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We note the introduction of a new metal into the

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coinage of Europe. The Belgian penny (ten centimes) is now made of nickel. It is a bad coin, looks exactly like a fat franc, is very greasy, and is constantly passed for the...

The Syrian question has ended in making the Turkish Govern-

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ment supreme in the Lebanon. Fuad Pasha is now assisted by a council of twelve Mussultuans, Drums, and Christians, who advise him as they please, while he does as he pleases.


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T HE week has been absolutely without political news. Ministers are scattered through the country, and Members of Parliament are still too flushed with the first enjoyment of...

The Southern cause has not prospered during the week. Two

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or three petty successes are reported on their side, and the struggle in Missouri and Kentucky is obviously most severe. But, on the other hand, General McClellan is by English...

The Prince of Wales has performed his first public act

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by present- ing new colours to the 36th, a regiment of the brigade with which he has been doing duty at the Curragh. His stay there has been sufficient to give him: a fair...

The coroners' juries who investigated the catastrophes on the Brighton

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and Hampstead lines have returned verdicts of manslaughter in the first case against the station-master, and in the second against the signalman. In each instance the verdict...

The Prince Primate of Hungary, the second among the Catholic

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prelates of Europe, an old man, selected by the imperial Court for his political moderation, has protested against the course of the Vienna Cabinet.

It has, we believe, been resolved to coerce Mexico into

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decency. Years of incessant insult, followed by a declaration by the Church party of death to the stranger, and incessant political murders, have worn out the patience both of...

The difficulties of the Italian Government in the South scarcely

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diminish. The Mazzinians are most active in urging on the wretched Neapolitan population, which is in political knowledge about on a par with that of Tipperary, to clamour for...

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The British Association has terminated its session, which, like that

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of the Association of Social Science, has been unusually practical. One paper was read on "Some Points in the Structure and Habits of Spiders," but generally the papers read...

liesfria.—The Prince Primate of Hungary has protested formally against the

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conduct of the Emperor of Austria. This prelate, who is the second Catholic prelate in Europe, and was, until the Concordat, as supreme in Hungary as the Pope in Italy, was...

franrs.—The political trance in France continues. Recent elections, it is

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said, are slightly in favour of the foreign policy of the Emperor, and the Conseils Gifniraux, from which the opposition expected much, have as yet given no sign of political...

Ibrassiff.—The week yields no intelligence from Prussia of any in-

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terest. The great review near Dusssldorfhas commenced, and pre- parations for the King's commatien sex precoscling, but they excite no attention out of Germasq,

Sfahr.—The reorganization of the Italian army does not proceed very

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rapidly, and the total number of efficient soldiers enrolled is not supposed to exceed 150,000. The Neapolitan provinces have brought no increase of strength, the old soldiery...

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$eltiu,—The Spanish Government will, it is reported, send a fleet

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from Cuba with troops to co-operate in the expedition about to be despatched by the French and English. Governments to Mexico.


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MONDAY, SEPTEMBER 9TH. THE various sections of the British Association resumed their sittings at Manchester on Friday. Mr. New march, the president of the Eco- nomic Science...

Ita,iira,—We have news from America to the 31st of August,

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most of it favourable to the North. Mr. Russell reports that General McClellan is getting his men well in hand, and that the order and silence in Washington make a marked change...

"Paris, August 26, 1861.

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"I announced to you by a telegraphic despatch of the 91st of this month the grave incident which occurred in the evening of the 18th in the French village of Ville-la-Grand,...

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Bkratoakr,, SEPT, 5.—The Queen went out driving yesterday after- noon, accompanied by the Prince Consort and Prince Arthur. SEPT. 7.—The Queen and Prince Consort, accompanied...


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THE BAKERS' SHORT-TIME MOVEMENT.—Last night an aggregate meeting of the journeymen bakers of the metropolis was held at the White Hart, Giltapur- street, for the purpose of...

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Subscriptions to the " OVERLAND FRIEND OF INDIA.," will be received by Mr. A. E Galloway, at 1, Wellington-street, Strand. Terms : Per Annum, payable in advance £2. Postage free.


