THE GENERAL ELECTION.
AbMgdon Sir F. Thesiger.
Andover H. B. Coles.
Arundel Earl of Arundel.
Ashburton CoL T. Matheson.
Aylesbury J. P. Deering.
Barnstaple Hon. T. W. Fortescue.
Bath Lord Ashley.
Berwick M. Forster.
J. C. Renton.
Beverley S. L. Fox. J. Townley.
Headley — Ireland.
Birmingham G. F. Manta
Blackburn J. Hornby.
Ziodmia J. Wyld.
W4Melkittat.. °wring. .Dr. B y.
.• G. W. Busfeild. Col. Thompson. Bridgewater H. Broadwood.
J. K. Tynte. Bridgnorth ..... • • T. C. Whitmore. Sir R. Pigot. T A. Mitchell. Hon. E. Petre. Captain Peelle% Lord A. Hervey. Marquis of Chandos. Col. Hail.
Bury (Lane.) • • • • R. Walker.
Cambridge A. S. Adair.
Canterbury Lord A. Conynahara.
G. A. F. P. S. Smythe 0.5. Byttg.
Sir W. Jones. Earl Grosvenor. Sir J. Jervis.
Chippenham Captain Bolden).
Christchurch E. A. J. Harris.
Cirencester W. Cripps.
Bridport Brighton Buckingham Chatham Cheltenham Chester
Cockermouth H. A. Aglionby.
Colchester J A. Hardcastle.
Sir G. H. Smythe.
Coventry ....111, Ellice. ....l Thrner. 4littlinghans Cricklazie 1,2teeld. .tr.. Goddard. Oldham.
Dartmouth George Moffatt.
Denbigh (district) F. R. West.
Devizes G H. W. Heneage.
W. H. L. Brum.
Dorchester Col. D. Darner.
Dover E R. Rice.
Sir George Clerk. Pelersfield Droitteich Sir J. Pakington. Plymouth Dudley- J Benbow. Durham T. C. Granger. Pontefact W. B. J. Spearman.
Evesham Lord M. Hill. Poole Sir H. Willoughby.
Exeter E. Divett.
Sir J. T. Duckworth.
Bye Sir Edward Benison. Beading Finsbury Thomas S. Buncombe. Thomas Wakley. -Reigate Frame Major Boyle. Betford, East Gateshead William Hutt.
Gloucester Hon. M. F. Berkeley. Bichmotul
H. T. Hope.
Greenwich Admiral Dundas. Biposs E. J. Barnard.
Guildford H Currie. Rochdak R. D. Mangles. Bye HaddingionBurglisSlr H. F. Davis. Salford HaWax Sir C. Wood. Salisbury H. Edwards.
Harwich J. Attwood • Scarborough W. Knight. Hastings R. Holland. Sheffield M. Brisco.
Helston Sir R. R. Vyvyan Shoreham Hertford Hon. W. F. Cowper. Lord Mahon. Shrewsbury Honiton Joseph Locke.
Sir J. W. Hogg. Southampton Horsham J. Jervis.
Huddersfield W. C. R. Stannteld. Southwark Huntingdon J Peel. T. Baring, St. Alban's Hull M. T. Baines.
J. Clay. Stafford Ipswich J C. Cobbold. H. E. Adair.
Kendal II C. Glynn. Kidderminster... ..11. Godson.
Lambeth C. Pearson. • C. T. D'Eyncourt. Tam worth Lancaster S Gregion. T. Greene. Taunton Leeds. W . Beckett.
5.0. Marshall. Tewkesbury Leicester Sir R. J. Walmsley. Richard Gardner. Thetford Leominster H. Barkly.
Lewes Hon. H. Fitzroy.
Lichfiekl Lord A. Paget.
Lincoln Colonel Sibthorp.
Liverpool W. Cardwell.
Sir T. B. Birch.
London Lord J. Russell.
L. De Rothschild. T. Masterman.
Lymington W. A. Mackinnon. Trenlock Colonel Keppel.
Lynn, .ffing's Lord G. BentUick. Westbury Lord Jocelyn Westminster lifaiddone A. S. B. Hope. G. Dodd. Whitby Malmesbury J K. Howard. Whitehaven Halton J E. Denison. Wigan J. W. Childers.
Manchester Milner Gibson. Winchester J. Bright.
Marlborough Lord Ernest Bruce. Windsor
ilarylebone Sir B. Hall.
Lord D. Stuart.
Merthyr Tyckff Sir 3.3. Guest. Midhurst 8 H Walpole.
Monmouth .... R. Blewitt.
Morpeth E.G. Howard. Worthing Newark H. Sutton. Wycombe J. Stuart.
Newcastle•on-Tyne.W . Ord.
Newcastle-under- f W. JaCt8011. Lyme. 1 S. Christy. Newport (I. qf W.).W . H. Piowden.
C. W. Martin.
THE METROPOLIS. Northearter. .W. B. Wrightson. -irnOmmptea. V. Smith.
Marquis of Dom*.
Feargus O'Connor. W. J. Fox.
Oxford City J. H. Langston.
W. Page Wood.
Penryn and Pal- 511. Gwynn.
mouth. 1 F. Mowatt.
Peterborough Hn. G. W. FitzwilliaM.
W. C. Cavendish.
Sir W. G. H. Jolliffe. Lord Ebrington.
R. M. Milnes.
G R. Robinson.
B. R. Phillips.
Portsmouth F. T. Baring.
Sir George Staunton. F Piggot.
T. Somers Cocks.
Bun. A. 7:buncombe.
Hon. Edwin Laticellin.
81r J. Graham.
H. B. Cartels.
J. Brotherion, C. B. Wall.
W. J. Chaplin.
Sir J. V. B. Johnstone.
J Parker. H. G. Ward. Sir C. Burrell.
R. A. Slaney. E. H. Baldock.
Sir W. Molesworth. Aid. Humphrey. A Raphael.
G. W. J. Repton. Urquhart. Aid. Sidney.
Stoke-on-Trent • W. T. Copeland.
J. L. Ricardo.
Stroud P. Scrope.
Sir R. Peel.
W. Y. Peel.
Sir T. Colebrook°.
J Martin. H. Browne. Hon. W. B. Baring. Lord Easton.
Tower Hamlets G. Thompson.
Sir W. Clay.
Truro J. F. Vivian.
R W. Grey.
Hon. E. R. Littleton.
J S W. Drax.
2'ynemouth Wakefield Walsall Wareham Warrington Warwick ...... • • •W .
Sir C. Douglas.
Wells W. G. Hayter.
Hon. G. C. Forester.
J. M. Gaskell.
Sir De Lacy Evans. C. Lusbington. R. Stephenson. R. C. Hildyard. R. A. Thicknesse. Colonel Lindsay. B. Carter.
Sir J. B. East. Lord John Hay. Colonel Reid. Wolverhampton. • .C. Villiers.
Woodstock Marquis of Blandtbrd.
Worcester D. Ricardo.
0.11. Dashwood. M. S. Smith.
Yarmouth Lord. A. Lennox.
0. B. Cope.
Port H. R. Yorke.
LoNnoti CITY. The nomination took place on Wednesday. The Guildhall was crowded; two of the galleries filled with ladies. The can- didates put forward by the Liberal Committee were Lord John Russell, Mr. Pattison, Sir George Larpent, and Baron Lionel de Rothschild. The Conservative candidates were Mr. Masterman, Mr. Freshfield, Alderman Johnson, and Mr. Bevan. Mr. Payne, the City Coroner, also came forward. All were duly proposed and seconded; Lord John Russell being for the third time nominated by Mr. Jones Loyd, and seconded by Mr. W. Hawes. All the candidates addressed the electors in the order of their nomination.
Lord John Russell spoke with great brevity. He reminded the electors that he had prophesied, six years ago, that the whole system of commercial exclusion must break down,—.a prophecy justified by the event; and he saw that their very opponents at the present election abjured the name of Protectionists. He said a few words to those whom some attempted to frighten by affected alarms for Protestantism- " Protestantism is no danger. But, while we hold fast our Protestantism, let us not forget our Christianity. I say with great respect to that body, the PTO- testant Dissenters, which has opposed me upon a particular question, that I con- ceive one of the legitimate fruits of the Reform .Act to be the advancement of education among the great mass of the people. If the Protestant Dissenters COMO to me and complain of any grievance or of any hardship which they unjustly. gaffer, I will use my best efforts to release them from it. But if they ask me to abstain from promoting the progress of education, I declare upon that point that I cannott.dyield to them; for I am convinced that the education of the people is oonnecewith the civil and religious liberty of the people; and to that cause I mean to adhere." (Loud cheers.) The other candidates addressed the electors in the order of their nomina- tion. Mr. Masterman avowed himself the maintainer of our institutions, but willing to reform abases, especially in the Poor-law, the Bank Charter Act, and that part of taxation which falls on the poor rather than the rich. Mr. Pattison appealed to experience of his unflinching adhesion to prin- ciple. Mr. Freshfield also appealed to his former services in Parliament, and volunteered suggestions for amending the Income-tax, so as to relieve traders, farmers, and professional men. Sir George Larpent stood by trade and free trade. Alderman Johnson relied on long personal acquaintanoe, his Mansionhouse hospitalities, and his resolve against endowment of the Romish priesthood. Baron Lionel de Rothschild was the champion of free- dom of religion and of trade, extension of knowledge, and therefore of the suffrage. Mr. Bevan rested on his Protestantism and his City friendships. Mr. Payne advocated a humane Poor-law, and repudiated advocacy of re- ligious endowments.
The show of hands was declared to have fallen on Lord John Russell and his three Liberal colleagues; and a poll was demanded for the other candidates.
The polling began at eight o'clock with spirit. Lord John Russell took
the lead, and kept it throughout. At nine o'clock, he had 1.185 votes; Sir George Larpent, the lowest of his colleagues, had 1,155; Mr. Masterman, the highest of the Conservatives, 960; Mr. Fre-shfield, the lowest, 800; Mr. Payne, 76. Mr. Payne had only 400 at half-past one o'clock ; and before two he gave in. At one, Masterman had gained upon the lowest of the four associated Liberals—the numbers being, for Masterman, 5,035; Larpent, 4,990; Rothschild, 4,958; and he kept a slight advance till the close; when he was again headed by Rothschild, but not by Larpent.
At the official declaration of the poll yesterday, the following were the numbers—
Russell . 7,137 I Bevan 5,268 Patrison 7,030 Johnson 5,069 Rothschild 6,792 Freshfleld 4,704 Masterman 6,722 Payne 613 1 Larpent 6.719 The first four were declared duly elected.
