12 MAY 1866

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From Berlin, Vienna, and Florence every mail brings fresh accounts

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of the enthusiastic preparations for war, and peace is only mentioned now in diplomatic documents. The Austrians have flooded the country round Mantua. Italian conspirators have...

Mr. Gladstone introduced the Redistribution of Seats Bill on Monday

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night, in a crowded and curious House. It is very moderate, and gives so much to the more populous counties that the Conservatives will find it difficult to oppose it, except in...


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W AR, commercial failures, and excessive panic both on the French and English Stock Exchange, have been the cheer- ful features of the week. Not that the war has yet begun, but...

The religious May blossom is in full blow, and presents

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us with the usual amount of perfume and prickle. Lord Shaftesbury especially is outdoing himself, and showing, with his usual true benevolence and narrow piety, which no one...

Yet the war still hangs fire. The truth is that

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every power is anxious to shift the responsibility of the fast blow to the other, and some of them are still behind-hand with their preparations. In Prussia Count Bismarck has...

The best observers say that the visible panic in 1857

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was no- thing to the panic of yesterday, and that even that of 1847 was lees tumultuous. A shrewd observer said yesterday that the best thing sensible men, whether bankers or...

The panic on the French Bourse preceded ours by some

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days. It commenced with the Emperor's announcement,—or reported announcement, for it is said that he invented his own speech after- wards for the benefit of the Moniteur and...

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The course of procedure on the Reform Bill will, in

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all proba- bility, be to combine the Franchise and the Redistribution of Seats Bills into a single Bill in Committee. Mr. Gladstone left it very much to the House to decide what...

At the meeting of the Convocation of the London University

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last Tuesday, it was resolved to ask the Senate to institute, and, if a new charter were necessary for that purpose, to obtain a new charter empowering them to institute, local...

The Royal Academy dinner took place this day week, under

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the new President, Sir Francis Grant, who seems to have discharged The Royal Academy dinner took place this day week, under the new President, Sir Francis Grant, who seems to...

A dinner to raise funds for the Working Men's Club

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and Insti- tute Union was eaten in the Freemasons' Tavern on Thursday, the Duke of Argyll in the chair, and the purpose of the dinner was answered in the raising of a...

The Irish Reform Bill only distributes three seats, which it

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gains by grouping Kinsale with Bandon, Portarlington with Athlone, and Dungannon with Enniskillen. Of these three seats it gives one to the county of Cork, one to Dublin City,...

The Exchequer Chamber, sitting in error, has confirmed the decision

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of the fifteen judges as to the legality of Charlotte Win- sor's—the professional child-murderess's—conviction, and she may now therefore be executed. There is an impression...

The general impression seems to be that the more moderate

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of the Tory party are satisfied with the Redistribution of Seats Bill, and will be likely to secede if any attempt is made to overthrow the Government on this point. Sir...

With regard to boundaries, Mr. Gladstone proposes that where- ever

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a municipal borough boundary includes more than the Parliamentary borough boundary, the latter should be extended to coincide with the former. And further, he proposes that if...

A meeting was held at the Marquis Townshend's on Wed-

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nesday, to consider the evils arising from overcrowding in London and the remedy proposed by the "Operatives' House-Building Company," an advertisement of which will be found in...

The seven seats handed over by England and Wales to

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Scotland are to be apportionel thus,—an additional member . to each of the three counties of Ayr, Lanark, and Aberdeen ; an additional member to Glasgow, Edinburgh, and Dundee...

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The elections and election committees of the week have, on

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the -whole, perhaps been favourable to the Liberals, though the good fortune has been pretty fairly divided. At Windsor the two Con- servative candidates retired, and left the...

At the thirty-second annual meeting of the Universal Life Assurance

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Society the profits were. stated to amount to 1.98,3631. 7s, 8d. Four-fifths of that amount have been set -apart for future annual divisions of profits, and the remainder has...

The annual general meeting of the Associs.tion for Promoting - the

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General Welfare of the Blind is to be held at St. James's Hall next Tuesday, at half-past two p.m., when many eminent anen are to speak, including Professor Fawcett, the member...

With the exception of Paris, at which city the minimum

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rate of discount has been raised to only 4 per cant., the value of money, both here and on the Continent, has rapidly advanced. On Tues- day, owing to an outflow of gold from...

Mr. Newdegate, on occasion of the discussion about the Tran-

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:substantiation declaration in the House of Commons on Tuesday night, turned fiercely upon Mr. Whalley,—questioned his Pro- testantism, and suggested that he, too, is a...

A curious ease, illustrating the numberless wine swindles, was tried

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last week at Westminster before Mr. Justine Mellor. A Hartlepool wine merchant, Mr. Lockwood, bought four hogsheads of wine as good port at the price of 45/. the pipe, from a...

