lorrigr art t utorial.
"T Vitt—According to a correspondent of the Nord, the second Ple- nipotentiaries of Great Britain, Russia, Prussia, Austria, and Sardinia, have apprized Count Walewski that they have received their Inatome, tions, and that they are ready to take part in the conferences. The Turkish Ambassador has received his instructions. He is to in- sist " that Bolgrad and the Isle of Serpents shall be given up by Russia.
Full and complete fulfilment of the treaty of Paris for the organization of the Danubian Principalities. To settle as soon as possible the Turco. Russian frontier line in Asia, when the season of the year will permit it. The great Powers are begged to take into serious consideration the state of Turkey, which desires to develop its resources, to become a strong power, and to be no longer a source of anxiety to the West. Its rivalries of influence, and the lamentable misunderstanding on the treaty of Paris, have prevented it from occupying itself with the great commercial and financial measures which its wants require." The Conference will not meet until after New Year's Day ; and, it is said, they will only be occupied with the questions of Bolgrad and the Isle of Serpents.
The Emperor's " munificence " has become proverbial. People have been profane enough to wonder where all the money expended in largesses and .pensions comes- from. There is reason in believe that his Imperial Majesty feels the inconvenience of his position as almoner- general, for he has ordered that the following extraordinary report from his Finance Minister should be printed in the Moniteur.
" Sire—I beg to submit the budget of the civil list for 1857 for your Ma-
besty's approval. Your Majesty will see that, while it provides for every ranch of the service, and allots a large part for extraordinary and unfore- seen expenses, an equal balance will be drawn, at least, provided circum- stances do not occur, as in 1856, to force the Emperor to order considerable outlays beyond what has been provided for. In fact, the experience .of the past year makes it my duty to call the attention of your Majesty to the ne- cessity of putting a limit to your munificence. The previsions of the bud- get of 1856, adopted by the Emperor, presented at the end of the year an excess of receipts which acts of hberality have nearly cancelled. Many of these expenses consist in pensions and annual indemnities, which will be renewed in 1857 ; and it would be running the risk of compromising that ba- lance which your Majesty has always advised me to maintain, to accept too readily the requests made daily for subventions and aid of every descrip- tion.
" It is as well to lay before your Majesty the sums which in 1856 were charged upon your civil list for such purposes. This outlay, which had not been provided for, exceeds 6,300,000 francs. Despite these calls, no branch of the service suffered, no payment was delayed, all the contractors were paid regularly; and yet the provisional return of 1856 offers, though small, it is true, an excess of receipts. "It is only to provide for the future, as, thanks to the wisdom of your Majesty, we have succeeded in preserving the past, that I must lay a stems actsihoifvemlnifieneeexnee ittrirtinbdouzIsii.ed upon advising toillitCrieTvil°111171;ohlsr .1853
by the Committee appointed by the Imperial decree of the 26th of May 1853; and their report was placed before your Majesty on the 3d of May 1855. At the present moment the accounts of 1854 are in the hands of that Committee, and those of 1855 will shortly be submitted to it.
"I am, Sire, with respect, your Majesty's very humble and very obedient subject, Ammax Form)."
On the 19th, the Emperor and Empress made an afternoon call upon Baroil James Rothschild, at the house, Rue Laffitte, No. 17, in which M: Salomon de Rothschild lately died: This handsome house was for- merly occupied by the Queen Hortense, and Louis Napoleon was born in it. The street at that time was called the Rue Cerutti. The name was afterwards changed to that of the Rue. d'Artois, which name gave place in 1830 to that of Rue. Laffitte. Many of the rooms in the house are still furnished in the style of the period when Napoleon III was born and some of the chimney-pieces are yet ornamented with the initials of the Queen of Holland. The Baron and Baroness Rothschild showed their Majesties over the house ; and it is said that the Emperor manifested much emotion at visiting the scenes of his earliest childhood, Prince Frederick William of Prussia left Paris on Monday, for Baden, to visit his sister, who recently married the-Grand Duke.
huritirrlaut.—The King of Prussia has broken off all diplomatic intercourse with Switzerland. The intelligence from Berlin is very warlike. It is now stated that everything is ready to put the troops in motion at a moment's notice ; that the march-routes are made out, the halting-stations fixed, the supplies at hand, and nothing is wanting but the Royal order. The entire force that will be set in motion will amount to four corps d'armee, about 135,000 men. Count Groben- is appointed Commander-in-chief; the Commandants of corps are Generals Weider, Wussow, %rill, and Schack. The Prince of Hohenzollern commands the division of reserve; the division of the Guard, in the first corps, is under the command of Prince Frederick Charles of Prussia. It is stated.that the King has demanded permission to march through the neu- trap countries dividing Prussia from Switzerland, and that he has fixed on the 15th February for the commencement of the campaign. The representative of Prussia in the German Diet, at Frankfort, has made a formal declaration to the Diet, that Prussia, having tried nego- tiation without success, now finds it necessary to resort to coercive mea- sures, and-to decree the mobilization of the Prussian army, for the de- fence of her rights.
