16 MARCH 1861

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'Messina has fallen, after a . four days' siege, to

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General Cialdihi. In anticipation of this event, the. Emperor of the French requested the . ex-King - to order the discontinuance of a useless defence. Francis II. complied, but...


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T HE occurrences in Warsaw are still the most important, if not the most interesting of the week. The demonstration of the '25th February was, it appears, only a part of a plan...

A paper has recently been published showing the position of

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the- Austrian Church. Its property is estimated at 35,000,0001., on 2,256,000/. a year, a sum which must be grossly under-estimated-. The Hungarian Church, for example, is one...

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Their action is still too much dependent on the will

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of the Emperor of the French, and the recent discussion in the Corps Legislatif is not likely to render that will more favourable to Rome. The Senate carried the Address...

The last mail left America on the 2nd inst. just

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too soon to re- ceive the telegraph report of the President's Message v a St. John. The latest intelligence is unfavourable to peace, an attack on Fort Sumter being expected...

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Information direct from Japan, derived from personal experience, is always

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welcome. At the last meeting of the Geographical Society, a paper was read from the pen of Mr. Consul Pemberton Hodgson, descriptive of his journeys in the island of Jesso,...

The Exhibition of 1862 may now be regarded as fairly

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afoot. The .vniarantee fund has been well filled up ; the site of the Exhibition determined on, and the plan of the building decided. The site of the Exhibition is on the space...

An action for ejectment, to try the validity of the

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will of the late Lord Rancliff, was brought at the Nottingham assizes. Lord Ran- cliff left large property to Mrs. Burtt, his mistress ; she has since married, and although ten...

The famous volume of Essays and Reviews continues to re-

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ceive a large share of clerical attention. On Wednesday a host of archdeacons and prominent clergymen waited on the Archbishop of Canterbury and presented an address, signed by...

A number of Manchester and Liverpool merchants have requested Mr.

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Gladstone to permit himself to be nominated as the third repre- sentative for South Lancashire in the event of Sir George Lewis's bill for assigning vacant seats becoming law....

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At the Lambeth police court, Mr. John Spain was charged

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with having poisoned his daughter-in-law, Mrs. Joseph Spain. The charge was totally unfounded, and supported by evidence which was scouted in the court. Mr. Spain has a son who...

Igthatts nub nurrhings m Vartiamtut.

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Howte or LORDS. Monday, March 11. Marriage Law (Ireland) Bill read a first time—Law of Divorce; Select Committee appointed—Bank of England Payments Bill read a second...

Cyr Cunt.

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THE (keen has returned to Buckingham Palace. On Wednesday her Majesty held a Levee at St. James's Palace. Accompanied by the Prince Consort the Queen has visited Her Majesty's...

The Orangemen who used fire-arms in an affray at Derrymacash,

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in July last, have been tried at Armagh. One of the Orangemen has been found guilty of manslaughter, and sentenced by Judge Fitz- gerald to fifteen months' imprisonment; three...

Another explosion in a coal-pit has occurred and destroyed twelve

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lives. It happened yesterday week, in a mine near Aberdare belong- ing to Mr. Dacres, who has good repute for his careful management. No cause is assigned for this calamity. Of...

Some interesting cases of theft and fraud are reported :

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A banker's parcel, containing 13611. in notes, bills, and cheques, posted in the Louth Post-office, never arrived at its destination. How it was abstracted from the mail-bags is...

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IT is currently reported that Sir Benjamin Brodie has withdrawn

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from the practice of his profession, and it is suggested that he should be made a Peer. It is reported that Prince Louis of Hesse-Darmstadt, who is betrothed to the Princess...

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BRITISH FUNDS. Friday. (Closing Prices.) Friday. 3 per Cent Consols 924 Bank Stock, 10 per Cent. Ditto for Account 924 India Stock, 101 per Cent 3 per Cents Reduced...


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BOTH Houses of Parliament sat last night. In the House of Commons, the CHANCELLOR of the Excncrotrrat said he hoped to be able to introduce the Budget on Thursday, 11th April....

A despatch from Warsaw, dated yesterday, states that "the depu-

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tation of the citizens of Warsaw, to which Prince Gortschakoff com- municated the rescript of the Emperor, was astounded at the tone of the document. Prince Gortschakoff...


