FRANCE.—The Emperor reviewed, on Sunday, four regiments of infantry, one of artillery, and three of cavalry, preparatory to their leaving Paris. The review was held in the Place du Carousel. " In- vitations had been sent, as if for a dinner or a ball." Lord Malmes- bury witnessed the spectacle from the balcony of the Tuileries. He was received in the warmest manner by the Emperor, who "compelled" him to dine with him nearly tete-a-tete, although the late Minister for Fo- reign Affairs was under an engagement to dine elsewhere. This incident has been the subject of much comment.
The Times correspondent at Paris furnishes this rumour. "It is stated as positive that a camp is about to be formed at St. Omer about the 1st of next month, and to continue the whole of the fine season. A company of engineers has already received orders to march to St. Omer, and will pre- cede by some days the rest of the troops. The camp will be composed of three regiments of infantry, one of cavalry, one battery of artillery, and one company of engineers, and will comprise from 6000 to 6500 infantry, and from 600 to 800 cavalry."
The following paragraph appeared in the Honiteur of Tuesday- " Private information received from Constantinople leads to the hope that the complications which have arisen in the Whirs of the East will be re- solved without endangering the friendly accord between the European Powers."
It was stated that this "assurance" had calmed the " effervescence " in the French capital ; but as the funds had fallen considerably, there were not wanting those who referred the paragraph to a desire to counter- act the fall at the Bourse.
It is said that the decision to send the French fleet to the Greek waters was taken by Louis Napoleon in his characteristic way : only El. Ducos, who countersigned the order, and M. Drouyn de Lhuys, who was charged to inform the Corps Diplomatique, were in the secret. The Moniteur states that the fleet put to sea within thirty-six hours after the receipt of the despatch. The order reached Toulon on Sunday morning ; consequently, by Monday night Admiral La Susse had set sail.
For some months a serious quarrel has existed between the partisans of the French clergy who swear by Ultramontane, and those who espouse what are called Gallivan doctrines, respecting the journal 1' Univers, edited by M. Veuillot. Ostensibly the conflict sprang out of a long- standing dispute about the use of the Classics in the Universities and public schools ; the Ultramontanes denouncing their use, as profane, and the Gallicans approving of it. The /Vim/ has been the organ of the Ultramoutanes, in the proposal to eject the works of Livy, Tacitus, Vir- gil, Homer, and Plato ; and to instal the Fathers and the Schoolmen in their stead. Matters were carried to great lengths, NI hen M. Sibour, the Archbishop of Paris, thought proper to interpose and censure 1' Univers, prohibiting the clergy from subscribing to it within his jurisdiction. He has been supported by the Bishops of Viviers, Chartres, Marseilles, Ver- dun, and Orleans ; and vehemently opposed by the Archbishop of Avig- non and the Bishops of Moulins and Chalons. The Bishop of Moulins, in a pastoral letter, so incensed the Archbishop of Paris that the latter complained to the Pope. M. Veuillot went to Rome to plead his cause ; and the result has been a letter from Monsignors Fioramonti, the Pope's secretary, which in effect supports the Univers against the Gallicans. In this letter M. Veuillot is said to have been inspired by piety ; and what "merits more especially praise" is, that in his journal he has never "put anything above the Catholic doctrine." Hence the journal, " well quali- fied to discuss things which should be discussed at the present time," ex- cites great interest at Rome and in other countries. But "some persons strongly attached to principles and usages," and not daring to reject the doctrines of the Univers openly, attack the editor ; and distrust is insinu- ated into the people's hearts. All this is "particularly painful" ; and M. Veuillot is recommended, while he freely defends the Holy See, .to avoid "constantly inflicting the slightest stain on the names of distin- guished men," and to write nothing contrary to " mildness and mode- ration." 31. Fioramonti, in conclusion, feels confident "that those who are for the moment contrary to you will soon be unanimous in praising the talent and the zeal with which you do not cease to support religion and the Apostolic See."
