The nomination of candidates for the city of Durham took place on Monday ; when Mr. John Bright, a leading member of the Anti-Corn-
law League, and Mr. Purvis, a Chancery barrister, who resides near Dur- ham, and a Conservative, were proposed. Mr. Bright's speech consisted in great part of an attack upon the policy and conduct of Ministers, and especially on their conduct towards the agriculturists respecting-the Corn-laws and on their Irish proceedings and the Arms Bill. He de- clared that, if elected, he would not be a mere follower of any Ministry : he solicited the suffrages of the electors on the principles of Free Trade alone ; and if he were returned, he would become the representative of the men out of work whom he had seen in his canvass of the city, and of the wives of those men suffering in penury and distress—women with pale faces, and emaciated withered babies. Mr. Purvis was much in- terrupted in his speech. He defended the Corn-laws ; asking if Mr. Bright was not interested as a tradesman and a manufacturer ; and he denied that any of the Durham women had pale faces and wasted babies, for he had always found the women good-looking and the children strong and healthy— lie was a Conservative, whose endeavours would be to ameliorate every thing that was harsh in the condition of the people, and to benefit them all as Eng- lishmen. He would stand by the institutions of the country both in Church arid State ; while at the same time he was to the fullest extent possible a reli- gious man, tolerant even to a little more brim in his honourable opponent's hat. There was one tax which particularly affected that part of the country, to which he was opposed—the Coal-tax. He was opposed to it, because it was an unnecessary and a partial tax, not affecting the whole community, but only that immediate locality. The show of hands was declared to be in favour a Mr. Bright, and a poll was demanded for Mr. Purvis. At its close on Tuesday, the num- bers were—for Bright, 488; Purvis, 410; majority for Bright, 78. The correspondent of the Times accounts for the result by Lord Londonderry's " want of all sympathy" with the Conservative candidate- " Formerly, I believe, on occasions like this, the family of Wynyard have manifested a deep interest, and many of them have taken a prominent, part, in the return of Conservative representatives for this city : but on this occasion they have stood coldly aloof from this momentous struggle, and have witnessed the representation of Durham wrenched from the Conservative portion of the constituency, without putting forward the slightest effort to avert this catas- trophe' or to spare them the greater humiliation and injury of being represented in the Legislature by the Anti-Corn-law League, with whose views and prin- ciples they hold no sympathy whatever. Of this circumstance I hear many, many respectable men among the electors here, speak in terms of the severest animadversion ; and, whatever other results it may lead to, I learn that it is in a high degree probable that it will produce a prejudicial influence and reaction upon any future election for the Northern Division of this county in which any member of this noble house shall ever again happen to be interested as a prin- cipal, and so far as he may be concerned. • • • "Only 898 voters have polled at this election, though the number on the register amounts to 1,106. Mr. Bright has polled 83 votes more than on the occasion of his contesting the representation %ith Lord Dungannon. Mr. Purvis, on the other hand, has polled nearly 100 less than his Lordship. The total number polled at the last election exceeds the total number polled at this by 14. Mr. Cobden visited Hereford on Wednesday. As usual, the meeting was appointed for the Town-hall, but held in the open air. There were present, Sir Samuel Rush Meyrick, K.H., who was called to the chair; Mr. Joseph Bailey, M.P. for the county of Hereford ; Mr. N. Morgan, Mr. M. Newton, the Reverend Mr. Armytage, the Reverend Mr. Bird, the Reverend Mr. Munsey, and the Reverend Mr. Heselrig ; a large number of the most influential yeomanry and tenant-farmers of the county ; and about 3,000 persons in all. Mr. Cobden was opposed by Mr. Bailey, who supported the Corn-laws. A resolution was moved in favour of free trade, and an amendment against it and in favour of the allotment system. The original resolution was carried, by a large majority.
