26 MARCH 1859, Page 8

. intrtgu out Culnuial.

raurt.—The review on Sunday of the Imperial Guard, a complete little army, 24,000 strong, was a magnificent affair. There were present the Emperor, Empress, the Imperial Prince in his uniform of corporal, the other imperial Princes, the Generals of the Army of Paris, and a vast crowd. No political cries were heard, except the official one of " Viva r Empereur !" The people were allowed, with due precautions, to ap- proach the Emperor. It is remarked that the Prase organ of the war party in France be- fore the resignation of Prince Napoleon, is now all for peace and the English alliance. The Debals remarks, apropos of the debates on the Navy, on the immensity of our resources—" To add in a single year to the fleet twenty-six large vessels, of which fifteen are line-of-battle ships, is an extraordinary exertion which England is alone capable of making, and which could not be executed by the dockyards of all the other Powers of the old and the new world, were they even to combine their efforts."

Whereupon the Constitutionnel congratulates France on "the calm which exists in our arsenals and garrisons in presence of the more or less justifiable activity witnessed everywhere else. The transformation of Oe French fleet, publicly announced, has been proceeded with regularly. without feverish activity or interruption. "This calm amid the general fever is one of the best proofs that France can give of her strength and maderation."

A decree has been issued placing the Reformed Churches on the same footing as the Roman Catholic Church in France, so far as the opening of new places of public worship is concerned. No foreign priest will be allowed to preach without a licence, and no foreign power is to be suffer- ed to manage matters in France without the sanction of the Government.

Stalq.—Beyond a talk of some change in the Cavour Cabinet in the nature of a reinforcement, nearly all the news relates to the inroad of vo- lunteers. They come not only from Lombardy but from the Romagna,

even from Naples, and they leave Tuscany in open day by sea cheered by crowds from the shore. Many young men of the noblest families have

enlisted as private soldiers. The volunteer depOts amount to ten, Clines being the head-quarters. Here Craldini, and Cosenz are organizing -them. They are to be called the Chasseurs of the Alps. It has been stated that the Austrians began to undermine a bridge over the Ticino at Buffalora, but desisted in consequence of orders from Vienna. The Italian regiments are marched away to Germany. Arrests and deporta- tions continue. A subscription in and of the volunteers has been opened at Florence. The Turin journals announce that an office has been opened at the mairie of that city for the inscription of the names of volunteers. The following appeal has been made on the occasion by the municipality.

" Soldiers, the contingents, being called on for the defence of the inde- pendence and honour of the country, flock with eagerness to their colours. Invited to voluntarily cooperate in this sacred duty, you will respond in a manner worthy of you to the appeal which is now made. Victor Amadeus 'II., who was threatened that Piedmont should be overwhelmed by the num-

ber of its enemies, replied, will stamp with my foot and legions of war- riors will spring up.' Victor Emmanuel II. may also say to those who pro- pose to violate the same territory, ' Its children have not degenerated ; I leave stamped with my foot, and on all sides have appeared soldiers to defend the honour, independence, and liberty. of the country.'

It is stated that on the -21st instant, a picket of Austrian cavalry tressed to the Piedmontese side of the Ticino for the purpose of exploring the frontiers opposite Pavia, which done, they subsequently returned to that town.

On the 23d, the annual commemoration of the Piedmontese soldiers, slain at the battle of Novara, in 1849, was celebrated in the Cathedral of Turin. The ceremony was solemnized in the most impressive manner. The Ministers of State, deputations from Parliament, the officers of the Sardinian army, and of the National Guard, the students of the Univer- sity, and the immigrants from other parts of Italy, were present.

The King of Naples returned from Bari to Portici by sea on the 9th, and went straight to Caserta. He was carried in a closely curtained' 'litter. There he remains in seclusion, "five hundred courtiers," says rumour, going daily to inscribe their names in the visiting book. The same authority says, "the officers on board the steamer that brought :the royal party from Bari were rather scandalized at what they con- sidered the unbecoming jollity of the hereditary prince and princess, who ,occupied a cabin next to the king's. They ate and drank, smoked (both ..of. them—she is an accomplished fumeuse,) and laughed from morning till night."

