27 SEPTEMBER 1845, Page 9


A rumour is going the round of the papers, that it is her Majesty's in- tention to visit the Earl of Aberdeen, at Haddo House, next month. We learn that the report is entirely without foundation.—Aberdeen Journal.

The long-expected death of the Bishop of Bath and Wells occurred on Monday, at Banwell, near Weston-super-Mare, in Somersetshire. Ed- mund Law, the late Bishop of Carlisle, had seven sons; of whom the eldest became Bishop of Clonfert, and afterwards of Elphin ; the third became Lord Chief Justice, and was created Baron Ellenborough; and the seventh was George Henry, the Prelate just dead. He was born on the 12th Sep- tember 1761: in July 1784 he married Jane, daughter of General Adeane, of Babraham; and this lady ,after bearing him a family, died in September 1826. Having entered the Church, his family interest obtained him prefer- ment: in 1812 he was appointed Bishop of Chester, and in 1824 he was • translated to the see of Bath and Wells; but he never attained to any re- markable personal eminence. Some years ago, great infirmities prevented the performance of his episcopal functions, and his son, the Chancellor of Lichfield, was appointed Commissary; but that gentleman was very soon afterwards superseded, by the appointment of the Bishop of Salisbury to the full exercise of all the functions of the two sees.

The hopes respecting the harvest have chilled with the weather, and are now more gloomy than they were last week. The Mark. Lane Express admits that its estimate of the produce has been too favourable. Indeed, a practical farmer, writing to us from an agricultural county, insists that even last week enough was known to remove all lingering doubts as to the badness of the yield. Our correspondent quotes a passage in our last paper, in which some doubt was expressed as to the harvest's being "positively insufficient in the strongest sense of the term "; and he proceeds thus-

" If by 'strongest sense of the term' is meant the very apparent fact of the present state of the harvest of 1845, it will be as well to look that fact boldly in the face, and to cease all play with doubts and questions upon a subject on which we are now sufficiently far advanced to clear away all ambiguity. The harvest generally is very late of itself; a sufficient indication of an indifferent one. In very early and dry districts, where the farmers commenced carrying the last days of August and first few days of September, most of the corn has been stacked or housed in a cold, damp, and soft condition, so as to deteriorate the sample consi- derably. In other early districts, the corn has been secured in better condition, between the 6th and 12th September; but this would not constitute a sixth part of the produce of the kingdom. Now, on the 22d September, with the barometer falling, the wind in the South, the rain coming down heavily, and the ground saturated with wet, without fear of contradiction I assert, that half the harvest is yet out—much of the wheat, barley, and oats, not even cut. The quantity and quality of the wheat generally is very inferior to the generality of seasons; the quantity of barley is greater than usual, but the quality very inferior; the oats are abundant; the potatoes everywhere a failure. " This failure is a perfect mystery; for it is idle to talk about guano or other animal or artificial manures having had any influence on the state of the crop. In fields, in gardens, in cottage-allotments, in bogs, on bills, in rich plains, and on sterile downs, the same epidemic prevails; crops manured with all sorts of manure and crops not manured at all, are all equally and in the same way affected. The reports from abroad confirm this view of the case; and although just now there may be apparently sufficient for the day, presently the absence of this great bulk in the food of the peasant and of the poor orders of society will create a demand for corn which the present prospect gives but little hope of sup- plying except upon very dear and hard terms. On the Continent, too, the harvest i is no better than n England; and under these circumstances, therefore, there is enough of difficulty if not of doubt to give a new impulse to the Corn question neat session.'" Another correspondent points out a new set of customers for our manu- facturers, if we would admit maize from Southern Africa free of duty-

" Our Christian Kaffirs have little or no money; their property is in cattle, almost entirely, cows and oxen. They would readily contribute corn and other produce of the ground, but there is no market for it; and although they might grow abundance, yet there is no inducement for them to do so, beyond their own wants for consumption, as there is no market to which they could take their pro- duce, and turn it into money. This renders it difficult for the Native Christians to purchase European clothing; although all the converted Natives ardently de- sire to adopt entirely the European costume; which is very desirable, as the Native dress is filthy and indecent. However, the income of the Natives will greatly in crease when the trade of the colony is so extended as to afford facilities for the interchange of their produce."— Wesleyan Missionary _Report, 1845.