WE5TM1N8TBR.—A new interest was added to the contest in Westmin-
ster, on Monday, by the appearance of Viscount Mandeville, eldest son of the Duke of Manchester, as a stanch Conservative. This was suppbsed to increase the chance of Mr. Charles Cochrane; and rumours began to fly about, of" danger" to one or other of the candidates supported by the Re- form Society—General Sir De Lacy Evans and Mr. Charles Lushington.
The nomination took place on Wednesday; the candidates appearing at the usual hustings in Covent Garden, with a numerous retinue of friends. Lord Sandon seconded the nomination of Lord Mandeville, The speeches were not of surpassing interest. Sir De Lacy Evans was sanguine in his anticipation of reforms to be carried out in the next Parliament—in educa- tion, sanatory regulations, Excise, Income-tax, Game-laws, the Church system, ike. Mr. Cochrane made light of the principal charge brought against him, that when he was a youth he was fond of the girls; chal- lenged his adversaries to repeat to his face the infamous libels against him circulated by their agents; explained that he was the nephew of Lord Dun- donald; declared himself the chosen candidate of the people, and exulted by anticipation in defeating the dictation of the Reform Society. Mr. Lushington came forward as the advocate of civil and religious liberty, of short Parliaments, no qualification of Members, ballot, extended education, abolition of church-rates, and the opponent of " finality." Lord Mandeville deprecated the idea that others were more earnest in advocating the inter- ests of the poor, or that he would insist on anything so indecorous and un- fair as to refuse a trial to the new Corn-law: but he could not acquiesce in the endowment of 'Popery--La religion which he believed counter to the re- vealed Word of God; and he much desired to revive Conservatism in Westminster.
The show of hands was declared to be in favour of Sir De Lacy Evans and Mr. Cochrane. - The polling began with energy; but Evans and Lushington took the start, and maintained it. Cochrane's friends made a great reserve for the last hour, which ran his numbers up formidably; but they did not reach high enough to touch Lushington.
The official declaration was made yesterday, as follows; when General Evans and Mr. Lushingtou were declared duly elected.
Evans 3,139 I Cochrane 2,819 Lushington 2,831 I MandevMe 1,985
LAMBIPM.—The nomination took place on Thursday, amid so much confusion in the way of noise, though without violence, that the candidates had some difficulty in being heard. They were—Mr. Hawes and Mr. Tennyson D'Eyncourt, the late Whig Members; Mr. Charles Pearson, put forward as "A true Protestant," and the enemy of Catholic endowment; and Mr. Archer Gurney, a young barrister of Conservative opinions. Mr. Hawes briefly pleaded his past services; but good-humouredly "cut it short," at the suggestion of the beat-oppressed crowd. Mr. Tennyson D'Eyncourt and Mr. Pearson, inter alia, politely hinted at each other's de- ficiences—Mr. Pearson's want of Parliamentary experience, and Mr.D'Eyn- court's age; each professing a wicked willingness to make up for the other's shortcomings if they should be elected together. Mr. Pearson promised to render a yearly account of his stewardship. The show of hands went in favour of Mr. Tennyson D'Eyncourt and Mr. Charles Pearson; a poll was demanded for Mr. Hawes; Mr. Gurney declined to proceed, his friends being of opinion that he had entered the contest too late for success.
The poll will be officially declared today: these are current as the pro- bable results—Pearson, 4,590; Tennyson D'Eyncourt, 3,666; Hawes, 391.
TOWER HAMLET8.—At the nomination, on Thursday, Sir William Clay and General Fox were opposed by Mr. George Thompson, the well-known orator of Anti-Slavery, Anti-Corn-law, and other "causes." Among the objects which Mr. Thompson professed to have in view were universal suffrage, abolition of capital punishment, and separation of Church and State. Mr. Thompson's speech was merged in a squabble with General Fox about the authorship of some handbills reflecting on Mr. Thompson; who took occasion to deny that he had ever been a mercenary—the remu- neration he had taken for his services at various periods had been no more than was requisite to give bread to his wife and family. The show of
hands designated Mr. Thompson and Sir William. Clay as the favourite candidates; and a poll was demanded for General Fox.
The unofficial accounts of the poll are very conflicting; but there can be no doubt that Thompson has an immense majority; Clay standing second.
MaRYLEBONB.—The sudden withdrawal of Mr. Daniel Whittle Harvey caused the greatest confusion. Lord Dudley Stuart's friends claimed for him the right to stand, as he stood second on the ballot; Sergeant Shee's friends insisted that the ballot did not bind the candidates on the with- drawal of the successful one; and the Liberal sections generally were busy in accusing each other of acting so as to " let in a Tory." Lord Dudley Stuart was openly accused of being a party to the withdrawal of Mr. HAI% vey, and Miss Burdett Coutts was named as having furnished the money; but both Lord Dudley and Mr. Harvey emphatically denied the charge. Mr. Harvey made written and spoken explanations; averring that his with- drawal was solely owing to doubts whether, if he made the sacrifice of his Commissionership, he might not after all lose his seat, through technical defects in his qualification, as interpreted by an unfavourable Election Committee.
The disputation continued, with increasing heat, till the nomination-day —Thursday; and it crept into the addresses which the four candidates de- livered after they had been proposed and seconded. Apart from that ques- tion, Sir Benjamin Hall relied upon his established position as an old Liberal Member; Sir James Hamilton, the Conservative, relied much on being a Marylebone man; Mr. Sergeant Shee, on the popular opinion which he had expounded at nineteen meetings of the electors; and Lord Dudley Stuart on his Liberal professions of willingness to repeal the Win- dow-tax, extend the suffrage, and preserve local rights: Mr. Robert Owen, resuscitated from oblivion as a fifth candidate, was about to develop hie peculiar views on a reconstruction of society, but just as he was coming to that part of his story, he was cat short by the impatience of the crowd. The show of hands was pronounced to be in favour of Sir Benjamin Hall and Sergeant Shea; a poll was demanded for Sir James Hamilton and Lord Dudley Stuart.
The official declaration of the poll will not be made till today: these may be regarded as an approximation to the numbers—Hall, 5,108; Stuart, 5,125; Hamilton, 3,555; Shoe, 624.
F1N8M7RY.—The election passed off on Wednesday. The' only °mai dates proposed were Mr. Thomas Duncornbe and Mr. Wakley; who were at once declared to he duly elected. Mr. Duncombe was kept away by c severe if not dangerous attack of bronchitis, the effect of arduous exertions in Parliament; but Mr. Wakley, who returned thanks for both, anticipated the happiest effects from rest and sea air. Mr. Wakley paid a warm tri- bute to the zeal and courage of his colleague- " Mr. Duncombe for some time _part has suffered greatly; and I can assure you that the sympathy of all the Members on the Reform side of the House of Commons has been painfully excited by observing his impaired health. And why has he suffered ? Because he has displayed the most extraordinary, indefa- tigable, and unwearied zeal in your cause. (Loud cheers.) He is, indeed, as we all know, one of the most gallant fellows that ever entered the House of Com- mons. (Renewed applause.) I respect and esteem him much more than I can describe. If he is the enemy of one man in the world, he is his own enemy, for he forgets himself in his love for his fellow creatures. (Great cheering.) I say this with warmth; and so long as I retain the distinction of representing you in Parliament, I hope I shall have the extreme felicity of having that honourable man by my side. I would say much more, but language is not adequate to ex- press the feelings I entertain towards him. Had you seen him, as I have done, fighting, night after night and month after month, the battle of the people, you would think as I do; but you can have no idea of what that man has to encounter who in the House of Commons struggles in your cause. His own associates, those of his own order, are astonished and sneer at him, question his motives, and entreat him to cause less inconvenience; others assail him more openly: but, whether false friend or treacherous foe, it matters little—Tommy Dancombe is still the same man. (Cheers and laughter.) No enemy can make him quail; no power can intimidate him; never did a more devoted advocate of the people's cause serve in the Legislature." (Applause.)
Mr. Wakley was profuse in his sarcasms on Mr. Warren, the well-known barrister and writer in Blackwood's Magazine, who had been a candidate, but had retired from the contest, alleging as one reason that all his friends were out of town-
" He informs us he is on the York circuit. That is where he is gone to—look- ing out for the pence of some poor devil locked up in York Castle, or foraging for some fellow fool enough to give him a brief. There's not such a blockhead in the county of York, I can tell him. He's a writer for the magazines. He has scrib bled some trash that he calls The Diary of a late Physician. Why, if he's got any brains, why doesn't he write for his own profession, instead of talking non- sense about physic? [Mr. Warren has written, and with great elaboration, for his own profession.] -I'll warrant the fellow doesn't know a dose of rhubarb from a doze of E:ont salts. He has also written a thing—a novel—entitled Ten Thou- sand a Year. It is easier to write about 'ten thousand a year' than to make it;. and I rather think Sam Warren knows that muck. But there is more thee. meets the eye in Sam's proceeding. His motive, r have reason to suspect, ori- nated in private and most unworthy resentment. You all recollect that at Hounslow, last year, an unfortunate man lost his life from having had the flesh torn from the bones of his back. You remember, perhaps, that the name of the surgeon who stood by and saw the flogging without interfering—who watched each one of the hundred and fifty lashes excoriating the skin of the wretched soldier, and wire never felt the victim's pulse while he underwent the protracted torture—was War- ren." Mr. Wakley entered at great length into his dispute with Mr. Warren and the Medical Times; and then recurred to his pleasantries. Ile charged Mr. Warren with casting a taunt at the whole electoral body. "He says that all his supporters are absent from London. That is very likely. Bat then he goes ois to say, 'It is otherwise with the supporters of Messrs. Dancombe and Wakley.' Of course they are at their posts. But what is contained in that dirty insinuation? Why, he means to throw out that all his supporters are gentlemen who can afford to go abroad. I suspect that some of them are not gentlemen in that sense, although they do go abroad. I suspect that some of his friends, if he has any, are at Botany Bay. If so, they are likely to remain out of town." (Laughter.) Mr. Wakley threw out a good word for the candidates in the City; and then glanced at financial reforms which he demanded,—readjustment of the national burdens so as to rest on the shoulders of the wealthy, abolition of the taxes on tea, and on windows, reduction of those on malt and sugar; the property of the kingdom being made to compensate the lose to the
revenue. Touching on the Bishop of Manchester Bill, he insisted on the necessity of augmenting the working clergy rather than the Episcopal
Bench; asking the people of Finsbury if ever they had felt the want of a Bishop; at which they laughed. He finished by returning thanks, and promising, for self and colleague, to return their trust into the hands of the electors should their conduct be called in question.
Sourawana.—Alderman Humphery and Sir William Molesworth were returned on Friday, without opposition.
