The Great Western mail-steamer arrived at Liverpool yesterday morning; having
left New York on the 12th instant. President Polk was ill, but not in danger. Philadelphia was prepared to pay the dividend on her stock due in August.
President Jones, of Texas, had summoned a National Convention, to deliberate on a new constitution for the state, as a preliminary to joining the United States, and also on the subject of annexation.
From Mexico there is no contradiction of the reports respecting amicable negotiations with Texas; though rumours of war with the United States still abound.
The Canadian papers announce sums amounting to 10,0001. subscribed for the sufferers by the late fire at Quebec; and other aid was eagerly offered.
Lieutenant-General Sir Richard Downes Jackson, Commander of the Forces in Canada, died of apoplexy on the 7th instant Sir Richard was on the point of leaving Montreal for England; his successor, Earl Cathcart, being on his way out.
Since the foregoing sentences were written, intelligence has been received by the Cambrian mail-steamer, which arrived at Liverpool yesterday evening, from Halifax to the 18th instant, and from Boston to the 16th. The United States papers are full of flourishing accounts about meetings in favour of annexing Texas and seizing Oregon, and about hosts of emigrants on their way to cross the Rocky Mountains.
The Quebec journals, which come down to the 11th of June report great and highly creditable exertions throughout the chief towns of Canada to aid the suffer- ers by the fire. In Quebec and Montreal alone, the sum of 21,0001. had been con- tributed; but so vast was the ruin that much had already been spent in relieving immediate wants. A Corresponding Committee at Quebec had issued an im- pressive appeal to the inhabitants of Great Britain and Ireland and of the Colonies in British North America, claiming help. -
A letter from St John's, Newfoundland, dated on the 6th June, states that the Apollo troop-ship, which sailed from Sheerness in April, with two companies of the Royal Artillery corps and other troops for Canada, was lost at St. Shots, near St. John's ; and that eighty of those on board perished. [Much doubt is thrown on this statement by the intelligence just arrived. The advices from Halifax contain no mention of the disaster, but report the vessel as having proceeded on its voyage on the 1st instant.]