The effects of the gale which commenced blowing on the evening of Friday, and continued with unabated violence during the whole of Sa- turday, have been terribly disastrous on sea and land. The loss of ves- sels with their passengers, on our own coasts and on those of France and Holland, has been unusually great. Severe damage has been done to the hop plantations, gardens, and orchards. Houses have been un- roofed, and streets flooded in the towns on the coast. But the loss thus sustained, heavy as it is, will not bear comparison in point of extent with that occasioned by the numerous shipwrecks, the particulars of which fill many columns of the Daily Papers. The most afflicting ship- wreck is that of the Amphitrite, off the French coast, near Boulogne. The following account of it is taken from the correspondence of the Standard.
"The Amphitrite convict ship sailed for New South Wales, from Woolwich, on the 25th of August. Captain Hunter was the commander ; Mr. Forrester the surgeon; and there were lOS female convicts, 12 children, and a crew of Iff per- sons. The Captain was part owner of the vessel. Whea the ship arrived off Dungeness, the gale of the 29th begat. On Friday no the Captain hove the ship to' the gale being too heavy to sail. The vessel about three miles to the east of Boulogne harbour on Saturday at noon, who.. :!,er made land. The Captain set the topsail and maie fon sail, in hopes of ;:e:.iditg her off shore. From three O'clock she was in sight off Boulogne, and eel teinly the sea was most heavy and the wind extremely strong ; but no pilot-boat went out to her, and no life-boats or other assistance were despatched. I obeerved her from three o'clock till about half-past four in the afternoon, when sL came round into 'Bou- logne harbour and struck on the sands. By four o'clieie it was known that it vs'as a British ship ; but some said it was a In ir, otters • it was a neeelieet- vessel, though all said it was English. It appears frier : • se:term-1o, of iliae teen who have been saved out of the crew—tell the re,: !vivre- perished—that the Captain ordered the anchor to be let go, in hers • wilejne- ions:] with the tide. In a few minutes after the vessel had gone aer,-,e!, ee]; rushed
to the beach ; and a brave French sailor, winied Pierre already received the thanks of the Humane Society of London, :reeeed himself to the
Captain of the port, and said that he was resolved to re, : anal to reach the
vessel, in order to tell the Captain that he had mit a ie• • ,t to I. e, !•.it
as it was low-water, send all his crew and passengers oe t to dm time of her running aground, no measure '.vas adopted, and • Mi Captain was not -warned from shore of her danger. As soon as. he had str however, a boat, commanded by FraneoisHeuret, who has on !natty .•ca,ions sh,e.en emelt courage and talent, was despatched, awl by a little aftel five cam., e-dr her bows. The Captain of the vessel refused to avail himself of the a, ieence of Helmet and his brave companions ; and when IL portion of the e: pe,ii..Fed
going on shore, the Captain prevented them. Two of the men ;-• e, list
they knew the boat was under thebows, but that t'i'. rest wie. • •; ,eekiee- up their bundles. The crew could then have got on ele-re, eileate
women add children. When the French boat Ire! gone_ t!, • •at Owen, One of the crew, and ordered him to get ow: ti- : leas about half-past five. The sturgeon discussed the pew A with the Captain. They were afraid of allowing the pi ie-•,-; wife of the Surgeon is said to have propose-..."ek:tv,
go on shore without ;!:: ie. le censermene, '67 - • sent out. Three of the cans.: •t :::omen told :•,.L.
geon persuade the Captain a imeept the of 1,, • , OIL account of the prisoners who were on board. "Let us now return to Pierre Heflin. The Bench h,,ett
fused by the Surgeon and Captain ; the longboat had nut h.. • wit, through a discussion as to saving the convicts; and it was now near I:' ii'elock. Lit that time, Henin went to the beach—stripped himself—took a -tun :salted for about three quarters of en hour or an hour, and active(' at the ve,,el that time, Henin went to the beach—stripped himself—took a -tun :salted for about three quarters of en hour or an hour, and active(' at the ve,,el a little after seven. On touching the right side of the vessel, be I idici ; hi crew, and said, " Give me a line to conduct you on land, or you are lost, as 1.1:c sits is coming in." He spoke English plain enough to be heard. He tonched the vessel, and told them to speak to the Captain. They threw (that is, siniie of the crew, but not the Captain or Surgeon) two lines, one from the stern mei the other from the bow. The one from the stern he could not seize—the one from the bow he did. He then scent towards the shore, but the rale: seas stooped. This was, it is believed, the act of the Surgeon and Captain. lie ( Heniny then swam buck, and told them to give him more rope to get on shore. The Captain and Surgeon would not. They then tried to haul him in, but his strength failed, and he got on shore."