Geeerrivicu.—The candidates were nominated on Thursday: Admiral Dundas, Mr. E. G. Barnard, Mr. David Salemons, and Mr. Samuel Kydd, a Chartist from Glasgow. The three former avowed themselves political friends of Lord John Russell, whom Mr. Salomons held to be the model statesman of this country. The choice by show of hands fell on Mr. Salo- moos and Mr. Kydd; a poll was demanded for the other two; and Mr. Kydd signified that he should proceed no further.
Admiral Dundee and Mr. Barnard have the advantage at the poll.
MIDDIESEL—Mr. Ralph Osborne's friends are busy in organizing an efficient support for their candidate; and Colonel Wood's friends are under- stood to be in some alarm.
Amacnost.—The candidates on Wednesday were, Sir Frederick The- siger and General Caulfield. The show of hands favoured the General; and a poll was demanded for Sir Frederick.
ANDOVER.—The candidates nominated were Mr. Henry Beaumont Cobs, Mr. Isaac Newton Fellowes, Mr. William Cubit; and Mr. Thomas Chatloner Smith. Messrs. Coles and Cubist had the show of hands; and a poll was demanded.
AYLESBURY.—The candidates put in nomination, on Wednesday, were Mr. Rice Richard Coles, Lord Nugent, and Mr. John Peter Deering. The show of hands being adverse to Mr. Deering, he called for a poll.
BANBURY.—The nomination took place yesterday. A show of hands gave Mr. J. Macgregor some advantage over Mr. Tancred; and a poll was ordered.
Baerorrarta.—Proposed on Thursday, Mr. F. Hodgson, the late Con- servative Member; the Honourable J. W. Fortescue, second son of Earl Fortescue; and Mr. R. Bremridge, for many years Tory election-agent for the town. The show of hands was in favour of Mr. Fortescue and Mr. Bremridge.
BATH.—The contest in this "city of the West" has been watched with interest, some hoping that Lord Ashley would not persevere in the attempt
to disturb the representation. He disappointed that hope. When he ap- peared on the hustings in order to the nomination, on Wednesday, he offered to shake hands with Mr. Roebuck; who drew back, politely saying, "Excuse me I had rather not." In their speeches to the electors, Lord Duncan and Mr. Roebuck alluded to their past services in Parliament; contrasting their advocacy of Corn-law repeal and other popular measures with Lord Ashley's resistance. Mr. Roebuck explained the reason why he had refused to Lord Ashley the right hand of fellowship: a placard circu- lated in the city accused Mr. Roebuck of being an infidel and of respecting
no man's religious opinions; and he assumed that Lord Ashley must be eognizant of that placard. Mr. Roebuck called to mind Lord Ashley's sudden changes of opinion on Catholic Emancipation and the Corn-laws, in obedience to Sir Robert Peel's example. He called on Lord Ashley, the friend of the factory operative, to protect the poor voter in Bath—
"Let me describe to him the scenes that are going on in Bath at this moment. Mr. Gore insinuated that the Treasury and the Admiralty had been coercing mat-. tars here. I would ask that gentleman what he means by that? I will tell you what I mean. I have been met twenty times in this town by mothers and wives, when I have gone into their houses and asked 'Is the good man at home?' by the answer—' He is out. He is your friend, Sir, but see these children. Mrs. So-and-so and the Reverend Mr. So-and-so have been here, and threatened us with the lass of their custom and taking the bread from our mouths. Can you, Sir, ask my husband to brave all these things? (Cries of" Name!') Name
himl why you'd ruin the man. But the name is Legion. I appeal to the noble Lord whether it is upon that his cause is to rest? I tell him it IS cruel so to treat
a man. Give us the ballot; and if the noble Lord can get 100 votes out of every 5,000 here, he should be returned without opposition.' (A laugh.) But his power is based upon tyranny—the tyranny of the rich over the poor, of the em- ployer over the employed, of the customer over the tradesman. * • • I have heard the noble .Lord say that what was morally wrong cannot be politically right: let that be his and his friends' motto tomorrow; and let me say, it is morally wrong to coerce any conscientious voter."
Lord Ashley accepted that pledge: he declared that he would not, either directly or indirectly, be a party to the coercion of a single conscientious voter. He declared that he had come to Bath because he had been invited; insisted on the right of the electors to choose candidates for themselves; and averred, upon his honour, that he had not the slightest knowledge of the opinion or feeling of the Minister. He admitted that Mr. Roebuck never shrank from the fearless declaration of his opinions—the only fault he found with Mr. Roebuck was that he stated his opinions rather un-
pleasantly; but he admired his honesty and boldness of heart. As to the inculpatory placard, Lord Ashley disclaimed all knowledge of it. Briefly adverting to practical matters, he undertook to support Lord Duncan in his attempts to repeal the Window-tax as soon as the state of the public finan- ces should permit of its removal; and he promised that if he were returned to Parliament he would continue to devote himself to social questions affect- ing the welfare of the working classes.
The show of hands was declared to be in favour of Lord Duncan and Mr. Roebuck; and a poll was demanded for Lord Ashley.
At the close of the poll, on Thursday, the numbers were (unofficially) declared to be—for Lord Ashley, 1,287; Lord Duncan, 1,268; Mr. Roebuck, 1,120. Mr. Roebuck took leave of his constituents in a speech which we copy entire from the Times-
' I am not to be the Member for Bath. ("Shame! ") I want to say to you two or three things that I wish you to hear and to remember, as the words of a friend about to leave you, without considerations of personal regard, favour, or affection, but as the legacy of one who, after fifteen years of faithful service, has met with this strange reward. ("Shame, shame!") I wish to say something to :ion
which you may remember, and something which you may apply: Now, listen to
the words which I utter. Why have I been defeated? ("Bribery, eribery!") Why, not by bribery, but by bigotry. Now, understand me, when I say these last words which you will hear from me. (" We hope not,") They will be—bat un- derstand them and apply them. Why have I been defeated? I have been the friend—( Cries of " Sitmm!")—don't cry silence; he who does so makes a noise, and only prevents me from being heard. Now, understand why it is that I have been defeated—why I wish to leave you a legacy which shall explain the causes of my defeat. Things have occurred within the last few years affecting the reli- gious prejudiceaof certain particular communities. Of those certain persons have sent ins letters of approval and satisfaction and grateful thanks; and amongst the foremost of them was the head and pastor of the Unitarians of this town, Mr. Much. Not long since that gentleman sent Inc letters of approval and
Ithanks for all that I had done in that remarkable case the Dissenters' Chapels Bill. ("He does not represent the Unitarians.") Never mind that. He is the head of the Unitarians; he is the pastor of the Unitarians of this town. Let me tell you the history of his doings. Some months ago he wrote a letter to me—and I have that letter by me now—thanking me for my services in this matter. (Great excitement.) Silence, my friends. Now, listen to me, I beseech you. You are all my friends here. I entreat you to be silent, for my voice is not as a speaking-trumpet; and, as a personal favour, I ask you not to interrupt me. Mr. March, months ago sent me a letter of thanks—and I have that letter by me now—for that I had braved, and courageously braved, the feelings of the great body of the Dissenters on behalf of that small body composing the Unitarians. Now, when I came the other day to Bath, in what is called the Liberal Association, I there found Mr. Much, with pencil in hand, noting down and talkingof offences which I had committed against him, Mr. Much. Now, what were these offences ? That I had not kept my temper. My temper! My temper is not moved by the backwardness of the Dissenters; and I appeal to all who hear me now most par- ticularly, whether there is anything in my personal conduct which can give offence to any human being? (" No, no!") Well, then, Mr. March, the Unitarian preacher and head of the congregation, chose to take offence at my per- 3008i conduct; and he and Mr. Wilson Brown and Mr. Norman are the three persons who have contributed to my defeat—a Whig, a Dissenter, and a waiter upon Providence—Mr. Norman the Whig, Mr. hlurch the Dissenter, and Mr. Wilson Brown the waiter upon Providence. (Loud cheers.) Now understand what I am about to say. My voice is failing me; and when I see so many thou- sand friends around me, and feel that I am unable to make myself heard, I have that within my heart and spirit which I wish I could communicate to you. Un- derstand me when! tell you that the Liberals have been defeated by the Town. hall. I was returned many years ago because I was the tried enemy of the To- ries of Bath. (Cheers.) But you will no longer have a free representative; for my honourable and noble friend, Lord Duncan, is too honest to represent you long. (" No, no ! ") I and he have upheld the Liberal party here. 1—and I speak it not in vanity—have been its principal support; and now I am removed, he who has been its second pillar will soon be crushed. I now, gentlemen, bid you adieu. (" No, no! ") Again I shall not -appear here. Many constituencies will ask and demand and require such a representative as I have been to you. And they who, after fifteen years of service, have rejected me in their hearts, let theirs be the shame and the scandal which will be rendered by others asking me again to appear in the House of Commons. But, gentlemen, I have no ambition to appear there. I want—and I hope the reporters will take this—to be released from attendance in the House of Commons. My only hope is in quiet—my desire is literati/ for ease—my pleasure is in my family—my hope is in contentment and quiet. Fare you well!" (Strong expressions of sympathy.) BERWICK-UPON- TWEED.—Mr. Thomas Browne, Mr. Mathew Forster, and Mr. J. C. Renton, were proposed on Wednesday: Mr. Browne demanded a poll.
BEVERLEY.—The candidates nominated on Thursday were Mr. J. Townley, Sir Isaac Lyon Goldsmid, Liberals; and Mr. Saokville Lane Fox, Conservative; who had to demand a poll.
BEWDLEY.—Sir Thomas Winnington, a Liberal, and Mr. Ireland, Anti-Papist, were proposed on Thursday. By far the largest number of hands were shown for Mr. Ireland; and a poll was demanded.
BIRMINGHAM has been the scene of a cofitest marked by unusual bitter- ness. Mr. George Frederick Muntz professed to keep independent; but he, acted so as to favour Mr. Spooner, the Conservative, and spoke in contu- melious terms of those who objected to his eccentric coarse. Hence the most vehement anger among the Liberals. The nomination was perform- ed on Thursday. The show of hands fell on Mr. Muntz and Mr. Schole- field; Mr. Spooner, and Mr. Sergeant Allen, a fourth candidate and a Liberal, demanded a poll.
BLACKBURN.—Candidates, Mr. John Hornby, the late Conservative Member; Messrs. William Hargrave and James Pilkington, on the Whig interest; and Mr. P. W. Roberts, a Chartist, better known as the Miners' Attorney-General. The show of hands was declared to be in favour of Messrs. Horriby and Roberts: a poll demanded.
Bonsine.—At the nomination, on Wednesday, the late Member Sir Samuel Spry, Mr. James Wyld the map-seller, and Mr. Henry Charles Lacy, came forward. The show of hands being in favour of the two last, a poll was demanded for Sir Samuel Spry.