The state of the hops is unsatisfactory : although the crop promised to be abundant, sharp winds have prevented the plants from " rising "; the bops are very small, and the tempestuous weather has "blown away 20,0001. duty." The duty is estimated at 160,0001. or 165,0001.

The accounts from the South of Spain and other parts describe a melancholy state of the crops; which, after promising a most abundant harvest, have been either entirely destroyed or seriously injured by the tempestuous weather, which seems of late to have been general throughout Spain.

As President of the Royal Agricultural Society, Lord Portman has ad- dressed a letter to Mr. Herapath, the eminent analytical chemist, making some inquiries respecting the disease of the potato. The questions are embodied in Mr. Herarath's reply; which, with Lord Portman's letter, ap- pears in the Bristol Mercury of Saturday last.

"To Lord Portman, President of the Agricultural Society.

"Bristol, 17th September 1845.

" My Lord—In reply to your letter of the 13th instant, I must say, that I do not think it would be either safe or prudent to depend upon the infected potatoes of the present season as seed for the next year; as, in all instances, I have found the diseased parts to extend when the potatoes are kept in a damp situation: I should therefore expect that if any diseased seed was kept so dry as not to rot before setting-time, yet upon being planted and left in the damp sod, the rotting process would then begin, and the hopes of the husbandman be disappointed. I have no doubt that some potatoes, apparently sound, have (as stated by your Lordship) been found to be affected after stowing away; but I do not consider this to have been an origination of it, but merely that that which was not noticed when dug has become apparent after storing. When a potato la first affected, the diseased parts are scarcely visible; but upon keeping it in a dry place, the spots soon become dark and consequentlylmore apparent; but the spots do not extend : if, however, the tuber has been kept in a amp place, the spots not only extend rapidly over the surface, but penetrate into the interior, and in a short time it will he completely, rotten. As far as the slaked lime, which you have used in your potato-stores, has a tendency to prevent the tubers from touch- ing each other, or, by its power of absorbing water, of keeping them dry, it will answer a good end; but it must not be expected to have any chemical effect upon the diseased parts or their juices. Anything which, like dry sawdust or sand, would prevent contact, would prevent the propagation from one tuber to another; and any substance capable of absorbing the mois- ture of the air in which the potato is stored, would prevent the exten- sion of the disease in each diseased root. Our best microscopists and eryp- togamists are divided in opinion as to whether the cause of the calamity is a fungus or not. After all the examination I have given to the subject, and a care- ful review of all the evidence brought before me on the two sides, I believe that it is: and I am daily confirmed in the opinion originally expressed, that the only advan- tageous way of treating the diseased potatoes is to obtain from them, by rasping and washing, the starch which they contain, by which process all their nutriment can be retained, and if it is well dried it will keep for any length of time. The operations can be performed in the cottage or manufactory alike, as no apparatus beyond a tin rasp, (a nutmeg-grater,) a tub, and clean water, are required: and I have ascertained that however far the disease might have extended, even if the root is rotten, yet the starch can be separated, and in a state fit to be eaten, if it shall be well washed; as all the bad parts come away with the water, while the great weight of the starch carries it to the bottom of the vessel. If it is required that the fecula should have all the qualities of the best foreign arrow-root, it is only necessary to wash it last in water containing a little chlorine, when it has unrivalled colour and quality: and this I can speak of practically, having made many tons of the article. I will only add, that an opinion has been circulated that the disease is owing to the introduction of guano as a manure: this I feel no hesitation in contradicting, as I have seen it in situations where no guano has been used, and in those where every other variety of manure has been resorted to. "I am your Lordship's most obedient servant, WILLIAM HERAPATH: " It is the popular belief in some parts of Hampshire that the black fever, mer- cifully sparing human beings, has seized upon the potatoes l—Sherborne Mercury.