TIIRKEY.—It appears that Prince Menschikoff was accompanied by Count Demitri Nesselrode as his secretary ; two Generals, one, Nipocat- seinski, commanding the Fifth Army Corps in Bessarabia ; two Admirals, one, Corniloff commanding the Black Sea fleet, and several military officers of a lower grade. He was received on landing by the Russian sojourners at Constantinople ; a large body of Greek priests, and a larger body of the Greek population, and by these conducted in triumphant procession to his• hotel. On the 2d instant he waited on the Grand Vizier. The Turks were in full dress; the Russian wore a frock-coat, an old hat, and carried a walking-stick. Here he used menacing language ' • stating how that before setting out for Constantinople he had reviewed the fleet at Sebas- topol, consisting of 27 ships of war, and also an army of 30,000 men ; that he had extended his inspection to the army of Bessarabia ; and that the former were ready to embark, the latter ready to march. Being in- vited to visit the Foreign Minister, he said, in a disdainful tone, that he would not see that Minister, as M. Ozeroff, the Russian Minister at Con- stantinople, had to accuse him of several breaches of faith. Hence the resignation of Fuad Effendi.
The Turkish Ministers forthwith communicated with the Corps Diplo- matique ; at this conjuncture, singularly enough, represented on the part of England, Austria, and France, only by Charges d'Affaires. On the 4th, Colonel Rose proposed sending for Admiral Dundas ; the French Consul thought that premature, and the proposition was dropped. On the 8th, however, on his own responsibility, Colonel Rose sent the Wasp to Malta ; and M. Benedetti sent despatches to the French Government. Ad- miral Dundas thought his instructions did not permit him to comply with the request ; but the French fleet, on the receipt of M. Benedetti's de- spatches and the rumour that the English fleet had set sail for Bessika Bay, was ordered to leave Toulon instantly for " a cruise in the Greek waters."
What the exact terms of Prince Menschikoff's demands are is un- known ; but it is said they are—that Turkey shall recognize his protec- torate of the Greek Christians throughout the Turkish dominions; that the election of the Patriarch at Constantinople shall henceforward be con- firmed by him, instead of by the Sultan, as has hitherto been the case ; and that all the privileges claimed by Russia with regard to the Holy Places shall be at once conceded. Some other grievances are alluded to, connected with the refugee question and the invasion of Montenegro. It is said that the Turkish army is indignant, and that the officers have ceased to wear their swords at public ceremonies.
According to the accounts published by the daily journals, the force of the English and French fleets in the Mediterranean is as follows : the English have 16 ships, mounting 666 guns and manned by 6319 men ; the French have 17 ships, mounting upwards of 816 guns. The Turkish fleet consists of 24 ships of all sizes; number of guns unknown. The Russian fleet of the Black Sea is said to be composed of no fewer than 13 sail of the line, S heavy frigates, 6 corvettes, and some smaller vessels ; mounting nearly 2000 guns.
Russia.—Some very interesting particulars of the position and effi- ciency of the Russian army are contained in the latest of a series of letters on the subject published in the Army Gazelle of Berlin. The following passage has a present interest.
" The construction of the great railway lines connecting MoscOw, Peters- burg, Odessa, and Warsaw in changing the conditions under which a mili- tary force may be transported, changes the principles upon which Russia has hitherto conducted her preparations for war. If we cast a glance at the pre- sent distribution of the Russian army according to its great groups, we shall find these to be the Deistwujutschaja Armin, or active army ; consisting of four infantry corps, united in a compact camp in Poland, Lithuania, Volhynia, and Podolia. Between this and Petersburg stands the Grenadier Corps, at Novgorod, and at Petersburg itself the Guard. In the South-west stands the fifth army corps, with its most advanced garrison on the Pruth. [This is the army corps commanded by the chief General now at Constantinople.] The sixth army corps is in Moscow and its neighbourhood. Supposing a war to threaten from the West, we may assume that the active army would not move until Poland had been occupied either by the fifth or sixth infantry corps or the guards from Novgorod and Petersburg. Hitherto this operation must have con- sumed months • but let the railroad from Petersburg to Warsaw be finished, and a week will suffice for the purpose. Before the first rail of the line is laid -down, the future military use has been a matter of study, and with especial re- ference to the transport of large masses of troops. Thousands of military trans- port-waggons are already made or making, and their construction is truly art- istic. The packing or suspending of arms, knapsacks, cavalry-saddles, and all the appurtenances of a battalion, is abundantly cared for. In three days the half, or in a week the whole, guard and grenadier corps may stand in Poland while the reserves are coming up to St. Petersburg, by the Moscow and Petersburg Railway, followed, it necessary, by the sixth infantry corps. Whether the fifth corps would move Westward would depend mainly upon the state of relations with Turkey. In any cage, the compact mass of the active army would be emancipated from the immobility it has hitherto suffered, and could be brought immediately into play. The whole political signifi- cance of the new railway lies in the fact that the guard and grenadier corps may in future be brought to Poland in a week instead of in months. Let that great artery be connected with Odessa, and with a railroad from Moscow to Warsaw, as well as with another from Warsaw to Odessa, and it cannot then be denied that Russia will have effected a revolution in her military re- lations to Europe."