BOLTON.—AL the nomination on Wednesday, the candidates were Dr. Bowring and Mr. John Brooks of Manchester, and Mr. William Bolling, of Bolton, a Conservative. After the show of hands, Dr. Bowring was fain to demand a poll.
BRADFORD.—Mr. Busfeild and Colonel Thompson had the show of hands on Thursday; a poll ordered, at the demand of Mr. Wickham and Mr. Hardy, Conservatives.
BRIDGENORTEL—At the nomination, on Wednesday, appeared Mr. Thomas Charlton Whitmore, of Apley Park; Sir Robert Pigot, of Patshall; and Sir John Easthope, late M.P. for Leicester. The show of hands was for Mr. Whitmore and Sir John Easthope.
Btunazwaxsa.—The candidates put in nomination here, on Wednesday, were Mr. Henry Broadwood, Mr. C. J. K. Tynte, and Mr. Stephen Gazelee. BRIDPORT.—FORT candidates were nominated on Wednesday: Mr. Thomas Alexander Mitchell, Mr. Alexander Dundee Wishart Ross BMWs Cochrane, the Honourable Edward Richard Petre, and Mr. Montgomery Martin. The show of hands was in favour of Messrs. Cochrane and Petre. BRIGHTON.—The show of hands declared for Captain Peahen and Mr. William Coningham, Liberals: a poll demanded for Lord Alfred Hervey, Conservative.
BarteroL.—Mr. F. H. Berkeley, Liberal, and Mr. Fripp, a follower of Sir Robert Peel, had the show of hands: a poll was demanded for Mr. Philip William Skinner Miles, Protectionist, and Mr. Apsley Pellets, of London, whose strong Liberal opinions are well known.
Boar Sr. Ensrustres.—The nomination took place yesterday. Lord Jermyn was absent from illness; Mr. Banbury and Mr. Horace Twiss ad- dressed the electors. The show of bands being in their favour, a poll was demanded for Lord Jermyn.
CAMBRIDGE BOROUGH.—Another change took place this week: Mr. Manners Sutton having reconsidered his retirement and reappeared, Mr. Humfrey reconsidered his position and disappeared. He announced his retirement on Monday, explaining it to be the result of a reference to a third party, agreed on between himself and Mr. Sutton. The nomination was on Thursday. The candidates were Mr. Manners Sutton, a stanch disciple of Sir Robert Peel; Mr. Adair, a Liberal; and Mr. W. T. Camp- bell, son of Lord Campbell. The show of hands was in favour of Mr. Campbell and Mr. Adair: poll demanded.
• Cannarnon Us:wan/arr.—The polling began on Thursday. At first Mr. Shaw Lefevre appeared at a disadvantage; and it is presumed that there is a coalition between Mr. Law and Viscount Fielding.
• CAMBRIDGE CouNTY.—Mr. Allis has followed in Mr. Sutton's steps, laming also reconsidered his retirement for the county.
CiurEaltunr.—Four candidates were proposed on Thursday: Mr. George Smythe, the late Member, a soi-disant "Tory" and follower of Sir
Robert Peel; Lord Albert Conyngham, a Whig; Lord Clinton, a denouncer of "the Vatican "; and Mr. Vance, a "representative of Protestant and English principles." The meeting declared in favour of Mr. Smythe and Lord Albert; and the two others called for a poll.
CARLISLE Cum—There were three candidates on Thursday: Mr. Philip Howard, the late Member, Mr. W. N. Hodgson, and Mr. Dixon: the show of hands falling on his opponents, Mr. Howard demanded a poll.
CHESTER.—There being no opposition, the Attorney-General and Earl Grosvenor were realected on Wednesday.
Cuntremine—The candidates were, Mr. Craven Berkeley, a Whig; Captain Carrington Smith, a follower of Lord George Bentinck; and Sir Willoughby Jones, a Conservative. The show of hands being for Mr. Berke- ley, the others called for a poll.
Csuusrcurotell.—Captain E. A. J. Harris was elected; Colonel Henry Dundas Campbell, although victorious on the show of hands, declining the Pill• • COLCHESTER.—Sir George Henry Smith, Protectionist, and Mr. Hard- castle, Free-trader, had the show of hands on Thursday; Mr. Sanderson, Anti-Papist, demanded a poll.
CovErator.—The candidates, on Wednesday, were Mr. Ellice and Mr. Williams, the late Members, and Mr. George James Turner, Conservative. The show of hands being against Mr. Williams, his friends demanded a poll.
DENBIGH BOROUGHS.—Mr. F. R. West, son of the Honourable F. West, of Ruthin Castle, was elected on Thursday; Mr. Lloyd Wynne, the oppo- nent candidate, having withdrawn at the eleventh hour.
DEstar.—At the nomination, on Thursday, four candidates appeared, namely, Mr. Strutt, the Honourable Frederick Leveson Gower, Liberals; Mr. Raikes, Conservative; Mr. lel'Graith, a Chartist: Mr. M'Graith with- drew before the show of hands, which was in favour of the Liberals. Poll demanded for Mr. Raikes.
Davizes.—Election begun and ended on Wednesday, in the unopposed return of the former Members, Mr. G. H. Walker Ileneag,e and Mr. W. Ludlow Bruges.
Davolreoar.—Mr. Tufnell, Mr. Hominy, and Mr. Sanders, were pro- posed on Thursday: show of hands for Sanders and Tufnell.
Doaesrearest.—The Honourable A. H. A. Cooper and Sir James Gm ham both retired: two new Peanut Conservative candidates presented themselves on Wednesday, in the persons of Colonel Dawson Darner and Mr. Henry Gerard Sturt; and no others appearing, these gentlemen were declared duly elected.
Dovntt.—The choice by shows of hands, on Thursday, fell upon Mr. Edward Royd Rice, Liberal, and Sir George Clerk: a poll was demanded for Mr. H. T. Prinsep, Protectionist.
Dues:am—Mr. Benbow, designated as "Lord Ward's nominee," was returned on Wednesday; Mr. Joseph Linney, a Chartist of Bilston, who made a show of opposition, declining the poll.
DURHAM CITY.—On Thursday, Mr. Granger and Mr. Spearman, Li- berals, obtained the show of hands; and a poll was demanded for Captain Wood, Conservative.
EvEsuom.—Three candidates appeared at the hustings on Wednesday: Lord Marcus Hill, the new Treasurer of the Royal Household; Sir Henry Willoughby, a Conservative; and Sir Ralph Howard, a Radical. In his address, Sir Henry Willoughby declared that he was a Free-trader before Mr. Cobden took up the subject; Sir Ralph Howard avowed himself a Free-trader to the backbone. The show of hands was in favour of Lord Marcus and Sir Ralph.
GLOUCESTER Cirv.—The nomination took place on Wednesday. The Radical candidate, Mr. W. P. Price, having retired on the previous even- ing, Mr. H. T. Hope and Captain Maurice Frederick Fitzh:irdinge Berke- ley, R.N., were elected without opposition.
GUILDFORD.—At the nomination for this borough, on Wednesday, Mr. T. L. Thurlow came forward as a third candidate; the others being Mr. Ross D. Mangles and Mr. H. Currie.
Haraecx.—The election at Halifax was saddened by a sudden and mourn- ful event. At a meeting of Sir Charles Wood's supporters, on Monday night, the chair was taken by Mr. Ackroyd, a manufacturer of great respectability and influence in the place. He defended Sir Charles and his colleagues for their endeavours to extend education beyond sectarian bounds; and avowed a strengthening conviction that such an extension was necessary to check the progress of crime. Some adverse feeling was exhibited; Mr. Ackroyd became more earnest, and spoke with considerable warmth: but suddenly his arms dropped on the table, his head fell forward, and he re- mained motionless—in a fit. He was carried out into the air; but soon expired. This fatal visitation seemed to check the usual animation of an election.
The candidates were nominated on Wednesday: they were—Sir Charles Wood; Mr. Ernest Jones, a barrister of Chartist opinions; Mr. Edwards a Conservative; and Mr. Edward Midi, a leading Nonconformist. All addressed the electors. Sir Charles Wood devoted some pains to disclaim- ing " finality "• to vindicating free trade—with a glance at the reduction
of wages, caused, as he had prophesied, by the Short-time Act of last
session; to defending the Education measure of Government; and to ex- plaining his views as to Roman Catholic endowment--he avowed that he had no conscientious scruples against such a measure, but declared that Ministers had no intention to introduce one: he was against separation of Church and State, but urged Christian charity on all sides. The other candidates having addressed the elector; the show of hands was taken: it was in favour of Mr. Jones and Mr. Mien; and a poll was demanded.
HARWICIL—The candidates, on Thursday, were Mr. John Attwood Mr. Bagshaw, Major-General Sir Dudley Hill, and Mr. W. Knight, a Con- servative barrister of London. General Hill declared himself bent to sup- port the Established Church and the Navigation-laws, and oppose Catholic
endowment. Mr. Knight would resist further (*mentions to Popery, and promote popular education. The greater number of hands were held up for Bagshaw and Knight, and a poll was ordered.
Hcsrmos.—The contest here was on religious grounds. The candidates were, Mr. Robert Hollond, the late Liberal Member; Mr. Musgrove Brim*, the late Conservative Member; Mr. John Ashley Warne, a gentleman of moderate Whig principles; and Mr. Patrick Roberts, a gentleman of Pro- testant principles. The show of hands was in favour of the late Members: a poll was ordered.
HERTFORD.—Lord Mahon and Mr. Cowper were reelected on Wednes- day; Mr. T. Chambers, a barrister, declining the poll.
Honsnam.—Mr. John Jervis, son of the Attorney-General, was opposed by Mr. Fitzgerald, an Irish gentleman who has lately bought an estate in the neighbourhood of the borough. The show of hands was declared for Mr. Jervis.
HUDDERSFIELD.—The most hands were held up for Mr. Cheatham, and a poll was ordered for Mr. W. C. It. Stansfiold; both Ministerialists.
HULL—On Wednesday were proposed, Mr. James Clay, Mr. Mathew Talbot Baines, Q.C., the Recorder, and Mr. James Brown. Failing at the show of hands, Mr. Brown demanded a poll.
HUNTINGDON.—The election of Colonel Jonathan Peel and Mr. T. Ba- ring was unopposed yesterday.
HYTHE.—The nomination took place yesterday. The candidates were Mr. Edward Drake Brockman and Baron Mayer Amschel Rothschild: a poll was demanded for the latter.
