At a meeting of the Court of Directors of the East India Company, On Wednesday, Lord Ellenborough was unanimously appointed Go- vernor-General of India, in pursuance of an intimation from the Board of Control that he had been selected by the Government to fill that office.
Tuesday's Gazette announced that the Queen has appointed Lord Cowley Ambassador Extraordinary and Plenipotentiary to France ; Lord Stuart de Rothesay to Russia ; Sir Stratford Canning to Turkey ; Sir Robert Gordon to Austria ; and Lord Burghersh Envoy Extraordinary and Minister Plenipotentiary to Prussia.
Mr. Wig,ram has been appointed to one of the new Judgeships created by the bill passed in the last session for facilitating the administration of justice in the Court of Chancery. The Times says that Mr. Knight Bruce, who is absent on the Continent, will be Mr. Wigram's colleague.
It is currently reported in the professional circles, that Lord Lynd- hurst will relinquish the Seals at the commencement of January term, and that Sir W. W. Follett, the Solicitor-General, will be his successor. In connexion with this arrangement, it is also said that Lord Abinger will at the same time vacate the Chiefship of the Exchequer, and that Sir Frederick Pollock will be his successor therein.— Globe.
Lord Stanley is not yet sufficiently recovered to attend his official duties at the Colonial Office, but is very much engaged during the day in transacting public business at his residence in St. James's Square.
The whole of the members of the Cabinet, with the exception of Sir Edward Knatebbull and the Earl of Ripon, who is at his seat, Nockton Sleaford, in Lincolnshire, remain in town ; and it is said that they will not leave until after the Queen's accouchement.
The Duke of Buckingham has just made a present to Eton Col- lege of a bust of the late Lord Grenville, by Nollekens, with a re- quest that it may be placed in the upper school. Lord Canning has also presented the College with a bust of his father ; Lord Guildford with a bust of his uncle, Lord North.
The daily papers have been repeating some obscure hints that a nobleman has been removed to some retreat for the insane at Kilburn. At length the identity of the person is fixed : it is the same who made "a very extraordinary speech upon the Corn-laws, and the satisfaction of fathers and grandfathers with the state of the country." That was the Earl of Coventry. At the time, we believe, the strangeness of the speech was attributed to merely temporary causes, otherwise the ridicule with which it met would not have been indulged.
Among the rumours current in the City is one that the old system of lotteries is about to be revived, and that a correspondence with the Treasury has already commenced on the subject.—Times.
More rain has fallen daring the present month than in any former October for more than a quarter of a century. Bleak and gusty winds have swept over the land, winnOwing our forests, and scattering the fruits from the trees in our orchards ; whilst the floods have in many districts overspread the meadows, destroying the husbandman's hopes of a second crop of hay. In many parts of the kingdom, much of the grain is still abroad. We learn that in all the higher districts of Wales
the harvest is ruined; the wheat being either uncial and sprouting in the ear, or standing to rot in the sheaf. Throughout the North of Egg- land, a considerable portion of the crop is still ungathered. In many parts of Scotland and Ireland, the grains, particularly the oats, are like- wise exposed to the present destructive rains ; and fears are beginning to be entertained for the potato-crop. The farmers in the more favoured districts, who have secured their harvests in tolerable condition, are complaining of the unfavourable weather, which prevents their prepar- ing the soil for receiving the winter-seed, thus awakening fears for the next autumn. In the mean time, the speculators, flushed with their recent triumphs, are beginning to operate for another rise of the aver- ages, and we are told that good wheat is likely to reach 80s. a quarter by Christmas. [The average price of wheat is at present 64s. Id., the duty on foreign wheat 22s 8d.] Trade in our manufacturing districts is be- coming daily worse ; employment is falling off ; wages are declining; the poor-rates are rapidly increasing; empty houses are multiplying ; and winter, which has prematurely come upon us, threatens to aggra- vate all these evils. Reflecting men stand aghast at the prospect before them, and everybody is asking his neighbour, "What is to become of the poor ? "--Anti-Bread- Tax Circular, Oct. 21.
A deputation appointed by the Magistrates of Renfrewshire and of the town of Paisley had an interview with Sir Robert Peel, at his official residence in Downing Street, on Wednesday, to solicit the patronage of Government for a metropolitan subscription. Sir Robert declined to give his consent ; but at the same time he expressed his readiness to support such a subscription as a private individual He evinced much sympathy for the unemployed operatives. Yesterday, the depu- tation waited on Sir James Graham.