Mr. Cobden held a meeting at Croydon, for Surrey, on Saturday. He was accompanied by Mr. Coates, Colonel Thompson, the Reverend W. J. Fox, Mr. P. A. Taylor, and other members of the Anti-Corn- law League. Mr. Alcock was called to the chair ; and immediately afterwards the meeting was adjourned from the Town-hall to an open space at the back of the Three Tans Inn, although, says the reporter of the Times, there was still some room in the building. In opening the proceedings, the Chairman stated that two years ago he had avowed himself favourable to a gradually diminishing duty ; but he had since made an onward movement, and had become an advocate for total and immediate repeal. Daring Mr. Cobden's speech the rain came down in torrents, and (although the waggon in which he himself stood was covered) he wished to adjourn the meeting, in consideration for the audience ; but they desired him to proceed. He used the accident of bad weather to point attention to the danger of a bad harvest, should such weather continue, and of becoming "dependent on the foreigner" for a supply of corn. After Mr. Cobden, a Mr. Fife opposed him ; denying that heavily taxed British labour could compete with that of foreigners. His object was to get for every man a fair day's wage for a fair day's work ; and in order to do so protection must be afforded to native industry. This drew forth cries of "We don't want it !" and when he dilated on the condition of the United States, whose com- mercial policy he commended, he was interrupted by groans, cries of "Stick to your subject !" "Answer Cobden" and the like. Mr. Grace, a farmer of Reigate, proposed a resolution in favour of total and imme- diate repeal of the Corn-laws ; which was seconded by Mr. J. Russell, and supported by Colonel Thompson. Three Chartists attempted to address the meeting ; but the people would not hear them. An amendment in favour of the Charter, however, was put ; and six hands were held up for it, amid loud laughter. The resolution was then put and carried, with great cheering. Thanks and cheers for the Chairman closed all.
Afterwards there was a dinner at the Greyhound, at which about sixty gentlemen sat down to table.
The disorders in South Wales again assume a more serious aspect, as the followers of Rebecca become more active. The disturbances have, however, quite changed their site : having originated in the rural districts on the borders of Pembrokeshire and Carmarthen- shire, they now have entirely removed from that quarter; and the state of affairs is clearly more and more desperate in4he Southern part of Carmarthenshire, in the mining and manufacturing districts. There is also much cool boldness in the way of dodging the military. On Friday, information was received at Carmarthen that several gates were to be attacked during the night, and that the village of Porthrhyd was to be set on fire. Colonel Trevor, the Lord-Lieutenant, with Colonel Love, and a troop of the Fourth Dragoons, commanded by Major Parlby, scoured the country in a ride of twenty-seven or thirty miles, passing through Llandarrog and Porthrhyd. They were accom- panied by the active reporter of the Times. At Porthryd they met an- other party of dragoons, who had scoured the roads from Llaudilo ; and a further ride by Llanengithou traversed the mountains to Cole- brook and Pontyberen, and so back to Carmarthen- " The troops had not, however, traversed more than three miles on the road from Carmarthen, before it became evident that they were watched from the bill-tops, and shortly after two signal-guns were heard. A place called the Old Railway is the centre of some coal-works ; and as we passed it, it was un- derstood that a large meeting was to be held, and was probably then holding, in the coal-levels ; but all through the route every thing wore the most peace- ful aspect, and very few people were to be seen upon any of the roads. Of course it was imagined that the alarm was a false one. This, however, was a mistake ; for within an hour after the troops of dragoons bad passed through the Bethania gate, which is almost immediately above the hill called the Pum- ble, on the road leading to Llanon, a sky-rocket was sent up from one of the hills in the neighbourhood, and in a few minutes several large bonfires were lit on the various hills around, as answers to the signal given by the firing of the rocket. The consequence of these signals soon manifested themselves to the in- habitantsof the surrounding country, by the almost instantaneous appearance of about 1,000 men, colliers and others, who appeared to be in a well-organized con- dition. They commenced their operations by attacking and completely demolish- ing the Bethania gate, compelling the toll-collector to seek safety by flight; they then walked in procession by Cwmmawr, through the village of Drefach, and in fact through the entire neighbourhood; being accompanied in their procession by a species of 'rough music,' consisting of a number of horns and drums, and continually firing shots as tokens of triumph. They then proceed. d to de- molish two toll-bars on the road from Carmarthen to Llanelly ; wice'. exploit they accomplished in a very abort time. The scene throughout t c whole affair was remarkably striking ; the bonfires burning on the hills, the tiling of the rockets, the explosions from the guns the mob carried, the beating t.t drums and the blowing of horns—the surrounding country, in the mean time, being beautifully illuminated by the light of the young moon—were striking and lovely in the extreme. The Rebeccaites continued their procession and &pre- dations, to the terror of the inhabitants, until near midnight ; they then disap- peared with the same astonishing alacrity that they first of all displayed in appearing. Numbers of them, being colliers, precipitated themselves recklessly down the different shafts of the collieries, which are so plentiful in the neigh- bourhood ; others took refuge in the cottages on the road-aide; and, in fact, all of them were out of sight in livery short time after the order for separation and dispersion was given by their leader. On this occasion the men were not disguised in women's clothes as has been usually the case in the previous at- tacks by • Rebecca and her Andrew,' but were merely blackened in their faces, and some of them had their coats turned inside out."
