so that for eight miles there was nothing but "shrapnel from the artillery and charges of the 14th. Light Dragoons." The enemy left 500 dead on the field, eight guns, ammunition, and tents.
After dark the pursuers came to the new camp, jaded and weary, and before that time the following day some twelve horses had died of fatigue. The Hyderabad Contingent had thirty casualties, killed and wounded of all arms, the 14th Dragoons twenty-three killed and wounded, the 86th one wounded and three died of sun-stroke, the 71st seven of sun-stroke ; besides these, numbers went to hospital from the heat, which was dreadful ; the men had also been on foot since two in the monUng, sad had marched nine miles. I should have mentioned that during the pursuit a woman was killed, her horse had been killed by the artillery, and it is supposed she was shot by some of her own people, perhaps to prevent her falling into our bands; at all events her own people looted her, as she was naked when we came up to her; she was stout, fair-skinned, and apparently very handsome; the only wound she had was on the head ; she is supposed to have been one of the attendants of the 'Ranee.'"
As regards the movements in Behar, Mr. Secretary Edmonstone re- ports that Sir Edward Lugard "attacked the rebels at Donstanpore on May 9, and drove them before him to Jugdespore, which place he en- tered on the same day. The enemy, having sustained severe loss, re- treated to the southward, and abandoned the two guns they had cap- tured from the Arrah force. Sir Edward Lugard entered Jaitpore on May 11, after repulsing an attack of the enemy ; on May 12 he formed a junetien with Colonel Corfield at Perou, and on May 13 returned, hearing that Major Lightfoot, who had been left at that place, had been attacked by the rebels. Ameer Singh, a rebel leader, is reported to have been killed at Jaitpore."
The political position in Oude was according to the Calcutta correspon- dent of the Times very promising.
"In Oude matters are decidedly improving. The Commissioner, Mr. Montgomery, has received a carte blanche, and has at once nullified the proclamation. The talookdars have been confirmed in their estates on new conditions, and are coming in rapidly. The zemindaree system, natural to the country, has been introduced, and the zemindars rendered responsible for all offences against the State, society, or the law, committed on their estates. There is, consequently, to be no village police recognized as such by the State, the Govenamsnt appealing to no one but the landholder. A strong military police and a centralized civil police will be immediately created, and there are signs that the barons really intend to obey the new constitu- tion. The country is being pacified, Mr. Montgomery, like all the Punjaub officials, recognizing the fact that the people will receive only one system. They choose a feudal organization, and have got it, and both parties are beguiningt understand one another. The experiment is interesting, and I fancy, succeed under Mr. Montgomery, but one distrusts plans that require special men to work them. Under a weak satrap the barons will be the real rulers, as they are in Bengal. For the present, however, the political advantage of the lull is inestimable." The number of sick is great. Fatal sun strokes have been too plenti- ful, and scores of men in every force engaged in the field are in hospital from the effects of the heat.
Bir William Peel. The special correspondent of the Times thus wrote on the 27th April respecting the death of Sir William Peel—" The electric telegraph has carried its brief announcement of the sad news we heard this morning to England some days before the letter I am now writing can reach you. But I can add no details to that brief statement of the event which must cause such grief to every English heart. The death of Sir William Peel at any time would be a national loss. Despite the theory that there is no such thing as a necessary man, I believe that at this particular juncture his death is a national calamity, and it is one for which I see no reparation. His gallant comrades in the noble profession which was the joy of his life will be the readiest to admit that the foremost naval officer of the day lies in the grave which contains his body. In the march from Lucknow to Cawnpore be was carried down in a dooly or litter, as he was unable to ride owing to his wound, but he could limp about, and, just ere we entered Cawnpore, he was able to walk a little, when we halted, without the aid of his stick. Morning after morning, as our litters were laid down beside each other, he talked to me of the various news which came to us from home, and I well remember the light which was in his eye as he said, speaking of the division on the Conspiracy Bill, I am delighted at it, not from any sympathy with those rascally assassins who flock to England, or from any feeling against France or the Emperor, whose orders I wear, but because my instinct tells me' as its instinct told the House, that it was the right thing for an English Parliament to do, reason or no reason. We must never take a step in that direction, even if one came from the dead to tell us to do so.' It was, probably, in that litter he contracted the fearful malady which cost him his life; - for, if I am not misinformed, it was ob- tained by him from the hospital at Luclmow, where several cases of small- pox occurred before we left. On the day after his arrival at Cawnpore he was seized with sickness, vomiting, and feverishness, from which he reco- vered, but the symptons of smallpox were soon exhibited, and when I men- tioned the news that he had it to Dr. Clifford, who had been one of his at- tendants, the latter said he feared it would go hard with Sir William, ow- ing to his irritability of constitution, and to the debility arising from his wound. It was one day's march from Futteyghur that I heard of his illness, and on my arrival I telegraphed to the Reverend Mr. Moore, the chaplain at Cawnpore, to know how he was. Next day I received the reply, Sir William is doing as favourably as could be expected in a case of bad conflu- ent smallpox.' This morning, on the line of march, we heard that he was no more—it flew from mouth to mouth. Sir Colin Campbell showed the grief which was felt by every officer in the force. Over and over again, all this morning, 'Peel dead ! What a loss to us. It will be long ere the ser- vice see two such as Adrian Hope and Peel ! ' mingled with expressions of regret and sorrow."
