27 MARCH 1909, Page 25

Modern Constitutions. By William Fairleigh Dodd. 2 vols. (University Press,

Chicago, U.S. 21s. net.)—Me. Dodd has collected the documents which define the Constitutions of twenty- two States (Austria and Hungary are reckoned separately, and there is a special chapter for Austria-Huugary). It is a little IlurPrising to find that Great Britain is not one of the number, but, as Mr. Dodd remarks, "English national institutions arc only to a small extent embodied in Constitutional documents.'' In Europe all the first- and second-class Powers are included, the Balkan principalities being the chief absentees ; in North America we have the United States, Canada, and Mexico ; in South Ainerica, Brazil and Chile; in Asia, Japan. Under the head of ItalY we find the "Law of Papal Guarantees." Its provisions are certainly not illiberal. The guaranteed income is 4120,000 ; freedom of communication is carefully guarded, and—a provision which aome countries in the Roman allegiance would not inolude—no Bishop has to swear fidelity to the King.