SCOTLAND. SCOTLAND. Lord Palmerston is now a freeman of Perth
and a burgess of the Guild. The ceremonies and speech-makings were celebrated on Monday. The dashing Secretary arrived inthe Faireitroirthat day from Roasie Priory, the seat of Lord Kinnaird; who, with Mr. Arthur Kinnaird, accompanied their distinguished guest to Perth. Some two thousand people filled the City Hall, and in a gallery were many ladies. Having invested him with the insignia of office, the Provost eulogized the public conduct of the no- ble freeman ; especially referring to his stand in behalf of civil and re. ligious liberty abroad, and his exertions to put down the slave-ft-ride. The Provost trusted, that, in Foreign relations, the rule which Wat di* prce pounded to Lord Palmerston would now be acted on, and no stepe taken until they had been submitted to the Cabinet as well as to the Queen. Lord Palmerston made a light and lively reply ; praisiftg„§cogand; telling his audience that he could claim one kind of tie witis„lier,e--for "it was my good fortune to pass three years in Edinburgh under the roof and under the instruction of that great, said good man Dugald Stewart" ; congratulating himself and the country-on the passinglof the Reform Bill, on the diffusion of constitutional government - through Europe by the efforts of England, and on the suppression of the slave.
trade. Here he praised Lord Clarendon— -
" It ought to be satisfactory is every Englishman to know that the con. duct of our foreign relations ia now in able hands ; that Lord Clarendon— my noble friend Lord Clarendon, who is now at the head of that department, has penetration to see where the interests, the honour, and the safety of the country are to be sought; that he has sagacity to discover the proper means for preserving and maintaining those interests ; and that he has firmness and energy and perseverance to pursue the right course to arrive at a suc- cessful and perfect result. If my noble friend Lord Clarendon receives—as I am sure he will—the cordial, the generous support of the country, you may depend upon it that he will not disappoint the just expectations of his countrymen." (Loud cheering.) From this point Lord Palmerston came to his own office ; and gave the public advice unusual from the lips of a Minister—
"A minister of state, gentlemen, has no better eyes, and can see no fur- ther, than his neighbours. The probability is, that, after a very short time
• of reading bad hands and pale ink, his physical eyes will be rather worse than those of others. His ears are not those of Dionysiwi the Sicilian, and they can hear but very little of what comes from a distance from him. But his countrymen have eyes to see, and they have ears to hear, and they have tongues to speak, and they have pens to write; and if those who see and hear things that are going wrong will have the goodness to communicate' to that officer whose duty it is, and who may have the power of setting these things right, I can assure my fellow countrymen at large, that whoever dues that will be conferring a great favour on the man in office, and.- will be doing's great benefit to the country at large. I know that among eyed nhiaber of communications there may be many which are founded in &tor, in-mtstake of facts, in misconception of powers to remedy them. There'nrayqie ir-great deal of chaff in that which is sent ; but if in a bushel of chaff thilftaister shall find a pint of good corn, that bushel of chaff will be well Wdith-the winnowing, and he can turn the pint of corn to good purpose 'Therefcite, though many persons may think that communications front individual:qtr.'s trouble to those who are in office, never mind that—I care-notr fir itiLthe more trouble that is given, if it is for a good purpose, the betr;'foi
only by the assistance of the public at large that men in officecanadequital/ and satisfactorily perform them duties." monies to public men, like the present, are of great advatlagerbetlr to The peroration consisted of an eloquent assurance that inshliet testis them and the nation.
Mr. Arthur Kinnaird and the Provost of Dundee .both arlded:thede, tes- timony to Lord Palmerston's services ; the fernier frem,„ knowledge, the latter on behalf of Dundee. - udsi
Shortly afterwards, Lord Palmerston was made a burgeoej the Guildhall ; receiving "stone and lime," and solemnly binding him. self to perform every civil and religious duty implied in the-armee:1W, considering the distance at which he would have to execute them,..ht hoped they would be light.
Glasgow followed Perth on Tuesday ; when the burgess-ticket confer- ring the freedom of the city on Lord Palmerston was presented in a valuable gold box. Several thousand persons, of both sexes, aimenibled-he the City Hall to witness the ceremony. Lord Palmeretein'irreech on this occasion was mainly of the same general import as his speech at Perth: the novelties were compliments to Lord John Russell and Mr. 144aganley, who had preceded him as burgesses of Glasgow. Lord John Ruis'ell;:" described by his colleague as a man whose name will ever lire in_ grateful recollection of his fellow countrymen, as the most energetiej most consistent, and the most persevering champion of the cause and religious liberty in every quarter of the globe." Lord P also happily characterized the distinction between the reform on day and the reform of the present day. "There was a time when
the fashion for public men to say, Show me a proved abuse an , do my best to correct it.' Times are changed. Men now say, ' Abe' me a practical improvement, and that improvement I will do nay best to realize.'" (Cheers.)
