19 OCTOBER 1850, Page 8


In the foreign correspondence of the Horning Herald of yesterday, as well as in one of the leading articles of that paper, it was stated that, in consequence of the recent death of the Queen of the Belgions, it was the intention of his Majesty King Leopold to abdicate his throne forthwith, in favour of his son, the Due de Brabant. We believe we may safely affirm that the rumour is altogether without foundation.—Morning .Post, October 15.

The Times, in its correspondence. from Paris of the 13th instant, say's that M. Thiers had an interview with the President on his return•from Clare- mont, and stated to him that "the Duchesse &Orleans was favourable to the prolongation of the powers of the President." That Id. Thiers may have had an interview with the President is quite possible; but that he should have made the statement alleged we do not think altogether pro- bable, inasmuch as he would in that case have said what has not the slightest foundation in fact.—Morning Post, Oct. 16.

Some movements in the Church Societies of Bristol and London at- tract attention. In the Bristol Society, as the Times reports, "a division

arose with reference to the headship of the Church ; and Mr. Ward placed on the books a notice of motion affirming the authority of the Pope." "This startling proposition" led to lengthened discussion ; and at last Mr. W. Palmer, Vicar of Whitchureh, gave notice of a string of reso- lutions embodying a declaration of principles and objects. The decla- ration affirmed, among other points, that "the Roman Church has repu- diated communion with all churches which do not recognize the claims of the Bishop of Rome," and has "corrupted the primitive faith "; "therefore communion with that church on the part of individuals of the English communion cannot, consistently with the laws of Christ, be restored, until the Roman Church shall have relinquished her pretensions." This reso- lution was supported by the Reverend George Augustus Denison, Pre- bendary Clark, Mr. Hoare the banker, and others. An amendment was moved by Lord Forbes, seconded by Mr. A. J. B. Hope, M.P., and sup- ported by Dr. Pusey and the Reverend J. Keble with others. The amendment was carried. Thereupon, Mr. W. Palmer and his friends

seceded from the Bristol Union; and immediately coalesced in a new body with the name of "The Somerset and Bristol Church Union " ; alleging

that "those who opposed the original resolutions manifested a tendency to Popery." These proceedings led to the calling of a meeting of the members of the London Church Union. That body assembled in St. Martin's Hall, Long Acre, on Wednesday. Dr. Pusey, Archdeacon Thorp, Mr. A. J. B. Hope, Colonel Short, Mr. C. Cl. Lefroy, and Mr. N. Tritton, at- tended. Reporters were excluded ; but, "by desire," the prominent feature of the proceedings has been published in the columns of the

Guardian. The formal steps seem to have been on the model of those in the Bristol meeting; and the result was practically the same. A reso-

lution was moved ; then followed an amendment, embodying Mr. Pal- mer's declaration against Romanism. Dr. Pusey addressed the meeting at great length, and with that remarkable personal effect which his solemn earnestness invariably produces. Arguing that the declaration is

either the same as, or less, or more, than the formularies of the Church of England, he deduced the consequences : if less, it is idle—

if the same, superfluous—if more, it is wrong. He then passed to the characteristic ground of Christian persuasions; and in the course of his speech made explicit declarations which produced the deepest sensation. Of the Church of England he said-

" These are the bonds of love with which we are held to her ; by which even those who have misgivings, which I have not, are held to her." Another declaration was embodied in these phrases- " But again, it is said we are some of us suspicious and suspected. I be- lieve that there is no remedy, certainly not in declarations. Acts speak—

not words. If any think that our acts are contrary to our words, no words will convince them. 'They will think us hypocrites, or, as they term it, Je- suits. They will not believe us. If the labours of seventeen or twenty-

'wren years will not persuade men that we are faithful to the Church of England, words will not. We must await God's time, until this fever of fear subside ; or, if nothing will convince them, death in the bosom of the Church of England will."

