EXTRAORDINARY INQUEST—MR. ST. JOHN LONG.
Ma. Sr. JOHN LONG is a medical gentleman, in extensive practice, who has discovered, or imagines he has discovered, a process by which the most desperate diseases may be remedied. Among medical praca titioners, every man who pretends to possess any peculiar secrets of
healing, which he is unwilling to communicate to his brethren, is termed a quack. Taking the word in this meaning only, and not in any more objectionable sense, Mr. St. John Long may be called • a quack doctor.
His curative process is one well known in surgeryacalled the counter. irritant ; and he adds the inhaling Of certain gases. Every blister ap.
plied to the skin is an exemplification of the former part of Mr.St. John Long's practice ; for its application goes on the assumption that by irri. tating the skin, a reduction of internal irritation will be produced. ' Mr. St. John Long's secret consists in the means of producing this external irritation ; which appears to be by friction and stimulating liniments and in the inhaling of gases which he prepares. It is said that he binds his patients t3 secrecy as to his mode of practice, and that they sign a book for that ifurpose. It does not appear, however, that they consider the promise of much importance, if it be exacted.
Among the patients who lately applied to Mr. Long—(who resides by. the-by, in a very fashionable neighbourhood—Harley Street, Cavendish Square), were two sisters, named Cashin, lodging at 32, Morningtort Place, Hampstead Road. They came from Dublin, and were persons of
highs respectability. One of them was affected with consumption, and died last Saturday. It was not on this case, howmaer, that the Jury sat ; it seems to have been one of those which neither secret nor open treat..
ment could much retard, though either might accelerate. Her sister, Miss Catharine Caitlin, was apparently in perfect health two months ago; and she continued in perfect health to within ten days of her death, whirls took place on Tuesday last week. She appears to have been placed on Mr. Long's hands rather with a view to prevention than cure. The state of Miss Cashin was very carefully described at the inquest; by Doctors Brodie and Thomson; whose evidence, which we extract from the Times of Monday, Tuesday, and Thursday, we shall give
entire. The appearance of the counter-irritant wound, was detailed by Mrs. Roddis, the gentlewoman in whose house the two ladies and their family had lodged. It appeared from Mrs. Roddis'. evidence, that Mr. Long's attention had been specially directed to the state of the wound on Friday fortnight. It was then in a state of violent inflammation. Mr. Long looked at it, agreeably to Mrs. Roddis' request ; mid declared it to be precisely as he wished it to be. On Saturday (the next day), Miss Cashin was in very great agony, from the pain of the sore ; and Mr. Long's attention was again specially requested to it. He saw it about six o'clock in the evening of that day ; when he said that he would give a hundred guineas to produce such a sore in some of his patients. Mrs. Roddis begged him to inspect particularly one spot on the wound ; which he did, and stated it to be a consequence of the inhaling process, which made part of his system. Miss Cashin's stomach was in a very bad state, and required a counter-irritant more than her lungs appear to have done. This also was mentioned to Mr. Long ; who prescribed, with a view to compose it, a tumbler of mulled port, because he said he hated the very name of physic. Mrs. Roddis, who had of her own accord applied a poultice to the wound, and administered a saline draught, demurred to the quantity ; and a glassful was given to Miss Cashin, and rejected by the stomach almost as soon as swallowed. On Sunday morning, Mr. Long again saw Miss Cashin ; when the dark spot in the wound became once more the subject of representation - but he said he wished to produce a number of such boils—that Miss &shit) was going on as well as be could wish—and that he rather liked her sickness, and though Ise had a remedy for it, he would not apply it at that time. Some rhubarb and magnesia were, however, given her by his orders. On Sunday evening, he gave Miss Cashin the medicine which he had re. fused to administer in the morning, with a view to allay the sickness ; but it was immediately rejected as the mulled port had been. On Mon- day, Mr. Brodie was called; he saw Miss Cashin for the first time at six in the evening. She died next morning about seven. It appeared in the cross-examination of -Mrs. Roddis, that Mr. Long did not impose any restriction whatever on his patients in respect of food, but that Miss Cashin's stomach was in so irritable a state, that she could eat almost nothing. An attempt was made to show that the young lady had eaten plums to excess, and produced.diarrhcea by that means ; but, from Mrs. Roddis's answers to the solicitor of Mr. Long, and to ft friend of the relatives of the deceased, there appeared to be no foundation for the opinion. The young ladies, it appeared, never went out but in their own carriage ; and the quantity of plums left at the house for their use was trifling, nor had they used any for some time previous to their
deaths. Solicitor for Mr. Long—" What opinion did you form of the wound When you saw it ?'' Mrs. Roddis—" My impression was, that there was very violent and extensive inflammation which if not stopped would produce very serious consequences, and I told Mr. Long so ; and his reply still was, that it was pan of his system." Solicitor—" Did you point out the spot you have spoken of to Mr.
