furrigu nut( Catania'.
tf rantr.—Feruk Khan, the Persian Ambassador, arrived in Paris on Sunday. He is a man of about forty years of age, very tall and plump, with a dark complexion, and very black beard and eyes. He wore an .Astracan cap, and a light-coloured silk pelisse, bordered with fur. The Ambassador and suite, in several carriages, went to the Turkish Embassy to supper, and were afterwards conducted to the house No. 46, Avenue Montague, which had been taken for them.
"The Prince Imperial has been for the last two days labouring under a slight catarrhal fever. His Imperial Highness was better last evening. There is nothing in his state to cause any unessiness."—Monfteur, Jan. SO.
[The illness, however, is said to have been severe ; and the Emperor did not go to the opera.]
M. Ledru-Rollin has issued an address to the electors of France, urging them to take part in the elections, and bitterly ridiculing those who say that to do so would be to "recognize the Empire." "What the public mind feels above all is," says the exiled tribune, "that of all methods of recognizing the Empire, that which cenobite in submitting so long a time without an attempt, without a movement, without even a despairing effort, is the most degrading attitude III the pyo of history." Jean Louis Verger, the assassin of the late Archbishop of Paris, was tried on Saturday, before the Court of Assize of Paris : over which M. Delangle, Premier President, had been selected to preside, on account of his firmness and tact. Great crowds besieged the Palais de Justice, and swarmed within, admitted by ticket. The bench was crowded with judges from other courts. Distinguished persons—the Turkish Ambassador, the Marquis de Larochejaquelin, Prince Lucien Murat—sat at a table on the floor under the judges. Not more than eighteen barristers could be accommodated. On the table in front of the judges, lay the I ieces de conviction—the long Catalan knife robes of the murdered 'prelate, pierced and bloody. Verger was very calm when brought in. -He is described as "a young man of middle height, fair complexion, high forehead, and regular and expressive features. His face, long, than, and pale, is extremely intellectual, and in nowise indicative of ferocity. He was dressed entirely in black, in the costume which priests generally wear in the streets." From the acte d'accusation it appeared that Verger was born at Neal sur-Seine ; that he was educated by the charity of some nuns; that he was expelled the school for dishonesty ; that he found friends, education, ,.and at twenty-three became a priest. Employed by the Cure of St. Germain de l'Auxerrois, who paid his debts, be repaid the benefits by calumnies. Deprived in consequence, he wearied the Archbishop with prayers for employment ; and the Archbishop procured him an appointment from the Bishop of Meaux. Here Verger's violence, and the doctrines he preached against the dogma of the Immaculate Conception, again caused him to be suspended. He then came to Paris ; and, unable to obtain a removal of the interdict, he, on the 26th December—so he admitted—conceived the idea of murdering the Archbishop.
When the act of accusatMn had been read, the President proceeded to -question the prisoner. Verger immediately began to speak, commencing th us
" Gentlemen, nineteen centuries ago, a great word was spoken by a man who was more thou a man; his name was Jesus Christ. This word was Pax vobis ! pax omnibus!' Another man, whom you love and venerate, and whom I love and venerate with you, repeated this word when he said L'empire c'est Is paix !' Now we must understand the sense of this great word —" The President—" Excuse me : you seem to be going into your defence, and this is not the time."
Verger continued. Ile asked for a postponement of the trial, on the ground that sixty witnesses, whose names he had given, had not been called. It appeared that the prosecution had refused to hear his witnesses when they knew that the prisoner intended to bring scandalous accusations against the most eminent of the clergy. Verger grew excited at this, and declared that his defence was "not free." On consultation, the Court decided not to postpone the trial ; and Verger, on being questioned again, said, "I will answer nothing ; it is moral violence." Then the witnesses were examined.
To a woman who lets chairs at the church Verger said—" I must remark, that according to Jesus Christ no money ought to be paid in a church; but she made me pay ten centimes for the chair. I hope the money may profit her soul." 2o another he remarked—" I have to say that I am the enemy of the present clergy, just as Jesue Christ was the enemy of the Pharisees. ant an enemy of all that is pharisaical." When the Vicar-General of Meaux appeared, Verger exclaimed—" You are a scoundrel." Exhorted to be moderate, he replied—" You see here but a dead man, a poniard, a sealand a guillotine. I see something else. I have laboured fifteen years . for this result, and you will not hear me a single day." A letter written by himself was read, showing that he had contemplated the murder of the Archbishop a year ago. He said he was persecuted by the Inquisition. The President— Your doctrine is abominable, above all • in the mouth of a priest." The prisoner—"A lie, a lie ! Anathema, President ! "
Then came this scene. 4. cure was in the witness-box. Verger said that the witness had not stated what they both knew very well about the Bishop ui Evreux. The President—" Stop! stop !" The prisoner (raising his voice). "Nor about the Bishop of Soissons" The President—" Hold your tongue and sit down." The prisoner—" Audience, you see I am not free. Gentlemen of the jury, I am not free." The President—" You are not free to slander, and you shall not."
