THE GENERAL ELECTION.
MEMBERS ELECTED. (Continued from page 722.) Banbury Banelos Beaumaris Redford Berkshire
Aberdeen City . . Captain Fordyce. Devonport Anglesea Borough•Lord George Paget. .drmagh Comity . •Colonel Rawdon. Ayrshire A Oswald. H. W. Tancred. Viscount Bernard. Lord G. A. Paget. Sir H. Verneff. H. Stuart.
Viscount Barrington. P. Posey. Benvic.kshire F. Scott.
Birmingham tk F. Muntz. W. Scholetteld.
Boston Sir J. Duke.
• B. B. Cabb411. Brecknockshire • • • -Joseph Bailey. Brecon Borough • • J. L. V. Watkins. Bristol Hon. F. H. Berkeley. P. Miles.
Buckinghamshire .B. Disraeli. C. G. Dupre.
C. C. Cavendish. Cambridge Univ.—Hon. C. E. Law. H. Goulborn. Dr. Nichol].
Pryse Pryse. W. N. Hodgson. J. Dixon.
Carmarthen D. Morris.
Carnarvon W. B. Hughes.
Carnarronahire R. G. D. Pennant.
Carrickfergus W. H. S. Cotton. !Cashel Timothy O'Brien. Cheshire (North). W. T. Egerton.
E. J. Stanley.
- -Lord H. G. Lennox. John Abel Smith. utt. Gower. G. H. Cavendish. . Evans. Card(' Cardigan Carlisle Moody. H. Tuffnell.
Devonshire (North) Sir T. D. Aciand. L. W. Buck.
Devonshire (South)Sir J. Y. Buller. Lord Courtenay.
Dorselshire G Banker.
F. K. Seymer. J. Eloper. Drogheda Sir W. Somerville. Dumfries W. Ewart. Dumfriesshire . Lord Drumlanrigg. Dungannon Lord Northland. Dundee George Duncan. Durham (North). E. D. Shafto. Lord Seaham.
Durham (S.) Lord H. Vane. J. Ferrer.
Edinburgh W. Gibson Craig. C. Cowan.
Edinburghshire . • . Sir J. Hope. Ennis O'Gorman Mahon.
Enniskillen Hon. Henry A. Cole. Falkirk Distriet Lord Lincoln.
Flint Boroughs. . • Sir John Hanmer. Flintshire C M. L. Mostyn. Galway City M. J. Blake. — O'Flaberty. Glamorganshire . .Lord Adam. C. R. AL Talbot.
Glasgow Ilastie. J. Macgregor.
Gloiscestershire(E.)Sir W. Codrington. Marg. of Worcester. Grantham G E. Welby. F. J. Tollemache.
Great Grimsby. • • . E. Menage. Greenock Lord Melgund. Haddingtonshire Charteris. Hampshire (N.) C. S. Lefevre.
Sir W. Heatheote.
Hampshire (S.). C. Compton. Lord C. Wellesley, Harwich J Attwood.
Haverfordwest — Evans.
Hereford Sir R. Price.
Colonel Clifford. Paisley A. Butte.
Pembroke Sir John Owen.
Perth Hon. Fox Manic.
.UUeitWthire 3. Halley ,jun. Perthshire H. H. Drummond. G. Comewall Lewis. Portarlington Colonel Dunn.
H. T. Haggltt. Preston Sir G. Strickland. Efirtr4041145ire Sir H. Maur. P. W. Grenfell.
T. P. Halsey, Radnor Sir T. F. Lewis.
T. Brand. Renfrewshire Colonel Mare.
Holywa Boroughs — Mostyn. Rochester R Bernal.
E D. Brockman. T. Hodges. Rent (East) J P. Plumptre. Shaftesbury R. B. Sheridan. W. Deedes. Shropshire (North)Viscount
Kilkenny JoConneu. W. 0. Gore.
Shropshire (South) 11. H. Clive. on Kilmarnock Hon. E. P. B verie.
Kirkaldy Burghs Colonel Ferguson. Lord Newport. Sligo J P. Somers. Knaresborough W W. Laseelles. J. P. Westhead. South Shields J T. Wawn.
Lanarkshire W. Lockhart. Staffordshire (3.).Lord Ingestre. Colonel Anson. Lancashire (N.) • 3 W. Patten. J. Heywood. St. Andrews E Ellice jun. Stamford Marquis of Granby. Lancashire (S.) . • •Hon. C. P. Villiers.* W. Brown. J. C. Herries.
Launceston Admiral Bowles. Stirling Burghs.. .3. B. Smith. Stirliragshire W. Forbes. Leicestershire(N.)•Lord C. S. Manners. E. B. Farnham. St. Ices Lord W. Paulett.
Leicestershire(S.). Sir H. Raiford. Stockport E Cobden. C. W. Packs. 3. Heald.
Leith A. Rutherford. Suffolk (East) Lard Eendlesham. Lincolnshire (N.) R. A. Christopher. E. S. Gooch. Sir M. Cholmondely. Suffolk (West) • • • • H. S. Waddington. Lincolnshire (S.)• .Lord Burghley. P. Bennet. Sir J. Trollope. Surrey (West)... .W. J. Denison. Lisburn • Sir Horace B. SeynlOur. H. Drummond. Liskeard C Buller. Sussex (West) .Earl of March. Londonderry City • Sir E. A. Ferguson. R. Prime. Swansea J H. Vivian. Ludlow H. B. Clive. Toristock Lord E. Russell. Colonel Salwey. J. S. Trelawney. Lyme Regis T. N. Abdy.
dfaccleaftekl J Brocklehurst. Thirst John Bell.
— Tiverton Lord Palmerston.
Harlow J. P. Williams. J. Heathcotc.
Totness Lord Seymour_ Colonel Knox.
Montgomery Bore'. H. Cholmondely. It C. B. Baldwin.
P. Pugh. Trake Maurice O'Connell. Newry Viscount Newry. Wallingford W. S. Blackstone.
Westmoreland . • -H. C. Lowther.
Norfolk (East) E. Wodehouse. Alderman Thompson. H. M. Burroughes. Wexford J. T. Devereux. Northampton (N.) T. P. Maunsell. Augustus Stafford. Wigton Burghs Sir J. MeTaggart. Wilton Viscount Somerton. Northumberld. (S.) M. Bell. S. Ogle. Wiltshire (North) •W W. Long. Nottingham (N.) • • T. Houldsworth. T. H. Sotheron.
Lord H. Bentinck. Wiltshire (South) •Sidney Herbert.
Nottingham (S.) • • T. B. Hild,yard. John Benett. Colonel Rolleston. Worcester:8h. (W.). General Lygon. Oxfordshire Lord Norreya. II. W. Knight.
Yorkshire (East). . Lord ilotham.
G. G. Harcourt. H. Broadley. J. W. Henley. Yorkshire (North).E. S. Cayley. Oxford University • Sir IL Inglis. W. E. Gladstone. O. buncombe.
t A double return. • Mr. Villiers was also returned for Wolverhampton.
Latinzrif.—The numbers, as Officially declared on Saturday, were—
Mr. Charles Pearson 4,614 Mr. Tennyson D'Eyncourt 3 Mr. Hawes 3,344
Loud cheers followed the announcement of the first two numbers groans accompanied that of the last. In returning thanks, Mr. Pearson al- luded to his friend Mr. Hawes as engaged in duties beneficial to the public in the Colonial Office. Mr. Pearson hoped, notwithstanding the difference which had occurred between the electors and Mr. Hawes " upon principle, and principle only," that the country would not lose the benefit of his ser- vices in some other position.