Witness—" I did not call his attention teeny particular part of the
Solicitor—," Why did you not 9"
Witness—" Because I thought it would be presumptuous in me to dO so to so eminent a- man as -Mr. Brodie." - Solicitor—" But why should you have mentioned it to Mr. Long, and not to Mr. Brodie Witness"-If I must answer that question, it was because I thoUght
Mr. Long a very ignorant man, but I knew Mr. Brodie to be otherwise." By the Coroner—" The inflammation extended all over the back on.
both sides of the back bone. It was at the top part, between. the Shouldeis." Sir. Brodie's evidence was as follows.—" I never saw the deceased but. Onee during her life-time. I was sent for on Monday last to 32, Morn- ington Place, • and I went -between five and six o'clock. I first saw in the drawing-room a young lady who appeared to be labouring under an affection of the chest. I went up to a bed-room, and there I saw a young lady who was said to have a wound in her back, wbich it was wished I should see. I looked at her back and discovered a slough, which might be as large as the palm of my hand ; all round which the skin was discoloured to a considerable extent, as if it had been inflamed, and was now threatening to become a slough also. Her stomach was very much disturbed, and I was told that she brought up directly what- ever she swallowed. I prescribed what in my judgment were suitable remedies, and said I would call on the following day, believing at that time that, although she was very ill, she was not in immediate danger. I was told that the inflammation in the back which produced the slough- ing (which term, perhaps, I should explain to the jury, is synonymous with mortification, or nearly so) had been produced by an application made by a Mr. Long, who had been consulted, but of this I have no actual knowledge. On the following day (Tuesday) I called again at the house, and found that the young lady had died that morning. I requested that I might see the body, and on examining the back, I found that the sloughing had very considerably extended, and I concluded had been the cause of her death. That is all I know and all I can say. 1 have no knowledge of how the wound was produced." Solicitor—" Might not such a wound have been produced by a blister ?" Witness—" On a person of very susceptible constitution it might. I was told that she was not ill at all before the wound was made, but that it was made to prevent her from going into a consumption like her sister. On that subject I was informed her mother was very anxious."
By the Solicitor—" Any considerable stimulant applied to the skin of a person of extremely susceptible constitution may possibly pro- duce mortification. A common blister might produce it, but it is not likely. I did not see what application had been made to the wound, but was informed that it had been poulticed. I was informed that her sto- mach would not bear medicine, but what I gave her stayed. The wound in her back was quite sufficient to account for the state of her stomach. The slough, as I saw it on the following day, was quite suffi- cient to destroy any one."
Solicitor—" Did you observe any particular spot ?"
Witness—" There was a renurface the size of a good large plate, but the sloughing was not so extensive. The centre of the wound was quite black, the rest red."
Solicitor—" If you had seen her on Friday, do you think it likely you could have done her. any good?" Witness—" I think it very likely, though to be sure I am unac- quainted with her canstMition, and therefore cannot speak with cer- tainty." • • • A Juror--" Do you think the application made by Mr. Long to her back was the cause of her death ?"
