7 MAY 1831, Page 8

It appears that the Duke of MODEM& and MARIA LOUISA,

not- withstanding the guarantee of Austria to the contrary, granted at the instance of the French Ministry, are about to inflict capital punishment on such of the leaders of the insurgents as have fallen Into their hands. The French Cabinet have sent the son of the Prime Minister of Vienna to remonstrate; but as MARIA and the Duke are, for all purposes of evil, very properly treated as inde- pendent Sovereigns, it is more than possible they may resist the attempt of Austria to counsel them into mercy. The disturbances in Italy are not, it would appear, yet wholly quieted ; and this /nay furnish an excuse for additional severity.