Some points in Mr. Tennyson D'Eyncourt's speech merit notice— He referred to a report which had just reached him that there had been some unfair play on his part towards Mr. Hawes. [Mr Hawes here emphatically dis- claimed a cheer which came from the hustings.] Mr. D'Eyncourt bad enjoyed fifteen years of affectionate amity with Mr. Hawes, too long a period to justify suspicion between them; and in fact no election could have been conducted with fairness. At half-past two he had thought himself beaten, when by the spontaneous acts of the electors he was favoured with the second votes of Mr. Pearson's supporters, to the number of six or seven hundred. He believed the opinion of the electors was that no man connected with the Government was fit to be their representative. He referred to the Ministerial losses, as clearly showing that the Government had not the cordial cooperation of the country in the course they had lately pursued. His colleague Mr. Pearson had been so good as to tell him that he would make good his decay of vigour through advancing years: Mr. D'Eyncourt promised to supply the defects of Mr. Pearson's youth and inexperience. Mr. Hawes admitted that he was beaten; but he was not dishonoured— He denied that Mr. Pearson's success was a triumph of principles; it was a lucky accident. While he was occupied in the laborious duties of his office, Mr. Pearson was arranging his election and planning his return. Within the last two years% there had been a great accession of new voters in the district: they, not knowing him, had been set against him. He denied that there was any foundation for a cry raised against him by some of the working class regarding wages : why had these charges never been made before, during the twenty years that he had been connected with the public business of the district? It was said that his vote for the Maynooth grant disentitled him to represent the borough: he had voted the same way for fifteen years without objection. It had been said that he was not to be trusted because he voted for 100,0001. to educate the people of Eng- land: his answer was, that in 1839 he had presented a petition from the parties who now raised this objection, the prayer of which was for Parliamentary aid: " the voluntary efforts of benevolent individuals having wholly failed to sustain the education of the people." It had been openly said that a man connected with the Government was not fit to represent a large constituency: he took leave to say that this was casting a stigma upon the gentlemen who had been elected. Was he to be told that the government of the country ought to be left to the mere nominees of rotten boroughs, or the heir of some splendid title ? In con- clusion, Mr. Hawes hoped that the electors had obtained a Member who would faithfully represent them in Parliament; and also do, what he could claim the merit of having done—boldly to stand against them if he thought them wrong. For his ownpart, he had never pandered, and would never pander, to popular prejudices. [Mr. Hawes was mach cheered at the termination of hi:address.] Manymmonz.—The official declaration took place on Saturday—
Lord Dudley Stuart 5,367 Mr. Sergeant Scree 662 Sir Benjamin Hall 5,848 Mr. Robert Owen Sir James Hamilton 3,677 •
Cheers followed the announcement of the first two numbers, and partial cheers that of the Conservative caadidate. Mr. Sarawak :,plea's hundreds
were greeted with laughter; which became uproarious on the announcement of Mr. Owen's unit.
The several candidates addressed the electers.. Sir Benjamin Hall spoke with great respect of his old college friend Sir James Hamilton, and vaunted his approval of the election: his excellent friend had said, not an hour ago, in the Vestry-room, that if the borough was to be represented by persons of Liberal opinions there were no two men whom he would rather see represent it than Sir Benjamin Hall and his noble colleague. Sir James Hamilton next returned his sincere thanks " to the 3,677 electors who had tendered him their unhought support." " Beaten and disappointed," he de- clared his belief that, although the representation of the borough was a prize worthy of the highest ambition, no Tory would be able to reach it: he should never contest it again. Sir James hinted at " undue means" em- ployed on behalf of the successful candidates; not that he believed for a moment that either of his competitors were cognizant of it. Mr. Sergeant Shee declared that he could give no pledge that he would not again contest the borough; nor had he any grounds for stating that undue means had been used on' behalf of the successful candidates. Mr. Shoe deemed it necessary to deny that he had lost'his election through the " No-Popery " cry. Also be contradicted a report that he is an Irishman—
Ile had yet to learn that there was any disgrace in belonging to the country of a Burke, a Sheridan, a Grattan, and a Canning. He therefore should not have been the leak ashamed of being an Irishman; but, inasmuch as such a prejudice did exist, and as he hoped to come before them again, it was just fair to himself that he should correct that mistake. He never had denied being an Irishman; for he loved the Irish, and his father was an Irishman: but the plain truth of the matter was, that he was born at Finchley, in Middlesex, and had never lived out of Eng- land; ao`that really, when the truth came to be known, a good many prejudices immediately vanished.
Mr. Owen assured the meeting that many persons bad promised him their votes, and should another vacancy occur the principles which he ad- vocated would insure his return. His principles were these— That it is the birthright of every one born in a civilized state of society to be placed from birth under such circumstances as will make it certain that they will be fed, clothed, lodged, educated, and employed through life. To form arrange- ments to accomplish these results was the first duty of those in authority. They should be now especially formed by the British Government, which possessed such ample means to put them into successful practice; and then, indeed, this country would become the leading nation in true civilization. He should advo- cate a graduated property-tax, and the abolition of every other tax. That alone would save 3,000,0001. a year. By another arrangement he would effect a saving of 10,000,000/. or 12,000,0001. a year now expended in military and naval de- fences. His plan would include the education of all male children whose parents could not educate them, while they would be trained to military discipline. On the next vacancy he would come forward in the hope of being elected.
TowEn Hasti.xxs.—The official declaration was made on Saturday—
Mr. George Thompson 6,268 Sir William Clay 3,839 General Fox 2,622
Returning thanks to the electors, Sir William Clay said, that a false im- pression that there was a coalition between himself and General Fox had lost him a great number of votes. He attributed Mr. Thompson's triumph to the efforts of the Nonconformists; and expressed an opinion that the re- sult of the election indicated a state of feeling which no legislature could afford to disregard.
GnExtrwrest.—The result of the poll was officially declared on Satur- day—
Admiral Dundee 2,409 Mr. Barnard 1,511 Mr. David Seamans 1,236
MrromEsnx.—There was the usual attendance of electors at Brentford on Wednesday, at the nomination of the candidates ; Colonel Thomas Wood, Lord Robert Grosvenor, the late Conservative and Whig Members, and Mr. Ralph Osborne. In nominating Mr. Osborne, Sir William Moles- worth said that he proposed to the electors to return Lord Robert Gros- tenor and Mr. Osborne in order to rescue the county from political death and extinction in the next Parliament. This point Mr. Osborne made still plainer in his animated speech. He avowed that he had come forward ' to break through the humdrum system which had prevailed for the last ten years, and through which, by the matter-of-course reelection of the member of a great landholding family, the Metropolitan county was reduced to the level of Gatton and Old Sarum.
The other candidates, whose speeches preceded that of Mr. Osborne, also tried to out as popular a figure as possible. Colonel Wood, while adhering to Conservative principles, vaunted the help which he had given to Sir Robert Peel in reducing duties; hinted at the discontinuance of the Income- tax, and declared his willingness to reduce taxes on tea, tobacco, &c., so as to make them fall more lightly on the working classes. Lord Robert Gros- venor recited various liberal measures which he had supported since his return in the room of Mr. Byng.
. The show of hands was in favour of Lord Robert Grosvenor and Mr. Osborne; but a poll was demanded by Colonel Wood, and ordered to be taken on Monday and Tuesday next.
ANGLESEY Borrouems.—In consequence of the withdrawal of Mr. W. 0. Stanley, Lord George Augustus Frederick Paget was elected without opposition, on Saturday.
Boarow.—Three candidates were nominated, on Friday: Mr. Benjamin Bond Cabbell, Conservative, Sir James Duke, Whig, and Mr. David Williams 'Wire, Radical. A poll having been appointed, Sir James Duke and Mr. Cabbell were returned at its head.