Irawicu.—Nomination on Thursday: Captain Gladstone, R.N., Conser- vative; Mr. Henry Vincent, Complete Suffragist; Mr. Adair, Liberal; and Mr. Cobbold, of old-fashioned Church and State principles." Show of hands for Vincent and Adair: a poll demanded.
limizst..—The election of Mr. George Carr Glynn, Chairman of the London and South-western Railway Company, took place yesterday, with- out opposition.
KIDDERMINSTER.—Mr. Godson, the late Member, was reelected 011 Wed- nesday; Mr. Sartoris having withdrawn from the contest.
KNARESBOROUGH.—On Thursday were nominated, Mr. Andrew Law- son, Protectionist; Mr. W. Lascelles, and Mr. Westhead, a Manchester ma- nufacturer, Liberals. Poll demanded for Mr. Lawson.
LANCASTER.—Three candidates came forward at the nomination on Wednesday: Mr. Samuel Gregson, Deputy Chairman of the East India and China Association; Mr. Greene, the late Member, and Mr. E. D. Salisbury, a High Church Tory. Mr. Greene lost the show of hands.
LEEDS.— The nomination being fixed for Wednesday, three candi- dates presented themselves at the hustings. They were Mr. Beckett, the late Member, Mr. Joseph Sturge, and Mr. James Garth Marshall. Friend Sturge carrying the day by show of hands, a poll was demanded on behalf of Mr. Beckett and Mr. Marshall.
LEICESTER.—The candidates, on Wednesday, were Mr. James Parker, a Conservative Chancery barrister; Sir Joshua Walmsley, of Liverpool, a Liberal; Mr. R. Gardner, a Radical; and Mr. S. Buckley, a Chartist frame- work knitter. This last-named candidate, however, withdrew; and the choice by show of hands fell on Sir J. Walmsley and Mr. Gardner; Mr. Parker demanding a poll.
LEWES.—The nomination took place on Wednesday. The Honourable Henry Fitzroy and Mr. Perfect obtained the show of hands: Mr. God- frey Hudson and Lord Henry Loftus demanded a poll.
LismoLsr C1TY.—The candidates were nominated on Wednesday: Co- lonel Sibthorp and Mr. William Rickford Collett, the late Tory Members; Sir Edward Bulwer Lytton and Mr. Seeley, Liberals. The novelty in the speeches was Sir Edward Lytton's coming forward as the advocate of "Church and State," on which he spoke at great length: the Church of England he regarded as the great parent of civil and religions liberty, the bulwark of Protestantism throughout the globe. On the show of lands, Mr. Collett and Mr. Seeley had the advantage; and a poll was demanded.
LivEnPoor..—At the nomination, on Wednesday, the candidates were Sir Thomas Birch, Sir Digby Mackworth, Lord John Manners, and Mr. Cardwell. Sir Thomas Birch, addressing the electors, classed himself as a Liberal; advocated various reforms, financial, social, and legal; supported an Income-tax; and contemptuously dismissed the question of Catholio endowment—a bargain most improbable where one party was determined not to pay and the other not to receive: but the Pope had always been used as the bugaboo in the box to frighten electors. Sir Digby Mack- worth was for free trade—in a restricted sense; free trade, for instance, with India; and he advocated many of the safe reforms current among Liberal Conservatives. Lord John Manners avowed himself a Tory, a Protectionist, and an upholder of the Church; and called upon the electors of Liverpool not to yield everything to the political economists. Mr. Cardwell emphatically disclaimed the phraseology of party; enlarged on the benefits of free trade, especially with America; and insisted on the paramount necessity in public affairs of always going/or-ward: the vessel of the State must never make lee-way. The show of hands favoured Sir Thomas Birch and Sir Digby Mackworth. The result of the poll on Thursday caused some surprise. The figures were not exactly known; but an approximate report soon spread abroad. The numbers were officially declared yesterday—Cardwell, 5,481; Birch, 4,882; Mackworth, 3,099; Manners, 2,413.
LYME-REGIS.—Sir Fitzroy Kelly and Mr. T. N. Alidy were proposed on Thursday. On the show of hands, Mr. Abdy demanded a poll. .
Lrousorrrort—Mr. John Stewart, Mr. William Alexander Mackinnon, and Colonel Keppel, were proposed on Thursday. A poll was demanded for Mr. Stewart Lvese.—Lord George Bentinck has addressed a letter to his constituents, in pattern a counterpart of Sir Robert Peel's. A large part of it is devoted to the attempt at proving that there was no Irish scarcity in 1845-6 to justify Sir Robert's repeal of the Corn-laws; though there did come a real scarcity in 1846-7. Another section is appropriated to an enlogium on the Corn-law of Mr. Canning and Lord Liverpool, as contrasted with the "jumping scale" of 1842, and with Sir Robert's successive changes in the law. The Bank Charter Act is assailed. Lord George would foster the Colonies with protection, and uphold the Navigation-laws. He has no con- scientious scruple to prevent his acquiescing in endowment of the Roman Catholic priesthood: he sees reasons in favour of such a measure; but it would be dangerous to attempt it without the distinct and deliberate as- sent of the English people.
The election was begun and finished yesterday; Lord George Bentinck tiaa Lord Jocelyn being returned without opposition. Lord George was nut forward by his,proposer as a "great man"; which elicited applause and some laughter. Lord Jocelyn's seconder, Mr. Cresswell, confessed of him- sel.4 that at the last election he was a "rampant Protectionist," and "no doubt said many foolish things "; but now he adheres to Lord Jocelyn and Sir Robert PeeL lu xeturning thanks, Lord George contributed a scrap towards the political history of the day- " I do not believe that Sir Robert Peel prevailed with my noble friend [Lord Jocelyn] by reminding him of his beautiful and accomplished wife [the daughter ((Earl Cowper] and charming children. (Disapprobation, cheers and con n- ava.) indeed, I may venture to state, that I virtually know that Sir Robert Peel's appeal to my noble friend was the same which was made to the Duke of Wellington, that he should accept and retain office in order to save the Queen from a Cobden Administration. (Renewed expressions of applause and disap- proval.) I, for one, took a different view of the subject; and I said, 'If we are to have Cobden's measures, let us have the man.' I think it was not a pro- w nor even a constitutional course for the late Government, which has been well described as 'an organized hypocrisy,' to pretend that they were bound by the oldjgationi of their position to adopt Mr. Cobden's principles in order to exclude him from office."
In his speech of thanks, Lord Jocelyn remarked the extraordinary fact, that in the heart of agricultural Norfolk, where a short time since 1,200 gentlemen assembled to bewail the fate of protection, be, a follower of Sir Robert Peel, should be retarned to Parliament without any oppositition.
Macczatsrira.D.—The candidates at the nomitiatiou, on Thursday, were Brocklehurst„ Mr. Grimsditch, and Mr. Williams of Regent Circus, who declared himself in favour of free trade and nearly all the poiuts of the Charter. Poll demanded for Mr. Brocklehurst.
htsLuatt.—Yeaterday, Mr. Quintin Dick, Mr. T. B. Leonard, and Mr. D. Waddington, were nominated; and a poll was ordered for Mr. Leonard.
Newelnitlexna.—The election terminated without contest, on the day of nomination, Thursday, in the return of Mr. Thomas Milner Gibson and Mr. Joka Bright; both of whom made animated speeches.
hiessLow.---A sharp contest is expected between the three candidates nominated yesterday: Mr. Williams and Mr. Roan Hampden, Conserva- tives; and Sir R. W. Clayton, a Liberal.
Newel:sr.—Nomination on Thursday: proposed, Kr. John Stuart, Pro- teetiaskiat; Mr. John limey Manners Sutton, Free-trader; Mr. George Hussey Packe' a promoter of the London aad York Railway. Show of bands for Mr. Sutton and Mr. Packe: poll demanded for Stuart.
ntripoisis.—On Thursday, were proposed, Mr. Charles Wykeharn Martin and Mr. W, H. C. Plowden, late of Canton, Conservatives; Mr. Witham John Blake and Mr. Charles Compton, Radicals. The show of hands went in favour of the Liberals; and the others asked for a poll.
bliweoemz-trtnaga-Lifisx.—At the nomination, on Wednesday, there were four candidates: Lord Brackley, son of the Earl of Ellesmere, Mr. Wittiam Jackson of Birkenhead, Mr. Christy, a Conservative, and Mr. Greigh The show of hands was declared to be for Messrs. Jackson and gxeigh.
Nonwinn.—The nomination for this city took place in the Guildhall Waleeedity: the candidates were the Marquis of Douro, Mr. S. M. Pato, sod Mr. 4. H. Parry. The show of hands was in favour of the two latter; and the Marquis demanded a poll.
NoTrosonars.—The nomination on Wednesday introduced an unex- pected candidate. Sir John Hobhouse, Mr. Thomas Gisborne, and Mr. Fear,gus O'Connor, were nominated; and Sir John was about to make his speech; hut Mr. Bewley rose, and declared that in order to prevent Mr. cdaborae from being forced upon the constituency, be should propose Mr. John Walter junior. The three candidates thus presented expounded their well-known sentiments; and the show of hands was taken: it fell upon Mr. John Walter and Mr. Feargus O'Connor; whereupon the others demanded poll.
The poll was officially declared yesterday: the numbers proved to be —for Walter, 1,683; O'Connor, 1,257; Gisborne, 999; Hobhouse, 893. The issue of the contest was a surprise to the good folks of Nottingham. When the poll began, on Thursday, Sir John Hobhouse took the lead; subsequently Mr. Gisborne went to the front; then Mr. John Walter: at the close, Mr. Walter headed the whole, by nearly five hundred votes, having more than 1,800; Mr. Feargus O'Connor stood second; Mr. (is- home bad a few over the thousand, and Sir John a few under it. The Times implies that sympathy for the death of Mr. Walter's father, and a grateful remembranoe of his past services for the poor, brought this unexpected samosa to his son.
OLDLIA/L—The oandidates proposed, on Thursday, were Mr. Fielden, Mr. John Morgan Cobbett, Mr. W. J. Fox' and Mr. John Duncuft., a share-broker of Manchester. At the show of hands, Mr. Fielden and Mr. Cobbett bad the immense majority; but a poll was demanded.
OXFORD Intivensirv.—Three candidates were proposed in Convocation on Thursday: namely, Sir Robert Harry Inglis, M.A., Christchurch; C. G. Round, M.A., Balliol; and W. E. Gladstone, M.A., Christchurch. The polling began at once, and Sir Robert Inglis took the lead. Mr. Gladstone's Committee have published, with permission, a letter ad- dressed by the Bishop of Bath and Wells to the Reverend E. P. Cooper, in winch his Lordship vouches for Mr. Gladstone's "soundness and deep love for our Church."