But the portion of his speech of the highest general interest, was the eloquent peroration— "-It has been said that we shall never make the objects of Church Unions popular until we have persuaded the people that we are not secretly leading

them to subjection to Rome. One cannot walk along the street of this great city. to this place of meeting without seeing and feeling painfully, that you might as well speak of putting out a spark when the flame is curling around the house-tope, as of suspicions of Rome keeping from us the hearts of the people. It is idle to speak of antagonism to Rome amid the widespread an- tagonism to Christianity. Babylon is around us. This is the great problem

for the Church of England : the conversion of the heathen within her walls —the multiplication of devoted missionaries at home—the rousing of the lukewarm—the conversion of sinners—the instruction of the ignorant—the recall of the erring. At this we must individually, as we can, aim ; for this we must pray; this, in whatever degree it shall be accomplished,

will also be the bulwark of the Church against the world. While this is neglected, it is idle, and worse than idle, to think of win- ning, by paper declarations, to the conflict of the Church with the world those whose hearts, being with the world, cannot be with the Church. In the name of the God of peace, and of our Lord, who is our

peace' and God the Holy Ghost, who is the author of peace, let us avoid all fresh divisions, and whatever we can which may sow cord. Three months ago we met together here as one united body. Is the failure of a few hearts

to separate us, and make us suspect one another ? God forbid that we should be rather like Jerusalem when besieged by the Romans than that which is unity in itself! If the peril of our common faith, the fear of the corrupting

influence of the world, the pressure of a common enemy, and the season of

God's judgments, cannot awe us into stillness, we should be more stupid than the very beasts which perish ; for they at least cower and arc still, they fight not when the storm is impending. Be attachment, then, to our mother, the Church of England, our bond; the maintenance of the faith our single aim ; her sacraments our pledges of fealty ; not paper declarations, which will be misunderstood, and not believed." The oration produced such an effect, that the seconder of the amend- ment immediately "begged permission to withdraw it ; and expressed a

hope that Dr. Pusey would give to the world the speech he had made." This request was ardently seconded by the most influential members of the Union ; the amendment was withdrawn ; and the resolution was put and carried unanimously, amidst much cheering. M. Dorm the divisional inspeetor.of Ronde and Bridges, has been over in London from Paris to obtain information on the macadamization of roads': - his report contitinh borne interesting comparative statistics, which. we exhibit in a tabular fbritiii"", I- . .1 - . - 1,113 r,14,1„44,i .411 London.

Popination " i./N1 ii0301791111 Wij.j. ; 1,924,000

Hoqses 2C4 , ▪ et2■10611ia1.4i.7,11,260.000 Surface, in square mekrelogivtlito fr J nm

blnew 4l9j900,0.00

.-Suria4c Qf th4 ,stL7Frtft• Oft119WITRif. ,drsySeci,eatiop.rt tk0e0,00e 'root-pavetuent, in square metres ..

Surface of the foot pavement, in

square metres • 1,,,I,A4M/94bur.rue, 7.1.,PAgiveRi tength of tIM It'rects, in metres . !!" '42drn° 1"‘"'"!'"A;LM"°°° '' afg Mika} s A113ssg ;(14i !fljles.).

Leng-th of the sewers, in Metres: .11104, ft.Ties.)

:Thus, in Loudon, every in'hniiotiAle.4resR• o' nikkg„ fnioretreeacsli in Paris to 34 metre,. In itilAPAWATIW- house is '71 ; iii Paris, 34. In .1„.ondon,,tho.average,1, ,of each, house is 40 metres 40 centimetres ; in Peri% it ,.14;• 15 metres. causes of these differences arc, that in London a great , extent of surface is not built over, the houses are not very high, and almost every family has its own. The comparison of traffic gives these results—In Paris, on the Boulevard des Capucines, there pass every 24 hours 9070 horses drawing carriages ; Boule- vard des Italiens, 10,750; Boulevard Ponisonmere, 7720; Boulevard St. Denis, 9609; Boulevard des Filles du Colrain, 6856; general average of the above, 8600; Rue du Faubourg St. Antoine, 4300 Avenue des Champs- ]Elysees, 8959. In London, at Pall Mall, opposite Her Majesty's Theatre,. there pass at least 800 carriages every hour ; over London Bridge, not fewer- than 13,000 every hour ; and over Westminster Bridge the annual traffic amounts to not fewer than 8,000,000 horses. The traffic in Paris does not come up to a half of what it is in the macadamized streets of London.