The crisis approaches: the morning papers contain some premonitory signs that the anticipated pressure for money, consequent on the enormous extent of railway speculation, is near at hand. The commercial writer in the Morning Chronicle makes these observations- " The estimate of the amount of money which must be paid into the Bank of England on the part of promoters of railway schemes' in terms of the standing orders of Parliament, is so enormous that we refrain from naming it, although the specific sum has been stated to us at nearly the same amount from different quarters, after the examination of returns prepared on purpose. These monies are now in the hands of various private and joint-stock banks. At least thegreater part is so lodged, and further payments are in course of being made. But the banks, with whom they are and will be thus lodged in deposit, must pay them over to the name of the Accountant-General; and to effect this opera- tion, it is apprehended in some quarters that a pressure for money. will be un- avoidable. This feeling will very, likely subside when the question is more mi- nutely examined. It is no doubt now occupying the attention of the bankers in London; who will take care to make the funds available in the hands of the Bank of England, by payment in advance, diffused over a considerable period of time, so that the notes taken out of circulation will be again given out to the discount- houses by the Bank of England, and any inconvenient void in the note-currency prevented. If the note-currency were to be contracted to the extent of the payments which may be made for Parliamentary deposits in the name of and to the credit of the Accountant-General, then indeed the pressure would be intense: but it is not to be supposed that the amount is to be retained useless by the Bank Directors, and kept locked up in their vaults until the end of the next session of Parliament. Supposing that the depositors should insist that their payments be invested in Government Securities, the investments which compliance with their instructions would occasion, would necessarily create a corresponding increase of the note-cur- rency, and so much of these deposits as may not be thus employed will be issued again in the shape of loans. It is the prevailing opinion that arrangements will thus be effected to render the demand for money gradual, and to make it of short duration. At the same time it must be admitted that the subject is discussed with a good deal of anxiety." The commercial writer in the Morning Post affects a less oracular re- serve— "A large sum of money will have to be paid into the Bank of England shortly, as required by act of Parliament on account of the different railway companies applying for bills. The aggregate is estimated at from 30,000,0001. to 40,000,0001.; and the withdrawal of so much capital; will, it is feared, distress the money- market. And so it probably may for the moment; but the Bank will, it is very certain, take measures to render the pressure as temporary and little injurious as circumstances will admit of Exchequer Bills and India Bonds, from circulation we presume, may be exchanged for notes, if required, as has been customary on like occasions."

A meeting of a unique kind, and presentinga new phasis of the speculations in railways, took place at the end of last week in the City. It appears that one particular company, the title of which it is not necessary to mention, engaged a considerable number of persons, in the outset of its career, to fill the extremely

u seful functions of "inquirers and stakhunters " - who seem to have laboured in that vocation for many weeks with untiring zeal and industry.. They were seized, however, with considerable alarm, at finding week after week pass away without anything in the shape of remuneration for their services making its appearance. Hence the approved and established method in all such cases was resorted to—of calling a meeting of the sufferers to deliberate on the appropriate mode of redress. Therassembled accordingly, about thirty in number; and a chairman was ap- pointed, who entered into a detail of grievances which may appear in nearly his own words.—" The promoters of the company, he had learnt, were something like men of straw—they had nothing to lose; that gentlemen had joined the company as directors who were men of property, but, finding the character of the society they hadjoined, had retired, but others of respectability had come Min their stead; changes in the ministry had often taken place; orders issued for discharge of as- sistants, an hour afterwards new orders issued, all hands to be kept on. Make out your accounts, all will be paid tomorrow—and when tomorrow came, pay on Sa- turday—Saturday came, pay at five—at five o'clock the directors all make their exit, and no money. All hands on again on Monday. Orders from the Board- ' Gentlemen, make yourselves easy, you money is all right: there is a division in the camp; new men are coming in they will pay all. The concern will be remo- delled; you will all get reappointed, and receive your money regularly.' What fol- lows ? One promoter horsewhips the other—all confusion—we, are left in the same condition as before—no money, and without a chance of any. Shortly, other parties step forward and give notice that they have bought the concern, and in fu- ture the company will be carried on under their management: they give instruc- tions for the dismissal of clerks and others, and select those whom they wish to retain. That we do not object to; but we must come to some understanding how we are to be paid—this we mustdeliberate upon, and come to some resolution what course to adopt. It only remains to mention the hostile character of the resolution -with which the meeting closed—that in the event of the so-called " men of straw" still withholding compensation, a report of the proceedings "would be sent to each of the morning papers.' This or any other appeal can do little good, we fear, in such a case; but it may enlighten the public a little to give this sort of insight into what is p.ssing behind the scenes in this great, and soon to be tragic, drama of railway speculations.—Times, City Ankle.