The British Consul, who would, it is supposed, have authorized the Captain to land the convicts, lives a few miles from Boulogne, and was not present. In the meanwhile,
" The female convicts, who were battened down under the botches, on the vessel-running aground, broke away the half-deck hatch, and, frantically, ruched on the deck. Of course they entreated the Captain and Suigenn to let them go on shore in the long-boat ; but they were not listened to, as the Captain and Surgeon did not fief authorized to liberate prisoners committed to their care. About seven o'clock, the flood-tide began. The crew, seeing that there were no hopes, clung to the rigging. The poor 108 women and 12. children remained on deck, uttering the most piteous cries. The vessel was about three quarters of a mile English from shore, and no more. Owen, one of the three men saved, thinks that the women remained on deck in this state about an hour and a half! Owen and four others were on the spars, and thinks they remained there three quarters of an hour ; but, seeing no hope of being saved, he took to swimming, and was brought in a state of insensibility to the hotel. Towsey, anmher of the men saved, was on a plank with the Captain. Towsey asked who he was? Ile said, " I am the Captain ;" but the next moment lie was gone. Rice, the third man, floated ashore on a ladder. He was in the aft when the other men took to the raft. When the French pilot-boat rowed away, after being rejected by the Captain, he (Rice) saw a man waving his hat on the beach ; and remarked to the Captain, that a gentleman was waving to them to come on shore. The Cap- tain turned away, and made no answer. At the moment the women all disap- peared, the ship broke in two. " These are the facts of this awful case. The French Marine Humane So- ciety immediately placed hundreds of men on the beach; and the office, or lodg- ing, being close to the shore, as soon as the corpses were picked up, they were brought to the rooms; where I assisted many of my countrymen in endeavouring sorestore them tolife. Our efforts were fruitless, except in the cases of the three men, Owen, Rice, end Towsey."
Thus, out of 136, only three were saved. A correspondent of the ' rases ;brows considerable blame upon the Customhouse-officers of Boulogne, who are said to have put every obstacle in the way of saving the ship ; and adds, that the three men who were saved differ consider- ably in the accounts of the degree of blame which should be laid to the share of the Captain and Surgeon respectively. It is agreed that all might have been saved had the Captain received authority from the Consul to put the convicts ashore. It is also said that the vessel was by no means in a seaworthy condition. Upwards of a dozen vessels are said to have been lost between Dun- kirk and Boulogne. Among them was a Dutch East Indiaman, with a crew of twenty-five, of whom only six were saved. The Earl of Wemyss, smack, was wrecked, on its voyage from Lon- don to Leith. Nine ladies, with their children, who were locked up in their own cabin, the door of which, the account says, "got fixed," were all drowned. The names were
Mrs. Hamilton, her son, and a lady ; Mrs. Pyne, her daughter, and child ; Mrs. Carmack ; Miss Roach and a child—all cabin passengers; total, 9. Mrs. Rymer and child, steerage, were lost.
The Captain, crew, and other passengers, escaped. The vessel now lies full of water off Brancaster, near Wells.