BucauNGItAmsantn.—.The election for this county was accomplished on Wednesday, at the County Hall in Aylesbury. Mr. Dupre, one of the late Conservative Members, Mr. Disraeli, and Mr. Cavendish, a Whig, were returned without opposition. Mr. Dupre made a stout Protectionist ora- tion; and Mr. Cavendish promised Lord John Russell his strenuous though independent support. Mr. Disraeli was equally temperate in his decla- rations.
He said that he did not return to Parliament in any factious spirit of oppo- sition to the present Ministry. The great problem of free trade must be solveil by experience. Not that his opinions were changed on the subject; but it was necessary to wait the course of erents; and if the farmers were successful, the great majority of the country would not be inclined to reopen the question. V unsuccessful, it would be well for the interests of England if there should be men in Parliament prepared to bring forward remedial measures.
- Mr. Disrael suffered from the interruptions of noisy bystanders; but he displayed his adroitness in the happy turns which lie gave to the inter- ruptions.
He began with an allusion to past meetings that he had attended in that hall; on which some sturdy yeoman cried " Oh, oh ! " "But, not- withstanding thegaping orator who has just now addressed ma," continued Mr. Disraeli, "I beg to inform him for his consolation, that this is the first occasion on which I have addressed you as a Member for the county of Bucks. (Cheers, and " Oh, oh! ") I know, gentlemen, and have fre- quently said it, that it was a great thing to aspire to such a distinction; and all
I wish is, that I may some day be found to merit it. (A coke—" Ah, you look very white!") A friend tells me that I look white; but I can tell him that it is not the white feather I show. (Cheers, laughter, and groans.) Gentlemen, if there be any member of the Melodious Owls present, who wishes to address you after me, 1 am sure you will give him a fair hearing; and I trust that the brothers of that fraternity will give me that indulgence which the honourable gentlemen who have already addressed you have received at your hands." (Cheers.) Sub- sequently, Mr. Disraeli said, "I am perfectly willing to admit that I was one of those who did support them in the creation of new Bishops. (Cries of "Shame!" and much groaning.) Gentlemen, I am proud that I did assist the Government pf the country in fulfilling a legidative enactment, which the honour of the Par- liament of England demanded, even though the interests of the country did not absolutely require it. (Groans and hisses.) Oh, then I understand that there are gentlemen present who are of opinion that a state should not fulfil its obliga- tions. Now, I have generally found that persons who are of that opinion are per- sons who are also of opinion that an individual may take advantage of the same licence. ("Hear!" and cheers. A coke--" No! ") The orator who cries No!' represents a monosyllable, but at the same time a very important oue; and he would probably be puzzled if I asked him to maintain before us, with the power of argumentation, the opinion he has just given." (Cheers.) Again. "There should be a free interchange of ideas—a little more of that free trade in knowledge and argument which you have not permitted here today —(" Oh, oh! " and hisses)—when your most brilliant rhetoric is a howl, and your happiest repartee a hiss. I shall go as your representative to Parliament in no factious or avowed opposition to the present Government. As long as I find them pursuing a constitutional course—remembering the circumstances under which those gentlemen accepted office—remembering the spirit which they have evinced since they have occupied office—not forgetting the total destruction of all character amongst our public men at the present moment, and glad if the country is enabled to rally round any body of public men,—I, for one, will give that Go- vernment not only an impartial hearing, but, as far as I can judge of the ten- dency of their acts hitherto, an earnest support (A Voice=, You want a good place! ") I can assure my friend who tells me that, that the way to get a good place is not to support a Minister, but to oppose him." (" Hear, hear!" and laughter.) CAMBRIDGE UNIVERS1TY.—The election commenced on Thursday lakt week, and continued on Friday, Saturday, Monday, and Tuesday. The candidates, it will be remembered, were the Honourable Charles Ewan Law, the Right Honourable Henry Goulburn, Viscount Feilding, and Mr. John George Shaw Lefevre. Mr. Law was at the head of the poll 'from the first; Lord Feilding occupied the second place until Monday morning; Mr. Goul- burn then passed him, and maintained his advantage to the close. Mr. Lefevre never had a chance: many of his second votes were given for Mr. Gaul- burn. At the close of the poll the numbers were— Law 1,486 I Feilding. 1,147 Goulburn 1,189 Lerevre 880 CHESHIRE, Norrrn.—At the nomination for this division of the county, on Wednesday, three candidates appeared at the hustings; Mr. William Tattoo Egerton, Mr. Edward John Stanley, and Mr. Francis Dukenfield Palmer Astley, who came forward to break up the coalition which he de- nounced between Mr. Egerton and Mr. Stanley. The coalition was denied by both; and after an explanatory speech from Mr. Cornwall Leigh, who was one of the Members in the last Parliament, Mr. Astley's name was withdrawn. Mr. Egerton and Mr. Stanley were declared to be duly elected.
CirrostEsnrit.—The election, on Saturday, produced the unopposed re- turn of Mr. John Abel Smith and Lord H. G. Lennox. The speeches of the candidates possess some interest as declarations of opinion among their: class of politicians.
In reply to questions from the Reverend W. Malden, Mr. Smith said that he would vote for further grants for educational purposes with all his heart and soul. He objected to military flogging; though he was not a competent judge how far it might be necessary for the maintenance of discipline in the Army. He did not think that capital punishment could be safely abolished atpresent. He was not prepared to vote fur universal suffrage; and he was not tired of Lord John Russell. Lord H. G. Lennox agreed with every syllable uttered by Mr. Smith: he could not, however, vote for the ballot under any circumstances.
DENBIGIISIIIRE.—The nomination took place yesterday, at Denbigh. The candidates were, the Honourable William Begot and Sir Watkin Wynn, Conservatives, and Colonel Myddelton Biddulph, a Whig. The show of hands was in favour of Sir Watkyn Wynn and Colonel Biddulph: a poll was ordered to take place on Monday and 7uesday.
DEVON, SW:MR.—The nomination took place on Tuesday, at Exeter. There being no opposition, Sir John Verde Buller and Lord Courtenay were reelected. In his address, Sir John indicated progress in Liberalism.
He avowed himself anxious to simplify and mitigate as far as possible both the civil and criminal laws of the country. He would do his utmost to promote
economy with a view to diminish taxabon. He considered that much relief might be afforded by a revision of the Customs-laws. He was not, indeed, a great friend either to tea or tobacco: however soothing a beverage it might be, tea would not enable a labouring man to go through a hard day's toil so well as some other things that might be mentioned. Sir John would like to see the Window- tax and some other taxes repealed; but it was necessary to consider the state of the revenue. In answer to questions, he said that he would not support any measure for introducing vote by ballot; and that he thought such leases ought to be granted to farmers as would enable them to make improvements by providing for their receiving compensation.
Lord Courtenay had voted against the repeal of the Corn-laws, but he would not vote to restore them unless on conviction that the great mass of the people would be benefited by their revival.
DousErsumn.—The three Conservative Members, Mr. George Bankes, Mr. Fleming Ker Seymer, and Mr. John Floyer, were reelected on Wed- nesday, without opposition, One point worthy of note occurred in all their speeches: they,stated that the Corn.laws being now repealed, they would give the change a fair trial.
ESSEX, NoaTse.—The nomination took place on Thursday, in the Fair-: field. The,candidates regularly proposed were Sir John Tyrell, one of the late Conservative Members, Major Boresford, formerly Member for Har- wich, also a Conservative, and Mr. Gurdon Rebow, a Liberal. A fousth candidate, Mr. Fyshe Harrison, having no proposer and seconder, was rn,,- duced to the necessity of nominating himself; which he did amidst grail
laughter. A show of hands was then taken, and declared to be in favour of Sir John Tyrell and Mr. Rebow. The polling is fixed for Monday and Tuesday.