The proprietors of the Ellesmere and Chester Canal, who have formed a con- federacy with the Birmingham and Liverpool, the Shrewsbmy and Mongomery- shire, and other canal interests in the North, for the conversion of their canal pos- sessions into railways, in conjunction with the promoters of the Worcester, Shrews- bury, and Crewe, and Shrewsbury and Trent Valley union lines, so as to furnish a complete system of railways to the districts West of the Grand Junction, be- tween Chester on the North and Worcester on the South, met at Chester on Thursday, [the 15th instant] ; when the proprietors confirmed the arrangements made by the Committee for carrying out the proposed conversions of the several water-ways into railways by means of a company to be called the Shropshire Union and Canal. The railways, of Powis heads the movement;! and surveys have already been made by the Company's engineers, Mr. Cubitt and Mr. Robert Ste- phenson, for five lines,—namely, 1. From the proposed Birmingham, Wolverhamp- ton and Stour Valley, at Wolverhampton, by Autherley, Brewood, Gnosall, Norbury, Market Drayton' Audlem, and Nantwich, to the Chester and Holyhead and Ches- ter and Birkenhead lines at Chester. 2. From the Manchester and Birmingham at Crewe, by Nantwich, Wrenbury, Whitchurch, Ellesmere, Oswestry, and Welch- pool, to Newtown. 3. From the Trent Valley at Stafford, by Gnosall, Newport, and Wellington, to Shrewsbury. 4. From the main line near Wem to Shrews- bury. 5. From the Birmingham and Gloucester, in the valley of the Avon, pass- ing the Severn at Worcester, and proceeding through Bewdley and Bridgenorth over the Severn, below Coalport to Wellington. A. general conversion into rail- ways of the entire canal interest of the kingdom is inevitable. Those that re- main unmetamorphosed must speedily become bankrupt; so that a canal, in time, will be as great a curiosity as the almost obsolete stage-coach.---Morning Chron.

A project has recently been brought before the public, being a direct commu- nication by railway from Cork to Fermoy, passing through and opening up a = most beautiful and picturesque country, which will afford a quick transit, while it delights the antiquated admirers of the old coach-roads. Although but a com- paratively small line, being little more than twenty miles in extent, it will become an important connecting link of the great chain of communication between Cork and Dublin • and, by its approximation with the Waterford and Limerick line, will render the transit a matter of comparative ease between England and the impor- tant towns referred to.—Morning Post.

The usual notice required by Act of Parliament to be given to the holders of land on new lines having expired with reference to the Richmond and West-end, and there being but slight objection to the works being proceeded with one thou- sand labourers have been hired to commence operations. The Directors have announced that the line will be completed from Wandsworth to Richmond by Christmas next. In order to do this, both ends will be commenced at the same time: half of the men are to be employed between Richmond and Putney, and the remainder between the latter place and Wandsworth, where the line will join the South-western. The most difficult portion of the work is near Wandsworth, where it will have to cross an immense osier-bed, full of deep ditches, and very swampy, and where it is said the workmen will have to dig to a depth of upwards of twenty feet before they obtain a suitable foundation; and in some places a great quantity of bricks will have to be sunk, in order to make the foundation solid—Standard

The opening of the Austrian Northern Railroad, which took place on the 20th August, is, says the Augsburg Gazette, an important event in many respects. This line of railroad is the first step of the Austrian Government for establishing

a railroad communication with the North of Germany, and the last for connecting Vienna with one of the most important provinces of the monarchy. It opens be- tween the Danube and the Elbe a means of rapid and cheap transport, and abridges the distance between Vienna and Prague so as to bring them within fifteen hours' journey, and the distance between Vienna and Berlin so as to en- able the traveller to go from one city to the other in three days. It presents the means of travelling by steam from the mountains of Styria to the mouth of the Danube, and opens a communication between Trieste and Hamburg so that the distance may be performed in one hundred and six hours.—Go2ignani's Messenger. The Aylesbury fast train, which should arrive in London at a quarter past nine at night, was only three-quarters of an hour behind its time on Sat We understand that this speed is quite unprecedented on the Birmingham line; the usual period of arrival for this .fast train being an hour and a half behind the advertised time. If people's limbs are not broken, we do not think that the ma- nagers of railways are to be blamed.—Morning Post.

A portion of the tunnel of the Edinburgh and Granton Railway, now in progress beneath Dublin Street, fell in last week. A sewer which passed over the tunnel was unusually loaded with water, and the bottom of it gave way: a portion of the street sank down soon after, leaving a large hole in the road.

