13 FEBRUARY 1886

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The police, it is clear, failed on Monday. It is

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folly to attack an excellent body of men who usually do their duty admir- ably, but it seems evident that there was a serious want either of purpose or judgment in Scotland...


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A LL important re-elections will be over to-day, but Parlia- ment does not meet till Thursday, and even then we may be far from a statement of the Government ideas. There is a...

The accounts from Eastern Europe remain contradictory. It is affirmed

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and reaffirmed that the Emperor of Russia, though enraged with Prince Alexander for promising military aid to the Sultan, still will not actively oppose him, and insists that...

The actual force is ample, as some forty thousand drilled

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men could be in the streets in two hours ; but the scare proves a necessity for some changes. First, Sir E. Henderson should be respectfully superseded by a more vigilant and...

* I ,* The Editors cannot undertake to return Manuscript, in any

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London, usually so tranquil, has been excited and alarmed this

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week by a most serious riot. A meeting of the unemployed had been called on Monday, in Trafalgar Square, and was largely attended by decent poor men, chiefly builders, who are...

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Lord Fife has written a letter to the Secretary of

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the Scottish Liberal Association resigning his presidency, on the ground that he cannot support a Government which is practi: Gaily committed to a dissolution of the Legislative...

Mr. Morley's argument was chiefly directed to show the diffi-

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culty of recurring to force in Ireland, and, of course, for his purpose he exaggerated the amount of force necessary. In describing the putting-down public meetings, locking-up...

Mr. Thomas Case, Fellow of Corpus Christi College, Oxford, has

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put together, in a letter to the Times of Thursday, a rather important selection of Mr. Gladstone's expressions of opinion as to the limits of a safe Home-rule, though he has...

Mr. John Morley,—the Right Honourable John Morley, as we suppose

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we must now call him,—addressed his constituents on Monday at Newcastle, on the subject of the re-election for which be was asking after his acceptance of office. He spoke as...

Mr. Morley was summoned by telegraph to Dublin on Tues-

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day morning to be sworn in, but returned to Newcastle on Thursday, and again addressed the electors, intimating that even during the few hours that he had spent in Dublin he had...

The Welsh are meditating a Land League, and on Thursday

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received Mr. Michael Davitt with enthusiasm at Flint, and listened to a great speech of Ilia in support of the principles of the Irish Land League. If the evils which we have...

The most important official appointments made since our last issue

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are those of Lord Aberdeen to be Viceroy of Ireland, and of Mr. Broadhurst to be Under-Secretary of State for the Home Office. We believe that Lord Aberdeen is both shrewd...

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It is clear that the refractory members of the party

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remain sullen. There is an improbable rumour that Mr. Biggar con- templates retirement into private life; but Mr. Sullivan, the Lord Mayor of Dublin, declares that he will not...

The Bishop of Oxford, in distributing the certificates and prizes

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awarded to the candidates in the Oxford Local Examina- tions of 1885 at the London and Southwark centres, on Wednes- day, in the theatre of the University of London, delivered...

The House of Lords met on Monday, only apparently for

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the installation of the new Lord Chancellor, Sir Farrer Herschell, who took his seat on the Woolsack as Lord Herschell. After donning his Peer's robes and making the usual...

The Paris correspondent of the Times, in a letter published

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on Thursday, intimates, in a curiously involved and obscure way, but still unmistakeably, that M. de Freycinet will not be able to keep General Boulanger as Minister for War....

Two further receptions of the Irish Patriotic Union have taken

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place,—one at Hull yesterday week, and one at Sheffield on Wednesday last. Lord Claud Hamilton, M.P., who presided at the latter meeting, predicted that Home-rule in Ireland...

There is revolt in the air just now, and it

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has spread to the Parnellites. Mr. Parnell wished Captain O'Shea, who helped him with the so-called " Kilmainham Treaty," to be elected for Galway ; but many of his followers,...

Bank Bate, 3 per cent. Consols were on Friday 1001

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to 1003.

The long-expected divorce suit of " Crawford v. Dilke "

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began and ended on Friday. The petition was dismissed as regards Sir Charles Mike, against whom no legal evidence was forth- coming, Mrs. Crawford's statement to her husband not...