• :uiit tat 5.—The City of Washington arrived at Liverpool on Thursday, with advices from New York to the 5th June.
A warm debate took place in the Senate on the 29th and 31st May. On the former day Mr. Mason presented a report upon the "British outrages" from the Committee on Foreign Relations. This report after describing the outrages, and declaring that they are ground for just in- dignation, terminates with three resolutions- ' of That American vessels on the high seas, in time of peace, bearing the American flag, remain under the jurisdiction of the country to which they belong, and therefore any visitation, molestation, or detention of 'such, ves- sels by force, or by the exhibition of force, on the part of a foreign PoWer, jg in derogation of the sovereignty of the United States.
"That the recent and repeated violations of this immunity committed by vessels of war belonging to the navy of Great Britain in the Gulf of Mexico and the adjacent seas, by firing into, interrupting, and otherwise forcibly detaining them on their voyage, requires, in the judgment of the Senate, such unequivocal and final disposition of the subject by the Governments of Great Britain and the United States touching the rights involved as shall preclude hereafter the occurrence of like aggressions.
"That the Senate fully approves the action of the Executive in sending a naval force into the infested seas, with orders to protect all vessels of the United States on the high seas from search or detention by the vessels of war of any other nation.' And it is the opinion of the Senate that, if it be- come necessary, such additional legislation should be supplied in aid of the executive power as will make such protection effectual." Mr. Hale' of New Hampshire, an Anti-Slavery Senator, moved, as an amendment, that the acts referred to, being of a belligerent character, should be resisted by all the power of the country. They should be treated as acts of war, and force should be used against force. Mr.
Toombs, of Georgia, highly approved this. The British vessels should be seized. Mr. Seward, of New York, a consistent opponent of slavery, was also indignant up to a warlike pitch. Mr. Douglas of Illinois ad- vised that the Styx, or any one of the offending gun-boats, should be seized. Mr. Rayne and Mr. Hammond, both of South Carolina, ob- jected to be smuggled into a war with England. Such a war should be avoided as long as possible. They were satisfied with the Committee's resolutions. Mr. Wilson, of Massachusetts, a leading Freesoiler, was not satisfied with the resolutions. "Re was ready to take the most
prompt action to redress these wrongs upon our commerce; but he hoped that measures would also be taken so that our flag should not be used by pirates on the coasts of Africa and Cuba, and the nation there- by dishonoured and disgraced." And he moved to amend the amend- ment of Mr. Hale, by adding the following :—
" And the President is hereby authorized and empowered to employ the naval force of the United States, and send the same to the scene of the recent outrages, with instructions to capture the ships which have com- mitted or which may commit these belligerent acts." Mr. Crittenden, of Kentucky, recommended moderation. The resolutions of the Committee on Foreign Affairs are sufficient ta express the sentiments of the American people, and it would be unworthy of both great nations to indulge in quarrelsome actions. Let England be informed that we require reparation, and if it be refused we have then a right to stand on our own grounds. He agreed with Mr. Toombs that we cannot assent to discuss the right of visitation or search. It would be unworthy o this Government to enter into any discussion on that subject. We have to deal with acts only, and require England to disavow them and forbear.
Mr. Wilson had, on the 31st3 found that his resolution was not in order, so he withdrew it.
Subsequently Mr. Douglas had proposed to revive an act of 1839, giving the President very large powers to resist the claims of Great Bri- tain. Mr. Mason moved as a substitute for this proposal another giving the President extended powers until 1860, to enable him to blockade or otherwise obtain reparation from the Central American States for injuries and outrages committed by them upon the persons and property of citi- zens of the United States. The motion to make it a special order did not succeed.
The citizens of New Orleans have formed a Vigilance Committee, and possessed themselves of supreme authority in the town, in order to put down the robbers and murderers who have long infested its streets with impunity.