It was reported in Paris on Wednesday, that a division of the Russian army had entered Bucharest, the capital of Turkish Wallachia.
GERMANY. —We hear no more about the health of the Emperor of Aus- tria; and, indeed, German news generally is unimportant. But there are indications of disaffection in some places—such as Wurtemberg, Ba- 4:len, and Bohemia. At Prague, three students have been sentenced to be beaten with rods for making wanton demonstrations in favour of the traitor Kossuth." Several others are under examination before courts- martial ; two alleged to have drunk the health of Libeny. Certain vexatious police restrictions ordained and enforced in the Aus- trian dominions for a short time after the assault upon Haynau in Lon- don, and subsequently suspended, have been again hung in terrorem over the heads of her Majesty's lieges who happen to travel either for business or pleasure within the limits of the Austrian empire.
The news from Constantinople had caused a profound sensation in the higher political circles of Prussia ; and we are informed that the sympa- thy of the Government is entirely with the Sultan, but that political con- nexions will compel a policy of neutrality.
ITALY.—The news of the week is mainly of the penal kind. At Flo- rence, the Attorney-General has proposed to sentence Guerazzi to im- prisonment for life, and the other prisoners for terms varying from five years and upwards. It is presumed this proposition will be sanctioned. Three more persona have suffered execution of capital punishment. at Milan ; and three are imprisonedat.Leghorn for short terms, in irons, under sentence for possessing printed works and manuscripts of a "subversive" nature. Twelve seditious- persons have been arrested at Genoa. Ten persons have been condemned, to death- at Ferrara : the punishment of seven has been commuted, but' three, among whom is a medical man, have been shot As the garrison at Ancona is Hungarian and disaffected, it has been thought prudent to change it : not more than live persons may pass along the streets together after sunset There is a report that an announcement was made at Mantua, the other day, that no further pro- ceedings. would be taken against persons. charged. with political offences. At the same time, we hear that 100 Tioineae cottiere have been expelled, whose little holdings crept down a valley within the Lombard frontier.
SPAIN.—The sole important piece of news from. Madrid is, that in con- sequence of the exertions of Lord Howden, so runs the report the Spanish Government have agreed to give complete liberty before the end of the year to that class of Negroes called " Emancipados," after the completion of their five years' apprenticeship. Those who have not terminated the probationary period at the end.of 1853.wilLbe manumitted as their several terms of service expire.
Wnsr IN .—The Parana arrived at Southampton on. Monday, having left St. Thomas on the 5th instant.
The latest date from Kingston, Jamaica, is the 27th February. Ac- cording to the Horning Journal, the Governor had made the usual demand for supplies to carry on the Government and uphold the public credit of the island. The Retrenchment Committee, appointed, as its name im- plies, for the purpose of considering the best means of decreasing the ex- penditure, had made a report, recommending " a deduction of one-fifth from every salary, annuity, or grant annually paid or made out of the public chest" The report states, that as " very great difficulties beset any attempts to adjust the public burdens where individuals are seen or dealt with," they " deemed it best to adopt one uniform rate."
A report has been presented to the House of Assembly from the Fi- nance Committee, recommending the abolition of all tonnage-dues- on vessels entering the ports of Jamaica, with the exception of a lighthouse- tax of threepence a ton. It was expected the House would adopt the report. Emigration, both of Blacks and Whites, to the Isthmus of Panama, continues.
Two ships had arrived at Trinidad, bringing 646 Coolies : another was shortly expected, and her cargo would- complete the stipulated comple- ment of immigrants. Lady Harris was ill at Barbados, and Lord Harris was with her there.
Barbados is reported free from yellow fever. Not so St Vincent, where it is said to be extremely busy. A fever of a "virulent type" had broken out at Tobago ; but its character is styled "doubtful"