On Thursday, the French Chamber was the scene of an

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extra- ordinary incident. M. Basly, a new Member for Paris, got up, and in the plainest possible language justified the murder of M. Watrin, manager of the Decazeville iron and...

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THE RIOT OF MONDAY. S O deep and unbroken is the tranquillity of London—a tranquillity unmatched in any capital of the world— that we may all be tempted to exaggerate the...

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T HERE is one danger in democracy which is not usually taken sufficiently into account, and that is, that by making public opinion on political questions omnipotent, you not...


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W E have no doubt that Mr. John Morley will have been returned by a great majority before the present issue of this journal can be in our readers' hands ; and profoundly as we...

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T HE quarrel over the Galway election between Mr. Parnell and some leading members of his party is interesting on many grounds. It shows, to begin with, that the Parnellite...

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W E begin to fear for the permanence of the French Republic. The one thing which, ever since 1848, the mass of French voters have shown themselves unable to bear is insecurity...

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C LARENDON says that at the beginning of the troubles in 1638, " there was so little curiosity either in the Court or the country to know anything of Scotland, or what was done...

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rp m figures in the Budget of the London School Board will reassure those who feared that the recent election would give a serious check to the work of education in London. So...

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I T is a little difficult to explain either the meaning of the word " Mob," or the horror with which the thing is now regarded in all countries of Europe by the educated....

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N O real adventure, perhaps, in our own time has streak the imagination of Englishmen as more romantic thanithe voyage of the old Shetland woman, who, left alone on the smack '...

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THE CREATION OF AN IRISH PEASANT- PROPRIETARY. [TO THE EDITOR OF THE " SPECTATOR. " ] Six,—Will you allow an Irish land agent of long experience, and holding upwards of...

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ITo THE EDITOR Or THE " Sexcrrros.1 SIR, — In your article of February 6th under the above heading, I think that you hardly do justice to the efforts of others who have...


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ITO THE EDITOR OF THE " SrEOTATOH."l SIR,—YOur correspondent, "A Liberal Surveyor," in replying to my letter on this subject, says that I have made two " inex- cusable...


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pro THE EDITOR OF THE "SPECTATOR. "' SIR,—The very competent critic who reviewed my " Despatches of Lord Gower," in the Spectator of December 26th, finds fault with me for not...

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[TO THE EDITOR OF THE " SPECTATOR."] SIR,—In the interesting review of Carlos von Gagern's " Todte and Lebende," in the Spectator of February 6th, there occurs the statement...


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[To THE EDITOR OF THE " SPECTATOR-1 Strt,—It is an old truth that when men are bidden to do "some great thing," they usually perform it with alacrity ; but when recommended...


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[To THE EDITOR OF THE "SPECTATOR. - '] SIR,-31r. Gladstone has formed his Cabinet, and his purpose, so far as the Irish Question is concerned, is proclaimed in the appointment...


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[To THE EDITOR OF THE "SPECTATOR. "] SIR,—In your review of Dr. Brandes' recent Life of Holberg, which appeared in the Spectator of February 6th, you introduce a kind...

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MR. MARSHALL'S DRAWINGS OF LONDON.t MR. HERBERT MARSHALL is an artist—a water-colour artist—of whom little is generally known, though we have for many years praised his...


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Somewhere at altar kneeling, Bride, with her maidens round ; While the great organ, pealing, Fills all the Abbey with sound: Somebody's hand hers holding, Pledging a life for...

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SCHERER'S " HISTORY OF GERMAN LITERATURE."• PaorEssoa S IIERER'S History of German Literature has obtained deserved popularity in Germany, where it is regarded as the most...

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DIVIDING novels into those whose especial strong point is either plot, study of character, humour, ideas, or action, we class Double Cunning amongst the latter, and heartily...

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WALTER CRANE'S "THE SIRENS THREE."* THESE pages of illustrated poem

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are reprinted from the English Illustraleel Magazine, in which they have appeared in parts. They are now collected into a volume which is dedicated to William Morris. It is, in...