For the last twenty-five years, the dockyards at Deptford, Woolwich, Sheerness, Chatham, Portsmouth, Plymouth, and Pembroke, have not presented such a scepe of activity as they do now ; there being no fewer than twenty-six to thirty ships of different rates fitting out for active service. Great difficulty is experienced in obtaining able-bodied sea- men for the vessels ordered to be put in commission ; there being such a demand for seamen in the merchant-service as well as in the marine of the United States, where the men receive good pay and good treatment. The Lords of the Admiralty, not wishing to resort to the press-gang, have issued the following notice, which has been posted up at Tower Hill, and widely circulated at all the different seaports- " Ordinary seamen, and landsmen of good character, can be entered for the Royal Navy, provided they are not less than 5 feet 7 inches in height, nor ex- ceeding twenty-five years of age. The above must combine good physical power with muscular strength, and will have to undergo a strict medical exa- mination. Preference will be given to watermen, or men accustomed to barges and other river-craft. A few strong and active stout lads will also be admitted, if they have been accustomed to the water."
In order to encourage seamen to enter the service, the Lords of the Admiralty have rescinded the regulations which prevented pensioners from receiving their pensions when serving in the Royal Navy.
The railway department of the Board of Trade have issued two sets of questions to railway companies, calculated to elicit information as to the precautions taken to insure safety on roads crossed by any line, and the safety of the engines employed on the line.
The insurrection in Spain is continued in small movements hither and thither, which are not worth much space to be detailed, and yet are not very clear without it. Rodil has been appointed Captain- General of the Armies, with the chief command in the North ; and Lorenzo, a violent Liberal, his Lieutenant-General. Rodil had marched Northward with 7,000 men : on the 15th he was at Castillejo.
The chief interest still centres in Madrid, whence the latest date is the 15th instant. Although Madrid itself has never wavered, recent accounts of the attack on the Palace on the night of the 7th, represent it as a far more formidable and critical affair than was at first supposed. Between six and seven o'clock in the evening, S. Cortina, commanding the National Guard at the Palace, learned that the detachment of the Second Regiment of the Guard, then on duty in the Palace, was about to defy the authority of the Government. He immediately doubled the posts. The superior officers of the National Guard were warned ; and they ordered the drums to beat, and different edifices adjoining the Palace to be occupied. The crowd gathered in the streets at the beat" ing of the drum, and, collecting round the Palace, kept the revolted de- tachment from declaring itself. Meanwhile it was said that the Princess Regiment had revolted : the Lieutenant-Colonel had succeeded in bringing it off, in concert with General Concha, and had shut up a troop of faithful Hussars. The Colonel, however, induced the soldiezs of the Princess Regiment to return to their duty, and they fired on the in- surgents. The Second Regiment of the Guard also returned to its alle- giance. Before this was effected, however, the assailants, amounting to more than a thousand, some say fifteen hundred, had forced an entrance into the Palace, and they gained the great staircase. Here a determined resistance was offered by eighteen Halberdiers, (so as almost all the ac- counts, the Eco de Madrid says twelve,) who were posted in a hall at the top of the stairs. In this room a fierce contest lasted for a long time ; the Halberdiers performing prodigies of valour. The Queen and Princess, under the charge of Senora Mina, escaped to another part of the Palace ; and Senora Mina locked and bolted them in, refusing to admit any one till the conflict was over. Although they had so greatly the advantage in point of numbers, and were aided by traitors among the troops as well as in the Household, the insurgents managed badly from the first : instead of hastening boldly up the great staircase, wide enough to permit a company to march abreast, the front rank stopped to fire at those who fired at them, and then stopped to load again ; and thus, of course, stopped all those behind them, while the Halberdiers were from their doors and windows overlooking the gran escalera, pouring down destruction on all. General Concha, too, who com- manded in the assault, stopped like a fool to parley with Commandant Dolce. Concha, Leon, Fulgosio, and Cordova, finding themselves beaten within and pressed upon by the gathering numbers from with- out, saddled the Queen's horses and fled from the Palace about one o'clock, with the mass of the assailants, pursued by the Hussars of La Princesa. About 160 only remained alive. It was by this time sun- rise. During the night, the Ministers and the Regent met at the Hotel
of the Port ; and at dawn, Espartero, with the authorities, stationed him- self before the Church of Santa Marie del Almadena, and thence sent his aides-de-camp to summon the revolted soldiers to surrender. The remnant of them did so, and three officers ordered them to evacuate the Palace. The Regent then entered, and gave the cross of San Fer- nando to the brave Halberdiers.
