21 SEPTEMBER 1912, Page 2

The Times correspondent at Lisbon reports in last Saturday's issue

an important official communique dealing with the Portu- guese Royalists in Spain. An agreement has now been signed with the Spanish Government providing for the expulsion of all Portuguese Royalists from Spain, and the trial of all con- spirators who may be subject to the Spanish penal laws. It further prohibits the return of the Portuguese Royalists to Spain for a period of three years, and contains an undertaking regarding future measures to prevent conspiracies. This effectual recognition of the Republic by her monarchical neighbour is a severe blow to Royalist pretensions. Let us hope that it may enable the Portuguese Republican authorities to emancipate themselves from their compromising dependence on the Carbonaria.