29 MARCH 1845, Page 7

The Morning Post relates an anecdote of the Royal nursery—

"It may not be generally known that his Royal Highness the Prince of Wales is Duke of Rothesay, as well as Duke of Cornwall; and which, it would appear front the following incident, which has recently occurred, was either unknown to or forgotten by his Royal father. One morning a card was presented at Burling- ham Palace to his Royal Highness Prince Albert, upon which was engraved' TEie Duke of Rothesay,' and an audience solicited. His Royal Highness seemed puzzled, and repeated the name several times Baying he did not recollect ever having heard of such a nobleman: but he consented to give the required audience, and ordered the Duke of Rothesay to be shown in; when he was agreeably surprised by the entrance of the Heir Apparent, attired in full Highland costume, attended by her Majesty's piper. The above amusing incident was productive of considerable entertainment to the Royal circle." The Canstitutionnel announces, that " the Grand Dutchese, consort of the Czarewitz Alexander, the presumptive heir of the throne of Russia., gave birth on the 10th instant to a prince, who was named after his father. The delivery of the Princess was announced to the people of St. Peters- burg by a salute of 301 rounds."

The Duke of Newcastle has written a letter to the Standard which knot only curious as a piece of contemporary biography, but as marking, by the long distance at which the writer has been left behind in solitary and for- lorn "consistency," the "progress of public opinion." It is dated on the 12th instant, and its publication had been delayed by the editor. After thanking the Standard for having defended him from the attacks of Mr. Williams touching the Hafod estate, the Duke observes—" It has always been my strange fatality to have my motives anti actions misunderstood; and probably few men living, not being public men, have been more vilified and injured than I have been. I long endured this perversity with patience and resolution, but at last I became disheartened and disgusted: I found myself standing alone in the main- tenance of opinions which I believed to be right; everything fell away from me; one event after another tended to depress my spirits and my energy, and to remove those inducements which stimulated me to exertion. My health, my peace of mind, my circumstances, (as I am not ashamed to avow, arising from no discre- ditable cause,) required my retirement for a season." "Unseen and forgotten," he was astounded at the attack on him about the Hafod estate. He acknowledges the untiring vigilance of Messrs. Hume and Williams—" such unwearied cleansers of Augean stables": "only, may I caution them not to fall foul of me too hastily or so readily; for I can assure them that their efforts to prove me a scoundrel will only serve to make them appear spiteful and ridiculous." However, he writes to the Standard to supply a deficiency: "Lord Lincoln, in his natural earnestness to acquit himself of all blame or dishonesty in the transac- tion, appears to me to have omitted to state that I also am Justly clear of all blame." The Duke resisted certain claims of the Crown on the land, thinking them unjust; but he asked no favour, least of all from his son, whose honour, virtue, and reputation, would be dearer to him than his own. " I distinctly de-. dare, then, that Lord Lincoln has spoken the truth, the whole truth; and that, pure and clear as he is of a shadow of imputation in this transaction, lain equally so • and in fact, I only most unwillingly submitted to what, by the conditions of the original purchase contract, I was compelled to do, to effect a good and per- fectly valid title to the estate, although I believed that the vendors to me had for expediency engaged to yield to the Crown a right to which it was not entitled. This is my case, and if I were to write volumes I could add nothing to its simple strength."

The Duke, anxious, he says, to stand well with his countrymen, takes a lengthened review of the past, to show what may have been his "dishonest gains." "When I began life, I had the fairest prospects before me. In a political point of view, I possessed great power. Though in the eyes of Reformers I was re- garded as an obnoxious Boronghmonger, still my power and influence were indubi- table. I ask—Did I avail myself of my position to do wrong did I sell the seats for gain, or dishonestly traffic with them, either privately or politically? did lever act unconstitutionally as regarded them or as concerned the State? I aver that, to my knowledge, I never did: nor do I conceive it to be possible that! could, as such proceedings would have been utterly repugnant to my feelings and principles. My boroughs, then, on the one hand, were not productive of profit; whilst on the other, they entailed prodigious losses and sacrifices by feeding the interest, by contests, petitions, and finally by their Parliamentary confiscation, when I was robbed, without compensation, of a valuable consideration, probably not short of 200,0001.

"It is true, honorary and honourable distinctions had been conferred upon me when a very young man. From the excellent and revered George the Third I received the Lieutenancy of the County and the Rangership of Sherwood Forest; neither of these offices yielding one sixpence of emolument. These appointments I solicited of the King himf; and they were bestowed without hesitation, and with that paternal benignity which, from my earliest youth, I invariably expe- rienced from his Majesty. I entered upon the Lieutenancy in times of consider- able difficulty and much anxiety. I exerted myself to the utmost, and I hope not unsuccessfully, through many anxious years, when at length tranquillity was restored. I spared neither my person nor my purse: it was my duty so to do, and I rendered it with alacrity and diligence. Perhaps I may have fairly earned an ex- pression of thanks from the proper quarter; it would have amply rewarded me: but it was forgotten. Having had the honour of serving four Sovereigns, I may be

permitted to remark that the per contra in pounds, and pence, was the payment for the patents on every accession. No. great pro t here.' The Garter was conferred upon the Duke in spite of his disclaiming that honour: the fees are on a scale commensurate with the honour. In fact, except- ing his pay while on duty with the Yeomanry corps, he never has drawn a penny from the public purse, nor obtained any situation of emolument for his family.

