10 FEBRUARY 1894

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On Saturday last, those who call themselves the unemployee, but

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are, many of them, the unemployable, assembled on Tower Hill and marched to Trafalgar Square, where they held a meeting. The police designated the Embankment as the proper route...

The French Pattie publishes a report by M. Henri Deloncle,

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brother of the Deputy, of an interview with Mr. Gladstone at Biarritz. He says Mr. Gladstone declined to talk, but two hours after "asked one of his confidants" to hand him a "...


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T HE Khedive continues his career. On the 6th inst., he opened the General Assembly in a speech in which he congratulated the country on the improvements made in the last two...

The "demoralisation" of the silver market, as it is called,

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has this week again excited attention. The price of silver as metal has fallen beyond all precedent to 291d. an ounce, or less than half what used to be regarded as its normal...

The French Committee on Pardons unanimously recom- mended that the

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capital sentence on Vaillant, the Anarchist who threw a bomb into the Chamber of Deputies, should be .carried out. After some delay, due it is believed to the inter- lerence of...

* 4 * The Editors cannot undertake to return Manuscript, in any

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"When in doubt, ask for subscriptions," is the motto of-

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every Irish politician. This has just been acted on by the Parnellites. At present there is very little stirring in Ireland, and so Mr. Redmond has determined to fill up the...

On Mon( lay, at a meeting on Tower Hill, Mr.

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Williams, re- ferring to the police, is reported to have said that "if the police dealt blows on their side, the unemployed would have chemicals on theirs, and would be...

We believe in the utility of " Buffer-States " only

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when those States can defend themselves ; but certainly events in West Africa seem to prove that conterminous frontiers are- difficult to guard. The French on the frontier of...

The Germans are becoming greatly excited over the Com- mercial

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Treaty with Russia. The two Emperors have signed , it, and under its provisions the duty on Russian cereals, which was equivalent to a 50 per cent, duty ad valorem has been...

On Friday week, the House of Lords dealt with the

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allot- ments clauses of the Parish Councils Bill. On the motion of Lord Winchilsea, the County Council was substituted for the District Council, as the authority which should...

The French Government, it should be noticed, is greatly embarrassed

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by the " forwardness " of its agents in Western Africa. The occupation, for example, of Timbuctoo was not- sanctioned from home; and it was intended to order Colonel Bonnier to...

On Tuesday, Lord Onslow made an attempt to confine the

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vote for Parish Council elections to those who paid rates with their own hands. Lord Salisbury had previously pro- posed merely to leave the levying of the Parish rate outside...

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The French Government evidently feels the necessity of making great

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efforts to conciliate the peasantry, who are in a bitter state of discontent. It agrees, it is asserted, to add /5 per cent. to the duties on cereals, with reductions, how-...

In Mr. Chamberlain's interesting speech on Thursday to the Liberal

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Unionist organisation for the county divisions outside Birmingham, he laid great stress on the numbers of those who are glad to join Liberal Unionist associations, but who would...

The first of a series of sermons on social subjects

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was -delivered by Canon Scott Holland on Wednesday, under the auspices of the Christian Social Union, at St. Edmund's Church, Lombard Street, the preacher's subject being -"...

Sir Michael Hicks-Beach made an excellent point in his speech

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to the Augustine Branch of the Bristol Conservative Working Men's Association on Tuesday, in dealing with the attack on the Lords which the Gladstonians are now com- mencing. In...

Bank Bate, 21 per cent.

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New Consols (21) were on Friday 99f.

The Commission appointed to consider the feasibility of constituting a

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teaching University of London has produced a report and a scheme for the constitution of such a University, on which it is impossible as yet to form any final or mature...

Mr. Balfour addressed an enthusiastic meeting of over four thousand

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persons at Leicester last Saturday, in the Royal Opera House, and expressed his hope that the Unionists might capture that ultra-Radical borough from the degenerate • Radicalism...

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I T would be difficult to find a better illustration of the tone of the Unionist Party, as distinguished from the Tory, or even the Conservative Party, than is pre- sented. by...


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MR. GLADSTONE'S DILEMMA. W E do not wonder that Mr. Gladstone hesitates between resignation and a fresh effort on behalf of his policy, his party, and his colleagues in the...