The arrests are now said to be not so numerous as was at first sup- posed ; but they are more important. Several of the chief conspirators were pursued and arrested in the neighbourhood of Madrid, and Diego Leon was among them. He was taken in the full uniform of a General of Hussars, and carrying upon his person all his crosses and orders. In his possession was found an autograph letter of Maria Christina, giving him full powers to establish a Provisional Government till her arrival in Madrid. The letter is besides said to have contained instructions for the securing the young Queen's person, the execution of Espartero, Ar- guelles, the existinat' Government, whoever they might be, and all the members of the late Provisional Regency who could be found. A Coun- cil of War was sitting permanently at Madrid; and by that Leon was tried and condemned to death. Intercessions were made for mercy ; to which Espartero seems to have been personally inclined, but he thought it his duty to resist ; and it is intimated that the poor terrified little Queen, who was eleven years old on the 10th, tore up a petition in Leon's favour. He was executed on the 15th, immediately outside the gate of Toledo, by a picquet of the Cacadores of Luchana. The correspondent of the Morning Chronicle describes the act- " A dash of his natural courage illuminated the last moments of the ill-fated chief. On arriving on the fatal ground, he descended with perfect composure from his carriage, and walked with the utmost firmness of tread, dressed in full uniform, to the spot marked out for him to meet his sorrowful end. He there, embracing General Roucali and the clergyman in attendance, addressed a few words to the persons present, with a full and unshaken voice. He denied being a traitor or a coward, of which he had been accused : he bad gi.en, he said, many days of glory to his country, and he did not then repent it : if he had done injury to any person, lie there begged their forgiveness, as be forgave his enemies; and raising his voice, with an animated gesture, cried 'Viva Isabel Segunda! Viva la Libertad!' He then bade his brother soldier farewell ; aud giving himself the word of command, the picquet fired and he was no more."
O'Donnell had evacuated Pampeluna. On the 12th, General Ayerbe entered the town with six or seven battalions, minus several of their officers, who had deserted. O'Donnell, perceiving that he could hold out no longer, agreed to a sort of armistice : he withdrew from the citadel, and joined Ortigosa outside the town ; and afterwards he marched to Puente la Reyna, four leagues South-west of Pampeluna. He was last heard of at the Amescoas. Several desertions had taken place be- fore his departure from the citadel of Pampeluna. General Chacon has taken the chief command in that town.
General Zurbano, who was marching upon Pampeluna to reinforce Ayerbe, received orders to turn aside against Piguero at Vittoria. He seized seven men, and shot them ; and the authorities of Vittoria in re- turn set a price upon his head. Piguero moved from Vittoria, and en- tered I3ergara on the 14th. General Alcala had occupied the heights of Descaya, and watched Hrbistondo, in Bera'ara, while he commanded Guipuseoa ; but he was obliged to retire before Hrbistondo ; leaving Iturbe to keep the valley of Aspeitia. Aldamar, who is said to be a pensioner of Louis Philippe, has been active in unsuccessful efforts to push the the revolt in Guipuscoa ; and it is said that he has expended 4,0001.
That Bilbao has joined the movement seems now undoubted; but it does not appear to have done so with unanimity or zeal. There have been disturbances at Cadiz ; but without much apparent aim. Barcelona and the towns of Catalonia have declared actively against the insur- rection.
Cirraquirri, who was one of the first movers at Pampeluna, left the citadel with O'Donnell, and passed over into France. Some suppose him to have abandoned the cause, others to have gone as an emissary from the insurgents to procure the presence of Christina in Spain. He had arrived in Paris on Tuesday. Several Spanish refugees are flock- ing into France.