course, covered with snow for ten months in each year,—I should say tbat they cannot have been reduced to their present state in less than four or Ave years since the flesh was removed from them, and that they are not much older than that time." It is to be observed that "not one of them bears mark of an Esq.uimaux dog," as they certainly would if they had ever chanced to be within the extensive nose-range of those generally famishi animals. The bones of Arctic animals arc remains of rein-deer, seals, an walruses ; they are so time-worn and overgrown m ith lichens, that they must have been exposed from fifty to a hundred years.

Such are the relics brought home, and such are inferences which they sug- gest under sagacious observation ; but Captain Forsyth's men also discovered striking vestiges of another character—they saw the undoubted marks of an en- campment, such as would be made by the crew or crews of an European disco- very-ship. These marks consisted of five rings of heavy stones such as would be used for holding down the skirts of as many tents. The sailors noticed that two or three of these stones were "placed so as to rest a kettle on" ; but it does not appear that they discovered any marks from a fire of coal or wood. Sir Edward Parry "submits the following, as the most probable conclusions from these indications : that Sir John Franklin's ships having reached this neighbourhood on their way out in 1845, and being stopped there for a time by the state of the ice, (as I was, and as we know the present searching ex- peditions have been,) a couple of boats may have been detached from each ship to land at Cape Riley to make the usual observations, collect specimens, and examine the coast,—a common occurrence in all such expeditions." The relics discovered by Captain Forsyth at Cape Riley in the Arctie regions have been submitted to the examination of Sir Edward Parry the Arctic navigator, with Sir John Richardson the Medical Inspector of' Hasler Hospital ; and those officers have made interesting reports on the inferences suggested by the discovery, in relation to the unfortunate ex- pedition under Sir John Franklin. Captain Forsyth brought home a piece of Chatham rope, a piece of canvass. bearing the Queen's mark, a chip of drift-timber bearing the recent mark of an iron tool, some recent bones of British animals, andsome time-worn bones. of Arctic animals.

The rope is now forty-four inches long, and it has an eye spliced at one end ; it was a foot longer when found, and it then had an eye at both ends: it is bleached on the surface, but so fresh within as to soil the finger with its tar. The Chatham Dockyard officials fix with unhesitating certainty the