ESSEX, Source.—The nomination took place on Tuesday. No opposi- tion to the reelection of Mr. Branston and Bowyer Smythe was threatened until the preceding day, when Sir Edward North Buxton came forward. The show of hands was declared to be in favour of Messrs. Branston and Buxton, and a poll was appointed to take place on Friday and Saturday. At the close of yesterday's poll, the numbers were-
Braraston 1,492 Mr. Smythe 1.182 Slr E. N. Buxton 1,145 GLOUCESTER, WEST.—The election commenced on Tuesday. The can- didates nominated were, Mr. Grantley Berkeley, Mr. Richard Blagdon Hale, and Mr. Charles Grenville Berkeley. The show of hands being in favour of Mr. Grantley Berkeley and Mr. Hale, a poll was demanded on behalf of Mr. Grenville Berkeley.
HAMPSHIRE, NORTH.-144 the election on Tuesday, Mr. Shaw Lefevre, the late Speaker, was reelected, with his colleague Sir William Heathcote.
HTTEE.—The candidates here were Baron Meyer de Rothschild and Mr. Brookman the Recorder of the borough. The election took place on Saturday; Baron Rothschild losing by 22 votes. A petition is threatened against Mr. Brookman's return, on grounds of bribery.
KENT, WEST. On Tuesday, Penenden Heath witnessed the nomination for this division of the county. The candidates were the late Members, Sir Edmund Filmer and Colonel Austen, and Mr. T. L. Hodges. In his =address, Mr. Hodges thought it right to tell the electors that he should not oppose the grant to Maynooth, but would oppose the endowment of the Ro- man Catholic clergy. He considered that the Malt-tax pressed heavily on the farmers, and he was favourable to its repeal; but it would be useless to attempt to force the subject forward until the state of the revenue would bear to do without so large an amount. The show of hands was in favour of Sir Edmund Elmer and Mr. Hodges; and a poll was ap- pointed to take place on Friday and Saturday. At the close of the first day, the numbers were—
Sir E. Elmer 9,483 Mr. T. L. Hodges 2,384 Colonel Austen 9,869 Lamest:mu; NORTH. The election for this important district took place on Tuesday, in the unopposed return of Mr. Wilson Patten, formerly Member, and Mr. James Heywood, of Acresfield, near Manchester. A Mr. T. Parker spoke very strongly against Mr. Patten's course on the Corn- laws and on the Maynooth grant. He deplored the absence of a Stanley to oppose Mr. Heywood, and promised that at the very next election a member of that family should be brought forward, before whom Mr. Hey- wood would flee "like chaff before the winds." In reply to this threat, Mr. Livesey, of Preston, rejoiced that the Northern division of the county was no longer to be misrepresented by the followers of Lord George Ben- tinck. Mr. Heywood appeared as a friend "of religious and commercial freedom
"- He lielievifl there were many landowners in Ireland who were willing to have their estatetotaxed for the support of the Roman Catholic priests: and if such a measure was brought before Parliament, it should have his attention. In answer to wiestions put by Mr. T. l'arker, he said that he was a Unitarian: he would not support a separation of the Church from the State, but would like to see a fairer distribution of its property, and would vote for the support of the Irish itomisb Church on the principle that the Church was maintained in England and Scotland.
LANCASHIRE, Sourn.—As in the other division of the county, there was not a shadow of an opposition in this. Mr. William Brown and Mr. C. P. Villiers were elected; though Mr. Villiers had already been returned for Wolverhampton.
LTME HEGUL—At the close of the poll, on Saturday, Mr. Abdy bad a majority of three votes over Sir Fitzroy Kelly. Bribery to a considerable extent is alleged; and a petition is thought to be inevitable.
MONTGOMERY BOROUGHEL—The election has resulted in a double re- turn; Mr. Cholmondely and his opponent, Mr. Pugh of Llanerchydol, having each polled 389 votes.
NORTHAMPTON.—The contest for this borough reseated the old Mem- bers, with the following poll—
air. Ratites Currie 898 Dr. Hayford 614 Mr. R. Vernon Smith 641 Dr. Epps 139 Mr. L. C. klumfrey 652
NORTHAMPTONSHIRE, SOUTH.—The candidates were nominated, in the County Hall, on Wednesday: they were, Sir Charles Knightley and Cap- tain Vyse, the old Protectionist Members, and Lord Henley. The excite- ment was considerable, particularly on the hustings, where strong personal feeling was manifested. Lord Henley was denounced by Sir Charles Knightley as " the catspaw of a great family "—the nominee of Sic Thomas Cartwright, who bad abandoned the politics of his family. Sir Thomas Cartwright made an indignant disclaimer, and explained the circumstances under which Lord Henley had voluntarily come forward, " upon his own generous and unsupported impulse," to liberate the county from the thral- dom in which it had so long remained. Lord Henley, in his address, de- clared that he was no Protectionist, being convinced that no fanner could surpass the British either in quality or cheapness: and he was for the re- moval of all selfish laws. The show of hands was in favour of Sir Charles Knightley and Lord Henley; but a poll was demanded for Captain Vyse, and ordered to be taken on Monday.
Norrisonast.—Mr. Walter has issued an address of thanks to the con- stituents, excusing the inadequacy of his acknowledgment by reference to the recent melancholy bereavement. He promises to take an early oppor- tunity of personally thanking his supporters for their spontaneous and generous confidence.
OXFORD UNIVERSITY.—This election, like that for Cambridge Univer- sity, commenced on Thursday sennight, and terminated on Tuesday, in the return of Sir Robert Inglis and Mr. Gladstone. The closing numbers were—
Sir Robert Inglis 1,700 Mr. Oladstone 997 Mr. Round
Sir Robert Peel voted on Friday for Inglis and Gladstone; for whom also Mr. Charles Wynn gave his vote.
ROCHESTER.—The poll for this borough closed, on Saturday, with these numbers— Mr. Bernal ........... 637 I Mr. Douglas 464 Mr. Hodges 617 Mr. Bodkin 462 STAFFORDSHIRE, NoaTu.—At the nomination, on Wednesday, three candidates appeared; Mr. Charles Bowyer Adderley, Me. Edward Buller, and Lord Brackley, son of Lord Ellesmere. Mr. Buller spoke very strongly against Mr. Adderley, for having changed his politics to suit circumstances; now raising the No Popery cry. Mr. Buller also attacked Lord Brackley, for coming forward from merely personal motives, and not from consider- ations of a public or useful nature. Mr. Adderley and Lord Brackley having the show of hands in their favour, Mr. Buller demanded a poll; which was fixed to begin on Monday next.
&masa, Wasr.—The election for this district took place on Thursday, at the Guildhall of Chichester. The former Members, the Earl of March and Mr. R. Prime, were returned without opposition. The only point of interest in the proceedings arose out of a question put by Mr. Cox: he asked the candidates to state what length of time ought in their opinion to be considered a fair trial of free trade. The Earl of March made no response; but Mr. Prime said " it would depend upon circumstances "- Had we not last year had a deficient harvest, the trial of free trade would have been complete sooner than it now would; and much would depend upon the abundance or otherwise of the present harvest. If the importation of cons should increase, the question would be imperatively forced on the consideration of Par- liament, whether a recurrence to the system of protection which had existed for years would not be necessary.
