11 AUGUST 1894

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Mr. Chamberlain's speech, in reply to Mr. E. J. Morton,

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was the most powerful speech of Tuesday's debate, and he showed conclusively how imaginary were the facts as to evictions on which the Gladstonians found the indictments which...

It is evident that Mr. Williara Redmond's remarkable speech in

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the debate of last Wednesday week (August 1st) produced a great effect in preventing compromise on the part of the Government, and rendering even the Unionists too hopeless of...

Putting aside unverified rumours, Friday's news from the seat of

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war shows that for the moment both sides are merely preparing to spring. The Japanese are pouring reinforce- ments into Corea, the Government requisitioning, either as...

After that threatening speech it was no wonder that the

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Anti-Parnellitee did not dare to hold out any hope of a voluntary arrangement, nor that Mr. William O'Brien, last Tuesday, broke out into the most violent language against Irish...

* The Editors cannot tundertake to return Manuscript, in any

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T HE news from the Far East is hardly more intelligible this week than it was last. Every now and then a tele- gram disperses for a moment the thick veil of mist, and we see men...

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Captain Lang, late of the Chinese naval service, has given

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some interesting information to a Reuter reporter. The Chinese Navy has, he says, excellent stuff in it, and, on the whole, is about equal to the Japanese. All depends on hove ....

The Times of Monday contains a long and careful account,

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of the present state of the Chinese Army. The Black Flag army of Li Hung Chang, the force which the great Chinaman has been working at for the last twenty-five years, and which...

Again, said Lord Salisbury, how inscrutable is the ether. For

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a long time the ether had merely furnished "a nominative case to the verb to undulate," and, except as a medium for undulations, nothing was known of it. Once more, how wholly...

Lord Salisbury, as Chancellor of Oxford University, is the chosen

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President of the British Association this year at its Oxford meeting, and we must say that he showed himself on Wednesday much better able to interpret scientific ideas to the...

One of the most interesting as well as the most

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authentic , things that have appeared in regard to the Corean situation is a letter from Mrs. Bishop (Miss Isabella Bird), published in the St. .Tames'e Gazette of Wednesday....

On Monday the trial of thirty Anarchists of the reflective

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and philosophical kind, selected out of three hundred arrested as be- longing to an association of malefactors, was begun at the Paris Assize Courts, but with closed doors, or...

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A New York telegram of Thursday gives an extraordinarily vivid

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picture of the destruction of the Ragnvald Jarl,' the vessel which conveyed the Wellman Arctic Expedition. Cap- tain Bottolfsen, whose statement has been cabled to America from...

Mr. Reid, the new Premier of New South Wales, speaking

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in Sydney on Wednesday, laid down the policy of the new Government. This includes the entire recasting of the -financial system of the Colony, and comprises a sweeping...

Mr. Gladstone is evidently determined,—wisely determined, we think,—not to be

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drawn into taking sides on political questions now that he has deserted the political arena. Two letters of his have been published this week, one explaining that his recent...

We note with pleasure that the Association for Public- house

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Reform, agreed upon at the recent meeting at Grosvenor House, has already got under way. The annual subscription has been put at 2s. 6d., in order that the help and sympathy of...

The annual report of the Irish Land Commission shows that

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steady progress is taking place under the Purchase Acts of 1885 and 1891. In the year ending March 31st last no less than 3,751 loans were issued, amounting to L1,443,751....

Bank Rate, 2 per cent.

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New Consols (2-1) were on Friday, 1021.

The naval mancenvres were concluded this week. The , aham-fighting, though

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doubtless useful to the sailors, has not been intelligible to the public ; but the mobilisation of the feet has brought out most strongly the terribly undermanned -condition of...

In the Times of Tuesday, Lord Brassey makes a moderate

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and not inequitable proposal in regard to the British East Africa Company. He pleads for "reasonable consideration towards a body of shareholders of whom it may with confidence...

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C AN the war between China and Japan be effectually localised in Corea, or will it spread into a larger theatre, either on land or at sea ? That is the question which is just...


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THE LORDS AND THE LAST CHANCE OF COMPROMISE. W HATEVER may have been said, and reasonably said, up to Wednesday last of the firm deter- mination of the Irish Members not to...