The violence of Verger occasioned an order for his removal. He cried, " People ! help me"; but the audience answered by groans and cries of " Canaille ! " " Assassin !"
Verger—" La parole ou la euillotine. I am afraid of nothing. I will brave death as I brave this tribonal You are a set of wretches. I fear Gal alone.
Brought back after a time, he renewed his violence : he was again dragged from the court ; and the trial was brought to a close in his absence. The defence was that he was mad; but the Jury, after deliberating twenty minutes, found him guilty ; and he was sentenced to death. He has caused an appeal to be lodged in the Court of Cessation. Verger was removed to the prison of San Roquette. Here his brother called upon him; and was indignant that the authorities would not permit a portrait of the assassin to be taken to be hawked about like that of the lateArchhishop ! His father also called, and this scene is reported" Verger was calm, and advanced towards his father; who stopped on the threshold of the door' and gave vent to his paternal misery in the following terms—' Well, your affair has caused me a pretty bother, and I have had no end of running about on your account. So you are condemned to -death ? ' The son replied, Yes ; but it is not all over. I have appealed against the sentence, and have written to the Emperor for mercy.' After a moment's reflection, in which he appeared to lose sight of his father, the ?.role's, and the dark prison-cell, he uttered with vehemence, No, no, no, it is not all over ! ' The father, after few more observations, withdrew." The petition which Verger addressed to the Emperor fills four pages, and displays some literary ability, but is humble and suppliant in tone. It, however, shows that the petitionerconsiders himself different from the rest of mankind, and believes in his own infallibility. He declares that Christianity requires regeneration, and that the inferior clergy ought to be enfranchised from the yoke of the higher. He declares that he looks on himself as a Peter the Hermit of a new crusade ; and that, being determined to announce his mission by a coup d'etat, he had selected for his victim the highest dignitary of the Church. He adds, that his condemnation to death has not surprised him, as a great judicial manifestation was required for so illustrious a death ; but that that bare manifestation is sufficient satisfaction to social order, and that to go beyond it would be unjust and impolitic. He therefore prays that, instead of being put to death, he may be subjected to a noble and honourable exile !
Cardinal Morlot, Archbishop of Tours, it is now stated, will be the new Archbishop of Paris. After refusing the proffered translation twice, he accepted it when the third offer came in the shape of an earnest reqeest of the Emperor that he would consent "as a personal favour." 'Pls. Cardinal is described as "tolerant in religious opinions, and other eche ,' • liberal' and his translation is "generally approved, except perhaps by the Ultmmontane party." Switirrhutit.--The intelligence concerning the Neuchatel dispute is brief; but satisfactory. " Berne, Sunday—The Royalist prisoners have been conducted today by a detachment of Swiss troops to Pontarlier, within the frontier of France, and set at liberty. The Federal Connell has issued orders for immecliately disbanding the troops already assembleeL General Dufour, in a Proclamation addressed to the army, makes known to them the pacific conclusion of the dispute ; adding, that the settlement which has been agreed to protects the interest, the dignity, and the honour of Switzerland."
It seems that Austria offered considerable opposition to the steps towards war taken by Prussia ; and that the old rivalry between the two Powers was manifested in polished acerbity in their diplomatic correspondence.
S-ift111.—The nedmontese Parliament, at its sittings of the 15th, debated the Cavour policy at the Paris Conference. Signor Brofferio, the Radical Deputy, opened the discussion by an assault on the conduct of the Government, and complained that more advantages were not secured to Italy by the alliance of Sardinia with England and France. He WAS answered, with great spirit, by Signor Fermi, Count Mamiani, once a Constitutional Minister of the Pope, Signor Buffs, and Count Cavour. The Prime Minister said—" The Congress of Paris took into consideration the state of Italy, and declared that this state ought to be improved. France and England agreed upon the subject, and the Austrian Plenipotentiary himself made no objection to it. It is now nine months since this Congress was held, and nothing since then has happened which might lead_peoph to that at France and England have altered their opinion. No man of sense, however, has ever believed that the Great Powers were resolved to give physical support. After the conclusion of peace, many difficulties arose about the interpretation of some articles of the treaty ; and upon certain points England and Austria agreed. But I feel confident that such an agreement is far from being an alliance. Neither Lord Palmerston nor the Earl of Clarendon are certainly now less inclined to the Italian cause than they were nine months age But you exelgim, 'Where are the advantages?' Behold them ! lithe war and the Congress have not produced material results for Italy, they have at least given it an immense moral result. Beyond the Alps, Italy was very severely judged. I appeal herein to all who have been abroad, and I evidence the unjust opinions of authors who have had sympathies for Italy, such as Byron and Macaulay. To them Italy was a beautiful but unhappy lady, having a barbarous and tyrannical husband, and unable to govern the family. The policy adopted by_ Piedmont, and the part she has taken in the war and in the councils of Europe, have modified public opinion. I appeal on this point to the Liberal limes of France, England, and Germany, and to the opinions of those who have travelled through Europe within the last few months. Today, with all generous hearts, an Italian or a Sardinian is beyond the Alps an object of esteem and sympathy. He who has faith in brutal force alone may laugh at such a result as a trifling matter; but it will not be so with those who have faith in progress, public opinion, and the force of ideas." The debate did not lead to any vote, or in fact to anything but a creditable display of "Parliamentary eloquence."
