10 AUGUST 1861

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Incomparably the most important event of the week has been

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the defeat of the North, in their first pitched battle with Southern forces. The great advance from Washington to the South, so long demanded by Northern opinion, was made on...

The people of Ireland are looking forward with interest to

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a visit from her Majesty, and the corporation of Dublin have prepared a loyal address. The national habit of blundering, however, cannot be quite laid aside, and the address is...

The King of Prussia has resolved, it is said, to

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make further advances towards constitutional Government. The responsibility of Ministers, a fact never yet admitted, is to be settled by law, almost on the English basis. A...

The death of Lord Herbert, which occurred last week too

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late for us to record, is a loss to the country, for he was in many ways a re- presentative man of the English governing class. A man of a clear, though not dominant, mind, he...


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L ORD Palmerston, at the beginning of the session, promised nothing, and faithfully kept his promise. Parliament adhered to its pleasant programme of talkative idleness with...

The Hungarian Diet has answered the Imperial rescript, and re-

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solved that negotiations be brought to a close.

Cialdini has partly suppressed the Bourbonist movement in Southern Italy.

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His plan, it appears, is to call out the old Gari- baldian officers, and urn them to summon the peasantry to resist the brigands, or Bounists. This plan has succeeded, at least...

The outside speeches natural to the recess have commenced; Mr.

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Osborne, at Liskeaid, being first in the field. His speech was only important as heralding that clamour for retrenchment which is certain to commence before long, and which will...

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lmnira. — The great battle so long expected came off on the

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21st ult., and ended in the total defeat of the North. According to a statement, obviously authentic, published in the New rork Times, General Scott had from the first opposed...

pain.—The Captain-General of Cuba has despatched a fleet of six

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armed steamers to Port-au-Prince, the capital of Hayti, to enforce certain demands against the republic. The demands are : the pay- ment of a sum of 100,000 piastres as...

c franz — The Imperial Government has issued a circular, calling on the

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Church to chant a Te Dews for the Emperor on the 15th inst., the Emperor's file, and the day of Assumption. In the circular the Minister of Public Instruction argues that his...

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ON Saturday morning the country learned that the death of Lord Herbert, which had been feared as an impending, but not im- mediately impending, event, had, in fact, taken place....

ituritni.—The papers are full of the reported resolutions of the

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Sultan to enforce economy, and some practical measures have been adopted. The excessive expenditure of the palace may be consi- dered at an end, the women, boatmen, gardeners,...

sdia.—The Bombay mail of the 10th July is unusually late.

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Stfria.—The Druse sheiks arrested by the Turks have been sen-

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tenced to exile, it is supposed under the idea that the nation, in the absence of its rulers, will be more amenable to Turkish influence.

The Times correspondent at Naples continues to deplore the brigandage

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existing in the province, and says, of the 15,000 National Guards only 8000 can be relied on. The Turin corre- spondent, however, gives a very different account, which has the...

Sirauunt.—The contest between the King of Prussia and his Minis-

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ters on the matter of investiture, widened out, it would appear, till it covered the whole area of existing constitutional arrangements. After a lon g discussion, the King, it...

i te frig. —The Lower House of the Hungarian Diet has agreed

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to the answer to the imperial rescript drawn up by M. Deak, and it J as been sent to the Upper House. According to the telegraphic account it answers the rescript point by...

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ir4t Cute.

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OSBORNE, AUG. 3.—The Queen and Prince Consort drove out yester- day afternoon, accompanied by the Count and Countess de Laeroma, the Crown Prince and Princess of Prussia,...

Erhatrs an rnctring invorliantrut.

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HOUSE OF LORDS, Monday, August 6.—Courts of Quarter Session (Ireland) ; Mar- quis of Clanrica.rde's motion—Employment of Children and Young Persons ; Lord Shaftesbury's motion....

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The following is the text of the note in the

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Tien= Gazette, respect- ing e the collecting of the taxes in Hungary, the purport of win. has been already mentioned by tel : "The Minister of Finance has cautioned the...


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(By telegram through Mr. Reuter's office.) • VIENNA, August 9. An ordinance from the Minister of Finance orders that, at present and during harvest-time, those Hungarian...


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THE FORTHCOMING visrr of her Majesty and the Royal Family to Ireland will, from the great preparations being made, no doubt be very grand. Her Majesty, having reviewed about...


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DEATH OF THE BISHOP OF DURHAM. A TELEGRAM by the British and Irish Magnetic Telegraph Company informs us that the Bishop of Durham died this morning at a quarter past seven...