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GERMANY AND RUSSIA. T HAT the French should be a little

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aghast at the new treaty between Germany and Russia, and mutter " Treachery ! " under their breath, is no matter for surprise. Their wrath is a little amusing, but it is very...

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I N his speech at Leicester last Saturday, Mr. Balfour attacked the new .Radicalism, and declared, truly enough, that in many respects it is unworthy of the creed which formerly...

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the region of practical politics. Indeed, after Mr. Balfour's speech last Saturday, it may almost be said to have already arrived there. It is true Mr. Balfour qualified his...

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SATE shall not be suspected of any preconceived reso- lution to see good in everything that a Bishop does. But of late a tendency of the opposite kind has grown up, and Bishops...

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I N a very interesting little book on Christian Ethics, by Professor Knight, of St. Andrews, which Mr. Murray has just published, we find an admirable description of the virtues...

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T HE savage contempt, or rather hatred, which Vaillant expressed for religion just before his execution, strikes most Englishmen as both shocking and new,—a manifestation in the...

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T HE writer who, in a recent number of the Globe, dis- coursed upon awkward openings to conversation, drew attention to a question which constantly—and sometimes...

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S UBMARINE boats, according to the naval architects, would be the fastest in the world, if only their crews could work them. This seems a hard saying ; but it can be proved by...

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EGYPT.—THE MONUMENTS. Luxor, December 12th, 1893. THE monuments of Egypt may be divided into two classes,— those which are interesting, and those which are imposing. Some...

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[To THE EDITOR OF THE "SPECTATOR."] SIR, —In the interesting article on this topic, which appeared in the Spectator of January 27th, you appear to hold that a small, or...


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[TO THE EDITOR OP THE "SPECTATOR."] Si,—You will perhaps allow me to add a few facts to your interesting article in the Spectator of January 27th. It is quite true that the...


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MR. GLADSTONE AND MR. CHAMBERLAIN. [To THE EDITOR OF THE "SPECTATOR.'] SIR, — You and your readers may care to have independent confirmation of the historical accuracy of the...

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[To THE EDITOR OP THE "SPECTATOR."] SIR,—My grandfather, William Stewart,

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was present at the battle of Culloden (1745). He knew an old man, one James Taylor, whom he had heard talk of having seen both Charles I. and Oliver Crownwell (say in 1648)....


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"SPECTATOR."] SIB,—Some years ago, alluding to Sir George Grey's pro- posal to tax land, you said that New Zealand might serve well as an object-lesson in advanced...


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[To THE EDITOR OP THE " SPECTATOR."] Si,—No one can deny the fact that so much of Ireland's troubles and difficulties is, and always has been, connected with landlord...


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[To THE EDITOR OP TEE " SPECTATOR:] Sin,—Chief Justice Shaw, of Massachusetts, who died in 1861, aged more than eighty, used to say that in his boyhood he conversed with a man...


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[To THZ EDITOR OF THE " SPECTATOR:] SIR, — In a critieism oxi. Dr. Dillon's paper in the Con- temporary on "Ecclesiastes and Buddhism," your reviewer attributes to Gotama the...


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SIR, —Some twenty years ago, an old Irish clergyman of eighty-five informed me of the vivid recollection he still retained of the Rebellion of '98, having witnessed distant...

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[To TEE EDITOR 01 THE "SPECTATOR."] SIR,—In reference to the picture by Melozzo da Forli, from her Majesty's collection at Windsor, which is spoken of with admiration by your...


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[To TIM EDITOR OP TEl "SPECTATOR."] SIR,—I venture to invoke your powerful aid. Some time since you remarked that before long Somersetshire would be the only county unspoiled by...


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MR. COLERIDGE'S TRANSLATION OF SOPHOOLES.* NOBODY can issue an English version of Sophocles at the present day without some sense of doing what is superfluous ; and to do Mr....

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GEORGE HERBERT.* 1T is well that a Life of George

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Herbert should be published in these days. For modern readers probably do not read Walton's life, and whatever calls their attention to George Herbert is • a clear , gain. His,...

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family affords a curious illustration of an old fable. The father who called his sons together and drew from a bundle of sticks the moral that union was strength, could hardly...

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OPINIONS differed considerably, and amongst good judges, about the distinguished Italian actor whose book is before us, when he appeared in England. The part of Othello was the...