"It will be seen, then, that the public has no great cause to complain of my grttsping or dishonest gains. It may not have approved of my acts, or of my opinions: the Ministers of the day may have been of the same mind: but at least • it will be admitted, that I have acted from a pure and conscientious conviction, and with an utter disregard of selfish consequences.

"So in all measures of which I highly disapproved, whether Roman Catholic Emancipation, Reform, Ecclesiastical Commissions, old Corporations, Irish policy, Corn-laws, Free-trade, with many others, and more recently the Income-tax and Tariff, Canada Corn, and National Education, &c., in which I may not have had the good fortune to concur with the Minister of the day, on all occasions I have not scrupled to disagree and oppose, whether as a candid friend or a candid enemy; nor can I do my duty and abstain from dissent, when I see such bills as the Jews' Disabilities Bill introduced into a Christian Parliament, and look for ward to the promised measures which are to give a heavy blow and great dis- couragement to the Protestant Church, whilst Popery is to be elevated and en- couraged, and enemies to our faith, heretics, sceptics, or infidels are to legislate for that Church which they abhor: such measures demand the stem opposition of every Christian and every conscientious Protestant, who must too plainly and fearfully perceive how small is the consideration or care for the Establishment, but how great for her deadliest foes. Thus, when I have differed I have never done so from waywardness or faction, but as a painful performance of a duty— from an inward persuasion that though interest and ease forbade it, principle and conviction dictated and required it. These have been, and I trust will ever con- tinue to be, my motives, my incentives and my guides; and although I will not pretend to assert that I have been right, I Call safely declare that I believed myself not to have been wrong.

"Many perhaps may remark—More fool he for his pains; why does he not fol- low the ways of the world? I can only reply, that such ways are not my ways, and that I could derive no satisfaction from exchanging principle for expediency. His like a wounded deer, I am discountenanced by the whole herd. " My present position seems to be this. Though a determined upholder of the Church of England and of the State—of Protestantism and of Protestant ascend- ancy—an undisguised Conservative of the ancient and once admired British con- stitution and the institutions of our country—I am disclaimed by those who I am compelled to think should be what I am. The post which I held for many years as the Sovereign's Lieutenant in this county, my Sovereign was advised to deprive me of; and I was unceremoniously discarded, merely because I disdain- fully resented the molestations of one of her Majesty's high officers; and this after having served four Sovereigns loyally, faithfully, zealously, and, I hope, efficiently. , "You and others may think that I have written bitterly. . It may be so: neither my recollections nor my present situation are very pleasing or flattering.

However I may say with the Frenchman, tout perdu quo mon honnene; and that, I thank God, is preserved to me and it is a true and lasting consolation--I care for, I want nothing for myself that my Sovereign or- a Minister can confer upon me. Fortunately for myself, I am unambitious of power, and best pleased in the endeavour to be a good subject and a good citizen; and it is well that I am so, as I might not inappropriately liken myself to an infected plague man. For- who dares to come in contact with me? To do anything for my benefit or advan- tage would be to render himself suspected; he would immediately be clapped into. quarantine, and subjected to potent fumigations and the severest scrutiny.

"I will add no more, though I might yet add much. Your patience must be severely tested. I have selected a few leading points by which to illustrate the exposition of my case, to vindicate myself from unworthy and unmerited suspicion, and to prove to my countrymen that if I may possess their good opinion, and the blessing of a clear conscience, I shall have attained a summit of self-gratulation and self-esteem, invaluable only as I may know that it may not be wholly unde- served."

In a postscript, the Duke adds—" I have delayed writing for a few days, that I might not give vent to my feelings when I was strongly nettled and somewhat disturbed."

The Queen has approved of the appointment of the Dean of Westminster to the vacant See of Ely.—Standard.

Tuesday's Gazette contained this notice— The Railway Department of the Board of Trade notify that they have determined on reporting to Parliament in favour of the Eastern Counties (Brandon and Pe- terborough Deviation), West London (Thames Extension), Newcastle and Dar- lington (and Brandling Junction Extensions), Ashton, Stalybridge and Liver- pool Junction (Ardwick Extension), Manchester South Junction and'Altrincham, Manchester and Birmingham (Maeelesfield Extension and Junction Line with the Sheffield and Manchester), Midland Railway (Barfield to Warsborough),Had- land Railway (Barfield to Ekmr), Midland Railway (Cherit to Horbury), Mid- land Railway (Oakenshaw to Wakefield), Midland Railway (Ambergate to Crich),. London and Brighton (Horsham Branch), Harwich Railway and Pier, Richmond (Yorkshire) Railway, Hull and Bridlington Branch, Middlesborough and &dear; and against the Dartford and Rumford, Eastern Counties (Cambridge and Bury St. Edmunds Extension), West London Knightsbridge Extension, Ashton, Staly- bridge and Liverpool Junction (Gnidebridge Extension), Kentish Coast Railway, Huddersfield and Manchester, Harwich Railway, Harwich and Colchester, Ips- wich and Harwich; and recommending the postponement until a future period of the Colchester Junction, Harrowgate and Ripon Junction, Leeds and Thirsk, York and North Midland and Harrowgate.