On Sunday there was an actual conflict between the police and some of the rioters. One of Rebecca's children had been seized ; and on in- formation extracted from him Captain Napier, the Inspector of the Swansea Police, and ten of the County Police, set out early on Sun- day morning to apprehend some persons who were concerned an the de-
struction of the Belgoed gate. The rioters were mostly the sons of respectable farmers and freeholders. Captain Napier entered the house of one, named Morgan ; and was instantly saluted with a quantity of scalding water, flung from a saucepan by Morgan's sister ; and the family all jioned in resisting him. Captain 'Napier seized the young man himself; and in the struggle they both fell to the ground : Morgan was about to strike his antagonist with a hatchet, when he was disabled with a cutlass by Sergeant Jenkins of the County Police, who had come in on hearing the noise. While he was on the ground, Captain Napier drew his pistol ; it was wrested from him by one of Morgan's brothers ; but the Captain drew another pistol, and shot the man through the groin. Eventually, the Police returned to Carmarthen with six of Morgan's family, (including the mother and a daughter,) and four other prisoners. Dr. Bird, the Mayor of Carmarthen, suc- ceeded in extracting the bullet, which lay near the small of the rioter's back; and he was expected to recover. Captain Napier had received two or three sharp wounds.
On Wednesday, the Morgans were examined before Sir John Morris and seventeen other Magistrates, in the Assize Hall at Swansea ; and they were all committed for trial, with an intimation that they would be admitted to bail.
As a measure to repress the riots, the Carmarthen Magistrates in Quarter-Sessions have resolved to establish a county force of some fifty-six Policemen.
Mr. Hall, the Chief Magistrate at Bow Street, left town on Monday morning for Wales, to institute an inquiry into all the circumstances connected with the Rebecca riots. He was to be accompanied by one or more legal gentlemen to assist in the inquiry.
The reporter of the Times went to a meeting among the followers of Rebecca, at Cwm Ivor, or Ivor's Dingle, near Llandilo Fawr, on the evening of the 20th. He was told that he would be personally in danger ; and he did find himself the object of suspicion ; but, understand- ing that he belonged to a London newspaper, and that he only came to give a fair account of the proceedings, the meeting agreed to admit him. The approach to the spot was romantic- " I learned that the intended meeting was to be held at a place about a mile off the main road, called Cwm Ivor, or Ivor's Dingle; and having left my horse at a road-side public-house, I walked to the spot. At that time there was only one person present, who was walking in the burying-ground of the chapel of the little hamlet. It is impossible to conceives more romantic spot than this— a deep glade surrounded by mountains on every side, with sides covered with verdure, presenting a scene of such complete repose that one would almost sup- pose they had never been trod by the foot of man. As the evening closed in, however, the farmers, &c., could be seen approaching by the various bridle- paths and down the mountain-aides, until, at length, I should say 300 persons were present." The reporter's admission to the school-house in which the meeting was held having been arranged, the proceedings commenced- " Speeches which had been reduced to writing were read in the Welsh language. They all told the same tale of the poverty of the people and of the grievances which they suffered. Rents, it was declared, should be towered, the tolls altered, and the infamous Poor-law abolished ; and for these purposes it nas proposed that they should form unions or lodges. The following is briefly the substance of one of those speeches= It was well known to every one that there were many and enormous grievances existing in the country. Both the farmers, the labourers, and the mechanics, were now reduced to poverty by the great rents, and tithes, and the poor-rates, compared with the low prices. There was no work for the poor, and if they applied for relief they were torn from their families. But it was their own faults that these grievances were allowed to exist ; it arose from there being no union or brotherhood among them.' The speaker then complained of the locusts who received the tithes and took the money of the parishes ; and that with regard to the Poor-law, • through their devilish ideas and practices,' they took the money of the farm- ers, pretending to relieve the poor, while they only distributed 5s. out of every pound to the poor, but kept the other 15s. to pay their grasping officers and others. Another speaker then addressed them, and read the following docu- ment in Welsh and English. I procured a copy of his English translation, and subjoin it verbatim. It should be remembered that although ungram- matical, and apparently unintelligible in some parts, it might have been per- fectly correct in the original Welsh, but that its author was not sufficiently acquainted with English to translate it properly— "'To the conductors of the Convention appointed to be held at Cwm Ivor, in the parish of Llandi, in the county of Carmarthen, on Thursday the 20th day of July, in the first year of Rebecca's exploits, A. rt. 1843. " ' To concur and inquire into the grievances complained of by the people, and to adopt the best method of avoiding the surprising deprivations that exist, and the eternal vigilance of our superintendents, which is the price of our liberty. ." We wish to reduce the prices (taxes) and secure our blessings. An army of principles will penetrate where an army of soldiers cannot.