The Paris Ministerial papers justify the insurrection in Spain ; and the Journal des Debate calls upon the French nation to support it, be- cause, as its object was to enable Christina to marry her daughter Isa- bella the Second to the Duke of Aurnale, it would preserve the union of Spain to a descendant of Louis the Fourteenth. That avowal pro- vokes from the Morning Chronicle the following exposi5 of the intrigues of the French Court- " Serious negotiations have been going on for the last year between the French Court and Don Francisco de Paula, the Infante, for the purpose of making the latter, waive any pretensions of marrying his eon to the Queen. The Dec d'Aumale was to espouse the Queen, and the son of Don Francisco was to espouse the Queen's youngest sister ; Louis Philippe indemnifying the Infante with large sums for the establishment and settlement of his numerous family. The Conde property would have furnished no small share of this money. Don Francisco's friends say that he never seriously assented to these proposals. The French Court, however, reckoned on his acquiescence. But as affairs took another turn, the Ezaltados taking root in Spam, and Christina being ready to sacrifice all for the French Court, a breach ensued between the Infante and Louis Philippe. The former professed his intention of returning to Spain, and the French Court did all possible to dissuade him. To defeat the supposed project of Espartero and the Infante, the present insurrection was prepared ; and Maria Christina gave her solemn promise to sanction and bring about the marriage between the Queen and the Dec d'Aumale. Christina at first do- t/seed it should not be done at her expense. Between 30,000/. and 40,000/. were, however, forthcoming from the French Court ; of which O'Donnell took 6,0001., and Narvaez as much. At this moment both Generals have expended, or pretended to have expended, the money, and they clamour for more. There was at first some hesitation; when Christina herself determined to come to the support of the insurrection : and accord- ingly, large sums have these few days been forwarded to Christina's Regency at Bayonne for O'Donnell and for Bilbao, with orders to furnish as much in arms and as little in specie as can be done. Narvaez, on his part, writes that he spent his money in endeavouring to bribe the garrison of Cadiz, but that he had failed for want of more funds. Senor Gaviria, Intendeute of Christina, has set out for London, with orders to send 40,000/. to Narvaez, and enable him to raise Andalusia. Arms and equipments will be sent out by Gibraltar, and It is for the British Government to look to the doings of M. Gaviria.
"The telegraphic despatches bring accounts of O'Dormell's attempt on Pam- peluna, of Pignero's on 'Vittoria, and of the declaration of Bilbao, arrived on 'three consecutive days. Every event seemed to turn out so prosperous, that
on the last day the King of the French lost sight of his usual prudence, and avowed openly, not merely to his Ministers, but to other eminent and neutral personages, that his plans had succeeded ; that he had now obtained reparation for the insult offered to him in Syria ; and that this would popularize his Go- vernment, and at the same time secure to his descendants the throne of Spain. In vain was it stated to his Majesty, that the mere fact of the Basque Pro- vinces declaring for a principle or pretender, was of itself a conclusive reason to make all the rest of Spain declare against it. His Majesty believed himself another Louis the Fourteenth; he had blotted out the Pyrenees."
The Gazette de France confirms this story, by the statement that M. de Salvandy, the new French Ainbas;ntlor at Madrid, has been espe- cially commissioned to oppose the marriage with the Duke of Aumale. He arrived at Canfranc, in Spain, on the 11th instant.
The Paris National publishes a letter from S. Oioza,ga, the Spanish Ambassador in France, to Captain-General Alcala, at St. Sebastian. He had waited on Queen Christina with six letters from her daughters, and he took the occasion to put a solemn query to her- " I told her, that if, in the night of the 3d, she could have known the events which have passed on the 2d at Pampeluna, or even the enterprises undertakers later, I should find myself in the impossibility of appearing before her. I added, that if the facts published at Pampeluna, and elsewhere in the provinces, rela- tive to the part she had herself taken in these events were correct, she ought to avow this frankly, in order that I might inform my Government, and that it might regulate the future relations to exist between me as Spanish Envoy and. the Queen mother.
" Her Majesty deigneti to reply, that it was false that she bad named General O'Donnell Viceroy of Navarre or Captain-General of the Basque Provinces.
" That it was false that she had given either to him or others the least au- thority: that she should do wrung in doing so, not possessing any authority herself.
" That the acts of these persons were on their own responsibility.
"her Majesty repeated these assurances several times; adding, that she chal- lenged any proof to the contrary. She formally authorized me to communicate this reply to the Government, and to transmit to it at the same time the good wishes that she formed for the good and tranquillity of the Spaniards."