late of the manufacture of the rope as "subsequent to the 14th of June 824 "—in which year issued the order to place a worsted strand in the rope ; it could not, therefore, have been left at Cape Riley by Lieu tenants Beechy and Hoppner when they landed there for a few minutes from Sir- Edward [then Captain] Parry's expedition in 1825, because that expedition left the Nore in May '2,1. Moreover, it is believed, on the judgment of the Master Ropemaker, " a man of much ability in his calling," that the piece of rope is made of Hungarian hemp ; this, by the books, would fix the date of its manufacture as subsequent to 1841 " ; but since that year Sir John Ross's expedition is the only one that went near to Cape Raley, and it is known. that no one from his ships approached Cape Riley within thirty miles. It is an "inevitable conclusion" from the facts, thinks Sir Edward Parry, that this piece of rope was taken out by Sir John Franklin: it is improbable that Esqiumaux placed it where it was found at Cape Riley ; for there are no signs which affirm, but some which negative, the supposition that Esquimaux have ever visited this spot in the present century ; and it is impossible that it could have been placed by the elements where it was found, for it lay on a terrace twenty feet above the water, sixteen feet above the range of the tide., and thirteen feet above the highest marks of the drift-ice. The chip of drift-wood offers microscopic. criteria which distinguish it from all the species of timber growing on the banks of the Arctic rivers. It "most closely resembles ash." "It has pro- bably drifted from the Arctic coast, and its being found at Cape Riley bears. .r. on the currents and peeges of the Arctic Sea.' "It has been cut from the piece of drift timber to which it belonged by an axe or other sharp instru- ment—not a stone hatchet; and it does not appear to have been long exposed since the cut was made—not many years." The five bones of British ani- mals, are parts of two ribs from separate oxen, a part of the seventh dorsal , vertebra of an ox a part of the leg-bone of what was most likely an Orkney sheep, and a pared the shoulder-bone of a pig. The beef-bones "belonged,. almost without doubt," says Sir John Richardson, "to the ordinary pieces of salt-beef supplied to theNavy—as their length, and the way in which they have been chopped and sawed, correspond closely with bones from a beef-cask I examined at Clarence Yard." The bone from the skeleton of a pig is considered,. "with as little doubt, the remains of a piece of pork." The sheep's bone "may be the relic of an officer's dinner on mutton." All these bones have lost little of their original weight and original animal matter ; the rib- bones still contain animal fat, and the leg-bone still contains marrow which readily melts on the finger. The sharp edges of the sawn and notched sur- faces are smoothed off, probably by rolling on the beach, or by moving in the rills of water from the melting snow and ice in the brief summer season. "Taking the climate into consideration," says Sir John Richardson, "and particularly the shortness of each season to which the bones can have been exposed to atmospherical influences, or to the action of water —thiedy benag or Colonel Sabine, wellknown as the highest authority on subjects connected with magnetic science, has, however, suggested anothm hypothesis equally plausible and equally probable, wind:will account for the pitching of exactly five tents by a single boat's crew ; and the Admiralty publish his suggestion with the other reports. Ile states that the magnetic observations which formed part of Sir Edward. Parry's scientific programme of discovery re- quired three magnetic instrumentkeach of which would require a separate tent ; a fourth tent would he required for miscellaneous observations ; and the fifth tent would be required for the shelter of the small party of scientific observers.

Sir Edward Parry concludes his report with these hope-encouraging remarks —" At the commencement of thdr enterprise (which, locking to former dis- coveries, the entrance to .Wellington Inlet may fairly be considered) a party from the Erebus and Terrof.inight not think it of any importance to leave a notice of their visit, though it is much to be wished that they had ; and I should hope that at some more advanced position Captain Ommanney and the other officers will have succeeded in discovering some such notice, afford- ing positive information of the miming ships, and of the route they are likely to have pursued. - On the other hand, I feel confident, that if the ex- pedition, or any portion of the people, had landed at Cape Riley at a more advanced periA when success began to be doubtful, and especially if' in dis- tress, or with a view to effect their escape from the ice, some distinct notice a the facts would have been left at a point so prominent and so likely to be visited as Cape Riley. I may add, that under such circumstances, it is very highly improbable that provisions so heavy and bulky as salt beef' and pork would have formed a part of their supply; and mutton would, of course, have been wholly out of the question."

Results of the Registrar-General's return of mortality in the Metropolis for the week ending on Saturday last : the first column of figures gives the aggregate number of deaths in the corresponding weeks of the ten previous years.

Ten Weeks of 183649. Zymotic Diseases 2,461 .... Dropsy, Cancer, and other diseases of uncertain or variable seat 518 .... 'Tubercular Diseases 1,666 .... Disease of the Brain, Spinal Marrow, Nerves, and Senses 1,025 Diseases of the Heart and Blood-vessels 280 Diseases of the Lungs, and of the other Organs of Respiration 1,143 Diseases of the Stomach, Liver, and other Organs of Digestion 591 ....

Diereses of the Kidneys, &e 814 ....

Childbirth, diseases of the Uterus, Re 114 ....