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Subscriptions to the " OVERLAND FRIEND OF INDIA," will be received by Mr. A. E. Galloway, at 1, Wellington-street, Strand. Terms : Per Annum, payable in advance E2. Postage free.

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BRITISH FUNDS. Friday. (Closing Prices.) Friday. 901 -- 286 2 Per Cent Consols Bank Stock, 10 per Cent Ditto for Account India Stock, 101 per Cent 219 3 per Cents Reduced...

The Trib . une says: " Tfie rebels appear to be

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pushing on to their old position near Alexandria ; their pickets are said to be within three miles of that place. All remains quiet there, however, and there seems to be no...


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On the 2nd inst., at Emma-place, Stonehouse, Devon, the wife of Captain the Hon L. Addington, Royal Artillery, of a son. On the 3rd inst, at Harewood House, Hanover-square, the...


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STOCK EXCHANGE, FRIDAY AFTERNOON. THERE has been rather more demand for money during the last day or two, owing to the requirements for the harvest, but nothing like pres- sure...


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Bankrupts.-Joseph Moss, Houndsditch, clothier-William Eisam and James Francis Wallace, Old Broad-street, City, merchants-Charles Gibbs, Droitwich, baker-James Porter,...

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Tag FIRST AMERICAN EA.TTLE. T HE North has lost its first battle. The impatient roar of millions of mee, as full of the military spirit as ignorant of military necessities,...

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THE PAST SESSION. T HE Session has been one of faded

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interests, languid poli- tical passions, and attenuated jokes :—neutrality in fo- reign affairs, with a more neutral tint than ever ; paper duty redivivus, or rather...

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METROPOLITAN MANAGEMENT. lur 0 S T Londoners are aware, in

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some faint way, that their . City is oddly governed, that the core is disjoined from the rind, and the rind cut up in divisions fatal to symmetry, if not to use. But very few we...

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I T is not too much to say that if Mr. Bright could be suddenly transformed into a statesman, the cause of true liberty would gain as much as it lost by the coup d'Etat of...

MORAL BOXES ON THE EAR. T HE sound of the moral

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box on the ear, which the repre- sentative of Napoleon III. has courageously adminis- tered, and the Minister of Pius IX. as patiently received, has re-echoed through Catholic...

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W E said last week that great crimes are oftener closely connected with stupifled than with vividly excited imaginations. A re- markable illustration, which is well worth study...

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T HERE is one master principle of finance which Railway Directors have yet to learn, and this is that five farthings are worth more than a penny. Once thoroughly aware of this...

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of America have called on the Indian tribes to aid them in their strife with the North, and several Companies have been enrolled at Montgomery and New Orleans. The fact seems to...

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fug 3rto.

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THE LONDON ART UNION.—EXHIBITION OF PRIZES. "Tun Art Union of London was established to promote the know- ledge and love of the Fine Arts, and their general advancement in the...


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M. Climent Cannel, tells the following story: "A French gentleman, M. —, was travelling in Italy, accompanied by his wife, who carried with her a pet parrot- On coming to the...

Irtftr f n O 7th August, 1861. Srit,—My attention has

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been recently directed to the last number of the ltrestminster Review, in which, at p. 239, there are some remarks on a letter which you did me the favour of inserting a few...

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MR. ALEXANDER SMITH'S NEW POEM.* A BEVIEWT.R of Mr. Alexander Smith's earlier poems passed upon him that crushing sentence of the French critic's which applies so much more...

A winter exhibition of the works of living artists is

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to be held this year at Glasgow, the City Council having granted the use of the corporation galleries for the purpose. Many influential names appear On the list of the...

On Tuesday week, Mr. J. Sant was elected an Associate

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of the Royal Academy, Mr. Linnell, the landscape painter, losing the coveted honour by a minority of one only. Mr. Sant's graceful portraits of women and children must be...

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IT is one of the moral retributions of history that the leaders of a dominant party not unfrequently pay the penalty of their ephemeral renown in the almost complete oblivion of...

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M. ELISEE Ramis, in the present number of the Revue des Deux Monde; adds some new facts to our knowledge of a project which, from time to time, has excited the keen interest of...

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Booms about Iceland, like books about Central Africa or Japan, are almost invariably pleasant reading. They stir up in us some of that sense of the romanCe which ought to exist...

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THE LATE DR.. MARSHALL Ti A T,T, • • Memoirs

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of Dr. Marshall Hall, M.D., PHA By his Widow. Bentley, IT is painful to have to criticize a grievous literary failure which is evidently the product of very strong feeling on...