11 APRIL 1941

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with him in 13 facing all the financial implications of the war and im- posing a load of taxation heavy enough to avert the worse evil of inflation. Up to now that has been...

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N EWS from the Balkans is scanty, and what news there is so far is not reassuring. That Greece should have decided to withdraw from Western Thrace need not in itself cause...

The Viceroy and the Moderates

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No official statement is to be made at present regarding the conversation between the Viceroy of India and Sir Tel Bahadur Sapru, the Chairman of the Conference of Indian...

Premature Planning

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Despite political pressure both in the United States and 11I Great Britain for a clearer definition of British war and peace aims, says an Associated Press message from...

Coup d'Etat in Iraq

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The sequel to the coup d'etat in Iraq which has been so warmly welcomed by the Italian Press is that Sayid Rashid el Gailani, who resigned the Premiership last January because...

Marshal Petain's Broadcast

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The Vichy Government, effectively controlled by Admiral Darlan, announced last week that an attack in four successive stages would be made by wireless on General de Gaulle. It...

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Mr. Hudson reminded us that we have a larger human

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and livestock population to feed in this war, and we have to do it with much less imported feeding-stuffs, a smaller area of cultivated land, an area of arable land diminished...

The Budget debate continues as I write, but every speaker

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is in general agreement with the main lines of the Chancellor's pro- posals. They praise his realism. Once more there is 'convincing proof that the people like to know the...

Although no opposition exists—and there is no reason for an

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organised opposition—critical faculties are still alive and Parliament is expressing itself through the courage and honesty of individual spokesmen, like Mr. Hely Hutchinson,...

Co-ordinating Transport

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The setting up of a War Transport Council to advise the Minister of Transport on the means of co-ordinating the various services was a necessary measure to enable the Government...

Unearthing Extravagances The work done by the Select Committee on

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National Expenditure through its Sub-committees is an invaluable corrective to errors which are bound to occur frequently among the hurried improvisations of war-time. Again...

The Week in Parliament

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Our Parliamentary Correspondent writes: Lord Winterton performed a public service in opening a debate on agriculture, in drawing from Mr. Hudson a first-class speech and in in-...

S i ubscrtinion 305. a year to any part of the world.

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Postage on this issue: Inland aid., Foreign and Imperial td., Canada ad

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T HE best comment on the latest extension of the war is Mr. Cordell Hull's description of " the barbaric inva- sion of Yugoslavia, the attempt to annihilate that country by...

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fil HE Syndics of the Cambridge University Press have taken I a bold step in so far according the aegis of their authority to Basic English as to publish the New Testament in...

Is it really the case that in this salvage-minded age

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there is no use at all for old bottles—medicine bottles, lemon-squash bottles, wine bottles, any bottles? Judging by enquiries I have made in quarters that seemed likely, it...

If, as is reported, Dr. Wellington Koo comes to London

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as Chinese Ambassador in succession to Dr. Quo Tai-chi, appointed Foreign Minister of China, diplomatic circles will have considerable compensation for a very real loss. Dr....

Mr. J. M. Keynes is now working at the Treasury.

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So is another Cambridge economist of the Keynes school, Mr. Hubert Henderson (he has, it is true, chosen Oxford in his riper age). It is not surprising, therefore, that Mr....

The , .veek of Germany's "barbaric invasion" of Yugoslavia s eems an

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unfortunate moment for the appearance, in the April Conte,„parary, of an article on what the writer, Dr. William dliarbutt Dawson, calls justice, but most people would call...

The appointment of Mr. H. V. Hodson, till lately editor

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of the Round Table, to be Reforms Commissioner in the Govern- ment of India is interesting on various grounds Mr. Hodson, who is only 34, obtains a notable position at an early...

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BALKAN RISKS AND CHANCES 14 , STRATEGICUS G ERMANY and Italy opened the long-advertised attack in the Balkans early on Sunday. It could not take place under the conditions...

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By J. L. HODSON URING the past six weeks I have been renewing acquaint- ance with some of our indyistrial or other centres- Ca.deside. the North-east Coast, Lancashire,...

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By BALB US T HE wholesale arming of the democracies by the U.S.A. on the Lease-Lend principle is important enough in its immediate consequences. But it could have equally...