TivuaTos.—The nomination of candidates, on Friday, produced a curious controversy. Mr. George Julian Harney, a Chartist writer, ap- peared at the hustings as a candidate in opposition to Lord Palmerston, and made a long speech hostilely reviewing Lord Palmerston's political career and the conduct of the present Ministry. Lord Palmerston replied at cor- responding length, in a speech of great tact and temper; adroitly blending courtesy and sarcasm, a retrospective account of his own political career with playful allusions to his opponent's mistakes, so as to make what would otherwise have been very tedious, from its length and the triteness of sub- jeot, both amusing and useful to the speaker.
In the shape of a defence, Lord Palmerston managed, with skilful good taste, to in- sinuate what was in effects very eulogistical account of his own public services. Mr. Harney had made some complimentary and exceptional allusions to Lord Palmers- ton's liberality as an Irish landlord: a concession which his opponent managed to clinch while professing to vindicate Irish landlords in general. Mr. Harney had objected to the small amount of Lord Palmerston's contributions to local charities: the Viscount placed this objection in a ridiculous light, by controverting the pre- sumed necessity of his sending a quarter's salary to relieve the people of Tiverton —he deprecated support on any ground of that sort. Mr. Harney had accused him of formerly belonging to an Administration of which the Duke of Wellington was the bead: Lord Palmerston admitted that he had belonged to that Adminis- tration; he left it of his own accord, thinking that the seats for a certain rotten borough ought to be transferred to a great manufacturing town—that was the first step towards the Reform Bill. He had been accused of promoting absolute power abroad by the course of his foreign policy: against that charge'Lord Pal- merston set the bad repute which he had attained abroad as the patron and inciti- gator of all popular insurrections and revolutions. Than he glanced at the con- stitutional changes in Belgium, Spain, Portugal, &c.; and while disclaiming cre- dit fur any share in the French Revolution of 1830, he contrived to her& in the name of the Duke of Wellington (who hal recognized the Kink of the French) as justifying this revolutionary policy by sharing it. Mr. Harney had accused Lord Palmerston of having fought the battle of des- . potism in Syria by driving out Mehemet Ali: the Viscount showed that it was the interest of England to maintain the Ottoman empire; whose integrity would have been endangered had the Sultan's "Lord-Lieutenant" been allowed to set up for himself. "This was our reason for driving Mehemet All back to his country-house at Alexandria. But it is said this worthy old gentleman was so much beloved in Syria that his rule formed a perfect paradise compared with the hell-upon-earth which has existed there since he was driven out. Now how was it we did drive him out of Syria? Merely by giving a few muskets to the people of the country; by sending a few hundred marines on shore to aid them, and say- ing, ' Go it, my boys; if you want to get rid of Mehemet AN, here we are to back you: if you intend to act, now's your time.' (A laugh.) They took us at our word; they kicked him out neck and crop, and his army too; they hailed us as their deliverers; and, whatever may be said of some small and tnfling quarrels that have since arisen between two different sects in that country, it is now peace- able, contented, and happy, and there is a striking contrast between the present state of things and that which formerly existed there. I say, then, this instance singularly fails in supporting the sweeping charge that has been brought against me of being an enemy to popular freedom.' (Cheers.) Mr. Harney had said that he belonged to the fourth estate; of which, no doubt, he was a distinguished member: " but, said Lord Palmerston, " if he belongs to this powerful fourth estate, why should he wish to transfer himself to one of the less powerful of the other three? If he is able to render you such important ser- vices in his present capacity, I say, leave him there, and don't spoil him by put- ting him in another situation. (Laughter.) He tells you that the fourth estate is the estate which ought to govern the country: now, if this fourth estate is to govern the country—if he and others who are now distinguished ornaments of this so useful fourth estate (for I am the last man to wish to underrate their merits or depretiate their services) are to slip into the third estate, other people may take possession of the fourth estate, and be may find the third estate not quite to his mind. I think his better course may be to keep to that fourth estate, and to direct it according to his views; and let him beware that if he desert his post others do not take it up who may not maintain the principles he advocates." In conclusion, his air of pleasantry turning into deferential earnestness calcu- lated to be highly flattering to his hearers, Lord Palmerston fearlessly committed his cause to his old friends at Tiverton, and appealed without apprehension to the result of a poll. But Mr. Hartley declined the poll: he handed to the Mayor a writ- ten " protest," which stated that he declined to proceed further in the con- test, because, under the Reform Act, the great majority of the adult male inhabitants of the borough were deprived of the right of voting. The Mayor, however, being advised that as a poll had been demanded the form must be gone through, ordered a poll to be opened, at eight o'clock on Saturday morning. At its close, the votes _were—for. Mr. Heathccite, 148; for Lord Palmerston, 127; for Mr. Harney, none. So Lord Palmerston and Mr. Heathcote were declared' duly elected.
WALLINGFORD—The election took place On Saturday; and the Con- servative candidate, Mr. W. L. Blackstone, was returned by a majority of 12 votes over the " Liberal," Mr. A. Morrisoo. Strange incidents marked the contest. Mr. Blackstone was in danger of arrest for debt; and he re- mained at the bank, viewing the proceedings from a distance, and address- ing the electors from one of the top windows—he slept there on the night before the polling. Meanwhile, the Liberal party exhibited an amiable anxiety to further the ends of justice, by assisting the Sheriff's-officers. At the close of the poll, Mr. Blackstone complained loudly of the conduct pursued towards him, and declared that he would have any Sheriff's-officer who dared to arrest him brought to the bar of the House of Commons for interfering with the privileges of the electors. At the close of his address, Mr. Blackstone passed from the Bank to the Town-hall along a clear pas- sage made by his supporters, who joined arms to keep out intruders. Mr. Blackstone subsequently spoke of the undue influence used against him, and alluded to an extraordinary way in which the writ had been delayed in order to allow Mr. Hayter to come from Wells and vote for his oppo nent. Mr. Morrison denied the charge of using undue influence. This dispute continued until the meeting broke up; and Mr. Blackstone was once more protected by his Parliamentary privilege.
WIGHT, ISLE OF, (Cornexe).—The late Member, Mr. A'Court Holmes, having resigned, two new candidates came forward yesterday at the nomi- nation; Mr. John Simeon, son of Sir Richard Simeon, a Whig, and Mr. Thomas Willis Fleming, a Conservative. The show of hands being against Mr. Fleming, a poll was demanded for him, to take place on Monday and Tuesday.
YORKSHIRE, WEST RIDING.—The Free-traders of this division of the county having determined to bring forward a candidate in opposition to Mr. Denison, a meeting was held at Leeds on Wednesday, in the office of the Reform Association • and it was unanimously resolved to put Mr. Cob- den in nomination as Lord Morpeth's colleague. There are rumours on the Conservative side of an intention to bring forward Sir Robert Peel. in conjunction with Mr. Denison.