" ' Power usurped is weak when opposed. The public interest depends upon our compliance to examine the cause of the calamity, and unveil the corruptions to Rebecca, &c.
The following resolutions agreed, and intend to recommend to your future aspect by us whose names are here subscribed at foot, being householders within the above heretofore-mentioned parish. 1. To levelling all petty gates and gate-posts connected with by-ways and bridle-roads, or any roads repaired by the parishioners. Also coals, lime, and grains taken to market, be exempted from tolls. "' 2. The motive is the abolition of heavy tithe and rent-charge in lieu of tithe.
." 3. The abolition of Church-rates.
"'4. A total alteration of the present Poor-law.
"5. An equitable adjustment of landlord's rent. "'6. Not to allow or grant any Englishman to have the privilege of a stew- ard or governor in South Wales.
''7. If any man rents his neighbour's farm treacherously, we must acquaint the lady, and endeavour to encourage her exertions wherever she wishes for us to execute our plitenomena and combat. '"8. To request the farmers not to borrow any money on purpose to pay unlawful demands ; and if the result be that some person or persons will annoy any one by plundering and sacrifice their goods in respect to such charge, we must protect them and diminish their exploits of agomsm.
"'9. That a Committee of Privy Council must be held when necessary, and all persons under the age of eighteen years are not admitted into it. Neither women nor any of the female sex shall be introduced into this selected assembly, except Rebecca and Miss Cromwell.'
"This document was received with great applause, and it appeared to meet the universal feelings of the meeting. It was then agreed that a Committee should be formed, and that no farmer in the country should be allowed to take the farm which had been vacated by another without the sanction of the Com- mittee, and that if any did so he must take the consequences. Four persons
also were appointed to make rules to carry out these objects, to be agreed to et a future meeting to be held at another place; and the meeting separa'ed at about a quarter past eleven at night."
The writer whom we have already quoted explains more specifically the excessive and burdensome nature of the tolls. But first we must give his description of the class of "farmers "—
a Your readers must not look upon the farmers here in the same light as upon the farmers of England. Suffolk and Norfolk, and Lincolnshire and Yorkshire, have their farmers of 1,000,2,000, and 3,000 acres of land ; and it is a rare circumstance to find a fanner in those counties of less than 200 acres of land. The same observation holds good with regard to the Southern agricul- tural counties of England. I have been today in the office of an extensive land- agent, and have seen the lettings of all the farms extending through several parishes around here; and among above one hundred names, I only saw one instance of so many as 300 acres being let to any one one man. Generally, the farms are about 180 acres in extent, frequently only 100, many of 50, and I saw some as small as 25 acres. The rentals are of course in proportion. I am told there are very few farms exceeding 200/. a year rental, and many as low as 50/. a year, and even down to 30/. a year; in which latter cases, the farmers eke out a miserable existence by leading coals and hiring themselves as jobbing labourers; whilst their food is ot the coarsest and poorest kind—barley bread, and cheese and milk, and a little bacon—never any other animal food. The rents of land also are exceedingly high here, and in Wales generally ; and are relatively considerably higher than rents in England ; thus leaving very small profits to the farmers. From inquiry 1 find, that convenient pastures in the immediate vici- nity of Carmarthen often let as high as 5/. per acre ; good land in the rallies, in the country districts, as high as 31. 10s. per acre ; and the moor-land, only fit for sheep-walks and growing oats, as high as 15s. per acre, giving an average of about 35s. to 2/. per acre. You will find that this is much above the aver- age rental of England, whilst the country is not here generally so fertile. I think M'Cullock (if I remember correctly) sets the average rental of England at 18s. per acre."