The Courier of last night, under its new head of " Scotland," makes the following pointed remarks on this case-
" The circumstances attending the loss of the Amphitrite, off Boulogne, and the extent of the calamity, have hithertoso engrossed the public, that their at- tention has not been particularly drawn to the appalling circumstances which took place on board the Earl Wemyss, Leith smack, outlier voyage to Leith, off the coast of Norfolk, on the morning of Satin-day last. The particulars are mentioned in a letter from Mr. Horsburgh, probably Mate of the vessel, written for the information of the owners; which we published on Wednesday. He ad- mits that the vessel had become unmanageable ibr a considerable time, probably for twenty-four hours at least, before she struck the sand. Yet no precaution seems to have been taken during that awful period, with a view to the preserva- tion of the cabin passengers. The consequence has been, that although the Captaiu, Mate, and all the cress- have been saved, the cabin passengers, consisting of five Ladies and four children, were drown:-:;, the cabin-door being fixed, and the vessel having tilled fast with water. Such a result is of rare occurrence. The tit object of a British sailor, in circumstances of peril, is to afford, even at the rive of his own life, all the assistance in his power, to those, most of all to Ilmiales committed to his care, unable as they are to make any exertion for themselves, and ignsmint, even if able, lime to make it. In this case, it does tint appear float iur. Horsburgh's letter, that any attempt whatever to rescue the passengers was made. They were absolutely left to their fate. Even in the communication from the Mate, the safety of the cargo seems to be the all- ahsorbing consideration. The dreadful fate which befell the passengers, and whieh there is great reason to think might have been averted, escapes notice, moil the very coal of the letter. This is a case obviously- demanding the strictest investigation. The Leith smacks are well found, and a peculiarly safe description of vessel. Patel accidents very seldom have happened to them; and we venture to say, never on any occasion attended with so remarkable or lamentable a result—all the passengers drowned ; ail the crew, and probably all the cargo, save:i."
The Talbot steam-boat was stranded near the entrance of Ostend, l)ta.e.u: twelve and one o'clock on Saturday; but no lives were lost.
The William, Friend, ‘vhich had arrived in the Downs safe on Fri- day, was blown to the opposite coast, and was totally wrecked near Calais, and ten of the crew were 0.rot, d.
Thu Ann and Amelia, of tons burden, from Calcutta to Lon- . .:!, was driven on shore near Boulogne, and it is feared will be totally .,reeked; but part of the cargo is expected to be saved. The Sur- geon, Seeolid Mate, a Midshipman, :Ind two seamen, were drowned.
The Swift, sloop, hound from Strangford to Liverpool, with wheat, was: seen on Friday beating about in the mouth of the Menai Straits,
without any cloth set, and completely at the mercy of tl:e sea. At half- past eleven, she disappeared front tile view of the spectators on shore, having struck on the -Dutchman's Bank, and almost instantly sunk. Liverpool pilot-boat passing at the time, within hail, the men observed the Swift's crew clinging to the mast, but could render no assistance ; the surf running so tremendously on the bank, where there were not above two feet water. All hands perished. A brig from has been wrecked off Porthdunllain, and all hands perished - as also a sloop from Carnarvon, utterly lost in the mouth of the Dee.
The Guensing sloop, Smith master, was wrecked off Ilollywell, on Friday night ; and the mate, about eighteen years of age, was washed overboard.
Four vessels have struck upon the Goodwin Sands, and several lives have been lost in the Downs. A barge, heavily laden with timber, struck on a rock near Buenos Ayres : the cargo was saved. It ap- peared she had drifted from her moorings at Herne Bay.
On Friday night, the stern moorings of the Queen of Scotland, the large Aberdeen steam-ship, lying off East Lane, Bermondsey, gave way, owing to the violence of the wind, and she went adrift. The alarm caused by this on the River was very great ; but fortunately her heel caught the ground, the tide being low, and she remained until the water rose, and was again safely moored. Two barges were wrecked on Saturday, between the Nore and the Garrison Point; and fishing-yawl on Queenborough-spit ; two or three small boats also have broken to pieces. The crews of ninny vessels, which have been wrecked during the storm, • were saved by the Deal boatmen ; who appear to have acted with great courage and humanity. An immense number of vessels of all descriptions have put into the different ports of the United King- dom, dismasted and otherwise damaged. The wrecks of many others have been seen at sea, the crews of which are supposed to have perished. The names of no fewer than fifty-nine vessels appeared on the books at Lloyd's on Monday and Tuesday, most of which are total wrecks. The destruction of life and property is indeed fearfully great.
On land, the principal damage seems to have been done to the hop- grounds of Kent. The duty, which was calculated a few days ago at 200,000/4 is now reduced to about 50,0001, according to the calculation of well informed persons. The Maidstone Gazette says- " The mischief this storm has done to the hops is almost incredible. In Mr. Corrahl's hop-ground, near Maidstooe, where the poles are of the very best de- scription, from sixteen to eighteen feet high, they have not been completely le- velled to so great an extent as in many grounds. They are many of them worse, namely, leaning on each other, so that every motion bruises the hops.