ADERDEEN.—The candidates were Captain Arthur Dingwall Fordyce, Lieutenant-Colonel William Henry Sykes, and Mr. James Whereon. At the nomination, on Friday, the show of hands was in favour of Mr. M'Pherson; and a poll was demanded on behalf of the other two candidates. Mr. M'Pherson, however, did not go to the poll; which took place on Mon- day, and closed with these numbers— Captain Fordyce 918 Colonel Sykes 422 EDINBIIRGIL—At the official declaration of the poll, on Saturday, the numbers were stated to be- , Mr. Cowan 2,063 1 Mr. Macaulay 1,477 Mr. Gibson Craig 1,854 1 Mr. Blackburn 980 At the close of the poll on Friday, Mr. Gibson Craig and Mr. Macaulay ad- dressed their supporters in the committee-room; their friends laboured under so great excitement that Mr. Craig could not at first make himself heard. He spoke with warmth- " I need not tell you," he cried, "that I look upon the result of the election as no triumph to me. You are all aware that it has been brought about by one of the most extraordinary coalitions of parties thatever occurred in this country. We find Churchmen and Episcopalians associated together with Voluntaries to return a man who is pledged against all church establishments. We find here Tories of the old-school in Edinburgh splitting their votes with men of the most liberal opinions. I do not say one word against Mr. Cowan, who has been returned; but I say that therehas been a total disregard to all public principle in this coalition to defeat my honourable friend. I am fully entitled on this occasion to make these remarks. (Tremendous uproar.) I am now only going to say, and to me it is a matter of deep regret, that I have lost in your service an honest and con- sistent colleague. (Great cheering, and hissing from one person.) We have sat together in the House of Commons for six years, and during that time we never differed upon any public question but once; we gave each other every satis- faction. (A hiss, and cries of "Put him out!" "Down stairs with him!" "Throw him out of the window!" and the utmost confusion.) I say, gentle- men, that there never was a more honest representative--(Cheering)—there never was a more honest and faithful representative—( Cheers)—there never was one more distinguished for talents and eloquence in the House of Commons- (Cheers)—there never was one who held more disinterested views, or—" [Here the speaker's voice was drowned by the tumult; which continued until the entrance of the Lord Provost restored something like order, and enabled Mr. Craig to conclude.] "I have only one sentence more to say, and it is this—that du- ring the time my honourable and respected friend represented you in Parliament, his whole time and energies were at the command of his constituents. He en- tered into your business with zeal; and I tell you that you will soon know the loss you have sustained." (Great cheering; and the hisser was carried down stairs.) Mr. Macaulay spoke as follows; beginning with an allusion to the single hiss— "I could have wished that the excitement about the contest had terminated with the contest itself. I once did believe, and from what I have seen either of English or Scotch communities I was entitled to believe, that there existed none where any person would have made his appearance for the mere purpose of hissing the defeated candidate. (Cries of " He was a supporter of Hr. Cowan, who had no right to be here.") Gentlemen, I stand before you defeated, but neither de- graded nor dispirited. (Cheers.) Our political connexion has terminated for ever. (Cries of "No, no!" and great sensation.) If ever I return, and I hope often to return, to your city, it will be solely for the purpose of seeing the most beautiful of British cities, and of meeting in private intercourse some of those valued friends whose regard, I hope, will survive our political separation. (Cheers.) To those who have constantly and kindly supported me I return my hearty thanks. If there was anything to be forgotten or forgiven, I have forgotten and forgiven it; and I will carry with me into private life a lasting and grateful recollection of your generous confidence, disturbed at last by causes to which I will not now re- fer. But it is my belief that hereafter, when more calmly you review the history of our connexion, that you will admit that I at least meant and endeavoured well." The Edinburgh correspondent of the Times gives a very probable ex- planation of the event of the contest- " The Edinburgh election has unexpectedly terminated in the defeat of Mr. Macaulay by Mr. Charles Cowan; a gentleman amiable, it is believed, in all the relations of private life, and a respectable man of business, but one who has hitherto been utterly unheard of in the political world, and but partially known even in his native city. This extraordinary result has been achieved, not by any one party fighting for the maintenance of a great public principle against another, but V a heterogeneous combination of parties, including the bulk of the old Die- senters and Free Churchmen, the Radicals, the Tories, and the Excise traders; whose bond of union was not so much superior admiration of any other candidate as a determination to get rid of Mr. Macaulay by whatever means. One very general objection entertained to the latter gentleman was, that he was haughty and contemptuous in his bearing towards the electors, and had no sympathy with their local interests and feelu igs. The Voluntaries, who are a numerous and a powerful body, felt that he had not been in the habit of paying sufficient defer- ence to their views and opinions; while they, as well as the Free Churchmen and many of the Tories, were jealous of his intentions as regards the endowment of the Roman Catholics. The Excise traders also, who are understood to have com- manded about 400 or 500 votes alone, and who have been acting of late with sin- gular vigour and determination with a view to throw off the vexatious restrictions to which they are subjected, thought that neither Mr. Craig nor be were inclined to go far enough to serve their interests; and the result of all this accumulated and combined opposition has been the defeat of the Secretary at War, [Paymaster of the Forces,] and that bye majority which has surprised even the victors them- selves. It was not imagined that they would do more than ran Mr. Macaulay pretty close, or at most defeat him by a small majority; whereas they have ob- tained their object by a majority amounting to 586. Mr. Blackburn only polled 980 in all; having come into the field at too late a period to have any chance even if his party had been stronger than it is in Edinburgh, and he a more suit- able candidate. The Excise traders in most instances split their votes between Mr. Cowan and Mr. Blackburn; the Dissenters and Free Churchmen, among whom Mr. Cowan's strength chiefly lay, generally plumped for that gentleman; and the Tories unconnected with the Excise Association either plumped for Mr. Blackburn or split their votes between him and Mr. Macaulay. A considerable number of this party, however, did not vote at all. The Whig strength was re- served for Mr. Macaulay and dr. Craig; for whom also the Catholics voted in a body."
ELGIN Bunens.—The nomination for this district took place on Mon-
day. The candidates were Sir Andrew Leith Hay and Mr. George S. Duff, rival Liberals' and Mr. Bannerman junior, a Conservative. Sir Audrew complained of the conduct of Mr. Duff in coming forward to weaken the Liberal strength. The show of hands was in favour of Sir Andrew Leith Hay; and a poll was demanded for Mr. Duff and Mr. Bannerman. The latest reports from Inverary give the following as the state of the poll— Mr. Duff 203 Mr. Bannerman 163 Sir A. L. Hay 125 FALKIRK.— The contest between the Earl of Lincoln and Mr. Sprott Boyd commenced on Saturday. The candidates having been both pro- posed in due form, Lord Lincoln addressed the electors at considerable length. Ho went over some of the ground traversed by Sir Robert Peel in his recent retrospect; enlarging on some of the points, particularly those disputed by Lord George Bentinck in his review of the Free-trade measures of the late Cabinet. One of them Lord Lincoln put very clearly— The noble Lord took the opportunity on one of the late days of the session, when there was no one present to answer him, to state that these measures had been a failure. And why? Because he said that seven millions of taxes had been reduced and abolished, and that upon these taxes no equivalent increase had taken place. It did not require the powerful mind of the leader of a party to discover that if they repealed taxes that they would not derive any revenue from the taxes which had been repealed. Even when taxes were reduced and not repealed, the same amount might not be derived from those taxes; but the argument went for nothing when it was considered that the redaction of taxes had the effect of in- creasing the consumption of other articles, and, therefore, of increasing the revenue upon them. These things all act and react upon one another; and when the peo- ple were enabled, by the reduction of the tax upon one article, to consume more of another taxed article, then clearly they linefited the revenue, while at the same time they benefited the consumer. But that same noble Lord told them, that there had been an increase of revenue derived from those articles on which no reduction bad taken place. He instanced the article sap, on which there had been a considerable increase of revenue. Now there had been no reduction of taxa- tion on the article of soap, but there had been a reduction of duty On the com- ponent parts of soap, such as oils, Indite, and tallow; and the result was a larger consumption, and an increase of revenue from the article manufactured from these ingredients. There was an article referred to by Lord George Bentinck on which there had been no reduction of duty, the revenue from which had increased—that was the article of tea: but did they not take sugar with their tea? and the duty having been taken off sugar, people were enabled to consume more tea. These were plain truths; and after what they had heard, any of them, if returned to Parliament, would be able to answer Lord George Bentinck.