On this poverty-stricken class fall the accumulated tolls, of which an instance is described in detail-
4,1 was told, and at first I could not believe it, that in some places at a dis- tance from the lime-kilos, the farmers had to pay for every M.'s worth of lime for manure 6/. in turnpike! As I before informed you, lime is the chief ma- nure here. In the county of Cardigan there are no lime-kilns, or very few, from the quality of the stone there found; and it is usual for the farmers in Cardiganshire, and on the borders of Carmarthenshire adjoining, to go for their lime either to the seabord, where it is brought by vessels, or to the idiot; near the town of Carmarthen, at a place called Llangyndearn, which is about five miles at the other side of Carmarthen. To this place the farmers, as far off as Llandysissal, Llairwenog, and even nearly as far as Lampeter, a distance of from fifteen to twenty-five miles, come to buy their lime. At the kilns, a two. horse load of lime costs from 2s. 6d. to 3s. From Carmarthen to the kilns, (five miles) there are four turnpikes, two of them paying ones—i. e. 6d. each for a cart and two horses : taking two or three other paying turnpikes, accord- ing to the distance, (and in some of the distant by-places there are four,) be- tween the neighbourhood of Lampeter and Carmarthen, in addition, and you have other two or three sixpences or half-a-crown for turnpikes for lime manure —that is, 5/. for 5/, or more, as the farmer told me. I have taken some care to ascertain the truth of this : it is a fact, and it must speak for itself. Can you wonder that here turnpikes are obnoxious to the miserably poor farmers I have described to you ? "
Goodwood Races, the popularity of which increases yearly, began on Tuesday. The attendance has been unprecedented. Several persons arrived at Fareham on Saturday. On Monday, the bustle in the approaches to the town became considerable: the eleven o'clock train consisted of thirty-six first-class carriages, with several pri- vate-carriages ; and although three engines were attached to it, It was so heavy as to be an hour and a half behind time; and during the day other trains arrived similarly laden. Chichester and Bognor were crowded. On Tuesday morning the concourse of visiters became still greater. Much praise is given to the improved regulations at the race-course, under the supervision of Lord George Bentinck. The sport began:at half-past twelve o'clock. On the first day there were nine races ; but we cannot do more than enumerate the winners. The Craven Stakes were won by Mr. Griffiths's Newcourt (Crouch being the jockey); the Drawing-room Stakes, by Lord Ches- terfield's Parthian (Templeman); the Ham Stakes, Colonel Peel's Touchstone (Nat); Sweepstakes, the Duke of Richmond's Eaglesfield (Rogers); the Goodwood Club Stakes, Mr. J. Day's Portrait (Mr. J. B.ayly); Match, Colonel Peel's Rook's Nest (Nat), beating Sir W. W. Wynn's Remnant ; Gratwicke Stakes, Mr. Bowes's Cotherston (F. But- ler); Levant Stakes, Mr. Wreford's Bay Colt by Camel out of Wadastra (J. Day junior); Welter Stakes, Mr. John Day's St. Lawrence walked over; Match, Colonel Anson's Napier received forfeit from Lord Glas- cow's Anti-Dickens; the Inkeeper's Plate, Mr. Osbaldeston's The Devil among the Tailors (Butler). The attendance at the course on Wednesday was not quite so nume- rous. The incident of the day was the failure of the Irish horse Mr. Ferguson's Bacchus, which had been a favourite, but was beaten a mile from home in the third race. The Queen's Plate of 100 guineas was won by Mr. John Day's Ben-y-ghlo (J. Rowlett); the Steward's Cup, Lord George Bentinck's Yorkshire Lady (Kitchener); the Good- wood Stakes, Mr. Forth's Lucy Banks (Bell) ; the Cowdray Stakes, Mr. Sadler's Alice Lowe (T. Day); the Stand Plate, Mr. J. Day's St. Lawrence (J. Day junior) ; the Members' Plate of 50/. with 501. added by the Ladies, Lord Eglintoun's