The adjudication of the new French loan took place on Monday, at the Ministry of Finance. There was presented only one tender, but that on behalf of three parties, namely De Rothschild and Brothers Hottinguer, banker, and the Receveurs Generaux, represented by M. Baudon. On opening the tender, it was found to propose taking the loan (in the Three per Cents.) at 78.521r ; being much below the price anticipated. It was, however, accepted. The Funds rose considerably.
The Constant/mine/ declares that Lord Aberdeen has announced his intention of no longer disputing the right of France to Algiers, and also his purpose of not interfering in the differences between Tunis and the Porte.
Private letters from Paris state that a preliminary contract had been entered into between Count de Lisle and some English speculators and the French Government for laying down wooden pavement in Paris. Count Rarnbuteau, Prefect of the Seine, had granted permission to try the experiment in the Rue de Provence.
The Caledonia Halifax mail-steamer and the packet-ship South America have arrived, with intelligence from New York to the 2d instant, from Montreal to the 28th of September, and from Halifax to the 8th instant. The Philadelphia packet-ship Monongahela brings papers to the 4th. The Caledonia sailed from Boston on her appointed day, the 2d instant; but she encountered on the passage to Halifax a violent storm, which prevented her from making the latter port till the 7th. During the storm, her foreyard was carried away, and in its fall broke the legs of the second mate and the carpenter, besides injuring, more or less, seven of the crew. The second mate and carpenter have been left at Halifax. The passengers are loud in their praise both of the vessel and her commander.
Mr. M`Leod's trial had not yet taken place. A person writing at Utica, on the 29th of September, says-
" Late last night and during the whole of this morning, witnesses arrived here in great numbers both for the prosecution and the prisoner. The survivors of the Patriot army, which was in possession of Navy Island when the Caro- line was destroyed, have come, with all the officers of that short-lived Provi- sional Government of which APICenzie was President pro tem. From Buffalo, Canada, and for a great extent along the frontier, the cry is still they come.' Mr. Bradley and Mr. Gardner, Mr. Spencer's associate counsel for the prisoner, have arrived from Canada, with voluminous testimony, taken under commis- sion, and many witnesses to sustain his defence; and all parties are now ready to go to trial. It is now, however, well understood that the trial will not com- mence until Monday next, [October 4th]; and in the mean time Judge Gridley will clear the calendars, both civil and criminal. It is not at all im- probable that the case will occupy twelve or fourteen days. "The prosecuting counsel will merely open and endeavour to sustain an ordinary case of murder • but the defence will be broad, and lead to many collateral issues. An alibi, by oral testimony, will be one branch of the de- fence ; the next will be the examinations recently taken in Canada to negative the positive evidence that DI'Leod took part in the affair of the Caroline. This consists of the examinations of those who admit their own participancy in the transaction, and a question will arise as to the admissibility of such evidence_ It was originally arranged that these examinations should be taken at specified places on fixed days, by interrogatories which the counsel for the people and for the prisoner had determined upon ; and a legal gentleman was commissioned to be present to act on the part of the State authorities. For some days examinations were thus taken; hut the Commissioners then resolved to separate themselves, and hold courts at different points at the same time,— doubtless with a desire to facilitate the accomplishment of their mission : but the legal gentleman for the State, unlike the Irishman's bird, (according to a celebrated ornithologist,) had not the power of ubiquity, and therefore could not be in two places at once ; consequently some of the examinations will be considered ex parte only, and their reception will be objected to. Another branch of the defence will be the general character of the transaction—the circumstances of those times—iu short, impunity will be claimed on the ground that the Caroline was engaged in an open war on the British province, and that she was cut off by the orders of the proper authorities." The excitement in the immediate scene of the trial seems to have subsided : the writer just quoted remarks, on the 28th- " With the exception of the witnesses [said to exceed a hundred in numberj and the jurors necessarily in attendance from a distance, Utica presents nothing to lead a stranger to the conclusion that here there is any other than the ordi- nary routine