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GERMANY AND THE GERMANS" JUST before the outbreak of the

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Austro-Prussian War of 1866, the Germans were startled by a leader in the Times announcing the accession of Prussia to the Zollverein, an event at that date full thirty years...

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THE fact that this is a posthumous work, and that Mr. Adams died not six months ago under circumstances not a little pathetic, makes it difficult to criticise his book. In...

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It is possibly a sign of the times, so far

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as magazine literature is concerned, that The Newbery House Magazine has been reduced in size, and from being a shilling, has become a sixpenny, monthly. It is better...

The most decidedly outstanding of the contents of an excellent

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number of the Bookman is a criticism by M. D. Hay Fleming, an antiquarian in St. Andrews, of Mr. Lang's book upon the old cathedral and university town. It is one of the...

Professor Salmond, of Aberdeen, who edits The Critical Review of

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Theological and Philosophical Literature, has been able to secure the aid of the most accomplished of Scotch scholars—not to speak of Englishmen as well—in the departments which...

Among the nine decidedly American articles in this number of

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the Atlantic Monthly are Recollections of Stanton under Lincoln," "Hamilton Fish," and "Tammany Hall." The last deserves to be read by all who are in the habit of associating...

Oak/2/ns with the Pervigilium Veneris. Edited by S. G. Owen.

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Illustrated by J. R. Weguelin. (Lawrence and Bullen.)— Catullus. Edited by Elmer Truesdell Merrill. (Ginn and Co., Boston, U.S.)—Mr. Owen's volume is an edition de luxe. It has...

Dante's Divine Comedy : The Inferno. A version in the

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nine - line metre of Spenser. Ry George Musgrave. (Swan Sonnenschein and Co.)—There can be no doubt that Mr. Musgrave has handled this very difficult metre with great success....


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The new number of Chambers's Journal, beginning a new volume, is a very strong one, in point both of the excellence and the variety of its contents. Mr. Grant Allen begins,...

The Monthly Packet has of late undergone some changes for

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the better, in the sense of becoming more vivacious ; but it retains certain of its old features, such as "Cameos from English History." Mr. Stanley Weyman is now the vogue as a...

London Society is now given up almost entirely to fiction,

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and there is nothing to be said of the new number except that the stories in it are fairly good. The most striking is "Fascinating. Miss Vereker," in which there figures a...

With the exception of two serial stories from the pens

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of Mar- garet Deland, and the writer who styles herself "Charles Egbert Craddock," the most notable of the contents of an excellent number of The Atlantic Monthly is a poem on...

The Humanitarian will be allowed even by those who differ

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toto cab ° from many of the opinions expressed in it, to be an interesting magazine, and not nearly so eccentric as might be expected from the fact that, as we learn from the...

The Boy's Own Paper continues to maintain its high standard

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of excellence ; no more need be said of it. Jules Verne's new story of Claudius Bombarnac is one of the serials for 1894; it is full of mystery, adventure, and even humour,—of a...

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St. Wynfrith's. By E. Everett-Green. (Jerrold and Sons.)—This is a

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very truthful delineation of almshouse life and pettiness. Most of us have but a vague idea of what life must be in those neat cottages, and fancy when we see old men and women...

The Romance of Navigation and Maritime Discovery. By Henry Frith.

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(Ward, Lock, and Bowden.)—Mr. Frith begins with the Assyrians, Greeks, and Bomans, and comes down as far as the eighteenth century. It might have been better to leave out the...

The Music and Musical Instruments of Japan. By F. T.

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Piggott. (B. T. Batsford.)—We must be content with commending this sumptuous volume, finely printed, and copiously illustrated with photographs from life and from Japanese...

Messrs. Rontledge and Sons send us some more gay picture-

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books for young children :—Walter Crane's Noah's Ark Alphabet, with an admirably drawn and coloured head for every creature; Walter Crane's Absurd A B 0, a volume of highly...

The Mohammadan Dynasties. By Stanley Lane - Poole. (A. Constable and Co.)—This

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is a book of "Chronological and Genealogical Tables with Historical Introductions." The regions into which it takes us are often such as are known to very few. The chief...

Two Roving Englishwomen in Greece. By Isabel J. Armstrong. (Sampson

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Low and Co.)—These two ladies seem to have had no real difficulty in making their way through Greece by themselves. Plenty of determination and a thorough understanding with the...