-Rheumatism, diseases of the Bones, Joints, Sc 50 ....

Diseases of the Skin, Cellular Tissue, Sc.. Malformations Premature Binh 218 .... Atrophy 184 .... Age Sudden 93 .... Violence, Vsivation, Cold, and Intemperance 221 ....

Total (including unspecified causes) 9,245

Week. of 1660.

207 31 131 N 23 64 17 6 11 28 17 6 16 839

The deaths continue at the low average which they have generally main- tained for some months pest; they were 170 fewer than the calculated ex- pectancy of the.week. The Registrar-General.poiuts to the peculiarity that " the present decrease of mortality is almost entirely confined to the juvenile part , of the population." "In no corresponding week of the previous ten years have the deaths of young persons under fifteen years been so few as in last week ; for the lowest number,- which occurred in 1841, was 390, and the highest, which occurred in 1848, was 531." The following statement shows the deaths in three periods of life during the last week, compared with an arerage calculated from the ten corresponding weeks since 1840, to 1849.

last Week. Average of Ten correspond- ing Weeks (1840-9).

From birth to fifteen years 385 459

Fifteen to sixty years 279 297 Sixty and upwards 187 168

It further appears, that whilst the rate of mortality now prevailing ap- proaches the average amongst persons of middle age, it actually exceeds the average with sexagenarians and others at an advanced period of life.

At Greenwich, the mean reading of the barometer was above 30 in. on Saturday ; the mean of the week was 29.738. The mean reading of the thermometer in the shade Was 49.3', showing a further fall on previous weeks, and a temperature rather lower than the average of the same week in seven years. Towards the end of the week the temperature fell.

The Northern Whip states that Sir James Emerson Tennent is about to -deliver a aeries of lectures on Ceylon at Belfast, in aid of the Working Class Association of that town.

The subscription for the three Wesleyan ministers who were expelled by the Conference having amounted to 3300/., a cheek for 1100/. has been pre- sented to each of the three—Messrs. Everett, Dunn, and Griffith.

The Reverend George Cornelius Gorham is seriously ill at Brampford Speke, and his medical advisers are in constant daily attendance.-2xeter Gazette.

The Reverend William C. A. Maclaurin Elgin, Dean of the united diocese of Moray and Rase, has forsaken the ecottish Episcopal Church for the Church of Rome. On Sunday last the Dean announced his "conversion" to his congregation at Elgin. The event was not unexpected, and it has of course given rise to much speculation. Mr. Maclaurin has a wife and family, consequently cannot become a priest.—Inverness Courier.

Mr. Betts, the Chairman of the Eastern Counties Railway Company, has wet with a painful accident. As he was riding through his grounds at Pres- ton Hall, near Maidstone, his horse shied, and threw him forwards on its

neck, in such into that the end of his riding-whip was dashed through his spectacles nto his left eye. A number of the fragments of the glass penetrated the eye and have not been removed, so that it 111 doubtful whether the sight will be preserved.

The wife of Mr. Donald Maclean, formerly Member for Oxford, has been killed at Castellamare, near Naples. While she was driving, the horses took fright, ran off, and the unfortunate lady seems to have been pitched out; she was so much hurt that she died in a few hours.

A few days ago, as Mrs. L— was bathing at Bundoran, she got out of her depth; the woman who was in attendance went to her assistance, and both were carried away. There is reason to believe that they would have been lost but for a lady from Dublin, who swam to their assistance, and ac- tually succeeded in rescuing both.—Impartial .Reporter.

Mr. Herring, of the New Road, "animal dealer to her Majesty," has re- cently supplied fifty fallow deer to the French President, in addition to a number purchased last year, for the park of St. Cloud. Mr. Herring bought the deer of Mr. Fuller, 'ELY., of Rose Hill Park, near Hastings ; and they were safely conveyed by rail and steamer to their destination.