Surkni.-The Courrier de Itimanche publishes an analysis of a eir- scular despatch addressed by the Turkish Government to its agents abroad relative to the election of Colonel Couza. The circular states that the double election of Colonel Couza constitutes an infraction so self-evident of the spirit and letter of the convention of 19th August, and affects so seriously the suzerain rights of the Ottoman Empire, that it is useless longer to discuss facts so patent. The Government of the Sultan rests its appeal to the great Powers principally on the motives which gave rise to that election, an event it characterizes as the first step in a series of revolutionary and democratic acts preparing for the future. The au- thorities at Constantinople, says the correspondent of the Courrier, do not appear to have much faith in the results of the conferences at Paris; but the Mussulmans console themselves in the fact that, as their repre- sentative is M. Musurus, it will be at least a Christian and not a disciple of Mehemet who will place his signeture to the act of investiture of the new HGspodar, which they consider an act of abdication on the part of the Sultan.

Twelve battalions of infantry, one regiment of cavalry, and eighty guns have been despatched to Shumla. A second corps d'armee will be shortly sent to Sophia. The commanders of the corps d'armee in Rou- melia and Anatolia have been summoned to Constantinople.

Slain.—Further news from India reports an engagement between Brigadier Hereford and the fugitive Sepoys in the gorges and frontier

Nepaul. The mutineers ran away into the jungle and left their can- non behind. Tantia Tepee has doubled back to the banks of the Chum- but, he and his few followers. They are closely pursued. Feroze Shah 'has separated from him and is also pursued from place to place. Briga- slier Hills has frightened the Rohillas in Borer and dispersed them with- out the aid of Sir Hugh Rose. They have still to be dealt with in the -Deccan. The Times special correspondent gives a glowing account of a party given by Mann Singh at Lucknow to the British officers. Lord Clyde was too ill to go. Some scoundrel at the feast requested Maun Singh to take off his head-gear, and having got it the European put it on his own head ! Some of the officers got drunk and behaved very turbulently. These mixed feasts seldom answer. Lucknow is immensely improved; and well fortified. It is now "the most magnifi- cent city in India."

. Sir John Lawrence had turned the first sod of the Moult= and Um- Titter Railway at the Nowlucha terminus. There were 200 Native chiefs present, and thousands of other Natives. Sir John Lawrence said-

" The construction of railroads will form quite an era in the history of the Punjaub. Their effect will be to give a vast stimulus to its industry, and to benefit all classes of the people. It would be difficult in particular to over-estimate the value of this railroad, extending over full 240 miles from Umritsir to Meehan. In connexion with improved steam-boats on the Indtus, -and -the railway from Kotree to Kurrachee, it will bring us .English people nearer to our native land than at present by a good fortnight. The gain, in a political and military point of view, to the state, will be immense : the true basis for our military operations, the best security for this frontier being an easy and certain communication with the sea. To the people of this great province the advantages of the railroad will be

equally important. It will go far to ensure good prices and a certain mar- ket for their produce to the landholders of a country which produces more than it consumes, and which to a considerable extent bas hitherto been land-locked. The railroad will prove equally beneficial to the manufac- turer and the trader ; while it will, for a considerable time, ensure abund- ance of labour to the poorer classes of the community." When Sir John first crossed the Sutlej there was not a trace of a road in the country ; now there are thousands of miles of road; and here is this railway begun.

anitril Maim—The City of Baltimore arrived at Liverpool on Thursday, with dates from New York to the 12th. Congress had adjourned. The Senate had held a short extraordinary sitting, whereat they confirmed the following appointments by the Pre- sident—Joseph Holt, of Kentucky, as Postmaster-General ; G. W. Jones, of Iowa, as Minister to Bogota ; and John Hubbard, of Maine, as Fishery Commissioner, under the reciprocity treaty. Mr. Jones is said to have declined the Bogota mission. Tho probability of an extra session is much discussed in the journals.

The sanguinary contest reported last week, and said to have taken place in the Kentucky Legislature, took place at Hawesville Courthouse. Low, who was carried to the gaol for safety, was dragged forth and killed by the mob.