20 MARCH 1852, Page 1

Last week's mail from the Cape brought the news of

some ad- vantages gained over the Cares, but by no means of such a na- ture as to warrant a belief that the war is near a termination. In the Orange River Sovereignty, the aspect of affairs is more decidedly promising. The proscription of Pnaetorius has been re- voked by public prockindbon ;- the management of their oesti-, affairs has been conoefre& to thee Emigrant Farmers beyond thn Vaal; and a good understanding barmen the Dutch ftagi 'yes miff the colony has been resttrect But reconciliations with disaffected European settlers, and in- conclusive victories over Caffres are of little avail so long as the affairs of the colony itself remain unsettled. "The Constitution " is still withheld, and the creatures of the Colonial Office are still mischievously busy seeking to procrastinate its enactment, and to excite dangerous jealousies and hostility between the White and the Coloured races. Thereis no incompatibility of interests between the races, and the constitution gives no advantage to the one over the other : but the official incendiaries endeavoured to persuade the Blacks that it would give the Whites undue power over them, and the Whites that it would place them at the mercy of the Blacks. The best way to disabuse both would be by carrying the constitu- tion into effect at once. If Lord Grey had listened to the counsel of his own Governor, it would have been done a year ago.

The conduct of the colonists is very praiseworthy. They re- main firm, but peaceable ; and, at the request of their leaders, have abstained, for the time, from holding public meetings. But any indication of a desire to retract the constitution would throw the whole country into a flame; and if disturbances were to take place, the mutual jealousies infused into the- minds of the White and Coloured races would lead to massacres.