13 JANUARY 1894

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Vaillant, the Anarchist who threw the bomb in the French

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Chamber of Deputies on December 9th, was found guilty and condemned to death, on Wednesday last, for having with pre- meditation attempted to take the lives of those assembled...

The Horncastle district of Lincolnshire has returned Lord Willoughby de

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Eresby by an increased majority,-838,—a hundred more than Mr. Stanhope gained in 1892, and on an increased total poll. In 1892, Mr. Stanhope obtained 4,438 votes, while Lord...

'Sicily, it is said, is quieter, the population being afraid

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of the military tribunals established in each province; but the , disturbances have extended, as was expected, to the mainland, swhere the distress is nearly as great, and the...


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With the " SPECTATOR" of Saturday, January 27th, will be issued, _gratis, a SPECIAL LITERARY SUPPLEMENT, the outside pages of which will be devoted to Advertisements. To secure...

Universal suffrage seems to be no check on Anarchy, either

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in France or America. According to a telegram from New York, dated January 11th, a tenement-house in Avenue D—a poor residential quarter—has been blown up with dynamite. On...

* ** 77.e Editors cannot undertake to return Manuscript, in

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any case.


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T HE Russian Government appears to be anxiously pressing forward the improvement of its Fleet. The Marine Budget ,allowed for the year is E5,500,000 sterling, which is nearly...

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President Cleveland, it will be remembered, repudiated the action of

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President Harrison in Hawaii, and declared not only that the island ought not to be annexed, but that the agent of the United States had acted wrongfully, and that the native...

Under the heading "Ireland in 1893," the Time-8 of Wednes-

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day gives some interesting facts and figures. On the whole,. the Irish people have never been freer from distress. Only one set of statistics has a disagreeable look. Those who-...

A banquet was given to Mr. Rhodes at Cape Town

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on Satur- day last, presided over by the:Mayor. The Premier, in reply to his health, praised his political opponents in the Colony, and hoped that, however much they might...

On Tuesday, Mr. A. B. Forwood, in addressing a meeting-

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at Prescot, near Liverpool, dealt with the behaviour of the 'Resolution' in the Bay of Biscay. As he was a member of the Board of Admiralty at the time of her construction, he...

Mr. Balfour writes', to Tuesday's Times to correct a false

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impression which Lord !Grey had'embodied in a letter pub- lished in Monday's [Times, that the compromise between the Government and the Opposition upon the Local Govern- ment...

On Thursday, there was a short debate in the House

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of Commons on the report of the Featherstone Commission as to the conduct of the soldiers who fired upon the rioters, and as to the demand of the Labour Members that the...

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The body of evidence now being taken in India as

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to the .use of opium will, it seems clear, be strongly in favour of the harmlessness of the drug as compared with alcohol. This harmlessness, it should be observed, though as...

Miss Shaw, who has great experience of Colonial life, delivered

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a lecture sit the Colonial Institute on Tuesday on Australia. We have said enough about it elsewhere, but we wish to ask a question here. If her account is true, Southern...

The Local Government Bill for England and Wales has passed

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through the remainder of the Committee and the Report stage at lightning speed, with but unimportant amend- ments. It was determined yesterday week that the first elections...

The Times' correspondent gives some curious facts as to the

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influence of French patriotism upon French invest- ments. As a rule, the saving Frenchman will buy nothing outside France, his geographical knowledge being simply nil, but...

Bank Rate, 3 per cent.

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New Consols (21-) were on Friday 98i.

On Monday, Mr. A. R. Colquhoun delivered an address on

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Zambesia to the London Chamber of Commerce at their offices in Eastcheap. Mr. Colquhonn, who, it will be remem- bered, was the first Administrator of Mashonaland, described the...

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AMERICAN INSOLVENCY. F IVE years ago American Finance was the envy of the world. Taxation was not oppressive, the debt was being paid off at a rate beyond the dreams of economy,...

VALLLANT ON HIS DEFENCE. T HE paper which Valliant read in

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his self-defence, after he was found guilty of the act by which he threatened so many lives, and actually injured some fifty of his fellow-citizens,—many of them not members of...

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I T is becoming more and more evident that the strength of the present " Socialist " movement,—we are not using the adjective in depreciation,—will spend itself in the first...