We understand that the deputation of Scottish bankers, who had last week an interview with Sir Robert Peel, entertain a confident expectation, founded on the whole tenor of their conversation with the right honour- able Baronet, that his forthcoming measure in reference to the Scotch banks will not have the effect either of curtailing their circulation az of otherwise injuriously affecting them.—Glasgow Chronicle.

Some satisfactory information respecting the operation of the treaty 'with+ China is given by the Manchester Guardian- " For a short time after the trade was opened under the new regulations, we

heard, as might naturally be expected, some complaints of difficulties experienced, in consequence of the trade having been driven into fresh channels; but for some- months past little or nothing has been said upon this subject in the communica- tions from China which have been made public in this country. We have news however, the satisfaction of being enabled to state, on the best authority, that fd. some months prior to the date of the last advises, these difficulties bad been en- tirely overcome, and the regulations bad been found to work exceedingly welt Not only had the moderate duties established been cheerfully paid, both by British and native merchants, but they had been found profitable by the Chinese Go. vernment; whose interests appear to have been not quite so well cared for fer-- merly as those of the functionaries who were employed in the regulation of the trade. We learn that, notwithstanding the reduction of duties, and the removal of a portion of the trade to the Northern ports, (more particularly Shanghae,) the amount of duties paid through the British Consul at Canton into the Imperial treasury, during the first six months of 1844, exceeded 800,000 taels (250,000k sterling); being more than had been paid during any one entire year when thee duties went through the hands of Hong merchants and subordinate Chinese. officials. And this cannot be considered a mere temporary augmentation; as- the amount has since been increasing, and will most pi-obably be doubled in &- short time."

The GlasgOw Argus describes a new ink, invented by a "worthy Baronet" well' known for s services in chemistry and agriculture. "The' new ink, which is called 'the Queen's ink,' from the fact that her Majesty has expressedher plea- sure at the invention, and condescended to make use of it in erence to the old black ink, is colourless as water, and perfectly innocuous,. and, if spilt upon paper- not prepared to receive it, makes no blot nor mark. It does not stain linen, or woollen, or wood, or the fingers or any substance whatever with which it may come in contact, except silver, efrom which it may be removed without trouble); and flows with perfect freedom and fluency from the pen, leaving behind it writing which is distinctly black or blue, according as the paper is prepared for either colour. The great advantages of this harmless and beautiful fluid over the poisonous and dirty concoction now in universal use are too obvious to be insisted upon; and we have no doubt that ere a very long period has elapsed it will be the only fluid used for writing. To those who write in carpeted rooms, or upon tables covered with any material that ordinary ink will stain or spoil—to those who love cleanliness—to students in their libraries—to ladies in their drawingrooms--and to schools, where ink is so profusely scattered over the walls and floor—this new ink must be invaluable. We do not know the prices at which the paper and ink are to be sold at present, but understand that there is nothing in the process of the manufacture which will cause either to be more expensive than the common paper' and ink to which we have been accustomed, if an adequate sale can be obtained

It is feared that two packet-ships botind from Liverpool to New York have been lost. The ship United States sailed from Liverrol on the 26th November last, and the England on the 1st December, and nothing has since been heard of them. Each had a valuable cargo on board; and the passengers and crews of the two vessels amounted to 164.

Some person in the Morning Chronicle has fallen upon a novel plan of carrying on controversy, by instalments at intervals of six or seven months: last Saturday there was a reply to our single paper on the subject of the new Houses of Parlia- ment, which we published on the 7th of September last year. There are only two new points in this long and long-deliberated rigmarole. The authorship or suggestion of the remarks in the Spectator is attributed to Mr. Barry, the archi- tect of the building !—an assumption as preposterous in its absurdity as in its. falsehood. Adverting to the grand staircase controversy, we spoke of a landing place introduced in the middle of a flight of steps as "'Lord deley's pro palier." It appears that this landing-place was not actually proposed by

it was tried as the only way of obviating his objection to the uninterrupted flight, of steps; and Lord Sudeley is still discontented.

The Sacred Harmonic Society performed a selection of fine old anthems, and. other pieces of cathedral music, at Exeter Ball, last evening. While the choruses were nearly doubled in number, the instrumental orchestra was discarded; the organ alone being used,—under the able hand of Dr. Elveyof Windsor's—and that merely to sustain and set off the voices. This mass of voices hails very fine effect- At the next performance of the Society, on Friday the 9th April, Nen- komm's oratorio of David will be produced; Staudigl taking the part of Saul.