Searles the pedestrian has completed his task of walking a thousand miles in a thousand successive hours. He performed his last mile in seven minutes and forty-one seconds ; and then, to show how fresh he was, ran a quarter of a mile. Ile looked well, but confessed that he felt rather sleepy. Searles is about thirty years of age, and about five feet five inches in height. A tailor, who was married to a very sickly W01111412 o1 i°'

young girl who lived in his neighbourhood, and gave lopro- mise in writing to marry her immediately on the de his wife. " In two days after the demise of my present wife, I pro Miss Mor- gan, or order; value received under 501. sterling. 'ray hand this 16th day of May, J. Sullivan." Shortly after MiMOrgitrqceived the

above, she died ; leaving it endorsed to a woman, who fC ,..hanaed

a fever, and died before the tailor's wife. However, dsJher \giok also endorsed the note and gave it to a cousin ; whom t married, agreeably to the endorsement, in two days after,. tlio elzkiptiv kT

wile; and it is said the tailor and this wife are now living" h 'The city of Kilkenny.---Kilketany Moderator.

An occurrence of a few clays ago has so amused our little English circle in Rome, and is altogether so absurd, that I sun induced to mention it. An English gentleman just arrived, and now living with his wife at one of our best hotels, after a good dinner sallied out to smoke a cigar and survey the "City of the Soul." A bright moon suggested the Coliseum ; and thither he bent his lonely steps, skirting the Palatine, the Palace of the Cresars, and the Augustan lIalls, and musing in silent sadness on all around, holding sweet converse with his own soul and Byron as served up by Murray. It is diffi- cult to say to what conclusions he might or might not have come on finding himself for the first time in such a place as the Coliseum at such an hour, had not his grand and gloomy reveries been interrupted by the sound of footsteps hastily approaching him from behind. He turned round and beheld the figure of a man attired in the garb of a priest, who had issued from one pf the "rents of ruin," and who passed him so closely as to rub against his shoulder in so doing. The figure in black had almost disappeared beyond the Arch of Constantine, when honest John Bull bethought him of his watch, and feeling for it, found not what he sought. A moment's reflection deter- mined him to follow the wily priest, until he came up with him in an (pen space where lurkers might not be hid ; so, pouncing upon his man, he de- manded the restitution of his property. The priest understood no English, and our friend no Italian ; but as a substitute for language our country- man showed his fists, and, pointing to the watch-pocket of the other, made himself so well understood that the terrified and trembling ecclesiastic at once surrendered the watch ; which satisfied his antagonist, and he returned home. On recounting the affair to his lady, however, he was not a little astonished when she painted to his own watch, lying on his dressing-table, inch he had left behind him on going out. He drew forth the other from his pocket, and a glance showed him that, without intending it, he had been guilty of a highway robbery. On going to the Police the next day with a friend to explain the business, lie found that the priest, well known in Rome as a venerable and holy man, had already been there, and deposed that, on taking his usual "constitutional" after the heat of the day, he had been accosted by a "Garribaldista Inglese," and by threats and menaces been obliged to deliver up his watch.—Correspondret of the Times, Rome, Oct. 5.

The Railway Commissioners have remitted the tax upon excursion-trains where they carry passengers at less than ld. per mile.

The Newcastle Journal states that "an experiment is making by the Mid- land Railway Company to carry first-class passengers at a penny per mile, and second-claw at a halfpenny. So far it has proved satisfactory, and if it continue it will be tried between Derby and Nottingham." •

All operations connected with the submarine telegraph between England and France are now suspended till the spring. The interval will be em- ployed in manufacturing the wino cables and other apparatus, so that the electric line may be completed by May. Messrs. Fox and Henderson' the contractors for the completing of the Cork and Bandon Railway, have been declared contractors for melting the wire cables.