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STOCK ERMA/tog" FRIDAY AFTERNOON. THERE has been a less active demand for money in the Stock Ex- change throughout the week, and the rates have been between 51 to 6 per cent....

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FRENCH OPINION. M R. Heade, in one of his stories, calls the National Assembly a "menagerie of wild beasts, fed with peppered tongue," and the bitter gibe is not without its...


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T HE debate on the Naval Estimates on Monday night elicited statements most unexpectedly satisfactory. In spite of the deficiencies of the Admiralty, of the changes in the...

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the first rubber. A telegram from Warsaw, which may be trusted, as the authorities per- mitted it to pass, announces that their petition to the Emperor has been favourably...

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ALL SOULS COLLEGE AT THE BAR. T HE three junior Fellows

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of All Souls College, Oxford, have well deserved the victory which they won on Saturday in Lambeth Palace. By their perseverance and gallant determination to vindicate at once...

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THE LAST AMERICAN PHASE. r iE tide is still upon the

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ebb, and though the Union is declared to be past hope, it seems probable that the Republic with which the future of the American continent is so inextricably bound may still be...

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THE LAST REFORM DEBATE. T HE chaotic condition of public opinion

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on Reform was strangely indicated in the debate on Wednesday night. Mr. Locke King brought forward a motion for reducing the county franchise to ten pounds, and it was rejected...


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THE one honest doubt expressed at the time the Di- vorce Act was passed—and the experience of three years has not, we think, tended to lessen it—was, whether the measure, while...

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SECRET DIPLOMACY. D IPLOMATISTS are almost as unpopular as lawyers, and

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for nearly the same reason. They are never prominent except when something disagreeable has occurred. The hundred misunder- standings which diplomacy prevents or soothes are...


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The practice of moving resolutions, unless for the avowed or understood purpose of turning out - Ministries, is highly objectionable. It belongs to that large category indicated...

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THE English Opera season at the two great theatres is about to terminate, and the Italian season at both houses is about to begin. The Covent Garden season was brought to a...

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The Philharmonic Society has begun its Forty-Ninth Season with one

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of the most brilliant and successful performances ever given by a body which, for half a century, has been pre-eminent among the musical institutions of Europe. It was a fine...

sfiu trto.

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Ma. H. C. SELOITS'S pictures of "Jerusalem in her Grandeur" and "Jerusalem in her Fall" are now on view at the Gallery in Waterloo- place. In the first, Mr. Selous aims at...

The first of the series of performances annually given by

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Dr. Wylde, under the denomination of the New Philharmonic Concerts,' took place on Monday evening at St. James's Hall. It was a very agreeable entertainment. The principal...

The Vocal Association—well known as a valuable institution for the

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cultivation of choral and part singing, carried on under the able direction of Mr. Benedict—had its first subscription concert of this season at St. James's Hall, on Tuesday...

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Bankrupts.--Susan Catherine Harrison, Ipswich, Suffolk, innkeeper—John Brid- ger, Florence-terrace, New Cross-road, Deptford, grocer—Henry Clench, High- street, Newington-butta,...


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1HE CELT, thth ROMAN, AND THE SAXON.* ANTIQUITIES are the fossils of history, as fossils are the antiquities of nature, and the sciences which depend on either must necessarily...


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On the 7th inst., at 10, Chester-square, the Hon. Mrs. ArthurHardinge, of a daugh- ter. On the 11th inst., at The Cliff, Ipswich, the wife of John Patteson Cosbold, of a son....

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THE BENTLEY BALLADS * IT is now-a-days a matter of

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rather rare occurrence for any writer of magazine—or review—articles to attain to any material degree of popn.- laritv or success, without becoming impressed with the conviction...


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THERE were many reasons, according to Fuseli, why: the English should be bad judges of Italian poetry, but the weightiest of all was "de d—d ignorance of de language.' Writers...

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THE fourth and concluding volume of Mr. Helps's Spanish Conquest exhibits the known characteristics of this popular author's literary composition. The style is clear, simple,...

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THE main object of Mr. Palmer's work is to reconcile Sacred and Egyptian chronology. Acknowledging, and availing himself of the labours of his predecessors, of Lepsius, Bunsen,...

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rain in Ireland, nor is there always civil war in Mexico. Mr. Tylor and his companion Mr. Christy had actually the good fortune to complete a four months' tour in the republic,...