Jamie Forest (G. Noble.) Thursday was unfortunately wet ; but the attendance on "the Cup day" was numerous, especially among the richer classes. Prince Peter of Oldenburgh, Baron Brunow, and a long list of English nobles and their ladies, visiters to the Duke of Richmond at Goodwood, were pre- sent. To continue our enumeration of the winners—Mr. Copeland's Prime Warden (Marlow) beat Lord George Bentinck's filly by Col- wick—Vacuna, in a match ; a Sweepstakes was won by Colonel Peel's Sandwich (Nat); the Racing Stakes, Colonel Anson's Napier (F. But- ler); Match, Lord George Bentinck's Here-I-go-with-my-eye-out (Rogers), beating Lord Glasgow's Retainer ; the Goodwood Cup, Mr. Lichtwald's Hyllus (F. Butler); Match, Lord Glasgow's Retainer (Nat), beating Lord George Bentinck's Bay Middleton ; the Molecomb Stakes, Mr. J. Day's Ugly Buck (J. Day junior); the Stockwell Stakes, the Duke of Rutland's Lothario (Rogers); Sussex Stakes, Mr. Treen's Barricade (Chapple); Duke of Richmond's Handicap, the Duke of Richmond's Pastoral (Kitchener); Match, Lord Chesterfield's Beads- man received forfeit from Sir F. Collier's Saturday Night. The races closed yesterday ; but the sport was of minor interest.
A wreck, attended with great loss of life, occurred on Thursday morning last week, near the Fern Islands, the scene of the Forfar-, shire's wreck and of Grace Darling's heroic deed. The disaster is narrated by the Edinburgh Observer, whose account we somewhat shorten— The Pegasus, which has plyed between Leith and Hall for several years, left Leith Harbour on Wednesday afternoon, having on board, besides the crew, [sixteen or seventeen in number] at least sixteen cabin and about twenty steerage passengers ; but the probability is that the number was greater, for several individuals are known to have fine a ith her whose names do not appear on the list at the Company's office. The vessel sped on her way till midnight. Just 'when the watch was changed, the captain being on the bridge, taking a look about him before he turned in, she struck on a sunken rock inside the Fern Islands, near what is called the Goldstone Rock. The engines were then backed, and she came off. Her head was turned towards the shore ; but she did not pro- ceed many hundred yards, when the water reshing in extinguished the fires, and almost immediately the vessel sunk. Finding the vessel sinking rapidly, there was a rush to the boats, which were swamped. The Martell° steamer, belong- ing to the same company, on her voyage from Hull, descried the wreck about five o'clock on the same morning. The mate of the Pegasus was found in one of the boats, nearly insensible from cold and exhaustion ; Mr. Baillie, a pas- senger, Halyard, another passenger, and one of the crew, were discovered hold- ing on by the mast—the vessi..1 having sunk in about six fathoms water ; and two more of the crew were picked up, as well as six dead bodies. The following are the names of the cabin-passengers who are lost : Mrs. Edington, Miss Hopeton, Miss Barton and a boy, Miss Floor, Miss Briggs, Mr. and Mrs. APLeod, Mr. Torry from Hull, [a gentleman who was in ill health, and on whom Mr. Baillic, who is saved, was in attendance,] Mr. Elton, [the well-known tragedian, who bad lately played at the Adelphi Theatre in Edinburgh.] Mr. Hodgson, Mr. Elliot and son, from the neighbourhood of Dundee, Mr. Moxham, Mr. Milne, Rev. Morell K‘Kenzie, [nephew of the Rev. Dr. Wardlow, of Glasgow,] Mr. James Hunter, son of Mr. Hunter, Dun- des Street, Edinburgh, Mr. D:Whimster, in the employ of Messrs. Ireland and Son, South Bridge, Mr. Martin and son, of London, but a native of Edin- burgh, Mrs. Alexander, of Paisley, and Mrs. Barnetson, of Edinburgh. Cap- tain Miller, who is among the victims, had great experience in the navigation of the coast ; having sailed many years as commander of one of the Leith and London smacks. He was considered an excellent seaman.