Farleigh, the poles have not been so generally levelled, but the wind has cut off -so many of the collateral branches, that one-third of the crop will be lost. It his orchards. The plums, pears, and damsons, are also terribly scattered. In the largest grower in the kingdom, have suffered equally. 'flume of the Reve- rend Mr. Post have lost one third, and Mr. Plane's also endured severe visita-
tion. At Yalding, the grounds in the valfies have been damaged more than SCOTLAND.
grounds are expected to lose at least a hag an acre. The goldings and raffiers Lane was so thickly covered with the branches of trees, that the car- —Scotsman.
Boston, that the houses in Wormgate, and many other streets, were way, are so much alike, that strangers cannot know the one from the
literally flooded, the water rushing in with alarming violence." Other; nor could even their teachers identify them when separated,
Apple-trees, &c. arc either torn up by the roots, or nem!' i•ri!':‘11; grow up to womanhood," the Scotch paper considerately adds, " we can hollyhocks, sunflowers, zaul such plants, are completely des!1.. y,. j c;;;. ;Ids fancy many an awkward rencontre that may occur by their lovers and season. Some sigmboards were carried away; but less ,; u,,,,,,-, has husbands mistaking the one for the other !"
been done to houses than might be expected from the stremt:i ;mil via- A person in extensive business as a draper in Aberdeen, was lately
lence of the wind. On Sunday morning, a geutleman at ;.,:paltling under the necessity of stopping payment, and absconded. His credi- picked up in hi garden fuurteen swallows and a :arc:;; number of spar_ tars, on 1.!•;;II:iiiiiti011, found a deficiency to the amount of -1,000/ The rows, that had been killed on Saturday by beim; da-lied against the deficit was, ho.,vercr, curiously 'met by an entry in his books of the fol- trees and wails; and in the evening he picked up imarly es many more, lowing purport—" By cash, lent I /on Pedro for carrying on the war
killed in the same manner, either on Saturday or that day. against his brother Niguel, -1,C00/." Great havoc has been made in Scrivelsby Park, the seat of the Honourable Champion Dymoke. Horncastle and its neighbourhood were visited with one of the most
violent storms of wind and rain ever recollected : tiles, trees, and Dr. Charles Johnson, of Molesworth Street, Dublin, was charged chimney-pots were blown down in every direction, both in the, town last week at the College Street Police-office in that city, with having and on the roads near it. taken advantage of an opportunity allowed him as a medical man, to The storm made terrible havoc among the fruit at Newark. The commit an assault of an atrocious character upon Mrs. Ann Darling, trees in most of the gardens and orchard's were completely stripped of the wife a medical student in Dublin, who had applied to him for advice their fruit, and apples lay like acorns strewed on the ground. Numbers as to the treatment of a pulmonary complaint under which she laboured. of trees were split in two, and many torn up by the roots. Several The offence is alleged to have been committed nine months ago, when houses were partly unroofed, and several chimneys were blown down. the lady was seen to run screaming from Dr. Johnson's house into the Houses and cellars were deluged with water. It rained without inter- street. She complained of bad treatment, but would give no particulars. mission for seventeen hours. Numbers of windows were broken by Her husband only discovered the real nature of this bad treatment a
slates and tiles from the houses. A large wall in .Albion Street was few days ago, and immediately commenced proceedings against Dr. blown down. Johnson ; who entered it to security in 5001. to take his trial at the In the Metropolis, the storm raged with great fury, and the appear- next commission. ances in the River were very singular. The wind, as the sailors say, At the Dublin Sessions, held last week, Ann Salmon was indicted blew all the water out of the Thames, and persons were fording the for the murder of her husband, George Salmon. The death of the
river at Waterloo Bridge. The tide 3bas not been so low for a great deceased was proved by a woman who saw George Salmon and wife, many years. The shoal just below London Bridge was high out of who were both tipsy at the time, quarrelling ; and when drunk they the water ; and the Margate and Gravesend steam-boats were for a always had a fight. The prisoner, seizing a knife, stabbed her husband short time hard aground, and unable to get away. The return of the in the stomach ; of which wound, it was proved by a medical gentle- tide was truly remarkable : for without any previous indication whatever man, that he died in two days after. She was found guilty of Man-