Lord Lincoln avowed adherence, in the abstract, to his views respecting the endowment of the Irish Roman Catholic Church, though the opinion of the country was not yet ripe for it: the land of Ireland was the proper source from which the endowment should be made. He had not voted for the Bishop of Manchester Bill, and disapproved of it.
Mr. Boyd admitted that after Lord Lincoln's eloquent speech ho should have no hope of his election if it depended on his appearance at the hust- ings: he stood, however, on his principles, and upon the difference between them as a Tory and a Liberal.
He would support the present Government in all measures for the good of the people. He had long been a Free-trader; he was an out-and-out Voluntary, and opposed to all endowments; he was in favour of a system of Government educa- tion of a secular kind; he was an advocate for the abolition of the entail-laws; and would do all in his power to improve the banking system, by repealing Sir Robert Peel's bills of 1844 and 1845, restricting the currency. The show of hands was largely in favour of Mr. Boyd; a poll was ap- pointed at the instance of Lord Lincoln; and it closed, on Tuesday, with the following result—
Lord Lincoln 522 Mr. Boyd 491 Majority for Lord Lincoln 31
" The majority fur the Earl of Lincoln would have been much greater," says the Times, " but for the speech delivered by his Lordship at Manchester, in which he advocated the payment of the Roman Catholic clergy from a public fund: it told greatly against him, especially in Falkirk."
GLasuow.—The poll, as officially declared on Saturday, exhibited these numbers—
Mr. Macgregor 2,196 1 Mr. Dixon 1,812 Lord Provost Gestic 2,084 1 Mr. Dennistoun 1,748
HADDINOTONSHIRE.—The ceremony of nominating the candidates took place on Wednesday. Mr. Charteris, who was proposed by Mr. Hope of Luffness as a Conservative, was opposed by Sir David Baird, warranted by his proposer as a consistent Whig. The Conservative's speech, however, was remarkable for its liberality. Mr. Charteris professed himself to be of Liberal opinions, believing that a go- vernment founded on those principles was best calculated to promote the interests of all classes in the empire. Sir Robert Peel was of Liberal principles. He believed that Sir Robert Peel has done more for the good of the people than any Minister this country ever saw. Few men had been more Unjustly condemned or more cruelly opposed than the Prime Minister of the former Government, and his supporters; and Mr. Charteris entertained a strong conviction that ere long those who now condemned him would be obliged to confess that he was their beat friend, by putting an end to that agitation—to that bitterness and animosity— which, had it been continued, might have ended less favourably to their interests, and might even have shaken the foundations of the Throne itself. He was prepared to see the principle of free trade introduced by Sir Robert Peel gradually and cau- tiously carried out, by reducing the Customs-duties to each a point as would s cure the greatest amount of imports without injury to the revenue. Be de. dared himself favourable to a redaction of the duties on tea, tobacco, wines, win- dows, and soap. He approved of the Government scheme of education. With regard to the important question of religion, though he was himself firmly and deeply attached to the Protestant faith and to the Church Establishment, he was prepared to extend to the utmost limits the spirit of toleration to every other sect of religionists, leaving every man to worship God in the manner most agreeable to his conscience: but having, in the course of his canvass, heard a good deal said against the proposition for endowing the Roman Catholic clergy of Ireland, he must take this public opportunity of stating what he had stated in private, namely, that while, from the great difference of opinion which existed upon the question, from the fact that a large proportion of the Roman Catholic dergy and laity in Ireland had stated that they would not receive State support, and from the cir- cumstance that such a measure would meet with the hostility of the people of this country, he saw no likelihood of its being brought forward for many years to come, yet he must decline to fetter himself by any pledge.
On a show of hands, Sir David Baird had the advantage. The polling was fixed for Thursday and Friday. At the close of the first day's polling, Sir David Baird withdrew, having only obtained 136 votes to the 271 re- corded for Mr. Charteris.
INVERNESS Bunons.—The candidates to represent this district in Par- liament were nominated on Monday. Mr. Matheson of Ardross was op- posed by Mr. Richard Hartley Kennedy. The show of hands was greatly in favour of Mr. Kennedy, only four or five being held up for Mr. Mathe- son. The polling was fixed for Wednesday.
MONTROSE BuxGus.—At the nomination, on Wednesday, Mr. Joseph Hume unexpectedly found an opponent in Mr. D. Greenhill of learn; on the grouud mainly of the Navigation-laws, which he was desirous of main- taining, while Mr. Hume would repeal them. The show of hands was all in favour of Mr. Hume; and Mr. Greenhill demanded a poll, which was fixed for Tuesday next.
PERTH.—Mr. Fox Mauls was returned on Friday, without opposition. In his speech Mr. Mauls declared that he was favourable to the removal of all vexatious abuses connected with the Excise-laws, and that lie went to Parliament bent upon carrying into effect measures intended for the Weill:ire of the country at large.
STIRLING BOROUGHS.—The nomination for this district took place on Friday. Three candidates were introduced to the electors; Mr. John Ben- jamin Smith, of Manchester, one of the chief members of the late Anti- Corn-law League, Mr. Alexander Alison, and Mr. Alexander Gibson Maitland. Mr. Smith commenced his speech by an allusion to the unani- mous invitation of two public meetings, at whose summons he had come forward as a candidate; and he indicated a very progressive policy on his own part— It was true that the two aristocratical parties had united, and that a portion of the Tories had given in their nominal adhesion to the principles of free trade, now that they could not longer withstand them; and it also appeared that the Whigs were satisfied to stand still where they were. (Cheers and cries of "No, no! ") But there was a large party in the country who would not be satisfied to stand still until they had obtained cheap and good government. (Cheers.) That party Manifested its feeling in the formation of the Anti-Corn-law League—one of the most powerful organizations of modern times; and what was that organization for? It was to oppose class legislation. Though the League was dead, its spirit still survived; and the people would not be satisfied until they got all class legis- lation abolished. (Cheers.) There were many important questions likely to en- gage the attention of the next Parliament. There was the consideration of their great Indian empire; the charter of the East India Company would shortly ex- pire, and the new Parliament would have to make arrangements for the govern- ment of 100,000,000 of their Indian subjects. There was also the consideration of the Navigation-laws. There was also the consideration and the revision of the system of revenue, especially the Excise-laws, and the assertion of their commer- cial rights. (Cheers.) He was a Reformer when to acknowledge it subjected a Reformer to reproach; but he never was a Finality Reformer, for he held that doctrine to be absurd, as nogeneration could make laws which would be suitable
to all future generations. (Cheers.) Their laws and institutions must be made to harmonize with the progress of human improvement.
Mr. Alison based his claim to be elected on his being a mercantile man, and also one of themselves; and he too competed with Mr. Smith in progressive views— Now that they had got quit of the Corn-laws, he considered the next greatest grievance in Scotland which they had to complain of was the law of entail. They all depend on the land for their food. They found that there was a great por- tion of this country restricted by those laws from being sold as any other property was sold, especially in the Highlands and some part of the Lowlands. The ques- tion of the Currency-laws had been much discussed. His opinion was that the Scottish system of banking was so admirable that it would be madness to inter- fere with it. He thought that for England Sir Robert Peel's act should be re- scinded, and small notes restored. He was in favour of reducing, and in some cases of entirely repealing, the duty on tea, sugar, and other necessaries. The Excise-laws he considered very oppressive, and he would pay particular attention to the subject. He was anxious to raise the condition of the working classes, improve their moral and physical condition, and prsmote education, as well as the objects contemplated in the Health of Towns Bill. Mr. Alison expressed his op- position to all religious endowments; finally declaring that if returned he would vote fur measures and not for men.