Lord Palmerston did not make the slight's-I'd to -r foreign
relations either at Perth or Glasgow. — _
For several weeks Mr. Gladstone has been detained, by indisposition, at Dunrobin Castle, the seat of the Duke of Sutherland. But on Monday,' last he reached Tarbet House; and went thence to Dingwall nextbejlLtif-2 receive the burgess-ticket lately voted to him by the'Town-Couneitan consequence of the uncertainty of his arrival, Sir James Matheson,-11107i Provost, was absent ; and Bailie Macdonald assumed the duty-of the day. After meeting at the Town-Hall, the Bailie and his friends Went to the residence of Mrs. Chisholm, where Mr. Gladstone was staying,,atel there formally presented the ticket and an appropriate address. In reply, Mr. Gladstone dwelt fondly on his family connexion with Dingwall ; his mother having been born there' and her father having beenareveral times Protest. The connexion of his family with Dingwall was therefore "a source of recollection most tender and endearing.' But Dingwall, And undergone "an entire transformation" since Mr. Gladstone ..ew it,-thirty-four years ago. Speaking of the Ministry, he expressed his gratification at being associated with such distinguished statesmen, who are bound toge- ther by "an honourable bond in eschewing party warfare, promoting safe and progressive reform, and carrying out useful and thorough
tion." He also pointed out, that although we might have scarcity, yet there are no murmurs of discontent, as in Italy and other countries, because artificial laws which interfered with subsistence are now abolished, Mr. Gladstone next went to Inverness. Here also he received a bur- gess-ticket, but in a more formal fashion. The Provost and other muni- cipal authorities received him on his arrival, and escorted him to the Castle Court-house, the largest building in the town; where a great
multitude were assembled. As at Dingwall, an address preceded the scntstion of the ticket, and a brief speech from the Provost. in reply, Mr. Gladstone still more emphatically disclaimed party feel- ings and objects in the present Ministry— "I think I may say that it was not for the purpose of party warfare that my Lord Aberdeen accepted the post he holds in the service of the Crown ;
that it was not for the service of party that Lord John Russell, who has him-
lf with honour and distinction the highest office of state in this em- pire, assented to associate himself with Lord Aberdeen in the dischar,ge of he most important duties of a government. I will say of them and of the rest of the Government, that I believe they were prompted to unite them- selves together for the purpose of carrying on the Government by feelings which have secured for them both the support of the representatives of the people in Parliament, and the manifestation, not less gratifying, of the sen- timents of the people themselves, such as that with which I am today ho- noured and favoured."
The rest of his speech was devoted to two subjects—commercial legis- lation, and the foreign policy of the present Government. He enlarged upon the blessings we now enjoy in being free from appre- hension of famine, while violence has shown itself in other countries. Re- cent commercial legislation has done more "to attach the people to the throne and institutions of England than any of the legislative labours, how- ever beneficial, of past ages." It is the fixed policy of England, "enthroned in the universal heart of the community."
He described the state of our fore4.n policy as satisfactory ; but his hearers knew that part if not the whole of Europe is threatened with war. "I trust sou also know, and are well-persuaded, that the most anxious efforts of the British Government have been directed towards the maintenance of general peace and the protection of those who want strength to protect themselves." Bloquently describing the calamities of war, he hoped that negotiation would settle the present difficulties. He closed by again referring to the great change which has come over the spirit and temper of parties. Useful measures, completely disorganizing old party connexions, have been carried. The House of Commons is not now aisiaa into two compact forces, opposing each other on every trivial point. The broad contrasts of party have been obliterated, and members of the Le- gislature exercise more their own reason, and are actuated to a greater ex- tent by their honest convictions. This in itself is real progress; it was a result which augured well for the triumph of reason and justice. It was a consequence of this state of matters that the present Administration had re- ceived so large an amount of what is termed "independent support." From its character and experience, it is peculiarly bound to go on conciliating fa- vour of that kind ; and the best way to accomplish such an object is neither, on the one hand, to hug past abuses under the pretence of maintaining our institutions, nor, on the other, recklessly to urge a demand at variance with the essential characteristics of our institutions. This also is the true way to obtain the confidence and support of the people at large, whom it is alike vain and undesirable to attempt to govern on the principle of a blind super- stition. He thought he might safely promise that this would be the course the Government would pursue ; for himself, he would yield obedience to no other principle. (Great Applause.) Mr. Cranfurd addressed his constituents at Ayr on Tuesday _week. His main topic was the Sheriff-Courts question. He was much cheered when he assured his hearers that next session he should again take up his own bill, and endeavour to introduce such reforms as have been left un- touched by the Lord Advocate's act of last session.
Active preparations are now made in Edinburgh for the next display of the Pear* Conference. Report mentions the names of the old speakers in the agitation—Mr. Cobden, Mr. Bright, Mr. Miall, and Mr. George Wilson—as the probable orators on the occasion.
For HOW time past a steamer called the Emperor has been carrying pas- sengers on Sunday on the Clyde. Many riotous conflicts have ensued, es- pecially at the private quays at Garelochhead and other places. Recently, the proprietor, -Sir James Colquhoun, applied to the Court of Session for an interdict against the steamer. Lord Rutherfurd will not grant the interdict withont hemangthe owners of the Emperor.