PONTSFRACT.—Mr. Monckton Milnea Mr. S. Martin, Whig, and Mr. T. H. Preston, Conservative, were proposed on Thursday. The show of bands was followed by the demand for a poll on the part of Mr. Manes.
POOLE.—Mr. G. R.. Phillips and Mr. Hutchins, Whigs, were opposed by Mr. hierryweather Turner, Radical, and Mr. Robinson, Chairman of Lloyd's; the last stood upon the Navigation-laws and Protestant principles. The show of hands was against the Whigs; and a poll was ordered.
READING.—On Thursday, the following were duly proposed: Mr. Charles Russell and Lord Chelsea, the late Members, both Protectionists; Mr. Pigott and Mr. Sergeant Talfourd, Liberal Free-traders. The show of hands favoured the two Liberals.
REIGATE.—Captain Parrott having withdrawn, Mr. T. Somers Cocks was, on Wednesday, declared to be duly elected.
Rirost.—Sir James Graham and the Honourable Edward Lamellas were elected on Wednesday, without opposition.
RICHMOND.—Mr. Rich was reelected on Thursday; and Mr. Dundee re- tiring, Mr. Marmaduke Wyvill junior was returned in his stead.
ROCHESTER.—The candidates at the nomination, yesterday, were Mr. Douglas and Mr. Bodkin, Conservatives; Mr. Bernal and Mr. Tvrysden Hodges Liberals. The show of hands was against the latter; and a poll was demanded.
Sarasinfar.—The gentlemen proposed on Thursday were, Mr. Chaplin, a Railway Chairman and a Churchman of highly Protestant principles; Mr. Baring Wall; and Mr. John Smith, a " true Conservative and Protes- tent." Show of hands for Chaplin and Wall: poll demanded for Smith Sawnvricer.—At the nomination, yesterday, the show of hands being in favour of Lord C. Paget and Mr. C. W. Grenfell, a poll was demanded for the Conservative candidate, Lord Charles Pelham Clinton.
SHEFFIELD.—The nomination of Members was fixed for Wednesday. In addition to the late Members, Mr. John Parker and Mr. Henry George Ward, Mr. Clark was put in nomination, and forced Mr. Parker to the poll.
SwitEwsnour.—Three candidates presented themselves at the hustings on Wednesday : Mr. G. Tomline, Mr. Robert Aglionby Slaney, and Mr. E. IL Baldock; the first and last Conservatives. The choice by show of hands fell on Mr. Slaney and Mr. Tomline.
Soornastrrow.—The failure of support from their Anti-Catholic friends has caused Mr. Humphrey St. John Mildinay and Mr. G. W. Hope to withdraw.
SOUTH Sin:num.—Three candidates appeared on Thursday: Mr. Dic- kinson and Mr. Wawn, Liberals; and Mr. Whately, a Conservative. Mr. Dickinson had the show of hands: a poll was demanded.
Sr. ALBAN'8.—At the nomination, on Wednesday, Mr. Repton, the Con- servative candidate, encountered three new candidates, Messrs. Craven, Wilks, and Raphael. The show of hands went for Mr. Raphael and Mr. Wilks.
STAFFORD.—An unusual incident occurred on the eve of the nomina- tion: Mr. Meteyarel, a barrister, and a popular candidate, was arrested under some railway liabilities. The candidates, proposed on Thursday, were, Captain Carnegie, Alderman Sidney, Mr. David Urquhart, Mr. Hol- den, Mr. John Lea. Mr. Lea and Mr. Urquhart had the show of hands 3 a poll was demanded.
STatawattn.—At the nomination, yesterday, the show of hands being in favour of the Marquis of Granby and Mr. Bolt, a poll was demanded for Mr. C. J. Berries.
Srous-nrow-TEEnr.—The election commenced on Wednesday. Can- didates, Mr. Alderman Copeland, Mr. John Lewis Ricardo, and Mr. T. P. Healey. Alderman Copeland was not present; end Mr. Ricardo and Mr. Healey had the show of hands.
Srocstrour.—On Thursday, the nomination of Mr. Cobden was received with a buret of .cheers: the other candidates were Mr. Kershaw, Mr. James Heald, and Mr. J. West, a Chartist. Show of hands in favour of Cobden and West: poll demanded for the others.
Switoms.—Tbecandidatas, on Thursday, were Mr. George Poulett Mr. W. H. Stanton, and Mr. Marcus Merryweather Turner. The show of hands was pronounced for Mr. Serope and Mr. Turner; and a poll was demanded.
TAILWORT11.—The election was accomplished on Wednesday; thale being no candidate in opposition to Sir Robert Peel and his brother, Mr. William Yates Peel. Candidates and constituent, met in the Town-hat The two gentlemen having been proposed and seconded, Sir Robert air dressed the electors at considerable length, not in apology for his public conduct, which he gloried in, but in explanation and vindication of it. In the beginning of his speech, Sir Robert declared that he attached great im- portance to the maintenance of the smaller boroughs like that of Tamwortk; which has a population of 7,000, and a constituency Lot exceeding 400 or 500. Exempt from some influences to which the immense manufacturing constituen- cies are subjected, the smaller boroughs can select their candidates without bind- ing them by specific pledges. Tamworth had enjoyed the privilege of returning representatives for three hundred years; yet who could say that a single voter in it had taken a bribe? Sir Robert stated that he had addressed them by letter before the election, because he did not wish to take their suffrages by surprise. He had asked them to return him on public grounds alone; but they could not suppose that he undervalued their private esteem and friendship—" You don't suppose, although I wished to be returned on public grounds, that I have any other satisfaction in life greater than retaining the cordial good-will and attach- ment of those in whose neighbourhood I live, and who have been familiar to MO from my earliest years. For fifty years I have recollections of this town. I can- not see the return of this day's ceremonies without some feelings of pain and re- gret. I miss many old friends who have been gathered to their fathers. I see, it is true, their places supplied by new and equally attached friends; but the new friendships are not altogether a complete consolation for those that have been terminated by death. Gentlemen, I live among you, my lot is cast among you; but I can say with truth, that if your confidence had been transferred on public grounds to another, my wishes to cultivate friendly relations with you, to live at peace with you, to act with you in promoting the interests of this neigh- bourhood, would have remained exactly the same: and, after this election shall have terminated, I say with regard to those who support me, and to those, few an they are, who conscientiously differ from the course I have taken, 'Let us forget the present conflict, and live upon the terms of cordial good feeling and neigh- bourhood.'" (Loud cheering.) Adverting to public questions, Sir Robert declared that be had had no object of a personal nature in any measure which he had proposed; and he asked what duty he had neglected, what public principle he had abandoned?—" When lad- dressed you before, I have said I am a loyal and devoted subject of the Queen; wish to see every prerogative of the Monarchy preserved. Have I done anything to trench on the just prerogative of the Monarch? It is quite true, I have not advised prosecutions tor libel and sedition: I have wished to see the power of the Crown maintained by the just administration of the law—to see the power of the Crown resting upon general contentment, upon loyalty, upon that affectionate devotion towards their Sovereign which this country would be base and ungrateful indeed if they did not manifest towards that Queen who now rules over our des- tinies. (Loud cheers.) Well, I have wished that the Church should be main- tained in its legitimate influence. I wished to see the Church gaining upon Dis- sent; but I wished to see it gain upon Dissent by extending its ministrations among the people. I don't want to see the Church supported by unjust laws, in- juriously affiieting those who dissent from her doctrines. I think it perfectly compatible with affectionate attachment to the Established Church to consult the feelings and do justice to the rights of those whodissent from her doctrines. ( Cheers.) These are the objects of true Conservative policy which I wished to uphold. I have wished to see the House of Lords in the possession of all its just authority. Detach the utmost importance to the maintenance, in this country, of an heredi- tary nobility. I believe the Aristocracy of this country have done at least as much to vindicate the liberties of Englishmen as any other class that exists in it; and I believe it would be utterly destructive of that mixed form of government under which we live if the House of Lords ceased to exercise its just authority. I have wished to discourage the desire for Democratic change in the constitution of the House of Commons. I do not wish to see the House of Com- mons a Democratic body, acting in discord with the Throne and the House of Lords. Comparing this country with others in which there exists forms of go- vernment resting on pure Democracy, I say you have tenfold greater security for your liberty, for the enjoyment of free opinion, for the freedom of the press, for the freedom of thought and action; for all this, you have tenfold more security under this mixed form of government—under an ancient Monarchy, a House of Lords, and a House of Commons representing the people, not told by the head, but representing the aristocracy, the clergy, the great corporate bodies, the intel- ligence and wealth as well as the numbers of the people. (Cheers.) I have de- sired to maintain public credit: at the same time, I have desired to extend com- merce. In what respect have I failed in upholding these great principles? (Loud cheers.) What injury have I done to any one of the jest, legitimate objects of Conservative policy? (Cheers.) Has the public credit suffered while the finances were administered by me? has the House of Lords had its influence impaired? has the Church had its influence impaired ?—if it have, it has been by its own intestine dissensions, not by any act of mine." (Cheers.)
Sir Robert went over his fiscal measures; explaining their operation to his hearers as to a community dependent on agriculture. For instance, he explained the effect of removing the prohibition on the importation of meat, and asked if they had found the price ruinously low; which was answered by cheers and cries of " Not cheap enough!" So he went over other articles—butter and other pro- visions, timber, silk, &c.; showing how the duties reduced encouraged con- sumption of the articles charged with those duties ; how duties repealed encouraged consumption of other articles. Part of this seemed spoken at Lord Cveorge Bentinek's elaborate attack, in the House of Commons, on the pamphlet-address to the Tamworth electors. Sir Robert made merry with the
wiseacre" who discovered a direct loss of the revenue derived from glass and other articles on which the duty had been altogether abolished. He quoted what he said on proposing the renewal of the Income-tax, in February 1845: he de- clared at that time, that of certain duties he propounded the absolute repeal, " expecting from the increased consumption of other taxed articles an equivalent improvement in the revenue"—" That was my expectation, and what has been the result? Why, that although between 1841 and 1846, 7,600,0001. of taxation had been remitted, yet the revenue of 1846 was very nearly equal to the revenue of 1841, altogether excluding the Income-tax speaking only of the revenue de- rived from the Customs, Excise, and the other sources of income. (Cheers.) I prophesied, that if you cut those cords that bound the commercial enterprise of this country, and left it buoyant to exercise its own energies, your loss of taxation would be amply supplied to you by increased consumption, increased contentment, increased happiness: and has that expectation been falsified? (Cheers) lap- peal to the last year. The present Government has, in my opinion wisely, re- duced the duties on Foreign sugar, (I cordially supported them in that measure,) as we had reduced the duty on British Colonial sugar. They are therefore fairly entitled, having acted on the same principles, to share the credit of the result; but, looking at the state of the revenue for the year ending April 5th 1847, and comparing it with the revenue of the year ending April 5th 1841, putting the In- come-tax altogether out of the question, although 8,000,0001. of taxes have been repealed, the revenue of last year is 1,01111,000L better than it was 10 1841." It had been said that since 1841 there had been a succession of it harvests: he admitted the surpassing importance of good harvests, but was It owing to the goodness of the harvest that we were obliged to send 10,000,000/. for the subsistence of the Irish people? is that a good harvest when corn is at 90s. or 100e. a quarter? "The last year was a bad harvest; yet what has been the result even during a bad har- vest? Why, during the last year—I can hardly believe the figures while I read them—although the harvest has been a bad one, the revenue of 1847 has increased over the revenue of 1846 by 2,600,0001.; and of that amount 1,800,0001. is an in- crease upon Customs and Excise, notwithstanding the enormous reductions in tax- ation that have taken place. (Cheers.) But 1 am glad to hear that argument, that good harvests are the cause of increased revenue: what is it but the ad- mission that cheapness and plenty of food are essential to the happiness of the people, and also to the support of the revenue? (Cheers.) Be it so; attribute all the effects you please to good harvests; is not the fact a decisive condemnation of restraints upon importation of food? If cheapness and plenty be so essential to productive revenue—if cheapness and plenty be so important to the comfort and enjoyment of the people—does not that very fact make us doubt whether it is wise to impede by legislative restraints the bounty of Providence?" (Cheers.) The internal supply, no doubt, is the best; but in default of that, we ought to insure cheapness and plenty by diminishing the duties on the external supply. (Loud cheers.)