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BISHOP ALEXANDER'S SERMONS.* THE Bishop of Derry evidently speaks with

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absolute simplicity and sincerity when.he says in his preface that even if he had been able to publish these sermons in the form in which they * The Great Question., and other...

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OTHMAR.* " Our ," whatever one may think of her

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stories from other points of view, is a past mistress of picturesque description, both of persons and places ; no phase of natural beauty escapes her notice, and all through her...

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The American Caucus Sy•tem. By George W. Layton. (G. P. Putnam's Sons, New York, U.S.A.)—This is an interesting little book in its way, though rather disappointing at the...

The Growth of the Homeric Poems. By George Wilkins, M.A.

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(Hodges, Figgie, and Co., Dublin.)—Mr. Wilkins recognises a Homer to whom the world owes " the origination and partial development of the ` Iliad,' and perhaps of the Odyssey....

The eighth and ninth divisional volumes of Messrs. Cassell's admir-

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able Encyclopaedic Dictionary, bringing the work down to the begin- ning of " P," have now reached us. It is enough to say that in all respects, but particularly in accurate,...

The Bronte Family. By Francis A. Leyland. 2 vole. (Hurst

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and Blackett.)—This book refers chiefly, as we are informed on the title- page, to Bramwell Bronte, the brother who makes so nnpleasing an appearance in Mrs. Gaskell's " Life...

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The Mothers' Manual of Children's Diseases. By Charles West, M.D.

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(Longmans.)—This volume is the outcome of a very extensive experience as a " children's doctor." The anther explains that he does not intend it as a "handbook for the...

The Golden Gate and Silver Steps. By Shirley Hibberd. (E.

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Allen.)—" A prosey-versey medley for young people of all ages" is the description which Mr. Hibberd gives of his book, and we do not know that we can better it. We may say,...

good story, though we are kept longer than necessary before

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we come to it. Mr. Matthews pads out his book with descriptions of social life, and, indeed, with another love-story. He gives it also a certain flavour by introducing the topic...

Our Dwellings : Healthy and Unhealthy. By Catherine M. Beaton.

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(Longmans )—Mrs. Buckton's volume is a reprint of lectures delivered to girls attending the Board schools of Leeds. She is very strongly in favour of practical teaching of her...

The Science of Business. By Roderick H. Smith. (G. P.

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Putnam's Sons, New York and London.)—Mr. Smith begins with two scientific chapters on the " Direction of Motion " and the " Rhythm of Motion." Then come commercial facts and...

Westminster Abbey. By M. C. and E. T. Bradley. With

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Mae- trations and architectural chapter by Mr. A. T. Grahame, and intro- ductory chapter by the Dean. (Pall Malt Gazette Office.)—We can praise everything about this guide...

Our Friends in Paradise; or, Sanctorum Dulcis Meneoria. (Wells Gardner,

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Heston, and Co.)—The Bishop of Lichfield has written an emphatic commendation of this volume. It contains a text for every day in the year, and one or more extracts of a...

The Seasons Pictured. By Richard A. Proctor. (Longmans.)— This is

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a useful contribution to popular astronomy. It gives—(1), A number of "sun-views of the earth," i.e., representations of the aspect presented by the earth to the sun on...

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POETRY.—Claudis and Fide, and other Poems. By Aston Clair. (London

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Literary Society.)—This volume is dedicated to the memory of John Keats, poet ; a name which the reading of the poems themselves did not suggest to us. The author is not...

We have also before us a series of Lengman's New

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Readers. (Long- mans and Co.)—The volumes are a First Primer, in which are com- bined the " alphabetic " and " look-and-say " methods of teaching reading ; pictures—and very...

We have received a series of Standard Readers, edited by

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Professor Meiklejohn. ( Blackwold and Sons.)—These are six volumes, adapted for the six standards of primary schools. The choice of extracts, so far as we have been able to...

A Digest of English History, 1760.1815. By M. Gutteridge, B.A.

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(Relfe Brothers.)—This is one of the many books called forth by the examination system. It seems carefully done ; and read after the student has gone through some standard...