In reference to the note appended to the letter of "A Subscriber" in our last week's paper, our correspondent says—" It may not be generally known, that the whistle I allude to is a Brasil brass whistle like a dog-whistle, but of greater power. It may be carried in the waistcoat-pocket, or slung round the neck. They are manufactured in Birmingham, and technically denominated railway whistles.'" Tuesday's Gazette announced, that the Queen bad appointed Mr. William Coley to be Inspector-General of the Public Accounts for the Province of Canada; Mr. Edward P. Gribben to be Colonial Surveyor and Engineer for the colony of Sierra Leone; the Reverend James Leith Moody to be Colonial Chaplain for her Ma- jesty's settlements in the Falkland Islands; the Reverend Edward Thomas Scott to be Chaplain at George, in the settlement of the Cape of Good Hope; and Mr. Adolphus E. Shelley to be Auditor-General of Accounts for the island of Hong- kong. lotice is also given to the officers and crew of her Majesty's steam-vessel Kite, who are entitled to share for the capture of a vessel, name unknown, on the Bel May 1843, that their respective shares of prize-money will be paid to them or their legal representatives on the 10th October 1845, at No. 1 James Street, Adelphi, London; and recalled every succeeding Tuesday and Friday, for three months.

The men in the gun-carriage department [of Woolwich Arsenal] have exten-

sive orders on hand for the completion of large gun, garrison and ship-carriages.Some of the latter for 68-pounder and 56-pounder guns, with traversing platforms

of the strongest description, are sixteen feet long. Sixty-eight additional work- men, consisting of wheel and ship-carriage-makers, joiners, and blacksmiths, have been ordered to be entered to assist in expediting the works required for her Majesty's service.—Morning Chronicle.

Recruiting for the Royal Artillery and *Royal Sappers and Miners is rapidly proceeding, and a great number of very fine intelligent young recruits are daily received at head-quarters (garrison at Woolwich). This may solely be attributed to the bounty having been raised from 21. 12s. 6d. to 51. 15s. 64 each recruit,. when approved and attested at head-quarters.—Standard.

It is the intention of that gallant and meritorious class of officers the Masters in the Royal Navy, to petition the Lords of the Admiralty for a complete removal of the barrier between them and promotion, which they have endured so long with such exemplary patience. These officers are thorough practical seamen and skilful navigators; and to amalgamate them with the executive branch of the Navy, instead of continuing them as a separate and anomalous class, would tend very materially to benefit the service, taking it either as a whole or in detail.— United Service Gasette.

In reply to Mr. Charles Holland of Liverpool, the owner of the ship Sultana, Lord Aberdeen has promised to urge upon the Government of Buenos Ayres that gentleman's claim to compensation for loss sustained by the refusal of entry for his vessel merely because it had touched at Monte Video; a refusal which is contrary to the spirit of the treaty with that country, though perhaps justified by the law of nations.

The Times, in its City article, complains of the facility with which country bankers change Bank of England notes for large amounts. In London, a person who had improperly obtained a large bank note would find great difficulty in ob- taining change for it; but in the country, bankers are very willing to give their local notes in exchange for those of the Bank of England without asking any questions of the people who present them. The consequence is, that stolen notes are put in circulation; and when traced back to the country-bank, all clue to the utterer is lost. [A correspondent of the same paper states that country-bankers cash checks on London banks almost as readily as they change Bank of England notes ; but in this case they sometimes suffer severely for their eagerness to get rid of their own notes ; a friend, a country-banker, showed him the other day two dishonoured checks for nearly 3001., which had thus been cashed.) "A paragraph," says the same commercial writer, "has been going the round of the papers, referring to the extensive robbery of Messrs. Rogers, the bankers, at the close of last year. The paragraph referred to states, that it had been discovered that certain parties were circulating fictitious lists of the notes stolen, with the view of misleading the public and counteracting the exertions of Mr. Hobler, who has caused lists of the notes to be distributed throughout the coun- try and in all the chief cities in Europe. It was also stated that one of the stolen notes had made its appearance in Naples, and had been changed there; notice of the robbery having been served upon the hotel-keeper by whom the note was cashed only a few days after he had taken it. We are informed that both the above reports are entirely destitute of foundation, and we notice the fact in order that the public may not be misled on the subject."

The Stock Exchange people have found it necessary to order a railing to be erected at the end of Capel Court, to prevent the intrusion of the "outsiders "— persons who deal in Scrip and allotment letters, but who are not admitted among the regular brokers. These gentlemen carry on their dealings in the open air, principally in Bartholomew Lane; but if the weather happens to be inclement, they rush up Capel Court, and create such an obstruction that the brokers are unable to obtain admission. There has been a large increase in the number of unauthorized dealers during the last few weeks; and, judging from the huge packets of Scrip and letters which are hawked about, business must be extremely brisk. It is a curious fact, that persons who have been for years wanderiug about London in a state of almost utter destitution have been metamorphosed into share-brokers' and appear in "the Lane" among their brother dealers in attire which would reflect credit on the skill of a West-end schneider.—Morning Post.