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which for a paper of somewhat extreme opinions, is almost always candid except when it is beside itself at noticing Mr. Chamberlain's increasing weight and influence in the...

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ANARCHISM IN AMERICA AND FRANCE. T HE condemnation of Caserio was

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a foregone conclusion. A criminal who is taken in the act, and boasts of what he has done, gives his counsel but a poor chance. M. Dubreuil did the best he could for his client,...

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W HEN in doubt kick Cobden. That seems to be the guiding principle of a large school of modern politicians. As an example, we may note an article con- tributed to the St....

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I T would be idle to affirm that the negroes of the Southern States are not deserving of every sym- pathy in the continued persecution they undergo. Whether we regard these...

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M RS. HUMPHRY WARD, in the interesting, if rather inconsistent, lecture on "Unitarianism and its Future," which she delivered on Jane 19th at the Essex Hall, and which . has...

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I T is said that the painters can, and do, produce a now type of face. The artist creates an ideal head, intro- duces something of it into all his canvases, and delights the...

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T HE spontaneous, unpremeditated bathe is best of all, when sunbeams light the water, and the rocks are dry and hot. Yet it has drawbacks inseparable from its character. In all...

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Satur- day's Daily Chronicle, treats the late Mr. Justice 'Stephen's contention that the punishments of the State ought to be regarded as strictly retributive, with indignant...

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S TUDENTS of humanity, who find in the police-court reports much valuable material for study, will hardly have failed to note a case of assault which was tried before the North...

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[To THE EDITOR Or THE 4. SPECTAT011:1 SIn,—The rapidly approaching end of one of the least credit- able sessions ever held by the British Parliament, cannot fail to suggest...


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[TO THE EDITOR OF THE SPECTATOR."] Sin,—In your interesting article, in the Spectator of August 4th, on "The Ethics of Tax-Dodging," you write :—" He who knowingly introduces...


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EVICTED TENANTS. [To THE EDITOR OF THE " SPECTATOR:] your article in the Spectator of August 4th you say Mr. Courtney "must have known perfectly well that the evil -result of...


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"SPECTATOR."] Sin, — In your review in the Spectator of August 4th, of Mr. T. W. Russell's article in the National Review, on the losses of Irish landlords, you express a wish...

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A CRUCIAL TEST OF THE PAPAL THEORY.* THIS volume is clever and well written, and makes a great. show of learning. But there is really nothing new in it Bellarmine said long ago...


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[TO TEE EDITOR OF THE "SPECTATOR,"] have read with much interest your notices of "Social Evolution," in the Spectator of July 28th, and agree with you in refusing to accept Mr....


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[To TER EDITOR OF TER "SPECTATOR."] SIR,—We stood at the bottom of a deep valley with the hills rising abruptly on either side, when Robert Scott said : "Yonder is the sheep I...


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CENTURIES. [To THE EDITOR OF TRH "SPECTATOR."] SIE, — In your not unkind notice of my Church History in the Spectator of August 4th, you say:—" Doubtless there are satisfactory...


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AN ARAB PROVERB.—" MEN ARE FOUR.' THE man who knows not that he knows not aught— He is a fool ; no light shall ever reach him. Who knows he knows not, and would fain be...

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originally given to the world in the Quarterly Review, are less known than they deserve. Much fragmentary information about the Highknders of the last century may be gleaned...

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A SURVEY OF ECONOMIC THOUGHT.* LET no thirsty seeker after

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wisdom, who may desire to add a knowledge of economics to his intellectual assets, be misled by the modesty of the title chosen by Professor Coma into- taking this book as his...

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THIS very handsome volume, in commemoration of the five- hundredth anniversary of Winchester College, is open, per- haps, to the remark that it has appeared the day after the...

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THE YELLOW BOOK.* THE new Yellow Book is a ponderous

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affair. There is more " Literature " than in the first volume, and double the amount of "Art." Mr. William Watson contributes a short four-lined epigram. Mr. John Davidson's...

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HISTORIC RECORDS OF ENGLAND.* Tan plan of this useful work,

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which to some may appear novel, seems to have been suggested by Sir E. Creasy'', Fifteen Decisive Battles, and though the author has modestly termed it merely "a companion to...