(for it appeared to be running down with great velocity the instant he- slaughter. fore), it rose at once nearly a foot, rolling in like a wave; and in less At the same Sessions, Joseph Morris was indicted for killing his than three minutes after the persons on the shoals took to their boats, wife with a blow from a bed-post, and also found guilty of Manslaughter. the shoals were under water, and the steam-boats afloat and under Last Monday week, upwards of a hundred of the Peace Preservation
scattered about. In the Buckingham Palace Gardens, a tall tree was ordered thither by Government, for the purpose of cutting the corn laid prostrate, bringing with it a portion of the wall, and choking up crops of a farmer named Hughes, who had become unpopular to the the passage of the Pimlico road for some time. In every part of the peasantry of the neighbourhood, in consequence of having, in his caps- town, the tiles and chimney-pots were flying, and in some instances city of Churchwarden, put the law in force for the recovery of vestry were attended with dangerous consequences. Much damage has been cess in his parish. The agrarian legislators of the neighbourhood sustained in and about London, by the unroofing of houses, the break- would not permit any one to cut a single ear of corn for him ; and-as a ing of windows; and the inundation of the lower parts of many of the last resource, he was obliged to appeal to Government for protection houses situated near the river, on the Surry side of the water. . and assistance; which were promptly afforded him by the force above- Greenwich Park has suffered severely. In many places the ground mentioned, aided also by some of the county of Monaghan Police, sta- is completely strewed with large branches torn from the trees, leaving tioned adjacent, and beaded by Mr. M`Gusty, County Magistrate. the parts from which they were torn hanging in shreds, and twisted as Plenty of sickles, and provisions to regale the forces, both infantry and if taken by a whirlwind. One elm of large dimensions has been blown constabulary, were provided by Mr. Hughes, who in the evening had tp by the roots, and there are few that have not suffered more or less the pleasure of seeing his entire crop cut down, bound, and stacked.... by the violence Of the wind. Times Correspondent. . Considerable alarm was felt for the safety of the Margate and Rams. A party of peasantry, consisting of about eighty to a hundred men, gate steam-boats ; but on Monday morning, placards were sent round and an equal number of women, from Castlepooke, Ballyandra, &c., the. Metropolis with the names of the vessels, thirteen in number, met near Doneraile, in: the county of Cork, last Wednesday week, for
In East Farleigh, Mr. Pope's grounds, of Fant, have suffered greatly; and one which had put into Ramsgate. Some of them were damaged, but no pole in three is down, besides the destruction caused by bruising. In West lives were lost.
At Margate, on Saturday morning—" No vessel attempted to get
is calculated that in this neighbourhood it will cost 51. an acre to raise the poles, out of port ; and amongst others, the two regular steamers--the a very great number of which have broken off into the ground, from their pre- Royal Sovereign and the Royal George, for London—were detained. sent confused and jumbled positions. At Loose, the ground is also strewn with About four hundred passengers, for town, were disappointed of their the produce, which has been in some instances cut from the poles as with a passage back. The hotels were all filled, in the fullest sense of the knife. Hardly a good sample will come out of this parish. Messrs. Peale's word, for nobody could stir out—tiles, slates, and chimney-pots flying grounds have suffered severely. So dreadful was the hurricane at this place, about in all directions. A part of the jetty-was blown up, and carried that five trees were torn up by the roots, and the fruit-trees have been nearly away by the force of the waves, leaving two large openings in the centre, stripped of their best fruit. One farmer in this parish, who had calculated on which is now (at ebb-tide) quite impassable. The pier also sustained about 6,000 bushels of beautiful apples, has at least 3,000 bushels scattered over considerable damage, two of the whitlows having been beaten in, Banning and the adjoining grounds the din astation has been terrible. Whole besides which the coping and the pavement have been greatly injured."
patches, containing as many as a dozen hills, have been all levelled together. An American ship was said to have been lost off Dunkirk on Mon.