Witness__" I think so, from what I have heard.".
Juror—" Would inhaling produce such a wound on the back ?" Witness—" Not alone."
Juror—" Is there not some secret in Mr. Long's practice ? i mean, " does he not profess great secrecy, and bind down his patients not to di- vulge his mode of treatment."
Witness—" I have heard so."
Solicitor—" Might not eating a large quantity of plums cause inflam- mation in the bowels and stomach, and might not that inflammation ex- tend to the back, and show itself eventually in the form in which you saw it ? I it not possible P" Witness—" I don't know what is possible, but I never saw any thing of the kind. It could not produce such a slough as that upon her back.' A Juror—" You did not, I think, consider her in danger when you first saw her ?"
Witness—" I thought her very ill, but not in immediate danger. Juror—" Could the appearances you have described have been pro- duced by inflammation of the bowels ? '
Witness--." Certainly not. The sloughing could not have been pro- duced by that ?"
By the Solicitor—" The sickness and disturbed state of the stomach would not have occasioned the slough, but the slough was quite sufficient to account for the sickness. The effect of any external application would depend, of course, in a great measure, upon the constitution of the pa- tient. I was told the deceased was in good health ten days ago. A .Juror—" Do you think an application of the kind that has been mentioned likely in order to prevent consumption ?" Witness—" Certainly not. I cannot imagine how such a thing could be ?" • The Coroner—.." Would you consider it warrantable practice to produce such a back in order to prevent consumption ?" Witness—" I should not."
A Juror—" Would you think a tumbler of port wine the best com- posing medicine for her ?" Witness—" It might have been very good for her if the stomach would have borne it ; but it certainly was not calculated to quiet her Stomach as it then was." Juror—" Did you not say she_had been murdered ?''
Witness—" I did not mean murdered in the literal sense ; but I be- lieve I did say something of that kind; and my opinion was, that she had died, in consequence of the treatment she received."
Solicitor—" You have said that the effect produced by any external application would greatly depend upon the constitution of the patient. Then Mr. Long's system, although not beneficial in this instance, might be so in others ?" Mr. Brodie—" I cannot say any thing about that.".
A Juror—" If you had visited Miss Cashin before, and had seen the Sloughing increase, would you not have thought there was danger ?" • Witness-14 Certainly.'
Juror—" Would you have thought she was going on well ?" Witness—""No. I have not. see's the body since the day she died, but I have no doubt that the sloughing was the cause of her death,"
.111t. Brodie's conclusions were drawn front an eirtor"-54 inspection • only ;. and the Jury considered it of very great importance that tjtet . body should be opened in order that the cause of death might be nicir0 minutely investigated. Dr. A. Thomson, of Euston Square, in corm. quence inspected the abdomen and thorax ; he was assisted by a gr. Wildgoose, a surgeon who attended the post mortem inspection aa.a
friend of Mr. Long. • Previous to Dr. Thomson's being examined, Sir Francis Burdett was called to speak to Mr. Long's practice, on the request of Mr. Adolphus, who attended for Mr. Long. Sir Francis Burdett stated, that he went to Mr. Long in consequence of hearing that he had cured two persons of the tic douloureuz, with a view to see whether any relief could be afforded to the Marquis of Anglesey ; and, from what he saw, he was so convinced there was no danger in his mode of treatment, that having the gout in his hand, he desired Mr. Long to try what effect it might have upon him, more, however, for the purpose of having an opportu- nity of reporting to Lord Anglesey that there was no danger in the operation, than the hope that it would do any good for the gout. lie did report to Lord Anglesey the result of his observations ; and hewould have had recourse to Mr. Long, if he had not got better just at that time. So satisfied was Sir Francis from what he saw, and from what be heard from persons attending Mr. Long for advice, of the beneficial effects of his practice, that one or two other individuals put themselvcs under his care at his recommendation.