The highest price of wheat of the first quality in Paris is 24f. per hectolitres, which is equal to 36s. 8d. per quarter, and the highest price of white wheat of the first quality in London being 48g. per quarter r it follows that wheat is 30i per cent dearer in London than in Paris. The highest quotation of flour of the first quality in Paris is 31f. 15e. the 100 kilo- grammes, which is equal to 31s. 2d. per sack of 2801b. English ; and the highest quotation of flour in the London market being 40s. per sack, it follows that flour is 281 per cent dearer in London than in I'arei. The price of bread of the first quality in Paris is 29c. per kilogramme, which is equal to nearly Si!. per 41b. loaf English weight; and the mice of bread in London at the full-priced shops being sid. per 41b. it follows that bread is about 30 per cent dearer in London than in Paris.—Paris Correspondent of the limes.

A dividend of fifteen shillings in the pound is announced for payment to the depositors in the Poole Savings-Bank, on the 6th November and three following days. The deposits of those who do not claim their dividends will be carried to their credit in the new savings-bank. It is stated in the no- tice, that arrangements are making for declaring a second dividend as soon as possible. This is expected to amount to about two shillings more in the pound. On Monday evenings a meeting of the inhabitants, convened by the Mayor, was held at the lown-hall ; when a resolution was carried nem. con, that a new savings-bank should be established in the town, and a re- quisite number of gentlemen were appointed to act as trustees on behalf of the same.—Sherborne Journal.

On an application to the Surrey Magistrates, on Wednesday, for a re- newal of the licence to Vauxhall Gardens, a complaint was made, on the part of the Woods and Forests, of the dangerous practice of sending up balloons at night, from which fireworks are discharged: Government property at Thames Bank has been endangered by the falling combustibles. The licence was granted only on the condition that this perilous exhibition should not be renewed.

Further contributions to Mr. Layard's collection of antiquities from Nine- veh have been received at the Museum. The most remarkable specimens are the gigantic bull already known by report, and a lion of nearly equal dimensions. "The heads of both these figures are human, with caps upon them, and beards elaborately curled; and they have the largo spreading wings so frequent in Assyrian antiquities. The side-view of them is in bus- relief; and so seen, they appear to be in motion, the off-legs being inclined backwards. The head, however, and one of the front-legs, are brought to the edge of the slab, round which they are carried so as to present a full front view ; a fifth leg being added in a stationary position, to correspond with the others. These sculptures are from nine to ten feet square. .An- other specimen is a group of two human figures, in very high relief, each dressed in a cap ornamented with horns. This is at present in separate pieces, having been apparently sawn for facility of conveyance. The other pieces now unpacked, are for the most part in the flat style, of the speci- mens 'already arranged ; and contain the representations of kings, monarchs with which those who have paid any attention to this class of antiquities are well acquainted. The work of arranging the new specimens has not yet begun."

The history of the Ville de Paris line-of-battle-ship, just launched at Rochefort, is rather curious. Her keel was laid down in 1807, when it was intended that her name should be the Ville de Vienne; at the Restoration it was changed to that of the Comte d'Artois ; the B.evolutiou of July agatu

altered it to the Ville de Paris, after one which was built at Rechefort in the reign of Louis the Fifteenth. The total cost of this ship is estimated at 2,664,421 franca,—namely, materials and labour, 1,280,633 francs; arma- ment, 902,669 francs ; guns, 380,818 franca.

There exists on the right of the railway from Cracow to Czestochowa, a large peat-ground which has not yet been worked, and part of which lies on the surface, whilst the rest runs below an immense forest. About the middle of the month, some sparks from a locomotive engine were blown in that direction, and fell on the peat, on the surface, which had been dried by the heat of the weather. Innumerable small bluish flames were soon afterwards seen playing about on the spot ; but the inhabitants of the neighbourhood paid little or no attention to them. A few days after, the ground in the forest was found to be very warm, and some rumbling and cracking noises were heard. Several large trees fell as if cut down with an axe, and the leaves of others withered. As it was naturally considered that a subterranean fire must be burning under the forest, the officers charged with the inspeetion of it caused large trenches to be cut. This conjecture turned out to be well- founded ; for the fire soon afterwards burst fortis, and has for the last twelve days continued its ravages. The forest presents the appearance of a vast sea of flame, which is every day extending. The country round to the extent of six leagues is perfectly illuminated, and it has been found impossible to stop the progress of the fire.—.Letter from Poland, 29th September.