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Air Mail. rp HE United States is vividly and gravely aware of the crucial 1 character of the Battle of the Atlantic. With the nation fully and consciously committed by the...

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By ROSE MACAULAY "She felt, looking drowsily at the island, all those paths and terraces and bedrooms were fading and disappearing, and nothing was left but a pale blue censer...


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SIR,-ThiS is merely a schoolboy's appreciation of Virginia Woolf—a Philistine in praise of a passing greatness. V. W. Think upon this a soul at rest At peace for ever past...

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OH, yes, I know, too well I know, the sunshine still shines on western sands when the winds wail here. Children are sunburnt there who were chilled and chased out of dark homes...


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RED Rose, proud Rose, sad Rose of ancient days, You dream apart among your moss-grown ways, While round your drowsy head the Druid past A mazy web of memories has cast, As once...

- THE CINEMA The Ramparts We Watch." At the Gaumont.-- ,, Major

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Barbara." At the Odeon. SATIRE or sentiment? This week the screen offers both, and each at its best: Bernard Shaw demonstrates the whiteness of black and the greyness of white,...


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No Time for Comedy." By S. N. Behrman. At the Haymarket. BEHRMAN, who may be remembered as the author of that 'limit comedy of the Coward decade, The Second Man, is d enough to...

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SIR,—Mr. Hugh Ross Williamson asks what proportion of the popula-

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tion are consistent communicants or regular chapel-goers. For nearly two years before the war we made a detailed study of the churches and church-going, publication of which has...


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IS THIS A CHRISTIAN COUNTRY? SIR, — Comments on the opening of Sunday theatres raise the question of what it is that gives the country a duty to call itself "Christian." In...


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SIR,—I suspect that many - persons like myself felt vaguely unhappy at the result of the debate on Sunday theatres in the House ei Commons. In this awful struggle for freedom...

Sla,—Mr. Hugh Ross Williamson's letter raises the question as to

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the numerical strength of organised Christianity in our land—" 5 per cent?" In another column, not more than one-sixth is suggested. A well-known writer recently mentioned i...

SIR,—May an appreciative reader of The Spectator of some forty

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years' standing take exception to the tone of your paragraph on the throwing out by the House of Commons of the proposals for Sunday amusement? This passage is distorted by...


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SIR,—Mr. Wilson Harris raised a vital issue in his plea fa stra i g ht news. Unfortunately his suggestion that the newspaper reader has only to change to another daily to get...

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SIR, — Those of your readers who are conscious of the danger that, in fighting Nazism, we may begin to copy Nazi methods, will, I believe, share my feeling of alarm at the...

AUTHOR WANTED Sue,—From a very rare Irish tract, labelled "Upon

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apprehension of the late intended INVASION," I cull this sentence, which seems worthy of reprint: "It was a worthy observation of a great statesman upon the British nation: that...

Stn,—My friend Miss Rose Macaulay, in her review in last

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week's Spectator of Lord Elton's Notebook in Wartime, says: "It has been lately pointed out in this paper how small a percentage of our fighting forces in the last war were...


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Sim,—May I be allowed to correct one misstatement in Miss Rose Macaulay's review of my book Notebook in Wartime. Miss Macaulay, whose review is headed "Down with Highbrows,"...

THE NEW LETTRE DE CACHET Sm, — In your issue of March

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28th Commander Geoffrey Bowles's ktter, under the heading "The New Lettre de Cachet," criticised the Isle of Man (Detention) Bill, which is to reverse the vital provisions of...

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BLACK RECORD" SIR, —Your references to this country are generally so

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reasonable and well informed that I hardly like to cavil at a small point in "A Spec- tator's Notebook" in your issue of March 28th. The writer states that the circulation of...

In the Garden Clip off the leaves of last year's

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spinach instead of digging up the plant ; the young leaves will come in before the new-sown er01. Try a sowing of runner-beans (of which there is already 3 S* I shortage of...


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Surplus and Diiiribution From Yorkshire comes a contribution to the - garden-surplus problem that is full of gumption. There, as elsewhere, the surplus produce of the district...


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Flowering Cypress The flowering shrubs are in their glory ; but who would have thought of a cypress as being among them? A blue variety ol Cupressus Lawsonia wai Planted ten...