A brisk trade in potatoes is now carried on from Cork to Plymouth; where this produce of the South of Ireland affords an abundant supply in the markets.

Three new companies are now started for the manufacture of glass in Dublin; all on the new railway principle—shares already at premium, 8:c. A sugar- refining company is also on the stocks, and will be introduced to the speculating world in the course of a few days.—Morning Post.

We learn that during the last six weeks the inhabitants of the Faroe Islands captured no fewer than the extraordinary number of two thousand eight hundred whales. A whole cargo of whalebone has been despatched from that island to England. It is intended for manure—John o'Groat's Journal. On Friday weelc, one hundred and fifty bottle-noses got the finishing-stroke at Sandwick; and on the same day, at West Voe off Saudburgh, one hundred were captured and slain. The day was fine, and the scene at both places was of the most animating description. The blubber was next day sold at 101. per ton.— Witness. M. Lebechu, one of the principal employes of the Administration des Tabacs, who was sent to Algeria to ascertain the extent to which tobacco could be grown there and its quality, has returned. His report is very favourable. He states that in ten years the supply could in all probability be made equal to a great per- on of the annual demand of the Mother-country.—Galignangs Messenger.

According to a letter from Potsdam, of the 17th, Prince Frederick Charles, son of Prince Charles of Prussia, has recently had a narrow escape from death. He was in a boat on the Havel, with a sailor and a workman, when a storm came on, and the boat upset. The Prince and the sailor saved themselves by swim- ming, but the workman was drowned.

The obituary of the week announces the death of Mr. Upeott, at his residence in Islington, on Tuesday morning. "Mr. Upcott," says the Globe, "was for many years Librarian to the London Institution; for which office he was eminently qualified by his extensive acquaintance with every department of literature. He took an active and leading part in placing before the public some of the most popular and valuable works that have issued from the press during the last thirty years. In the course of his useful career, he had felt a pride in collecting and arranging the autograph letters of illustrious persons who flourished during the last and present centuries. The fame of this invaluable collection of documents had rendered his name familiar to every lover of literature both at home and abroad. His advice and assistance were eagerly sought by all engaged in the pre- paration of works of historical importance; and he was ever ready to afford to all who applied to him the benefit of his great experience. In every circle Mr. lJpcott was a welcome visiter and a universal favourite. His cheerful and agree- able conversation, his profound judgment on all literary matters, his retentive memory, which furnished an inexhaustible fund of anecdote, combined with his kindly disposition and agreeable manner of relating what had passed under his immediate observation, will not easily be forgotten by those who had the pleasure of his acquaintance. His loss will be long and deeply felt; and the void occa- sioned by his decease, more especially in the world of literature, will not be readily supplied."

The late Mrs. Lawrence, of Ripon, has left personal property in the province of Canterbury alone valued at 300,000/. She has devised the greater part of her landed estates to Earl De Grey and the Earl of Ripon. To Earl De Grey is left the estate and park of Studley Royal, which she occupied, with all the superb furniture, plate, pictures, &c., excepting the library, bequeathed to Sir Launcelot Shadwell • to Mr. Harry Edmund Waller, the estate of Kirkby Fleetham, and all the furni- ture, plats, books, &c. To Mr. G. Gipps, the Durham estates; and to Sir Corn- wallis Ricketts, those in Leicestershire. The legacies are numerous, and of large amount; including 20,0001. to Sir Launcelot Shadwell, with 10,0001. to his daughter; to her chaplain, the Reverend Mr. Charnock, 15,000/., with other lega- cies to his family. Large sums are bequeathed to charitable institutions.

A correspondent writes to correct some points in our last week's report of the quarrel between the two Archwelogical Associations. The number of seceders from the original society, he says, was not so great as that report made it appear: an open meeting of the original subscribers confirmed the acts of Lord Albert Conyngham and Mr. Pettigrew: Lord Carnarvon, invited by Mr. Way to accept the Presidency, examined into the facts, and declined to oppose Lord Alberts—con- duct which our correspondent favourably contrasts with that of Lord North- ampton.

