furrigu anh Catania FRANCE.—The law organizing the Corps Legislatif, and
defining tho electoral rights of Frenchmen, has been published in the Monitsur. The Corps Legislatif will consist of 261 deputies, elected by the people in the proportion of one deputy for every 35,000 electors in the first in- stance, with one more deputy for every 25,000 beyond that number. The department of the Seine receives nine deputies, that of the Nord eight, the Lower Seine six, the Pas-de-Calais, Puy-de-Dome, Somme, Gironde, and Cotes-du-Nord, five each ; and other departments numbers varying from four to one. Algeria and the Colonies name no deputies. All electors are eligible, excepting public functionaries, whose functions are incompatible with the duties of a deputy.
The electoral franchise is ostensibly universal suffrage. Every French- man of the age of twenty-one, who has not forfeited his civil rights, has the vote.
At the end of last week, the Moniker contained a despatch from M. do Persigny to the Prefects of departments, empowering and enjoining them, now that the authority of the President has been consolidated by the na- tional voice, to liberate such of the " poor misled prisoners " as may be thought to have been only the tools of political agitators.
A new political engine of police administration has been organized by the President ; the preddminant idea of which he has explained by a de- spatch to Monsieur le Ministre, that has been published in the Moniker. With great apparent solicitude for the welfare of the state, he sets forth elaborately, how imperfect are the means which the Government has for ascertaining the true current of public opinion, and how few guarantees it has that its measures are honestly carried out by the administrators : to remove these evils, the administration of the Police was taken from the Interior; and, to perfect its organization, there are to be appointed seven or eight General Inspectors, having under them Special Inspectors, who will be in constant relation with the Commissaries in towns, and will from day to day enlighten the Government, and enable it to ame- liorate abuses in the public service, to intimidate the enemies of society, and guard the interests of humanity, public security, and general utility.
A superior Commission, charged to revise the decisions of the Military Courts on the insurgents, has ordered many releases.
The Moniker has had the following token of mocking mercy to the Orleans family—
"Some persons have imagined that the chapel and vaults of Dreux [where the eldest son of Louis Philippe is entombed] were comprised in the decrees of January 22. It has never been the intention of the Government to de- prive the Orleans family of this pious possession."
The following letter from the Princes of Orleans was privately cir- culated in Paris on Tuesday.
" To the Testamentary Executors of King Louis Philippe. " Claremont, Jan. 29, 1852.
" Gentlemen—We have received the protest which you have drawn up against the decree of confiscation issued against us, and we thank you very sincerely for your efforts to resist injustice and violence.
" We have found it quite natural that you should have directed your attentio specially to the question of law, without noticing the insults heaped in the pre- ambles of those decrees on the memory of the King our father. " For a moment we thought of abandoning the reserve which exile imposes upoll us, for the purpose of repelling in our own persons the attacks so shamefully cast upon the best ofconsidering stehreirs. , and,te ffinaettdero nmootrfeeanir maturely, the bpepsetaroefd Kings. that to such
imputations disdainful silence silence was the best answer.
" We will therefore not lower ourselves to point out how particularly odious the calumnies are, when brought forward by a man who on two different occasions re- ceived proofs of the magnanimity of King Louis Philippe, and whose family never received anything from him but benefits.
" We leave it to public opinion to do justice to the words, as well as to the act which accompanies them ; and, if we are to believe the testimonies of sympathy which we receive from every side, we are sufficiently revenged. " To the honour of a country to which the King our father has given eighteen years of peace, of prosperity, and of dignity—of a country which we his sons have loyally served—to the honour of that France which is always the mother-country which we love—we are happy to observe that these disgraceful decrees, and their still more disgraceful preambles, have not dared to appear excepting under the regime of the state of siege, and after the suppression of all the guarantees which protected the liberties of the nation.
" In finishing, we beg of you, gentlemen, to express our warm feeling of gratitude to the eminent men of all parties who have offered to us the assistance of their talent and their courage.
" We accept that assistance with great pleasure, persuaded that in today de- fending our cause, they defend the rights of the whole of French society. " Receive, gentlemen, the assurance of our sentiments of affection. " Louis D'ORLrarfs, Duke de Nemours. " F. D'Oamtexs, Prince de Joinville."
SPAIN.—A telegraphic message from Paris, on Thursday, stated that an attempt was made on the life of the Queen of Spain, at Madrid, on the 2d instant. She was wounded in the shoulder; but it is uncertain how she was wounded. The only further danger to her thought possible, was that which might arise out of her personal liability to erysipelas. Tele- graphic despatches from Paris, yesterday, state that she had passed the night without any serious symptoms.
Bzunvm—In awe of the French Government, which is said to have Made threatening representations, the Cabinet of King Leopold has re- vived en old law of the Dutch monarchy, against the _Bulletin .Pranfais, a periodical edited in Brussels by some of the French refugees. Proofs of the paper were seized on Friday ; on Saturday the whole impression was carried off by the police ; and a formal prosecution for publishing matter "injurious to foreign powers" was begun against the publisher.
PIRDMONT.—The satirical paper La Maga, published at Genoa, was seized there on the 30th, for an article offensive to the President of the French Republic.