HARTINGTON " am attempting, in spite of the difficulties of

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the hour, to complete a life of that eighth Duke of Devonshire once universally known as " Hartington." The standard biography by the late Bernard Holland was compiled just -...

SHELTER-CULTURE SIR, —Dr. H. M. I.ydenberg, Director of the New York

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Public Library, expresses surprise in a recent letter that "Britain, with its back to the wall, exempted books from the purchase-tax." He should have known, of course, that our...

CHRISTIAN EDUCATION Sue,—The letters on this subject have been most

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helpful, but I would suggest that there is a danger of the Church overlooking its own tea c h. hag function. After all, Christian education can only be given by th ose who...

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B o oks of the Day

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A Lifetime in the Middle East The Life of Sir Percy Cox. By Philip Graves. .Hutchinson. t8s.) WE were discussing the King of Saudi Arabia. "Ibn Saud," said Sir Percy Cox to me...

Imperial Dream

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Ow E of the great surprises of a surprising war has been the speed and completeness of the Italian collapse. The Western democracies had become so %bemused by the assurances of...

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The Unchanging Problem

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British Strategy : Military and Economic. By Admiral Sir Herbert Richmond. (Cambridge University Press. 35. 6d.) THIS is a remarkable little book. In the space of about 30,000...

China's Depths and Shallows

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Scorched Earth. By Edgar Snow. (Gollancz. I2S. 6d.) THIS new book of Mr. Snow's—the author of Red Star Over China—deserves to be read by all who take an interest in the Far...

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The Habsburgs

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The Habsburg Monarchy, 1815-1918. By A. J. P. Taylor. (Mac- millan. 15s.) , THIS is constitutional history, the study of the distribution of power in the imperial system. It is...

"Holy Mr. Herbert

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7 7 The Works of George Herbert. Edited by F. E. Hutchinson. (Clarendon Press. 30s.) AN addition to the Oxford English Texts, at a. time when the activities of scholars are...

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Last Appearance

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John AlcCormack, the Story of a Singer. By L. A. G. Strong- (Methuen. 153.) JoHN MCCoFtmacx has made his official farewell to his concert- public—he said good-bye to opera...


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Pmus during "the long week-end" is the seedy world of Flaming Sword, by M. Henry Daniel-Rops. The 20blisher5 inform us that the book is "slightly abridged from tho original...


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Two charming light-weights: Mr. Lockley's a postcript to an earlier book, I Know An Island, Mrs. Nicholson's a vivacious, dry little vignette of a country house, its garden and...

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Shorter Notices

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The Diary of a Staff Officer. (Methuen. as.) Tins diary, by an Air Intelligence Liaison Officer at Advanced Headquarters North, B.A.A.F., covers the period from the German...

No Other Caesar. By Felix Grendon.. (Lane. ros.6d.) IT is

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a pity that Mr. Grendon has tried to make his new life of Julius Caesar more generally acceptable by using the terms of modern politics to describe the party struggles of...


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By " CUSTOS " AT last Sir Kingsley Wood has done it, or, more accurately, he has begun to tread the financial path appropriate to this total war. While I am not convinced that...

The Silent Traveller in the Yorkshire Dales. By Chiang Yee.

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(Methuen. 8s. 6d.) MR. CHIANG YEE'S observations on his wanderings in the Pennine country will delight all who know Yorkshire. He is an observant and witty traveller, and his...

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COMPANY'S BUSINESS IN SOUND CONDITION MR. A. A. JAMIESON'S STATEMENT THE seventy-fourth annual general meeting of Vickers, Ltd., was held on April 3rd at Vickers House,...


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INCREASED TURNOVER AND NET PROFIT SIR WALROND SINCLAIR'S REVIEW THE annual general meeting of the British Tyre and Rubber Co., Ltd., was held on April 7th at the registered...

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SOLUTION TO CROSSWORD No. 10 7 The winner of Crossword No.

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ice7 is Miss M. Fox, Flea Chapel Lane, Freeland, OxfOrd. •

.‘ THE SPECTATOR" CROSSWORD No. 109 [A prize of a

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Book Token for one guinea will be given to the sender of the first correct solution of this week's crossword puzzle to be opened. Envelopes should be marked with the words...