25 DECEMBER 1964, Page 14


SIR,—The population of the Republic of India is increasing by more than 3 per cent per annum. In• other words, India is having every year 14,000,000 more mouths to feed, taking the country's present population as 460,000,000. During 195,1-62, the population of India increased by 80,000,000. In India, the benefits of increased agricultural and in- dustrial production are being offset or neutralised by alarming population growth, threatening a col- lapse of all her economic plans and achievements. Half of the Indian population is suffering from hunger or malnutrition.

salvation lies in reducing her present birth- rate by half, which means that in addition to other contraceptive measures, at least 2,820,000 sterilisa- tion operations must be carried out annually in India; that is, six operations per year per thousand. To forestall a population explosion, introduction of compulsory sterilisation in India is inevitable. This requires a wide network of clinics plus medical personnel, equipment and facilities on a large scale. Any other kind or amount and extent of foreign aid to India in money, machines, food, etc., will not improve the condition of the Indian people, who are multiplying at an appalling rate.