He had felt bound to propose the repeal of the Corn-law. It became necessary to suspend the law, and he believed that it would have been impossible to reenact it; and, so far from having sacrificed the landed interest., he believed that he had saved it from a great danger—" Truly, it would have been most disinterested in me if I had so wished to sacrifice it 1 all my prosperity being connected with land, I.don't know why I should wish to injure the landed interest: but in the present condition of this country, and the present temper of the public mind on the Corn- laws, I declare as a landed proprietor, I do rejoice that that source of discord has been dried up." "My honourable friend [Mr. Bramall, Sir Robert's proposer] says I was put at the helm. That I had to steer the ship is true; but what do some people expect from me? Why, that I should hold the helm with my hands tied behind me. (Loud cheers.) They say, You shall be at the helm, with shoals here and rocks there, and tempests approaching; but you shall not exercise a free discretion as to how you shall avoid them. You shall adhere to certain doctrines which you and others held in 1842; it is better you should go to the bottom rather than save the ship by departing from them.' Who would consent to guide the ship upon such terms? I wonder what people think office is? I suppose they think office a round of continued enjoyment; that in office you pass your time in revelling and feast- ing, with a vast number of places to dispose of every day; that you have no pub- lic concern, and that the welfare of the country is but a subordinate considera- tion. Ah, gentlemen, office is nothing but a source of continued toil, and anxiety, and sacrifice. It entails the heaviest responsibilities; it makes demands on a hrmister's time and intellectual exertion which few men can bear for more than a men number of years. But what would office be if a Minister were to be told,
You shall have aft those responsibilities, you shall meet all those demands, you shall make all those sacrifices; but you shad not be at liberty to consult the pub- lic welfare according to your conscientious conviction; and if you dare to abate the duty on corn—if you dare to repeal the Corn-laws, although thinking their repeal essential to the safety or welfare of the state—we will denounce you as a pest and a traitor, unworthy of the trust we have committed to you ? ' I believed the course I took was for the welfare of the country. Seeing how consumption was increasing—seeing what prejudice attached, when corn was high, to the main- tenance of high duties upon imports—seeing the state of public feeling, the grow- ing opinion that those Corn-laws did not conduce to the public welfare—seeing the feehng of agriculturists in Scotland, a very wise and sagacious class, who were strongly disposed to think that protection was no advantage to them—seeing that
when opinione of that kind take possession of the public mind their increase! very rapid, I did believe that it was for the benefit of all classes, and of the land aristocracy too, that these Corn. lawsshould be repealed, or that the foundation for their repeal should he laid, rather than I should commit myself to the peril- ous engagement that after a double suspension a desperate conflict should be maintained for their continuance." (Loud and protracted cheering )
"It is said, and perhaps there is some truth in it, that confidence is shaken in public men when they change their opinions. It is true that, to a certain extent, confidence is shaken. It would, no doubt, be infinitely better that we could see in these mixed political questions what was right and that we determined never to depart from it. That would add greatly to the confidence in the sagacity of public men. It would be fortunate enough if, on these commercial questions, all men could ascertain the truth, and that, seeing by their own instinct, they shonlig determine no argument would shake their conviction in what is right. But I will tell you what ought to shake confidence in public men—if they have not the courage to change their course when they have changed their opinions. (Loud cheers.) I will tell you what will subject this country to peril—if there be public men who say, We will steel our minds against conviction; we will disregard the progress of public opinion; we will listen night after night to debates; we will have one ear open to all that is said on one side of the question, but we will close the other hermetically to all that may be said on a different side; we are resolved, not upon a question of religion, not upon questions of constitutional policy, but upon questions of trade, to nail our colours to the mast—that is the ex- pression—nothing shall induce t s to strike them; whatever may be the change of opinion, whatever the confidence in superiority of argument, there will we stand— we will go down to the bottom rather than change our course.' That, no doubt, is the way to conciliate the good opinion of a party, and to rally around you all those who say that adherence to opinions and fidelity to party interests are the peat considerations for a public man: but I say again, that the conduct of that Minis- ter who, placed at the helm of affairs, is prepared to enforce opinions which lib may heretofore have held but which he now believes to be dangerous, ought to shake public confidence in the administration of Government and in the security of the state. (Loud cheers.) I grant you, that if you change your opinion for any corrupt purpose—if you change your opinion for the purpose of preserving power—if you change your opinion for the purpose of maintaining the interests of party against the interests of the whole community—if through the change of opinion you gain party strength, and confirm yourself in power—such change of opinion ought to bring dishonour on public men. But, gentlemen, if I have changed my opinion, I have changed it in favour of the interests of the many; W I have changed my opinion, it is in favour of the interests of those who can masks me no other return except their silent gratitude; if I have changed iny opinion, I have lost the good-will of the powerful. I had every inducement to go astray. 1 could have maintained party connexions—I could have combated the Anti- Corn-law League, I have no doubt, for four or five years to come—1 could have remained in office administering the patronage and Fiower of this country; and if I have lost power, it is because I conscientiously believed that the mode by which I could have retained it was injurious to the public weal, and compromised the interests of the empire." (Loud cheers.) Sir Robert cited two eminent examples of change. One was Mr. Huskieson, who framed the Corn-law of 1827, invented the sliding scale, and assisted in passing the law of 1828; yet in 1830 declared " his unalterable conviction that we could not uphold the Corn-laws now in existence, together with the taxetion, and increase the national prosperity or preserve public contentment." The other example was Lord John Russell; who in 1822 was author of one of the most powerful pleadings ever written in favour of the Coro-law—" It took Lord John Razedl a longer time to alter his opinion than Mr. Huskisson. His lived for a short while in the purgatory of a fixed duty—(Laughter)—but he came at last to the conclusion, that upon the whole it was better to repeal the Corn-laws; and he entertained his first opinion and his last, as did Mr. Huskiseon, with per- fect sincerity. (Loud cheers.) Don't, gentlemen, believe these imputations on the honesty of public men. These two men had no covert purpose to serve; they saw reason to alter their opinions on commercial questions, and they had the manliness to avow that change. Grievous indeed would it have been in the case of Lord John Russell, if, when the calamity of 1845 and 1846 was imp-nding, he had said= I can do nothing: I wrote a letter in 1822, which remains on record; I said the farmers could not compete with the vassals of Poland: I am not at liberty to advise yon; I am afraid of having my opinions quoted against me: That would have been a shabby course. (Cheers.) Was it not more honour- able to say in the face of the world, I cast aside my letter of 1822: circuits- stances are changed, public opinion is changed; I have grown wiser than I was; I will act upon my unproved opinions, and I will consult the interests of the community at the expense of being taunted with inconsistency and having my letter quoted against me." (Loud cheers.) Sir Robert reminded his constituents, that since he quitted office be had not engaged in any factions opposition to her Majesty's Government—" I recollected the circumstances under which they were called to power, and I carried with me into the discussions that have taken place no angry feelings in consequence of my own loss of power. Don't I bee the Government constantly abused for having done nothing—for having made no progress? I have learned the justice of forbearance towards public opponents. (Cheers.) I knew how difficult it is to carry into execution all that you contemplate. I assure you that passing measures through the House of Commons, when the tendency there is to debate and to find fault--carrying with you that other authority the House of Lords—it is no very easy matter to effect all the practical good that a Government may contemplate. I was subject to the same taunts: 1 was told 1.11Q promises at
the beginning of the session were not fulfilled at the close. But, having laboured some sixteen or eighteen hours a day—having been down in the House of Com-
mons frequently for eight or nine hours listening to eternal debates—I felt that that condemnation was not a just one which made me responsible fur the delays in legislation; and I am disposed to extend to those who have SUCC4txled me that forbearance which I felt to be just in my own case." (Loud cheers.)
He promised his constituents another letter, should it be wanted—" It is a very cheap and easy triumph to make out your case in the absence of a reply; and therefore I don't intend to trouble you with many more details, going through the speech of this or the letter of that gentleman. But I see so much advantage in having a discussion of this question—I mean the effect of the remisaiun of duties on the revenue—the effect of reducing the duties on timber, which was to ruin the
Canada trade—upon brandy, which was to ruin the British spirit trade—that I pro- mise I will write another letter to you if I sec anything that requires an answer, so that the principles of free trade may be fairly tested. (Loud cheers.) I want to explain how the remission of duties on the great articles of subsistence may not cause a loss in the revenue; and, as I said before, it is really much better to ad- dress you deliberately in a written form."