business of every day; certainly not that this is now the point to which two great nations look with anxious solicitude. There is no bustle nor any excitement here as yet." An account, by several witnesses upon affidavit, of the capture of Colonel Grogan, is given in the American papers with much minute- ness. It was taken at St. Alban's, Vermont, in meetings on the 21st and 20th September. We somewhat abridge this abstract— It appears from the affidavits, that on the 19th instant there were present at the tavern of J. M. Sowlet, at Alburgh, a short distance from the United States aide of the line, sundry persons from Canada, in company with James W. Grogan and among the rest a Dragoon who urged Grogan to drink, and was particadarly attentive to him, so much so that his courtesies became suspicious. These suspicions were communicated to Grogan ; and he WRS advised that a _plan was afoot to kidnap him and to transport him to Canada. Grogan, following the friendly advice given to him, went to Alburgh, and after- -wards went to pass the night at the house of William Brown, his brother-in- law, who resides about three miles from the boundary-line. Brown and his wife were awakened about two o'clock in the morning of Monday the 20th September, by a noise occasioned by the breaking open and forcible entrance of a gang of armed men into their dwelling. This gang, consisting of fifteen or more, were in the uniform of British soldiers, and, as could be seen by the lantern they carried, fully armed. Mr. Brown called aloud to his sons, who were sleeping above; and was threatened by the soldier that he would certainly be shot unless he desisted from speaking. The remainder of this gang rushed into the adjoining ROOM, where Colonel Grogan was sleeping, crying out as they entered, "here be is! here he is ! Shoot him ! Blow his brains out!" They seized him and dragged .hiSo from his bed, and carried him by force through the house and conveyed him to the road, where there were vehicles in readiness to take him across the line. Mr. Brown testifies that he was apparently strangled, so that he could neither speak nor even make a show of resistance. A gentleman going from Clarcnceville to Missisquoi Bay overtook a waggon in which was Growan, four armed soldiers, and a driver, and four mounted- Dragoons riding and keeping guard by the warr'gon. Grogan was placed in the bottom of the waggon. Upon their arrival at the Bay Grogan remained in the waggon surrounded by a strong guard in front of the guardhouse for about a quarter of an Lour; after .which he was ordered into the guardhouse, and thence was taken to Montreal. Grogan appeared badly wounded and bruised ; his face was very much dis- figured, and it was with great difficulty he could walk a step. The mention of Grogan's seizure in the Canadian journals is meagre and indistinct : it is stated that " the notorious Grogan," whose name bad been "coupled with aggravated cases of incendiarism," had been brought to Montreal and lodged in gaol. Subsequently, a Montreal paper speaks of the matter as if it had not been known at first that he was seized on the United States territory ; and says that he was taken by volunteer dragoons, and then surrendered to the civil power ; ad- mitting that in that case he ought not to be detained. The state of popular feeling on the United States border is described by a correspondent of the Boston Daily Mail, whose letter is dated "Swanton Falls, Vermont, September 23d "— " 1 have just returned from a boat-excursion to the Isle la Motto; and I find that the excitement among the people of Grand Isle County, in consequence of the recent abduction of Colonel Grogan from Alburgh, is of the most intense description. Public meetings have been held at St. Alban's, Alburgh, and seve- ral other places; at which strong resolutions were passed with great unanimity, censuring the act referred to, and pledging the members to be ready at a mo- 3nent's isarning to repel any further incursions of the British Tories. The feeling in this section of the country against her Majesty's Government in Canada is very strong, and has been kept alive for the last few years by the Patriot movements and the outrages which have been committed from time to time' and this last outrage is more than they seem willing peaceably to with- stand. There are a great many private depositories of arms and ammunition in this section ; and Illave no doubt that an army of five thousand volunteers for the invasion of Canada could be raised in a fortnight, if it was thought the General and State Governments would not interfere."
The Morning Herald says, on the authority of private letters, that Mr. Webster had made a communication to Mr. Fox, on the subject of Grogan's seizure, demanding redress; and that Mr. Fox declined giving any definitive answer, until lie had further information from Canada.