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M R. BALFOUR'S letter to Tuesday's Times was hardly needed to protest that a party which thinks some portions of a legislative measure dangerous and mischievous is fully...

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W E wish we could trace the secret cause of the unrest which is just now spreading through the Conti- nent. Of its existence, unhappily, there seems to be no doubt, though of...

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I T is to be regretted that the papers could not, or would not, publish the lecture on Australia, delivered on Tuesday by Miss F. Shaw at the Colonial Institute, its extenso. It...

THE CLERGY AND RATE-AID. T HE letter from Archdeacon Smith, which

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we print in another column, enumerates in a concise and intelli- gible form the objections to the proposal to grant rate- aid to voluntary schools. It is a convenient occasion,...

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W E wonder whether the "delicious celebrity" which men bestow more and more freely on their greater literary contemporaries really redounds to the advantage of those great...

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ONDON horses are the result of the completest form of "urban immigration" known. Probably not thirty of the three hundred thousand which live within the Metro- politan area were...

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I N a little paper published in the number of Woman for January 3rd, Lady Constance Lytton lays down two pro- positions which will be received, we think, by her own sex with...

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[To THE EDITOR OF THE " SPECTATOR."3 SIR,—May I, as a "working clergyman," thank you most sincerely for your article, in the Spectator of December 23rd, upon the present...


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RATEPAYERS AND VOLUNTARY SCHOOLS. [To Too EDITOR OF THE "SPECTATOR."] SIR,—Will you allow one who for forty years has had charge of large parochial schools, for twenty-four...

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SID,—The narrative of Colonel F. Ponsonby's seven wound4 and cruel sufferings at Waterloo may be found in his own words in " Creasy's Decisive Battles," pp. 384-86.— I am, Sir,...


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[To THE EDITOR OF THE "SPECTATOR."] SIR,—Everybody has a family tradition of what happened at the time of the battle of Waterloo. Mine is as follows :— General Sir Robert Wilson...


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[To THE EDITOR OF THE "SPECTATOR."] have only just returned from the Continent, or I -should have asked leave long ago to correct a statement which appeared in the Spectator...

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[To THE EDITOR OF THE "SPECTATOR."] Sin,—The sorrowful question which you raise in connection with Mr. De Vere's poem on Purgatory, how we can imagine ourselves as enjoying...


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To THE EDITOR OF THE "SPECTATOR."' Sin,—Irish Unionists are often accused of undue distrust of the fair words spoken by their Nationalist fellow-countrymen ; and are told that...


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[To THE EDITOR OF:THE "SPECTATOR.") Sin,—Having in times past had repeated discussions with Anarchist teachers touching:their tenets, and read divers of their writings, I can,...


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[To THE EDITOR or THE "SPECTATOR."] SIR,—I have for some time been collecting notes for a book on "Pioneer Hunters, Traders, and Explorers of South Africa," and to this end have...


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[To THE Evrros or THE " BrzczAroz."1 SIR, — With regard to the " howlers " you quote in the Spec. tator of December 30th, I confess I doubt one or two of them, — e.g., Joan of...

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THE Academicians have been hasty in the last addition they have attempted to the roll of the Masters. The late John Pettie was certainly, in painter's impulse and accomplish-...


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[TO THE EDITOR OF THE " SPECTATOR."] Sia,—Having frequently recommended spiders as a whole- some and natural food for the marmoset, I am anxious to warn those who keep these...


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TWELFTH-NIGHT. I SHOULD like to have your dimples, Your wonderment, your nonsense, Your grave hands, and your tripping feet, Your carelessness, your conscience ; I should like...

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LIFE IN PARLIAMENT.* This is a very fresh and interesting book, which will give the- ordinary politician an excellent notion of the laboriousness, and the pleasure which...

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A HISTORY OF FLORENCE.* M. PEERENS is already known as

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a historian of Florence, having published six volumes of its history, from the earliest times to the recall of Cosmo de Medicis from exile. To these he is now adding three...

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• WHEN the English ship, with the envoys sent in l858 to eonclude the peace with China, was fired upon by • the forts at the mouth of the Pei-ho river, the captain of an...

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MANY persons besides Lord Macaulay's model schoolboy are familiar with the often-quoted aphorism, "History is philosophy teaching by examples," but if we may judge from the...

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* Noah Porter : a Memorial by Friends. Edited by George S. Merriam. With Portraits. London : Sampson Low and Co. THIS "memorial by friends" is not a large book, but it is a...

