29 OCTOBER 1831, Page 2

A measure of the greatest importance was submitted to the

French Chamber of Deputies on Monday—it was aprojet of' law for the establishment of a school of primary instruction in every one of the 40,000 communes of France. From a report presented to the King, it appears that there are at present schools in only 13,000. The funds are to be supplied by the local rates, and where parents are incapable of paying for their children's education, the public will pay for it. So great is the ignorance of the peasantry, -which the drivelling dynasty of the Bourbons sedulously cherished, that not above one half of the conscripts can read ! One thou- sand parochial schools, most miserably endowed, have rendered the two millions of Scotch population the best-educated and best- behaved in the world. France will be much more amply provided, if the law pass and be honestly worked. 'When shall we have such a law for England?

Considerable discussion took place on Saturday on the subject of La Vend6e, which is represented as in a state of nearly total in- surrection. According to the Opposition members,

"The conscripts refuse to join the army, and form themselves into bands to disturb the public peace. Though they cannot commence a civil wear, or oppose regular troops in the field, they prevent the enjoyment of -civil security, and attack, in detail, separate detachments of the King's forces. Some of the Mayors, and other subordinate civil officers, have resigned their offices through fear, or from disgust at the want of Govern- ment support. The rebels and plunderers scour the country in broad day, and the authorities are unable to put them down, though backed by an army of 40,000 men. The patriots, who are the objects of their perse- eution, arc obliged to abandon their homes, and to take refuge in the towns. The atrocities of these banditti are described by the members for La Vendee as more terrible than in the time of the first revolution."

The Ministers condemned this picture as greatly exaggerated, but admitted that considerable disturbances existed. La Vendee has ever been the hotbed of absolute power; it is the most igno- rant and most fanatical portion of France.

The rewards to the labouring classes, and others who were wounded or fell in the fight of the Three Days, have been voted by the Chamber ; and they amount to the most insignificant sum of 30,0001.,—only somewhere about one year's interest of the sums which we have given the Duke of Wserexceroel for putting in the people which the Parisian populace turned out.

A projet of law for banishing every branch of the Bourbons from France was introduced on Monday. Algiers, it is confidently stated, is about to be abandoned ! The Ultras—the VANES and VYVYANS of the day—it may be recol- lected, would have ventured a general war to prevent its being occupied.