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• (By Telegram through Hr. Reuter's Office.) HUNGARY. PEST11, Sept. 13. IT is asserted that the visit of the Cardinal Primate of Hun&ary to Vienna will result in the early...


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STOCK EXCHANGE, FRIDAY AFTERNOON. THE demand for money this week has been very moderate, and there was some expectation that the Bank would yesterday lower their rate of...


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Bankrupts.-Frederick Clarke, Bromley, Middlesex, licensed victualler-James Cowper, Wootton Bridge, Isle of Wight-Thomas Carter, Upper Holloway, builder- James Drake, Upper...

ERRATA. - In the article on "Schools of Science and Art," last

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week, p. 984, first column, tenth line from bottom, for academical read mechanical; eighth line from bottom, for nickel work read metal work.


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B RITISH FUND S. (Closing Priee&) Friday. Friday. 2 per Cent Console 931 ■Bank Stock, 10 per Cent. Shut Ditto for Account 934 India Stock, 101 per Cent 3 per...

On the 5th inst., at Widtkirk, Leeds, the lion. Mrs.

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Edward Wand, of a. daughter. On the 6tikinst., at 13, Belgrave-square, the Lady Isabella Stewart, of a son. MARRIAGES. On the 5th inst, at the Church of Our Lady, Grove-road,...

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INTERVENTION IN MEXICO. T HERE seems to be hope for Mexico at last. For ten years past the feeble ruffians who have successively called themselves Governments in that great...

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I F there is a reaction in the country towards Conservative principles, which has been said, perhaps, to be the case, England will know whom she is to thank for it. She has not...

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T HE news of every succeeding mail from America makes it more and more evident that the Slavery issue is the practical binge of the civil war. It is stated on authority...

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P UBLIC opinion on the diplomatic service seems to have veered round once more. Five years ago diplomatists were denounced as the most useless of mankind, over-paid,...

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• ACALCUTTA STATE TRIAL. N OTHING, it would appear, can teach

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Anglo-Indians the value of political moderation. Like passengers in a ship, they are so few and so near that every scratch is a wound, and every retort a personal insult. The...

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THE INCOME TAX. T HE net result of the evidence produced

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before Mr. Hubbard's Committee for the adjustment of the in- come tax, would seem to be this. The thinkers, who plead for a truly scientific adjustment of the tax, are simply...

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Mri N the politico-economical dancing-master at Dr. E li mber's breaking - up party in Dombey, asks Mr. Toots, "What will you do with your raw materials when they come into your...

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F OR some reason the English tourists who are now swarming over Belgium have a habit of avoiding the ancient city of Bruges. There is a prejudice against the place as a...

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rrttrr to t4r &tar.

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THE REV. JOHN GRAHAMS POEMS. St. John's-wood, Sept. 12, 1861. Sin.,—Having had my attention directed to the review of my Poems : Sacred, .Didactive, and Descriptive, in the...

5iat 3rts.

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THE ART OF " PUNCH." (Finsr NOTICE.] CARICATURE, in common with most other things, has undergone a marked change since the days of the Regency. There is as much difference...


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Tax Hereford Musical Festival, or the " Meeting of the Three Choirs," as it is commonly called, has been held this week. In a merely musical point of view it does not call for...

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DR. LEMPRIERE ON THE AMERICAN CRISIS.* Ws have read this work with extreme surprise; so much so, that at times we have inclined to the conclusion that Dr. Lempriere must have...

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Mn. SHIRLEY BROOKS'S best works always leave behind them a feeling of regret. He could have done them so much better. There is a perfect lavishness of power in some of his...

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A SENSIBLE and impartial treatise on Ireland is a rarity in literary history, commanding attention if only on that ground. But Mr. Goldwin Smith is a writer of no ordinary...

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Geraldines, with their rivals the Butlers, carried on a constant

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succes- Tun author of this little poem tells us frankly that he aspires to im- sion of wars, intrigues, and rebellions, with the natives and the home prove on the Book of Job....

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CAPTAIN MARRYAT'S powers as a novelist were a reflexion of the personal experience of the sailor and the man. In the short memoir prefixed to this edition of two of his stories...