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RECORDS OF EPISCOPAL TRAVEL.* 'THE book before us is difficult

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to mould to the reviewer's purposes. Sometimes it is full of observation and entertain- ment, sometimes of the suggestion of fuller work; then at times it rushes from place to...

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There is one eminently popular paper in the new number

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of The Law Quarterly Review, — Mr. Edward Manson's "Scenes in Court from the Year Books." This shows how in the days of the Plantagenets, the King's Justices were in the habit...

Variety rather than distinction is the note of the January

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number of Casseles Magazine. It is rather too soon to pronounce upon the serial stories, although they must be allowed to have a somewhat " thin " look, at the present moment....

In most respects the January number of The Argosy (that

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least variable of the magazines) may be regarded as an average one, the fiction in particular being of the usual excellent kind, and Mr. Charles W. Wood continuing his...

The Woman at Home, otherwise "Annie S. Swan's Magazine," seems

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to have firmly established itself as an enjoyable mélange of letterpress and illustration, fact and fiction, cookery and dress, marriages and nursery chatter, specially...


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Good Words makes a very spirited start in 1894, with the first instalment of a new story by Mr. Baring-Gould, and several interesting miscellaneous articles, including " The...

Mrs. Oliphant's new story, "Sir Robert's Fortune," is the feature

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of Atalanta at present ; it promises to be one of the best of her essentially Scotch novels,—and that is no slight praise. The January instalment is a good study in Northern...

From being a quarterly magazine, The Investors' Review has be-

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come a monthly, and, perhaps to signalise this new departure, its editor, Mr. A. J. Wilson, has published an article on "A Paralytic Bank of England." As this paper has caused a...

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The Entr'acte Annual for 1894 is, like its predecessors, an

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agreeable collection of light papers, dealing with actors, actresses, and acting, profusely illustrated by Mr. Alfred Bryan in his usual vein of broad but not unpleasing...

The Little Squire. By Mrs. Henry de la Pasture. (Cassell

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and Co.)—This is a somewhat commonplace story which yet contrives to be readable, thanks chiefly to the lifelike sketch of the little heroine. A lonely, imaginative,...

The Little Dowager. By Mrs. Sale Barker. (Routledge.)—A small boy

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tells the story of his own and his little niece's adven- tures with gipsies, exploding chemicals, boats, and a fussy aunt. It is just the narrative that a child likes to listen...

Facing Fearful Odds. By Gordon Stables. (Shaw and Co.)— The

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period of which our author writes is the War of Indepen- dence in America. We begin with a pleasing and somewhat ideal account of life in the backwoods, and finish up with some...

In the " Dryburgh Edition" of the " Waverley Novels"

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(A. and C. Black) we have Peveril of the Peak, with ten illustrations, drawn by Stanley Berkeley ; in the "Border Edition" of the same (J. C. Nimmo), Quentin Durward, in two...

The December number of Colonia, which is the magazine of

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the Colonial College, llollesley Bay, Suffolk, resembles other students' periodicals in giving "Athletic " information and "College Notes," and even in having a "poet's corner."...

St. Nicholas. Conducted by Mary Mapes Dodge. (T. Fisher Unwin.)—This

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"Illustrated Magazine for Young Folks" con- tinues to retain its position as one of the best, if not the very best, of children's magazines. The table of contents exhibits as...

Ghaxels from. the Divan of Hafiz. Done into English by

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Justin Huntly McCarthy. (David Nutt.)—Mr. J. H. McCarthy has translated these selections from the great Persian poet into prose. From one point of view he has done well ; we...

Marianela. Translated from the Spanish of B. Perez Galdos by

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Mary Wharton. (Digby, Long, and Co.)—The theme of Marianelot, by the Spanish writer Perez Galdos, is the faithful affection of a poor, uneducated orphan girl for a rich young...

What Happened at Morwyn, by M. A. Hozer (Digby, Long,

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and Co.), tells of a brave and charming young lady who undertook the Herculean task of paying off her deceased father's debts, amount- ing to scores of thousands of pounds,-(for...

The British Almanac and Companion, 1894. (Stationers' Com- pany.)—This useful

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almanac appears again, with its customary variety of information, political, social, and other, astronomical tables, lists of official personages, and other matters such as one...