A correspondent of the Morning Chronicle, in a series of papers, gives a minute description of the nature of the "Hunter's Association," whose Lodges the President denounced in his proclamation. "Whether it originated in New York or Vermont—whether the NPKenzies, the Nelsons, the arts, were its principal founders—whether the Baron Frat- telin, or the Chevalier de Lorimier, were the persona at whose suggestion it was formed—we cannot say ; neither can we say whether it originated in the spon- taneous will and wish of its founders, or whether, at the very outset, it owes its origin to foreign influence. In May 1338, the first lodges were formed, and Brian was elected one of the Grand Eagles for Vermont. The object of this body will be best understood from the form of the oaths administered to its members. It is literally this= I swear to do my utmost to promote Repub- lican institutions and ideas throughout the world ; to cherish them, to defend them, and especially to devote myself to the propagation, protection, and . defence of these institutions in North Amoica. I pledge my life, my pro- petty, and my honour to the Association. I bind myself to its interests; and I promise, until death, that I will attack, combat, and help to destroy, by all means that my superior may think proper, every power or authorities of Royal origin upon this continent, and especially never to rest till the British tyrants .cease to have any profession [,:possession or footing whatever in North Arne- xica. So help me, God "1. he organization of the Association is divided into three principal branches--the political, the military, and the financial; which three branches are again subdivided into many sections. The classification of members is as follows- ]. A Grand Sasanen' or Grand Master (Chief President);
2. Grand Eagles, (Presidents for the different States); 3. Eagles, (Chiefs of Counties); 4. Grand Leaders, (Chiefs of Districts); 5. Grand Hunters, (Chiefs of Townships);
6. Chief Hunters, (Chiefs of Lodges);
"The Supreme Lodge can be called the Executive and Consultative Council of the Semen; but in order to give a correct idea of the organization of the whole, we will carry our readers through the different ranks and classifications. An inferior lodge is formed of from twenty to thirty Common Hunters, having for head a Chief Bunter ; twenty to thirty of these Chief Hunters form the lodge elf a Grand hunter; twenty Grand Hunters form the lodge of a Grand Leader. The Grand Leaders are members of the Council of the Eagle, whilst two or more 'Eagles have consultative votes in the direction of the society under the Grand _Eagle in each state. It will be seen that the whole, or the principal of this -organization, is mistrust ; and it must he acknowledged that, if the discipline and the statutes could have been enforced to the extent proposed, it would have -created infinitely more mischief than it has yet done. "By the rule of the society, every member, of whatever rank, is obliged to provide himself with a rifle or musket, a sword or dagger, and have always in his habitation forty charges of powder : he is, besides, obliged to pay the follow- 'lug contributions—Common Hunter, 2 cents, per week, or a dollar per year ; a Chief Hunter, 6-1 cents, per week, or 3 dollars per year ; a Grand Hunter, 12k cents. per week, or 6 dollars per year; &Grand Leader, 25 cants, per week, or 12 dollars per year; an Eagle, 371 cents, per week, or 16 dollars per year; Grand Eagle, 50 cents, per week, or 20 dollars per year; Sasanen, 1 dollar per week, or 50 dollars per year ; besides, a dollar is paid as entrance-money, and a dollar on the election to any rank. The whole of this sum is kept at the disposal of the Supreme Council, and generally is used, partly to provide arms and ammu- nition for the poorer members, who cannot afford to buy them themselves ; to support newspapers and publications edited in the interest of the Association; in paying emissaries, lecturers, postages, and accumulating deposits of arms, cannon, and so forth.
"The number of lodges fire months ago were as follows : Maine, 99; Ver- mont, 107; New York, 283; Michigan, 54; Wisconsin, 7; Illinois, 21; Indi- ana, 14; Ohio, 86; Pennsylvania, 49; Kentucky, 11; Virginia, 21; Mary- land, 16; Delaware, 2; New Jersey, 17; Missouri, 39; Iowa, 3; Louisiana, Ii; New Hampshire, 78; Lower Canada, nearly the whole of the French population are organized in lodges ; Upper Canada, 84. There are a few lodges in New Brunswick, and a few scattered in other parts. The number of lodges in the States not mentioned may amount to from 50 to 100. The number of members, if taken at the minimum, may be fairly calculated at 80,000 able- bodied men, and there are not fewer than 120,000 voters in the Association. The funds, donations, extra contributions, and a rigid economy in 1839-40 and part of 1841, had so much increased as to save above 300,000 dollars as a re- serve. We will take another occasion to expose the plan and policy of the As- sociation, as also its foreign connexions. We will trace, too, the career of its principal upon the Continent of Europe, his connexion with American diplo- matists, and so forth. We are sorry that we must observe that the members of Chic Association do not exclusively belong to a party or exclusively to any party; it includes governors, officers, clergymen, lawyers, farmers, mechanics, soldiers, in fact every class and everybody." It is insinuated that the chief of the Association is Mr. Caleb Cushing, the Chairman of the Committee of Congress on Foreign Affairs and that Governor Fairfield of Maine, Governor Mason of Michigan, Lieu- tenant-Governor Bradish of New York, Senator Williams, Papineau, Nelson, and M.Kenzie, occupy prominent stations. Papineau is said to have received a private audience of Marshal Soult, in Paris, as an emissary of the Association ; but he spoiled every thing by his De- mocratic avowals. The Morning Post throws some doubt upon this account ; which it imputes to M'Kenzie himself.