The Chamber of Deputies, in its sitting of the 17th, after a protracted discussion of the principle of freedom of instruction, voted an order of the day accepting the declaration of the Cabinet, that the principle should be carried into effect in a special law relative to private instruction.
The Emperor of Austria's reception at Milan has been better than WAS anticipated, both in the streets and at the operahouse. The Emperer himaaifccrne.tolac; 1;con much greifled. In return, he has pardoned thirty-two political prisoners ; remitted to Brescia a. BUM -44, 427,000 livres which that municipality " owed to the forced subscriptions for the national loan " ; and is said to be about to restore all the sequestrated property to the emigrants. Count Bual, Baron Bach, and Baron Bruck, are with the Emperor at Milan. It is stated that the Archduke Maximilian of Austria is appointed Governor-General of the Lombardo-Venetian States, as successor to Marshal Ratletzky, retired. It is stated, however, that the "good reception" was managed by the police who bribed the rural population to flock into Milan Not more than three Milanese ladies attended the opera, and not more than sevenand-twenty were at court. When the Emperor arrived, the Podeeta made him a most flattering speech. The Emperor speaks Italian very well, and in the hearing of many sai,1—" I am very glad to see the city of Milan a second time. I will forget all that is past, and it depends on the future conduct of the population of Milan whether they meet with my Imperial patronage."
At Naples, more than a hundred persons have been arrested, and ten coffeehouses closed. This is supposed to have been caused by "the explosions." The King has Wined this decree
" Cherishing in our royal soul the desire of improving more and more the condition of the prisoners, and wishing that their moral shall not he inferitor to their material improvement, we decree that the moral and religions direction of those who are detained in prison is intrusted to the reverend fathers of the Society, of Jesus. One of the reverend fathers shall form part of the Commission of Prisons, and will have a deliberative voice in the examination of affairs."
Anntru. —General De Nardiu, Swedish Ambassador at St. Petersburg, has been recalled by his Government ; and rumour accounts for the fact by supposing that some misunderstanding exists between the two Courts." It is added, that "the relations between Russia and Sweden, since the treaty concluded by Sweden with the Western Powers, have not been friendly." Russia is annoyed at the agitation for a "Scandinavian nationality," now shaking Denmark as well as Sweden and Norway.
g aill.—The Mailrid Gazette of the 17th contained a Royal decree, convoking the Cortes for the 1st of May. The elections will take place in conformity with the law of the 18th of March 1846. ".A. reasonable liberty" is to be allowed at the elections ! When the Court recently went to the Opera at Madrid, it was insulted by the audience ; when the orchestra played the Royal March, many persons hissed—the police arrested a good many ; then the public applauded furiously but ironically—more arrests ; finally many persons were afflicted with bad coughs—the police did not arrest them on the spot, but they will have to find some means of alleviating these inopportune VE 15 i S.—A telegraphic despatch from Trieste, without date, but published in London yesterday, intimates that the Lloyd steamer bad arrived there from Egypt, bringing the news that "the British fleet has taken possession of the fort of Bushire and the island of Karrak." From the letter of a Commissariat officer, who was sent to the Persian Gulf in September to provide for the expected expedition, we learn that he had been driven, by the hostility of the Arabs, into Bussarah—from what place does not appear.
The Morning Post contradicts "the mischievous statement regarding Brigadier Chamberlayne's advance on Calml, which has obtained such general circulation, and has been supposed to foreshadow an intended reoccupation of Affghanistan. Brigadier Chamberlayne's force is operating %realist the Meeranzyes at the express invitation of Best Mahomed Msb an ; and as soon as this service is performed, it will return within our own frontier. Should it be necessary to march any force above the passes in order to protect the Affghans from Persian attack, our troops would of course advance from Scinde by the high-road of Quetta and Candahar. At present, however, Dost Mahomed is believed to be strong enough to resist the invasion with which his territories are threatened."
The Indian journals state that Jacob's Horse were moving up towards the frontier of Senate in detachments; and they generally note the advance of troops in the direction of the Indus.
OittE.—The following telegraphic despatch from Constantinople, dated Thursday, was published in London yesterday.
"Alexandria, Jan. 15.—The Calcutta steamer has arrived at Suez with adviees from Hongkong to the 16th of December. "Yeh, backed up by the gentry arid people, continued obdurate. The French Folly Fort had been taken and destroyed. The Chinese had set fire to the factories, and all the longs were destroyed. The Oriental, A..ra, and Mercantile Banks, were on fire, with no hopes of saving them. One fatal accident had oceured ; 0. T. Lane, nephew of Sir J. Bowring, being killed by the falling in of a wall. It was said the cite of Canton would no longer be spared, and that the discharge of rockets and shells had already commenced."
[It is altogether unusual to obtain information by this route and very. extraordinary to receive a despatch from Constantinople the day after it was sent from that city.]