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THE EMANCIPATED.* INASMUCH as absence of order means chaos, and

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licence can- not be averted without the aid of restraint, it is evidently necessary for sotiety to be governed by laws of some kind. But as it is important for its members to...

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THE ESKIMOS OF GREENLAND.* ONE cannot imagine a more interesting

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people than the Eskimos, whether we regard them socially or from the naturalist's point of view. They live, as Nansen says, on the verge of existence, waging a perpetual fight...

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The Tctrikh - i - Tadid, or New History of the Bdb. By Edward

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G Browne, 'LILA. (Cambridge University Press.)—There are many people, fairly well-informed people too, in the West who have never so much as heard of the Blibi movement in...


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24 History of the Gold Coast of Africa. By C. B. Ellis. (Chap- man and Hall.)—Colonel Ellis had made the past and present of the Gold Coast a subject peculiarly his own. We have...

Echoes of Old Florence. By Leader Scott. (T. Fisher Unwin.)

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—Mr. Scott thinks that much, possibly too much, hes been written about the art, the architecture, and antiquities of Florence, while the human interest has been neglected. Ac-...

We may mention together some technical books of various kinds.

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These are :—Building Construction, by Henry Adams (Chap- man and Hall). This volume is intended not for the profession or the trade, the architect or the builder, but as a "key...

The Distribution of Wealth. By John R. Commons. (Mac- millan.)—Professor

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Commons lectures on Economies and Social Science in the University of Indiana. Hence, his illustrations are mostly drawn from American sources. To a certain extent this fact...

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and devoted life, of whom we are glad to have

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these unaffected 'memorials." From a blameless youth up to an old age which all respected, Henry William Burrows spent his days in doing good. He received his education at...

Reminiscences of Seventy Years' Life, Travel, and Adventure. By a

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Retired Officer of H.31.'s Civil Service. Vol. L, "Soldiering in India," (Elliot Stock.)—The author of this book was, he tells us, born in 1821. Hence, though he can lay claim...

"Ttoixt the Lights. By W. W. Fenn. 2 v ols.

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(H. J. Drane.)— These two volumes consist chiefly of short tales, many of which have already appeared in various magazines and newspapers. Now and then Mr. Fenn gives us a...

Outlines of British Colonisation. By the Rev. William Parr Greswell.

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(Percival and Co.) —The book itself is largely historical, though the author touches from time to time on present condi- tions and practical considerations that arise therefrom....

The Woman with the Iron Bracelets. By Frank Barrett. 8

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vols. (Chatto and Windus.)—This is a tale of "The Woman in White" kind, We do not mean that it resembles Wilkie Collins's story in plot, or that it is in any way indebted to it...

A History of Civilisation, in Ancient India. By Ramesh Chunder

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Dutt. 2 vols. (Kegan Paul, Trench, and Co.)—This is a "new and revised edition" of a work which, though all its contentions cannot be accepted, as, notably, in the case of...

Memoirs of Anne C. L. Botta. Written by her Friends.

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(Isbister and Co.)—Without intending the slightest disrespect to the memory of the late Mrs. Botta, it must be said that these post- mortem eulogies written by a number of her...

Conversations of Northcote,by WiZli4 re Maid: Edited by Edmund Geese. (Bentley

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and Son.) – This book was first published in 1830, and is now reprinted for the first time. To be quite candid, the world might have gone on another sixty years without renewing...

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Into Temptation. By A. Perrin. 2 vole, (F. V. White

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and Co ).—This is but a poor story in respect of literary merit or interest, and not particularly wholesome. The heroine marries a foolish and disagreeable man in order to get...

Social Aims. By the Earl and Countess of Meath. (Wells

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(lardner, Darton, and Co.)—Most of the essays contained in this volume have already appeared in various periodicals, and some of them have been noticed in the Spectator. The...

Travois in Egypt and Palestine. By M. Augusta Brewster, f

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Nisbet and Co )—We can only hope that the pious wishes which the author expresses in her preface will be fulfilled. If they are, there will be a justification for the book which...

Catalogue of Cambridge Books. By Robert Bowes. (Macmillan and Bowes,

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Cambridge.)—This volume now appears in a com- plete form. Two parts have been already published, one having been put forth by Mr. Bowes four, and a second two, years ago. Its...