On the evening of Wednesday week, about half-past nine o'clock, the town of .Sheffield was completely spanned by the most ample and vivid lunar rainbow we ever saw. The colours approached those of the diurnal iris; and, what is more unusual in the night bow, both its extremities rested on the hills, and strongly illuminated the spots in contact with the ends of the arch. It was a delicate aerial picture, of peculiar beauty and transitiveness; for it lasted only a few roinutes.—Sheffield Mercury.

The Memorial de Rouin states that the Societe d'Assurance Mutuelle has ac- knowledged the presence of the electric fluid in the disaster at Malaunay, and authorized the payment of its insurances; but refuses payment in the insurers of the communes of Eslettes, Anceaumeville, and hichemesnil, on the ground that the injury was caused solely by the wind.

The steam-machine for draining the lake of Haarlem (which was caused by a terrible inundation many years ago) was set to work the other day, with com- plete success. In five successive hours it removed three hundred cubic efts of water.—Globe.

The Hanoverian Government has just determined to put an end to duelling; and for that purpose, has ordered all the laws against it, and which were errone- ously supposed to have been abrogated, to be strictly enforced. A Captain in the Cavalry, M. de Felsiger, has already been condemned to fifteen dais imprison- ment for sending a challenge; and the King has, moreover, forbidden him to wear henceforth the Hanoverian uniform.—Globe.

The German papers state that a great number of Polish refugees from France, England, and Belgium, have passed through Leghorn, for Smyrna; where they are to assemble, on their way to join the Circassians in the war against the Russians. Advices from Hobart Town, of the 8th May, state that rather a serious out- -break had occurred among the inmates of the Van Diemen's Land establishment for the insane; and that foss of life would have ensued but for the "wonderful" authority of Williams, the well-known Chartist, who holds a situation there, and at whose simple bidding the infuriated maniacs are stated to have quietly sur- rendered their weapons.

A man named Cirier has been condemned to death by the Court of Assizes of the Aisne, for setting fire to the house in which his wife and his mother-in-law resided, with the intention of burning them to death. He confessed his crime, and *aid he had previously made three unsuccessful attempts. The intended victims Were with difficulty rescued from the fate that threatened them.

The Madrid correspondent of the Times relates an anecdote illustrating the ar- bitrary rule exercised by Narvaez and his creatures. The victim is a Seitor Sagarti; who was arrested in the night, without notice of formality, and thrown into a subterraneous dungeon, which had been used as "a receptacle for the inex- pressible filth of a filthy garrison." "Not a ray of light ever entered that dungeon; Use floor was soft and damp, and the walls were dripping with noxious vapours. Vermin of the most disgusting kind filled it. A filthy mattress, thrown on a sort of stretcher chained to the wall, formed his only place of repose. He was re- fosedswater and the usual necessaries for washing. When ill from the effects of close confinement in a pestilential dungeon, he entreated to be allowed to have himself bled. He was taken, accompanied by a strong guard, to the disgusting stable of the hospital, and there, between mules, and stretched on rotten litter, the operation was performed. He was removed several times from one dungeon to another; but there was little difference among them—excepting, that in the last the daylight could enter. In this situation he continued fifty-one days, with- out being allowed to see a human being, except his guards and the person who brought him his food, and who were prohibited from holding any conversation with him. The crime he and his friends are accused of is not known, even to the victim. themselves. They were yesterday permitted toholdtaymmtialeatton with their friends."

The brig Jane, of Sunderland, from Nem Roads last week, brought the crew of the to,. was abandoned on the 15th instant, in latitii 50' W., having been in a leaky state for some waterlogged. It was not expected that it would float when the crew quitted it.

A bottle picked up on the evening of Tuesday week, about four miles South-east of Douglas Head, Isle of Man, by the fiehing-lugger Kite, contained a piece of paper on which was written, in pencil, "Packet-ship England, from Liverpool, December, 11, 1844, long. 98 7. lat. 45 10." Reverse—"Lost quarter. boats, ten feet water in the hold, no vessel in sight."

There is now residing SR, the town of Kenmore a poor man named Herlihy, who has attained his hundred and sixth year. He is quite strong and healthy, and walks about the town every day barefooted and bareheaded. His wife, who is along with him., is now a hundred and four years old, and is quite strong and healthy. Herlihy was born in the year 1739.—Kerr9 Examiner.

Tenarth , which itude 10° completely three hours