The Swiss National Gazette states, that the Director of the War De- partment has declared that the Federal Council had offered the Frussian Cabinet the release of the Royalist prisoners before their trial, in ex-
change for the abandonment of the g of Prussia's claims upon. Neu- elate' ; but that this offer was made without success. Switzerland is full of preparations for defence. Basle and Schaff- hausen are to be-occupied each by 10,000 men. The regular force of the Federation, including the reserve, amounts to upwards of 67,000 ; the total force, including the militia, is estimated at 200,000. The Cantonal authorities are vieing with the Central Government, and with each other, to fulfil and even more than fulfil their military obligations. The Cantonal Council of Berne has unanimously decreed that the mili- tary administration of that Canton-shall have an unlimited credit, to pro- vide such means as may be required by circumstances. It may be re- collected, that at the time of the Sonderbund the Canton of Boma alone supplied nearly 30,000 men to the Federal army. The Canton of the Pays de Vaud is able to sendinto the field an equal number of combatants.
The Federal Assembly meets today. In the mean time, the prepa- rations for the trial have gone on regularly, and it is now close at hand. Several prisoners have been liberated on bail, and others without bail. The remainder will be tried.
The. Krems Zeitung affirms that a pardon, after the condemnation, of the Neuchatel prisoners, will not satisfy Prussia. The Paris correspondent of the Morning Post hopes to be able to an- nounce in a few days, "that the- Government of the Emperor of the
French, whilst acknowledging the sovereign rights of Prussia to Neu- chatel, protests against an armed intervention in Switzerland. There is the strongest feeling in the French army about the Swiss question, and nothing would be more unpopular in France than if the Government were to countenance the invasion of Switzerland. At a garrison-town near Paris the other day, all the officers after dinner drank to the free- dom and independence of Switzerland."'
The Nord, on the faith of a Berlin despatch, says that the representatives of the United States have prevailed on England to ask the European Powers to collectively request Switzerland to liberate the prisoners.
Stalg.—A kind of sullen tranquillity seems to reign at Naples. Fuller accounts of the conduct of the people after the late attempted assassination state that they did not show any further sympathy for the King than what might be implied in the courteous raising of hats. The correspondent of the Daily Hews gives* tut account of the execution of Milano- " The scaffold was erected in the midst of the Piazza Cavaleatojo, which was lined with detachments of troops from every corps in the garrison • and outside as well as upon the houses a vast crowd had assembled. Whilst he was being taken round in a car., he continually prayed, kissed the crucifix, and exclaimed, Viva la Religione !" Viva la Liberta!" Viva la Patch+. ! ' as he did even whilst mounting to the scaffold. The particulars of the exe- cution are as disgusting as can well be conceived. A ladder rested against the cross-beam, up which the criminal was compelled to mount. It took full five minutes or more to adjust the rope ; as soon as this was done the body was turned off the ladder ; and the executioner mounted on the man's shoulders, worked up and down, as if on horseback, and beat the head from aide to side with his flats, whilst he looked around upon the officials as . though seeking for approbation. This disgusting scene naturally produced a at impression on the crowd, some of whom fainted ; and the cry of
fui ! ' began to be raised but the soldiers turned round, and all was again still. A gendarme pointed out the executioner to a friend of mine when the tragedy was over, saying—' There, that is the fellow : m son nearly fainted, he could not stand As far as I can learn, not merely the crowd but the soldiers observed a proper and a serious demeanour on the occasion, and a general sympathy was felt with the sufferer. ' What cou- rage ! what piety !' the people exclaimed : ' Poverino ! poor fellow !' Such was the sentiment, and such were the words that were uttered. As soon as the execution was over, the troops defiled under the scaffold and returned to their respective barracks. In the barracks where the prisoner had been lodged, immediately on the return of the troops, everything belonging to him was burnt, and the ashes scattered to the winds." A powder-magazine at the head of the new mole blew up on the 17th, with a noise resembling the discharge of great guns. The explosion killed five sentinels and an officer, threw down a part of the fortifications with their armament of cannon, and caused a great alarm in Naples. The first thought was that a revolution had broken out. "People began to fly in all directions. Some mounted whatever carriage they could lay hold of; others rushed into the houses; short, there was an universal panic. Shops wore closed, and churches were filled ; and the horrors of a revolution, it was believed, were again to be endured. An architect calculates that 60,000 panes of glass have been broken ; not a house has escaped.