Consols have fluctuated considerably in price during the week. 04

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Saturday last they left off at 861, 1- for money, and 85k, f ex div. for account. After the announcement of the failure of Overend, Gurney, and Co., on Thursday, the price for...

The Nottingham election did not pass over without some of

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the amenities proper to that constituency. Lord Amberley had co- alesced with Mr. Handel Cossham, a viewy Radical of strong teetotal views, whose baptismal name received in...

The closing prices of the leading Foreign Securities yesterday and

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on Friday week were as under :- Friday, ?Say 4. F.rlday, May IL Maxima .. .. .. .. •. In •• In Spanish Passive • • .. ...941 .. 201 Do. Certificates .. .. .. .. 14...

The leading Foreign Securities left off at the annexed quota-

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tions yesterday and en Friday week :— Great Eastern .. •• •• Great Northern .. (*mat Westena.. Do. West Midland, Oxford Lancashire and Yorkshire Louden and Brighton...

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THE. CONSERVATivE TENDENCIES OF THE REFOBM BILL. W E have now the whole of the Government scheme of Reform before us, and we propose to discuss it in rela- tion not to its...

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T HE Emperor has applied at once a goad and a guiding rein to the war tendency on the Continent. By one of those weighty oracles with which he loves at momentous crises to ,give...

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N OTHING is easier than to be judicious when you are not called upon for judgment, and courageous when you are not in danger. So long as the prospects of war seemed dis- tant,...

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m-E. LOWE, in his panegyric on civil engineering as the 1YJL last and greatest of the learned professions last Wed- nesday, spoke out his mind frankly enough—which indeed on...

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A WORKING-CLASS GRIEVANCE. T HE Conservative party, or that section of

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it which is unconditionally opposed to an extension of the suffrage, has repeatedly asserted—and never more frequently than during the late Reform debates—that the...

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The common idea amongst the outer world is that gin-shops and public-houses are haunts of dissipation. No charge, judging from our own experience, is more unfounded. No doubt...

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A THOUGHTFUL little essay has just appeared, written with great simplicity and without any of that affectation of manner called with relation to the stage "tears in the voice,"...

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'THIS is another Elizabethan family, said to have been derived - A - from the county of Oxford. A RICHARD DE CADLFELD married Alice, sister and heiress to William Fleming, and...

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Fire Island Inlet, April 20, 1866. THE place at which

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I date my letter is probably as uninteresting a spot as could be found in the habitable part of the earth. As. lonely too, and apparently as remote from all the modern incon-...

*,„* We have to correct two errors which occur in

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our accounts of the Irish Governing Families. The present Viscount Dunkellin is Click, the eldest son of the Marquis of Clanricarde, and not Hubert; and it is Lord Hubert, the...

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[To THE EDITOR OF THE "SPECTATOR."] Slit,—Notwithstanding the great authority of Mr. Gladstone and Mr. Mill, I may be pardoned for doubting whether there is necessarily any...

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OF THE "SPECTATOR."] Sia,—There are a few typographical errors in my letter in last Saturday's Spectator which I should be glad to see corrected. Page 495, line 10 from top,...


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THE ROYAL ACADEMY. IT is generally as difficult as it is unprofitable to balance the com- parative merits of pictures exhibited at the Academy with such nicety as to decide...


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OF THE "SPECTATOR."] Sin,—When noticing The Lady's Mile (p. 472), you ask, " Is it all Miss Braddon's ?" and you do me the grievous injustice of asserting that you praised my...

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M. JULES SIMON'S LE TRAVAIL.* IF we could suppose some traveller shipwrecked twenty years ago on a desert island in the South Pacific, or made captive by a wild tribe Of...

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ASHFORD'S JOB: A SACRED DRAMA.* LIKE many medlieval mysteries and

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miracle plays, this remark- able poem comes before us totally unfurnished with any such editorial comments as it will be the duty of posterity to pile up over it. We have no...

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IT is a fit retribution for Mr. Arnold's censure of Mr. Palgrave that these Essays on Art should form a companion volume to the Essays in Criticism; and Mr. Palgrave must have...

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READERS AT THE BRITISH MUSEUM.* Jr Carlyle's assertion is true

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that "no mortal has a right to wag his tongue, much less to wag his pen, without saying something," then the British Museum Reading-room, or, as it ought to be called,...

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The period embraced in the third volume of this very

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elaborate work in- cludes the greater part of the fifteenth and the beginning of the sixteenth century. It introduces us to an exhaustive review of Umbrian and Siennese art, the...


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Aunt Judy's Magazine. No. I., May. Edited by Mrs. Alfred Gatty. (Bell and DaMy.)—This magazine promises to be an acquisi- tion to the children. There is in it a good mixture...

Penny Readings in Prose and Verse. Three vols. Library Edition.

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Selected and edited by J. E. Carpenter. (Warne.)—It is interesting to know that the "penny-reading" owed its origin as a self-sup- porting institution to the voluntary...