Sir Robert spoke with no prospect or purpose of returning to office--" If yea send me back to the Ileum of Commons, I cannot promise you, as heretofore, to
give effect to my opinions by the influence of a large party willing to accept my opinions. I have now been nearly forty years in public life; sixty bummers have passed over my head. I freely admit to you, that even if I were desirous of doing so, I should find it utterly impossible to bear that strain on the intellectual facul- ties which I did before for five years, while I was at the head of theGevernment and also the leader of the House of Commons. I am not therefore aiming at any political object whatsoever. I don't want to conciliate the favour of any party. As I said before, I have no apol..4 to offer. (Loud cheers.) I think I am right. I would not, to regain the co. 'deuce of those who formerly honoured me with their support (for which I feel grateful, because it was an honourable and dis- interested support)—I would not, to regain their good opinion, make sacrifice of the truth, or offer one word of apology for what I have done. (Continued cheers.) I have no political object to serve. I am not seeking to return to office, or the re- sumption of the power of a party: but I shall go to the House of Commons honoured by your confidence on public grounds. I shall go back not altogether without power. (Cheers.) I will support that which I believe to be right. I will support those principles of free trade which I believe to be founded in justice." He went on to Illustrate free trade and restriction by showing the effect of mutual exclusion on Tamworth with its market-gardeners and butchers, and on Birmingham with its manufacturers; extended this illustration to the United States and England; enlarged on the effect of commerce in fortifying public opinion and checking the future career of any military tyrant who might make false appeals to military glory; and suddenly broke off thus—" I should go on far too long if I ventured to dilate on these tomes. These are the principles to which I shall ad- here in my future course: though standing as an isolated individual in Parlia- ment, I shall have confidence in your support, and in the truth of these prin- ciples, to insure me that they will ultimately prevail."
Mr. William Yates Peel also addressed the electors, more briefly, in a speech of much good-humour and not much political exposition. He avowed himself a Conservative, bent on maintaining our institutions, but not their abuses. He leaned to Protection, but would not insist on re- tracing recent steps, at least without a fair experiment: he would rather insist on fulfilling the promises made to agriculturists, by relieving them from burdens that press upon them disproportionately.
Both candidates were declared duly elected; and, with thanks to the Mayor, the meeting broke up.
TAUNTON.—The nomination took place on Thursday. A third candi- date appeared in the person of Mr. Arthur Mills, one of the partners in Glyn's banking-house.
TAUNTON.—On Thursday, Mr. Labouehere and Sir Thomas Colebrooke, the late Liberal Members, found an antagonist in Mr. Mills, a Conservative; who persisted in going to the poll.
TEWKESBIIRY.—The candidates nominated, on Wednesday, were Mr. J. Martin, the former representative, Mr. II. Brown, and Viscount Las- relies. The show of hands was in favour of the two first named; and Lord Laseelles subsequently withdrew.
TOTNES —The late Members, Lord Seymour and Mr. Charles Barry Paldwin, appeared before the electors on Thursday. Mr. Baldwin, a Con- eervative, was opposed by Mr. Sampson Ricardo, a Liberal; who drove his antagonist to a poll.
TYNEstourn.—An opposition to Mr. Grey had been threatened by Mr. George Frederick Young; but as that gentleman did not appear on the day of nomination, Wednesday, Mr. Grey was returned.
WALLINGFORD.—At the nomination, yesterday, the candidates were Mr. W. S. Blackstone and Mr. Alfred Morrison. Poll demanded for Mr. Black- stone.
• Wanwww.—The candidates, on Wednesday, were Sir Charles Douglas, Mr. W. Collins, and Mr. H. Roberts, a tradesman of the town. The show of hands being against him, Mr. Roberts demanded a poll.
WAKEFIELD.—Mr. Sanders obtained the show of hands on Wednesday, and Mr. Alexander demanded a poll.
WALsam..—Mr. Charles Forster obtained the show of hands on Wed- nesday: a poll was demanded for the Honourable Edward Littleton, son of Lord Hatherton, and Mr. Cooke.
WARRINOTON.MY. William Allcard and Mr. Gilbert Greens& were no- minated on Wednesd iy. The former having the advantage on the show of hands, Mr. Greenall demanded a poll.
WESTDIIRY.—The candidates were nominated on Thursday. Mr. Wil- son editor of the Economist, had the show of hands; but Mr. Higgins per- severed.
WErmoirra.—Four candidates appeared yesterday, Mr. Christie; Colonel Freestun, Mr. Butt, and Captain Villiers. Poll demanded for the two former.
WIGAN.—The Honourable Colonel Lindsay, Mr. Ralph Anthony Thick- nesse, and Mr. William Dixon, offered themselves to the electors on Wed- nesday. Mr. Dixon, however, declining a poll, Colonel Lindsay and Mr. Thicknesse were declared duly elected.
WracnasrEa.—Mr. Bickham Escott sought reelection; and Sir James Buller East was opposed by Mr. Bonham Carter: Sir James demanded a
• WORCESTER.—On Thursday, Mr. Osman Ricardo and Mr. Hanley,
Liberals, obtained the show of hands; and Mr. Rnfford, the Conservative candidate, demanded a poll.
YARM0ITT11.—Nomination on Wednesday. Mr. Rumbold, Lord Arthur Lennox, Mr. Francis H. Goldsmid, and Mr. 0. E. Coope, were the can- didates. The show of hands was equal, and a poll was demanded for each candidate.
The Irish elections have not as yet made much progress. The general character of the movement, however, is such as to indicate a probable in- crease in the number of Tory and Repeal Members in the next Parliament, at the expense of Whigs or Ministerialists. The rumour of Sir William Somerville's starting for Dublin is not confirmed; but he is pretty sure of a contest in Drogheda.
lamsnicK.—Mr. Smith O'Brien's retirement from the county has been expected, and it is not unlikely that he has had it in contemplation to withdraw: he has now, however, issued an address in which he says he will again come forward if it be particularly wished. . Mr. Monsen, of Tervoe, has complied with the demand upon him to come forward. He avows Liberal opinions.
Limmticia CITY.--Mr. John O'Connell has consented to stand for "the City of a broken treaty."
Enrsinutton.—The sitting Members, Mr. Macaulay and Mr. Gibson Craig, at first expecting no opposition, encountered one which was formid- able. Mr. Charles Cowan, of Valleyford, was put forward by the pro- moters of the Excise-reform movement, and was supported by the Free Church party; Mr. Peter Blackburn, a Conservative and Chairman of the Edinbuith and Glasgow Railway, was also advanced as the friend of that movement, and of the Scotch banking system. At the nomination, on Thursday, the supporters of the several candidates tried to disparage their
opponents. Lord Provost Black, who proposed Mr. Macaulay, declarej that he should be ashamed of' Edinburgh if it displaced its die.. tinguished Member for Mr Cowan; and he recommended the elec- tors to try that respectable tradesman in a smaller sphere first —in the Town-Council, for instance. As to Mr. Blackburn, he was positively unknown, except in connexion with the stoppage of the trains between Edinburgh and Glasgow for twenty-four hours every week. On the other hand, the supporters of Mr. Cowan and Mr. Blackburn insisted upon the expediency of choosing business men specially suited to promote
practical reforms; and they sneered at the "merely literary." All the candidates addressed the electors. Mr. Macaulay spoke in a somewhat apo-
logetical and desponding tone: he remarked, that perhaps he was address- ing the electors for the last time, and claimed the indulgence shown to the last speeches of even convicted criminals. Mr. Macaulay argued against the objection that a Minister ought not to be a Member for a large constituency. Mr. Gibson Craig spoke of the attention which he had paid to local interests. Mr. Cowan vindicated his own claims with spirit. Referring to the Lord Provost's advice, that he should
first be sent in to the Town-Council, Mr. Cowan arrogated to him- self the right of considering whether he should like to choose that kind of
society. He called to mind the long delays in obtaining Excise-reforms, to prove the necessity of having Members specially deputed for the purpose of urging them. Mr. Blackburn also declined to pass through the probation
of the Town-Council, and stood up for Excise-reform, Protestantism, and suppression of Sunday trains. On a show of hands, the new candidates had an immense majority.
GLastsow.—Affairs in Glasgow have been curiously embroiled. At a recent meeting of the electors, Mr. Dennistoun charged Mr. Macgregor with having attempted to undermine him. To prove this charge, Mr. Dennistoun read selected passages from one of Mr. Macgregor's letters to Mr. Walter Buchanan. In self-defence, Mr. Macgregor has published the letter entire, as well as the whole correspondence of which it formed a part. It appears that in December 1845, when Mr. Oswald talked of retiring, Mr. Macgregor asked Mr. Buchanan whether he should have a chance; and Mr. Buchanan replied by promising warm support. Mr. Buchanan, how- ever, would appear to have forgotten his feelings of 1845; for in January last, when Mr. Macgregor revived the question, Mr. Buchanan replied by, expressing surprise that Mr. Macgregor should address him on the subject,. as Mr. Oswald and Mr. Dennistoun would both stand, and he was pledgedi to continue his support of both. Mr. Macgregor's reply refers to Mr. Bu- chanan's voluntarily proffered services, for his justification.
The nomination took place on Thursday. The candidates proposed were Mr. John Dennistoun, r. Macgregor, Mr. Dixon of Govan, and Mr. Hastie, the Lord Provost Of Glasgow; all Liberals. The personal dispute
went on at the hustings, rather unprofitably. All the candidates advocated free trade. The question of Sunday trains was touched upon: Mr. Den-
nistoun said that he would compel all mail-trains to carry passengers; Mr.
Macgregor said that he should hesitate to enforce any regulations offensive to the religious scruples of the people of Scotland. At the show of hands, the large majority declared for Mr. Dennistoun and Mr. Dixon; • but the contest was expected to be very severe. The friends of Mr. Dennistoun, and Mr. Dixon have coalesced for a joint return.
GazratocK.—Mr. Alexander Dunlop, a thoroughgoing Liberal and Free-- trader, Lord Melgund, a more moderate politician, and Mr. M'Crae, a Chartist, were nominated on Thursday: Mr. M'Crae, who had the majority of hands shown, declined the poll; Lord Melgund, who had the fewest, de- manded a poll.
FALKIRK BURGHS.—There is TO be it contest; Mr. William Sprott Boyd, a London merchant, coming forward in opposition to Lord Lincoln.
Mr. Boyd is a Free-trader, but opposed to all endowments of religions sects.. Lord Lincoln addressed his late constituents on Tuesday evening, and congratulated them on the progress of his canvass. He had been ac- cused of opposing the Whig Ministers: this he denied. They had cer- tainly shown no kind of superiority over their predecessors; but he had generally supported them; indeed, they were indebted for their existence to the forbearance of the late Ministers. Lord Lincoln spoke at some length on the endowment of the Roman Catholic) Church in Ireland. He regretted that he had not entered more fully into the question in his Man- chester speech. The result of his study of the condition of Ireland and her prevailing religion was, that that religion should be paid out of the land—that is, that the landlords of Ireland should be taxed for the purpose. Itwould be unjust to call on the people of England and Scotland to pay such a tax.
LEtra.—The Lord-Advocate is expected to walk over the course. .• ORKNEY.—It is expected that Mr. Anderson will replace Mr. Dundas; but that the contest will be sharp.