The subjoined account, by Mr. Baillie himself, is published by the Scotsman— "I have been a seaman for about eighteen years ;but was recently in attend- ance on Mr. Torry, who was one of the passengers on board of the Pegasus when she went down. I think it was about twenty minutes past twelve when the vessel struck. I was down in the cabin, lying on a sofa; and when I found that the vessel had struck, I ran on deck ; and having seen the state of matters there, I went down to the cabin for Mr. Terry. I told the passengers below that I believed that the ship had struck ; but they did not seem to com- prehend what I meant. Some of the passengers (chiefly the ladies) were in bed. When I reached the deck with Mr. Torry, I saw the crew in the act of lowering the boats. I put Mr. Torry in the starboard quarter-boat when it was in the act of being lowered ; and when it had reached the water I sprung in myself. There were then about nine of us in the boat. A lady, I remember, was sitting in the how. When we were in the boat there was a cry from off the quarter-deck to stick to the ship.' At that moment the engines were set in motion ; and the boat being hooked to the ship's stern, but unhooked from it at the bow, the back-water raised by the paddles filled the boat and upset her, throwing the passengers into the sea. I got hold of the ship's rudder-chain; and the chief mate having thrown a rope to me, I got into the ship again. Seeing the danger increasing, I undressed myself to prepare for swimming for my life, and laid my clothes upon the companion. By this time the engine had stopped, and the ship was fast settling by the head. Looking around me while undressing, I saw the Rev. Mr. M'Eenzie on the quarter.deck praying, with several of the passengers on their knees around him. Mr. M'Kenne seemed calm and collected. All the passengers around him were praying too, but Mr. M'Kenzie's voice was distinctly beard above them all. I heard the captain say that we must do the best we could for ourselves. I saw a lady with two children close beside me on the companion, calmly resigning herself to the Almighty: the children seemed unconscious of the danger, for they were talking about some trifling matter. When I found the vessel fast filling, I leaped overboard ; and the engineer and I were at first drawn into the sea by the suction occasioned by the vessel sinking. I soon got up again, however, and got hold of a plank and the steps which led to the quarter-deck. The stewardess attempted to get hold of me ; but I extricated myself from her to save my own life. By this time the scene was a most dismal one. The surface of the water was covered with the dead and the dying. The screeching was fearful. One of the firemen also attempted to get bold of jjpm plank which I had, but I swam away from him. I remained floating aboutrtill half-past six o'clock ; when I was picked up by a boat from the Martell°. I was then about a mile from the wreck ; and the people in the Martell° did not for some time
observe me till I attracted their attention by waving a stick. One little boy
kept himself afloat for about three hours on a part of the skylight covering, and made great exertions to save himself; but he sank at last his body was warm when picked up. I was once wrecked before, about twenty years ago, off the coast of St. Domingo ; when I was three days and three nights on s reef. It was the experience I learned then which gave me the idea of taking off my clothes before leaping into the sea."
A fatal collision occurred off Dungeness, at one o'clock on Monday morning. The Pluton, a French steamer, which had landed the Duke Ferdinand of Saxe-Coburg with his son and Princess Clementine, at Southampton, was proceeding to Woolwich, to await the return of the Royal party to the Continent. It was going at full speed, when it ran into the starboard quarter of the schooner Jane of Sunderland, bound from Newcastle to Rouen with coals ; tearing away rigging and every thing reached by the larger vessel's bows. George Lawrenson, the mate of the schooner, was crushed to death between the schooner's main-chains and the steamer's bows, and his body was carried over- board. The master, James Carder, and the rest of the crew, jumped into the boat that was towing at the stern ; and the schooner went down by the head almost at the same moment that the painter was cat. After rowing for some time, they came up with the Pluton, and were taken on board. The pilot in the Pluton states, that he saw the schooner, heard the shouts of her crew, and called to the engineer to stop the steamer, and the men at the wheel to pat her helm over ; but none of the French ship's crew understanding English, his commands were not obeyed. On arriving at Woolwich, 38. apiece were given to the men to pay their passage to London ; and the Shipwrecked Fishermen's and Mariners Benevolent Society clothed them, and sent them to their homes.