6111/11.—A letter from Madrid, published in the newspapers, draws an unpleasant picture of the state of things in the Spanish capital. In the midst of great destitution, "the saloons of Narvaez have been opened with the greatest splendour." Nevertheless, himself and his colleagues take unusual precautions-
" The Ministers do not stir out without being accompanied by police- agents. Each Minister is attended by three of them as a body guard ; and when his carriage stops at the door of a house two policemen place them- selves at the corner of the street, and the third at the entrance of the house. All wear large cloaks, and carry under their arms a loaded blunderbuss."
They fear, it is said, the consequences of their own measures. "They are fairly entering on the path of the celebrated Calomarde Min- Wry under Ferdinand VII. Their conduct is quite as arbitrary, and their rule is quite as despotic. They have recently issued orders for the early closing of the shops and cafés, precisely as he did ; and these measures, which are considered by them as precautionary, produce great irritation among the public without any advantage whatever to the Government. The state of the press in Madrid is deplorable. There is no law, no fixed rule, by which writers can regulate their conduct. That which in the morning they arc allowed to publish is -prohibited by the censorship in the evening."
5 i it.—Accounts from Constantineple via Marseilles state that the Shah's General, Murad Mirza, had marched Southward in the direction of the sources of the Heriroud, and had occupied Furrah in Cabul.
Intelligence has been received at Paris to the effect that the Russian army has not yet stirred from its position on the shores of the Caspian. It amounts to 40,000 men complete, and is still in cantonments. The Russian General had, however, sent three superior officers—one of the staff, one of thr'engineers,. and one of the infantry—into the nearest province of Persia, to examine the situation of the towns and forts, and to take plans of the routes by which a passage might be made for an army.
glair t It t5.—The Arago arrived at Southampton last night, With advicea from New York to the 13th. The Senate and the House of Representatives were still engaged in continued and warm discussions arising out of the President's message. The Southern Convention met at Savannah on the 8th December. On the 10th, Mr. Goulding moved a series of resolutions, recommending the reopening of the slave-trade ; but, after an exciting debate, they were negatived by an "overwhelming majority." The Convention agreed to re- solutions favouring the introduction of Southern text-books into Southern schools and colleges, and the appointment of a committee of distinguished Southern professors to prepare such works ; recommending Southern Legislatures to order the use of said books in Southern schools recom- mending the encouragement of Southern books, periodicals, and journals, in place of Northern publications ; and recommending the encourage- ment of the mining and manufacturing interests of the South.
The Southern papers report " great excitement" in Southern Ken- tucky, Tennessee, Missouri, Alabama, and Virginia, caused by appre- hensions of a Negro insurrection. At Columbia, Tennessee, twenty-four muskets and two kegs of powder were found in the possession of a "gang of Negroes." At Perry, a place in the same State, fifteen Negroes have been killed by their owners. At Somerville, twenty-three were ar- rested ; some were flogged and dismissed. without trial, others were tried and sentenced to severe floggings at intervals. "Vigilance Committees" had been formed, and the, " patrolling system" put in practice. The Miseouri Detnoorat refers the disturbance to the agitations of the slavery propagandists—the Atchisons and the politicians and advises the planters not to listen to such " pestiferous po," but to banish them from the State.
Entral rs.—The news from Nicaragua, brought by the Arago, is of more than usual interest. General Walker had been suc- media in a series of battles with the Central Americans. On the 10th ultimo, General Hornsby, with 200 men, defeated 1100 of the enemy under the Costa Rican General Canes. The enemy lost 200, while Hornsby had only two killed and 11 wounded. Four days' fighting_ at Massaya had ended in the entire defeat of the enemy. General Wgr had returned to Grenada, and, after giving three days' notice of his in- tention to allow time for the removal of valuables, fired the place, not leaving a vestige of it. The inhabitants of Grenada had removed with all their effects to Rivas, which will hereafter be the capital of Nicaragua. A naval battle had taken place between the Nicaraguan war-schooner Granada, Captain Fraysom, and a Costa Rican brig-of- war three times the size of the Granada. The Costa Rican vessel was blown up, and all on board perished. It is estimated that the enemy has lost 3000 men in the various battles since October.