Mr. Maitland also followed as a Free-trader- • He would like to see all restrictions taken not only off food, but off those ar- ticles termed luxuries, though in reality they were necessaries, such as tea, sugar, and tobacco. Opposed to the Excise-laws, and especially to the oppressive and inquisitorial licensing system, lie also thought that the system of stamp-receipts ought to be abolished. Mr. Maitland would wish to see established a thoroughly national secular system of education.
The show of hands being in favour of Mr. Alison, a poll was demanded on behalf of Mr. Smith and Mr. Maitland. It took place on Monday : at the close, the numbers were—
Mr. Smith 345 Mr. Maitland 312 Mr. Alison 136 IRELAND.
BELPAST.—At the nomination, on Thursday, three candidates presented themselves; Lord J. Chichester, one of the late Members, Mr. Snfferin, a Conservative, and Mr. J. Tennant, a Liberal. The show of hands was in favour of Mr. Tennant and Lord Chichester; and the poll demanded by the other candidate was fixed for this day.
Cons.—The candidates proposed at the nomination which took place for this city on Wednesday, were Mr. Callaghan, an " Old Inlander," Mr. Fagan and Mr. M'Carthy, " Young Inlanders." The show of hands was nearly equal. The polling was to commence yesterday.
Duman.—The nomination was on Monday. The candidates were the late Members, Mr. Edward Grogan and Mr. William H. Gregory; also the famous Mr. Busfeild Ferrand, and'Idr. John Reynolds, a hot Repealer. In proposing Mr. Ferrand, the Reverend Tresham Gregg denounced Mr. Gregory as a traitor, who had supported Sir Robert Peel, "'the greatest betrayer since the days of Judas Iscariot." [Mr. Gregg's long and very violent speech appears to have' included an attack on Mr. Gregory for his advocacy of that part of Mr. Godley's plan of " colonization for Ireland" which provides for sending over people to Canada accompanied by their priests.] Mr. Grogan vindicated his course in Parliament. Mr. Gregory also justified his conduct, and particularly his support of Sir Robert Peel's policy.
It was true that in 1841 he was a Protectionist: but he was then young and in- experienced. At that time, too, Free-trade ideas were abstractions, and it could not be wondered at that cautious men refused to act upon them. Then came the experiment of the Tariff. " I confess, when that experiment was proclaimed, my alarm was excited. I read pamphlets, which proved to demonstration that many millions of pigs must shortly inundate Great Britain! I thought the moment fast approaching when that useful animal that pays the rent would be as scarce an object of philosophical inquiry as the fossil elk or megatherium. I heard of flocks of Colonial asses, as numerous as the heads on the Pam- pas, that were to drive into extinction our British-born, patient, long-eared servant_ The first speech I ever was about to make in Parliament was to save, as I thought, our oat crops from perdition. For my own reputation, I rejoice I did not make it. I have no wish to disguise my infirmities from you. I did quake in those days with apprehension. Time, however, wore on: that mighty avalanche of pigs dwindled away into a few hundred long-backed, unnatural looking strangers; our donkies held their own against foreign aggres- sion; our oats continued a remunerative crop; and, if my recollection serve me right, from the day of the introduction of the much-dreaded new Tariff to the day of the proposition for the repeal of the Corn-laws, the whole importation of live
into nto England would not have furnished a fortnight's consumption to the city of London alone. In the mean time, however, the revenue advanced; taxes to the enormous amount of seven millions sterling were remitted; burdens press- ing heavily on the lower classes of our fellow subjects were either altogether taken off them or partially removed; and, what ought to be a high consideration in the eyes of every minister of religion, precisely with the rise and fall of the price of food did the statistics of crime correspond—with cheapness crime decreased, with dearness it increased. These were facts and figures, and he who ran might read." On the subject of tenant-right, Mr. Gregory thought that compensation ought to be allowed to the tenant for improvements.
Mr. Reynolds, who made a Repeal speech of immense length, said he would go to the poll: if he could do nothing else, he would send the circu- lating medium about—he would make his opponents pay out the cash. He promised that if elected he wonld mix up " Repeal " with every question brought before Parliament, and in every possible form. [Mr. Reynolds also attacked Mr. Gregory for the colonization scheme; not upon Mr. Gregg's ultra Protestant ground, but because it proposed to remove a vast number of the Irish people to colonize North America, while there were millions of acres of waste lands nnreclaimed at home. Mr. Gregory replied to both kinds of objection very distinctly.] Before taking the show of hands, the Sheriff called for payment of the money from candidates towards the polling-expenses. A conversation arose; the agent for the late Members insisting that the money ought to be paid down at once. Ultimately, however, the Sheriff allowed Mr. Reynolds till Wednesday morning for the payment. Mr. Ferrand's name was with- drawn.
Contrary to general expectation, the needful funds on Mr. Reynolds's behalf being forthcoming on Wednesday morning, the polling was then opened. Owing, however, to the uncertainty which had prevailed to the very last moment, it was near eleven o'clock before a single elector was polled. In some of the booths the Sheriff had no deputy, and in others there were no poll-clerks. It was eleven o'clock before the affidavits of the electors could be procured; and those who had neglected to bring with them their certificates of registry were obliged to wait several hours before they could record their votes. This delay in the commencement of the polling has raised a question as to the legality of the election. Through- out the day the confusion increased. No account of the poll was issued; but there appears no doubt that Mr. Reynolds had a considerable majority.
Dustin Uravxaarrv.—The election here commenced on Tuesday, in the Dining Hall of Trinity College. The candidates were Mr. Frederick Shaw and Mr. George Alexander Hamilton, the late Conservative Members, Professor Torreus M'Cullagh, a Liberal, Mr. J. Napier, Mr. Butt, (4,.C., Mr. Henry Stopford Kyle, and Dr. Giffard of the Standard newspaper, Conservatives. The nomination of the candidates lasted all day, and their addresses were reserved for the next day (Wednesday); nearly the whole of which was occupied in speechmaking and questioning, and the show of hands was not taken till the afternoon. Before it was taken, Mr. Kyle and Dr. Giffard withdrew. The show of hands was declared to be in favour of Mr. M'Cullagh and Mr. Napier; and the polling commenced at half-past three. At five o'clock on Thursday afternoon, the numbers were—
Mr. Shaw 416 Mr. Napier 391 Mr. Hamilton 551 I Professor APCtillagh 236
Demeoutvals—The election commenced on Tuesday, with much excite- ment. The candidates nominated were the Right Honourable Richard Lalor Sheil, Master of the Mint, and Mr. John Francis Maguire, a Re- pealer. The show of hands was in favour of Mr. Maguire: a poll was demanded for Mr. Shell, and was to be taken on Thursday.
Ltmosticx.—The candidates for this city were Mr. John O'Brien, Mr. John O'Connell, and Mr. Richard O'Gorman junior, of Dublin. The show of hands was in favour of Mr. O'Brien and Mr. O'Connell; and a poll was demanded for Mr. O'Gorman.
LIMERICK Comer r.—Indignant at the mode in which his name was introduced at a recent meeting as the " murderer of O'Connell," the calumny passing unrebuked by the chairman, Mr. Smith O'Brien has com- municated to the Independent Club, through Dr. Costello and Mr. Robert Potter, his " unequivocal resignation "- " Until the repudiation of Ministerial connexion and place-hunting shall become the recognized national policy of Ireland," he says, " f shall be both more happy and more useful in labouring as a private individual rather than as a member of the Legislature in the service of Ireland."
The Repealera, taking Mr. Smith O'Brien at his word, have set about sup- plying his place, and have fixed upon a Mr. John George O'Connell as their candidate for the county. The election is fixed for Monday next. The odds are ten to one in favour of Mr. Monad of Tervoe, the favourite at once of the Conservatives and of the Roman Catholic clergy.