To questions from Mr. Wakley of the Lancet, who attended on behalf of the relations, Sir Francis stated, that he knew nothing of the ingne- dients in Mr. Longs stimulating applications ; but be had been told by others that they had received benefit from him. Lord Sligo, in parti- cular, had told Sir Francis that he had been cured of the gout by Air. Long; but Sir Francis himself had received no benefit from him. The was something said about secrecy, and he signed a buok,—without, how- ever, looking at it. He saw the process of inhaling, but knew nothing of the gases used ; and indeed, touching medicine, Sir Francis seems as ignorant a gentleman as there is perhaps in the House of Commons-4e acknowledged that he could not by their appearance tell a glass of water from a glass of prussic acid.
Dr. Thomson and Mr. Wildgoose then gave in an elaborate report which has not been published. Dr. Thomson stated, that he had n.ot examined the brain, nor the spine, in consequence of the objections of the young lady's mother ; in the interim the body had been interred ; so that, it being deemed absolutely necessary to have this examination gone into, the Coroner issued a warrant for its disinterment, and authorized Doctors Thomson and Wildgoose to make the necessary dissections. Dr. Thom- son, it will be seen, denied that there was any slough,—a term applied to the mortified part of a had wound, or rather the separation of the mortified from the sound portion.
The Coroner -asked the witness, at the conclusion of reading the re- port, whether the result of his examination was, that he could tell the precise cause of the death Of the young lady ?
Dr. Thomson said he could not, because he had not had an opportu- nity of examining the head and spine. Possibly there might have been an affection in the spine, or some disease sufficient to have caused death.
A Juror—" Were there any appearances internally to indicate a die7,
ease of the spine ?" - Dr. Thomson—" Certainly not."
Juror—" Did you consider her to have been a consumptive person p' Dr. Thomson—" Decidedly not."
Juror—" Was there not what is called a slough or sloughing in the back?" Dr. -Thomson—" I am sorry you have put your question in that Wary, because it places me in a very delicate situation. There was no.slough- ing. By sloughing we mean the coming away of a dead part." Juror—" Was there nothing of that kind in the back ?" •
Dr. Thomson—" I should say, certainly not. The appeararces in the abdomen and thorax were the same precisely as I discovered in examin. ing the body of a young lady who died some time ago at Chelsea, from taking colchicum. I have seen death occasioned with less inflammation and general disorganization of the stomach than appeared in this in- stance always excepting the appearances in the back, for on no occasion have I seen a back in such a state. The inflammation, therefore, I say, in the stomach was sufficient to have caused death, and if I had found no other appearances than those in the back, I should say that the state of that part was also sufficient of itself to have produced death."
A Juror—" If you had seen the deceased ten days ago perfectly well, would you have caused, by any application, such a state of the back ?" Dr. Thomson—" No, unless I wished to kill my patient."
Mr. Wakley—" If you had proceeded to the examination of the brain and spine, and found no disease there, what would you then have thought the cause of death ?"
Dr. Thomson—" The disease in the back."
The Coroner said, the only way would be to have the spine and bra examined now, if the Jury thought tit. • Dr. Thomson produced a strip of the skin, which he had taken from the back of the deceased, and which was handed round to the jury, aid inspected by numerous medical men present; Dr. Thomson observing, that any medical gentlemen would perceive that there was no slough in it, nor was there any disorganization. At his request the prescription oi Mr. Brodie, prepared by Mr. Foulkes, was produced and read. Mr. Foulkes stated, that the preparation was intended to allay, and not to irritate. He made up no other prescription. At the suggestion of several of the Jury, the evidence of Mrs. Boddis given on Saturday, was read over ; and at its conclusion—Dr. Thomson rose, and with much earnestness said—" After hearing the evidence which has just been read, I do hope, Sir, and I feel myself called on, for the honour of the profession, and by my feelings as a man, to demand that you will allow me to pursue my examination of the body." It was then airanged that the body should be again examined by-Dr. Thomson, assisted by two other medical gentlemen, and that the inquest should be adjourned till Wednesday.