It is reported that a number of Lascars, part of the crew of the New Liver- pool, recently arrived at Southampton from India, have been badly treated during the voyage. One of the men died at Southampton, and several more were found very ill in a loathsome hole ; two were immediately removed to the workhouse. The food provided for the Lasears was vile and disgusting. An inquest was begun on the man who died.

A man having to convey a young heifer to Wenlock, fastened a cord round its body and over his own chest : by some means the rope slipped round his neck, he was dragged along by the heifer, and was found on the road strangled.

A young woman has been set on fire in a railway train : as she was on her way from Waterloo terminus to Windsor, in an open carriage, a spark from the engine set fire to her muslin dress ; the other passengers threw her on the floor, and managed to put out the flames, but not till much of her dress was consumed and one of her hands was burnt.

A child has died at Broomhill, near Sheffield, from eating privet berries.

An accident occurred on the Hadclington branch of the North British Rail- way on Monday evening. A train of three carriages and a truck left Had- dington for Longniddry junction ; when it had advanced about four miles, and while descending an incline, the engine left the rails, and, with the ten- der, plunged down an embankment into a field. The stoker was slightly hurt. The rest of the vehicles kept to the rails for a short distance ; but then a third-class carriage, which was next to the truck, fell over on its side, and snapped its coupling with the truck, which dashed into the field. The third-class carnage is supposed to have been driven forward for a short way upon its broadside, and ultimately, from the force of the other carriages, to have been made to perform a complete summerset, so that the bottom framework and wheels lay uppermost. Unlike the engine and truck, it did not go over the embankment, but lay smashed in pieces upon the side of the railway, with part of the first- class carriage, which had been turned completely round, resting upon it. There were six passengers in the third-class carriage, and all were hurt more or less : it is surprising that there Wa8 not a loss of life on the instant. Mr. Kerr, collector of customs at Musselburgh, suffered so much that he was thought to be in danger ; three ladies received contusions, cuts, and sprains. One person was so firmly wedged in the ruins of the carnage that she could not be got out till the vehicle was raised with a "dumb-craft." The few gem in the second and third carriages escaped unhurt. The line was aged for more than a hundred yards. The cause of the accident is not apparent, but it is reported the passengers thought the speed excessive down the incline.

The steam-ship Pacific met with a disastrous accident when about to sail from New York. The New York Express gives this account of it. "As the steamer was backing out of her berth, the tide swayed her rowed, driving her up against the doclr, and causing the guards to catch upon the eaves of the Shed adjoining. The shed was torn down with a tremendous crash ; and here a scene of the greatest consternation ensued. There were several hun- dred people under the shed, and the moment the crash commenced a general panic took place. Many persons in their fright jumped overboard into the river. Some were rescued, but how many were drowned our reporter has not yet been able to ascertain. Two men were crushed to death in a most horrible manner, by the falling beams, under the shed. Names unknown.

One an elderly man, the other about twenty or twenty-one. The shrieks and groans of the wounded were most awful. It is impossible to ascertain how many were wounded, but the number, we hear, IB very great. The , steam-ship has badly damaged her wheels, and other of her outworks. The

brought news of the burning of a large steamer in the Atlantic, about four days' run from Halifax. On the evening of the 12th September the blazing on board—in fact, she was blazing almost to the water's edge. A good look- vessel was descried many miles off; the William bore down to her, and ap- proached near enough to see that she was a large steamer ; no one was visible

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in the track followed by many ships at this season ; and probably the people had been picked up by two ships which were seen in the offing. The disaster occurred in latitude 46' 14 N., longitude 56° 27' W.