General Jackson had written a letter in reply to the address of a Democratic Convention held at New York, in which he lauded Mr. Tyler's veto of the Fiscal Corporation Bill. It is now understood that the President has agreed upon a plan for a fiscal national bank, which will be probably submitted to Congress at the next regular session.
The Prince de Joinville was at Washington ; where he had received complimentary visits from the French citizens, Mr. Webster, and the Mayor and Council.
The Galena Gazette states that an important Indian treaty has re- cently been concluded between the General Government and the Sioux Indians- " It provides for the purchase of all the country South of the St. Peter's River and East of a line due South from its source, containing about 25,000,000 acres. The Sioux reserve some 300,000 or 400,000 acres, upon which they are to settle, in different tracts, and on which they are to cultivate the soil, the Government furnishing them with farmers to instruct them. On this pur- chased land are to be settled some 52,000 or more of other Indians from the East of the Mississippi; all of whom, combined with the Sioux, are to form au. 'Indian territory.' The Governor to be appointed by the General Govern- ment, and they to select men to a Council to make laws for their own govern- ment. Three forts are to be established within the district, to preserve peace among them, and to protect them from foreign invasion. Probably as much of the purchase as falls within the State of Iowa will be sold to be settled by the Whites; but that portion of it which lies North of the State will be occupied as above described. The Governor has discovered bituminous coal and copper on the St. Peter's, to which steam-boats can ascend, specimens of which are now at Prairie du Chien. This arrangement will throw a large body of Indiana upon our immediate frontier ; hut the effort that will be made to civilize them is deemed a sufficient guarantee of their peaceable deportment."
Business at New York was rather brisk : the sales at the Stock Board on the 30th were large, and prices were declining. The 30th Septem- ber was the day on which the lower rate of duties would be received on many articles of the tariff. Exchange in London was firm at 91 pre- mium, and it touched 10.
To allow time for the receipt of the accounts by the Caledonia, the outward-bound Halifax mail steamer, the Britannia, was detained at Liverpool till Thursday last, for further despatches from this Govern- ment. Sir Charles Begot also awaited final instructions at Portsmouth ; whence he sailed on Wednesday.
The report which has appeared in most of the daily journals relative to the new Bishopric of Jerusalem is not strictly true. We are enabled to state that the title of the Bishop for Palestine is not yet fixed ; but that it will certainly not be "Bishop of Jerusalem," as stated by our contemporaries. The Reverend G. A. Selwyn, M. A., the Bishop elect of New Zealand, will be consecrated in a few days, [his consecration has since been announced,] and will sail early in the ensuing month, with several clergymen whom he has chosen. The names of the gentle- men who are to fill the other Bishoprics have not yet transpired.—Times.
The Masters of Eton have presented the Reverend G. A. Selwyn with a splendid gift of books, to the value of 901., as a testimony of their respect and esteem.
The Chronicle of this morning publishes a letter addressed to Mr. Beckett and Mr. Aldam, the Members for Leeds, by Alderman Bateson. It gives in detail an alarming statement of the transfer of the woollen trade from England to the Continent. Up to 1824, the trade languished under an import-duty of 6d. on the 'pound of foreign wool. At that date it was agreed to remove the impost, on condition that the export-duty was removed on British wool. Since then, the export of British wool has increased from nothing in 1824, to 4,810,387 pounds in 1840; while the export of British woollen-cloths of all sorts ha decreased from 567,317 pieces in 1824, to 258,962 in 1840. During the same period,:the number of pieces of woollens manufactured at Vervier, in Belgium, has advanced from a small amount to 105,245 pieces; and at Aix-la-Chapelle, in Prussia, also from a small amount to 230,000. Aix-la-Chapelle and Vervier are within one day's journey of each other ; and in the district which they constitute, 76,283 pieces were manufactured in 1840 more than England exports
to all the world. The import of British-grown wool, exclusively of Co- lonial, into Balgium, is 4,108,316 pounds ; e luivalent to 85,589 pieces of manufactured cloth—three-fourths of the manufacture in Belgium.