On the inquiry being resumed on Wednesday morning, Dr, Thomsen stated that he had examined the body of Miss Catherine Cashift• there- vious day. He considered death to have arisen chiefly from the injureicon- dition of the back and the inflammation of the stomach, pleura, andeslu.v- internal parts,. all of which he believed to have been occasioned.* *a
Irritative application that had been applied to the lady's back. No such wound should have been made on the back of Miss Cashin. Had be
seen her a day or two before her death in the same state, he should cer- tainly have considered her in danger. The symptoms, as he had heard them described to have been a short time before death, were such as would make him suppose that administering a tumbler of mulled wine to the patient would have occasioned her death in less than twenty-four hours after swallowing it.
Mr. Thomas King, another surgeon attended the examination of the body. All the surrounding parts underthe skin were gorged with serum ; there was no process of separation evident ; the spinal marrow had the appearance which is generally seen after death by violent local injury, when the body is examined eight or ten days after death, and when it Jas been kept tolerably cool. Every part contained within the cranium appeared to be perfectly healthy. In answer to questions by Jurymen, Mr. K. said, the bodyhad the appearance of being that of a person in a healthy state, who had died after a very short illness. The state of the back appeared as if produced by a scorching heat ; if a piece of red hot iron Dearly the size of the crown of a hat, had been applied for about a quarter of an hour, it would have produced a similar appearance. The skin was completely destroyed ; so destroyed that it must have been thrown off ; no earthly power could have restored it. The parts under- neath were not destroyed. It must have been a very powerful escharotic that was applied. Judging from the examination, he should say that very few persons could recover after such a local injury. It might kill
the strongest man ; although the weakest might recover, if proper pre- cautions were taken immediately after the infliction of such an injury. As a surgeon, he could not form the slightest possible conjecture why, or for what purpose, such an injury was produced. He had seen the deri-
vative plan practised in the most extensive manner by Larry and Dupuy- tren, but he had never seen a fourth of the injury produced as was on this lady's back. From what he saw, the injury on the back was the sole cause of the death. The appearance of the wound twenty-four hours be- fore death could not have authorized Mr. Long to say he would give one
hundred guineas to be able to produce a similar wound on the back of another patient. If he said so, he must have been mad ; or it was a proof that he could have known nothing of such a sore.
Mr. W. Wildegoose said, that having nothing else to go by but the appearances after death, he was bound to suppose that the injury which
had been inflicted had been the cause of the death, but he could not swear that it was. The internal surface of the stomach and duodenum were inflamed, and inflammation of the stomach could not exist for any length of time without killing the patient, independent of any other injury or disease. To Jurymen] The appearance of the back was somewhat like as if lunar caustic had been applied to the part. The tikin was mortified, but the muscles were uninjured. He had seen deeper ulcerations produced by caustic, but had never seen an injury intention- ally produced to such an extent on the back of any individual. Had he been called in, and supposing the inflammation of the stomach to have been sympathetic, he might have done something for the relief of the patient. Had no means of knowing what had caused the wound. He eiemid not like to see such a wound on the back of any patient of his. Knew nothing of Mr. Long's mode of treatment. He had known Mr. Long for some years. Ile had heard from very respectable people that he was a successful practitioner. He believed part of his plan of treat- ment to be that of counter-irritation; that was, to produce an external illness for the .purpose of drawing off an internal disease. Mr. Long was not studying for the profession, nor was he an authorized surgeon when Mr. Wildegoose first knew him. Did not know that he had re- - ceived a medical education. A short time ago he was a painter. He was not now of the medical profession, but was what was called a pro- fessed curer of consumption.
Dr. Hogg, Dr. Goodeve, Dr. Johnson, and two other medical men were also examined. Their evidence corresponded generally with that of Mr. Wildegoose.