Is:Dia.—The overland mail of the 3d of January does not add much to our knowledge with respect to the two principal matters mentioned in the mail which left Bombay in the middle of December—the movements Of troops from Seinde towards Khyrpoor, and the naval expedition from Cal- cutta against the King of Burmab.
The Indian correspondents at Kurrachee, the naval depot of the Com- pany at the month of the Indus, say—" Bustle and confusion are visible throughout the whole cantonment." Six steamers, a number very un- usual, were lying there on the 23d December—three of them war-steam- ers, and three of them river-steamers—" ready to leave in a day or so," with troops and ammunition. At the same time, regiments had been or- dered to proceed from Hyderabad to Khyrpoor, by forced marches, with 200 rounds of ball-cartridge for each man. The exact cause of quarrel was as indefinitely guessed as before. One correspondent says that the troops are "merely meant as a demonstration, to terrify old Meer Ali Morad into submission and civility, he feeling much inclined to protest against the claims of the Company to Sukkur and Roree "—places which face each other on the two sides of the Indus, in the North-western cor- ner of All Morad's hereditary fiefs. But other accounts whisper that there is "something more beneath the surface than is imagined by the public" ; and opine that "Ali Morad would not have gone such lengths if he were not supported by the chiefs of the Punjaub and Peshawur." It is certain that all along the Indus frontier, from Khyrpoor to Peshawar, there is fermentation among the tribes, and a ten- dency to break into liostility. Parties of these tribes had invaded our territory near Dere Ismael Khan, and elsewhere ; but had been defeated and driven over the Sulieman mountains. In the Hazareh country, near Peshawur itself, two of our revenue collectors had been murdered—Mr. Came and Mi. Tapp. Against advice, they had dispensed with an es- cort, and were surrounded : Mr. Came advised en attempt to fight through, but Mr. Tapp persuaded him to join in giving up arms, on the promise of a safeguard ; the arms were given np, and immediately the poor gentle- men were pinioned and slain. Jehan Dad Khan, in whose territory this took place, is said to have endeavoured to bring the murderers to justice, but to have failed ; and now, just as in the case of Moolraj the chief of Moulton, he is said to be mustering his people for a great defensive struggle against us.
The accounts from Rangoon do not seem to bear out the anticipatory telegraphic accounts which spoke of probable " annexation" : they say that "the matter bangs in suspense," but that "it is probable the litr- man Government will give us the satisfaction we require, without bloodshed."
Cern OF Goon FrOIPB.—The details of the information brought by the Cape mail in the Hellespont, at the end of last week, are of some interest. The " trans-Kei expedition," despatched by Sir Harry Smith against Krell, had set out in two divisions. The larger division seeming to num- ber 3000 troops regular and irregular, was concentrated by Major-Gene- ral Somerset on the Imvani, on the 3d December : it immediately pro- ceeded to the head waters of the White Kei, and succeeded in capturing upwards of 2000 head of cattle. On the 7th December, General Somer- set formed his camp at Kakadu, on the White Kei; and on the 8th, Colonel Mackinnon and Lieutenant-Colonel Michel started on a fresh patrol, with about 2000 men, to continue the cattle raids over all the country within reach. The operations had been seriously embarrassed and impeded by heavy rains, but on the whole they are generally spoken of as " successful."
The smaller division of troops, under Colonel Eyre, left King Wil- liam's Town on the 1st December : it moved Northwards into the coun- try of Krell in a line parallel with that taken by the larger force, but at a short distance from the sea-coast. This expedition had met with less opposition from the elements, and more from the Caffres; but it had been even more " triumphant" than the other. In crossing the Kei, Bookoo, a chief, who like his paramount chief Krell, had " professed to be neu- tral," but had given refuge to our enemies and a place of safety for their booty, was engaged at the head of a large body of Caffees, and totally de- feated. Near Butterworth, some other masses of the Catfres were de- feated, with serious loss to them. The booty of cattle and sheep captured by Colonel Eyre is said to have been larger than that of the other branch of the expedition—it is described as " immense." On the other hand, the colonists have suffered severely in those quar- ters which are exposed by the advance of the expedition into Kreli's country. The losses now mentioned do not seem so severe as those suf- fered when the rush was made into the Amatolas : and the reason seems to be, first, that the Boers are more active in combination and self-de- fence ; second, that they have infinitely less to lose now than they had— their homesteads had been burnt and their cattle slaughtered already.
The fastnesses of the Water-Kleof are still held by Alaeonio ; not, as is reported, by a slender remnant of his defeated tribe, but by a body so considerable that a liberated prisoner reports their camp to occupy "a space as large as the town of Beaufort.' The political news covers but little space, but is of the same tone as before. There had been public meetings at Cape Town, Stellenbosch, Worcester, Beaufort, and Graaf-Reinet, to express the warm feelings of the inhabitants in reference to the Constitution Ordinances. Resolutions had been everywhere passed, with unanimity, gratefully accepting the constitution offered by her Majesty, and expressing the general desire that it should be established at once without alteration, leaving any amendments that may be hereafter found necessary to be made by the new Colonial Parliament.