Dr. Goodeve said, the wound possessed much of the character of a • burn. There was no disease existing to justify such a wound being made. He had seen much more extensive and worse wounds from burns on the back and other parts made accidentally, but never saw nor heard Of any such wound being purposely made on a healthy subject. Mr. Adolphus—"Have you not known differentmedical men prescribe directly opposite to each other in the same cases ; the one, for instance, ordering warm and stimulating medicine, the other cooling and ape- rient ? '
Dr. Goodeve--" Yes ; but to sick persons only, never to healthy sub- jects. For healthy subjects I know of but one mode of treatment, which is to leave them alone."
Dr. Hogg, we may just observe, described the person of Miss Cashin - -- as unusually symmetrical, and having every appearance of perfect health], with the exception of the sore. The brain was singularly firm and healthy.
Mr. Sweetman, a relative of Miss Cashin, was then examined. His evidence went to corroborate what had been stated by Mrs. Roddis. Mr. Sweetman stated that Miss Cashin left Dublin about two months before - her death in good health, he next saw her two days before she died. When he arrived from Ireland on Saturday evening, Mr. Long was with the deceased. Mr. Long said that the deceased was just in the State which he wished, and was going on remarkably well. It was stated in Mr. Long's presence, by Mrs. Roddis, that her stomach had refused all food. He said that would soon be remedied. He left the house after seeing her back, and haying a conversation with her mother. When Mr. Sweetman-saw him the next morning (Sunday) he said he was going to write to Miss Cashin's friends and he wished to know -what he might say as to her back and stomach. Mr. Long said that ' they need be under no apprehension, for that her back was in the state that he wished it to be. The deceased was averse to having other ad- 'vice, as Mr. Long had repeatedly assured her that she would be well in ,a few days. Mr. Sweetman called on Mr. Brodie the next morning and lefts note, in consequence of which he called in the course of the day. The -deceased was twenty-four years of age. Mr. Sweetman added that he had -beard of one of the family dying of consumption. That was about a year -ego: it was a brother. The deceased's sister, Ellen, who died since the
-.commencement of the inquiry was sixteen years of age. Her complaint ;Wai consumption. She came to Mr. Long as &consumptive patient. She
had also a wound in her back ; but Mr. Sweetman never saw it From the beginning Mr. Long said he could not undertake her cure. A Juror— Do you know who or what induced Miss C. Cashin to go to Mr. Long ?" Mr. Sweetman—" Mr. Long told me that a young lady, one of his patients, had asked him what he thought of the health of Miss Catherine Cashin, who was in the habit of going to his house with her sister Ellen, and Mr. Long told the young lady that Miss Cashin would be seized with consumption in less than two months, unless she allowed herself to be rubbed by him with his mixture. She informed the mother of what Mr. Long had said, and she consented to her undergoing this treatment lest she might have to accuse herself of any neglect in the care of her chil- dren. Mr. Long told me he required every one to sign a book. He re. quired those who signed it not to divulge any thine regarding the mix- ture and the inhaling which he prescribed. The inhaling was going on in the house while I was there. I signed the book as a mere matter of form, at his request. He charged a guinea each visit for each young lady. I did not inhale?'
Mr. Wakley—" Did he explain his system ?"
Mr. Sweetman—" I saw a part of it." Mr. Wakley—" What was your opinion of it ?"
Mr. Sweetman—" I did not think such a scene of infatuation could have existed in any country."
Mr. Wakley...-' What was the system ?"
Mr. Adolphus—" He must not explain it."
Mr. Wakley—" I suppose Mr. Long has communicated the secret to Mr. Adolphus, and he wishes to keep it to himself."
Mr. Adolphus—" If he has disclosed any secret to me, as I am not the editor of a periodical publication, I shall keep it to myself. If it would fill a page of my book, I might publish it." Mr. Wakley—" Very little profit, I imagine, would be derived from. publishing Mr. Long's secret."
Mr. Adolphus—" No, but it would fill a page."
The inquiry was resumed on Friday ; when it was further adjourned to Monday.
We ought to notice, that the difference between Doctors Brodie and Thomson was at this sitting explained to be verbal merely. Dr. Brodie applied the term slough in the sense in which we have interpreted it— to the throwing off of the gangrenous skin: it was understood by Dr. Thomson as expressing the gangrene itself. The witnesses examined on Friday were Mr. Lung's; and the object of the examination seems to have been, to show that the sore in Miss Cashin's back, of which she died, had been the consequence of the pecu- liar temperament of that young lady, not of Mr. Long's applications. We may remark, that the witnesses evidently used the word skin for cuticle or scarf-skin. It may be removed, and no scar remain ; but if the slightest portion of the cutis or true skin be removed, there must be a scar.
We shall give the evidence of Miss Christie, omitting her opinions, which can not weigh much, considering her sex and opportunities of forming them. "I was a patient of Mr. Long's. He considered mg complaint to be consumption. I had been under the care of very eminent medical men before I saw Mr. Long. He treated me as he did his other patients—he made wounds or sores on my loins, chest, and sides. I re- covered perfectly under his care to the satisfaction of myself and friends. The method he pursued caused the skin to come off wherever the tion was applied. The applications have not left any sores, and but very slight marks.—I applied to Mr. Long in consequence of the medical gentlemen who attended me giving their decided opinion that I could not recover. They had already said that the only thing that could be doneibr Inc was to give me change of air. I had change of air.—this was to com- fort me, but I knew their opinion was that I should not recover. After I recovered, some of the medical gentlemen who had attended me before I was under the care of Mr. Long did not know me. One gentleman in particular was perfectly astonished at the change in my appearance, and said I had got quite fat, and of a healthy complexion. The wounds in the different parts of my person did not affect my bodily health. I did not keep my bed. When I applied to Mr. Long, I had made up my mind that my disease was incurable. Mr. Long's method was to apply friction to the parts, but I do not know what the composition was that he used.- He applied it with a sponge. Nothing is ever practised, I believe by Mr. Long, but inhaling and friction. Cabbage leaves are put to the parts. The application produces an immediate sore, and takes the skin off the surface. I did enter into an agreement to keep the usage I received se- cret. I merely wrote on a piece of paper. I did not take any oath. I had seen Miss Cashin once or twice. I have known Mr. Long about two years. I am not aware whether the treatment received by Bliss Cashin was the same as applied to me. The sore parts discharged freely. I should have no objection to receive the same treatment again at Mr. Long's hands, if I were labouring under the same complaint; nor should I object to recommending any of my friends. I have recommended se- veral patients to Mr. Long, all of whom I have reason to believe re- ceived benefit from his treatment. I lost my father, mother, brother, and sister, by consumption, and the symptoms I had were just the same as I observed in them." The other witnesses examined were a Mr. Blewitt, a solicitor, who suffered under general debility from a neglected wound ; Mrs. General Sharpe, who, by her own account and that of the General, was suffer- ing under decided consumption (Sir Anthony Carlisle had been consulted in this case before Mrs. Sharpe applied to Mr. Long) ; Mr. Abington, who was afflicted with chronic inflammation of the trachea, and gout ; Mr. R. Porter, whose complaint was sore eyes, and an ulcer under the ear ; the Marchioness of Ormond, one of whose children was tormented with headache. In all these cases, inhaling was used ; and the irritat- ing liniment was rubbed on the skin,—sores were produced, and the patients cured or relieved. Lady Ormond described the liniment as so mild, that she had washed her hands with it without producing the slightest excoriation ; another witness stated, that though the liniment produced pustules and excoriations, the continued application of it healed them again ; and Miss Christie said, that it produced no effect on the healthy, but only on the sick. It was stated, that the same bottle was used for all the patients. They were rubbed on various parts of the body, the face, throat, breast, back, as occasion required. Yire suspect that the secret of Mr. Long's irritating proem will be found is
the sponge With which the liniment was applied. Among the witnesses, :a list of whom was handed in by Mr. Long's solicitor, we observe Mr. Gentiles:As name. " The,witnesses are all in a respectable rank of life- fer their knowledge or wisdom we cannot so confidently vouch.