17 DECEMBER 1870

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The Board proceeded to elect a Chairman by secret ballot.

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Sir Thomas 'Ellison proposed, and Mr. E. N. Buxton seconded, Lord Lawrence. Mr. Gover proposed, and Mr. Scrutton seconded, Mr. C. Reed, M.P. Mr. Currie proposed, and Sir F....

The only act complained of which is like a violation

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of neutral- ity is this negligence of Luxemburg in not withdrawing M. de Cussy's exequatur, when it was known that he was meddling on the French side. As for selling provisions...

It does not appear that Paris will fall soon for

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want of food, and we have explained elsewhere one cause of the German blunder on the subject. They forgot the difference between consumption ad libitum and consumption when...

The Germans are evidently approaching the end of their resources

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in men. They have been compelled to call out the 150,000 Landwehr between the ages of 30 and 40, men who are all married, who never expected to serve, and who suffer excep-...


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A NEW danger has burst this week upon Europe. Count Bismarck has denounced the Treaty of 1867 for maintaining the neutrality of Luxemburg (to which England is a guaranteeing...

The Metropolitan School Board held its first meeting in the

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Guildhall on Thursday. Miss Garrett, though at the head of the poll, was not invited to take the chair pro tem., as cour- tesy would have required,—but Alderman Cotton was...

The only really important military news of the week is

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the gallant fight made by General Chanzy with a couple of corps of the defeated Loire Army, on four successive days, the 7th, 8th, 9th, 10th of December, at Beaugency, on the...

%* The Editors cannot undertake to return Manuscript in any

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The German King or Emperor is evidently not himself in

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the• most admirable spirits about his prospects. In an order of the day dated the 6th of December,—after the great Orleans victory, and' the partial failure of the Paris...

Lord Derby addressed the 1st Lancashire Rifle Volunteers on Wednesday,

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at Liverpool, on the defences of the country. After some words in praise of the Volunteer movement, he observed that England differed from every other country in this, "she had...

Phalsburg surrendered to the Germans on Tuesday, and Mont- medy

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on Wednesday. Phalsburg has been invested since the beginning of August. In it 52 officers, 1,839 men, and 65 guns. were taken. The only fortress still untaken in Lorraine is...

It seems that General Chanzy is male Commander-in-Chief of one

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of the Loire armies, that to the north of the Loire, and General Bourbaki of the other with its head-quarters at Bourges, not that he was sent back to the North. The Army of the...

There is very little clear knowledge in this country that

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General Trochu did gain permanent and important results from his sorties of the 1st and 2nd December, though he did not succeed in break- ing out. The Times stated the prevalent...

The London Catholics held a great meeting of sympathy with•

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the Pope on Friday se'nnight, and were addressed by Archbishop. Manning in a speech full of literary " points," but otherwise very unsatisfactory. The Archbishop seemed to be...

A horrible explosion occurred at Witton, near Birmingham, on Friday

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week. A great number of women and girls were employed; by Messrs. Ludlow in priming percussion-caps ; and it appears. that in one of nineteen sheds occupied for the purpose a...

General Von Moltke was in great hopes that the Orleans

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vic- tory would subdue the spirit of the defenders of Paris, and kindly sent General Troche word of the defeat as soon as possible, offering any officer of his a safe-conduct to...

The Italian Ministry has proposed to Parliament to leave the-

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Pope his sovereign rights without territory ; but with full power - within the Vatican, the church of Santa Maria Maggiore, Castel . Gandolfo, and its dependencies, all which...

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The English Press has been indulging in a long controversy

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lately as to the truthfulness of the German war telegrams. For the most part, we believe the official ones have been tolerably faithful, though always suppressing all that was...

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The Standard's military critic suggests that General Bourbaki may be able to spare a force from Bourges to march across to- wards Chalons, and there effect a junction with...

It is scarcely necessary to attack Mr. Cardwell by exaggerated

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statements like the one which appears in the Pall Mall Gazette about our supply of powder. It is entirely without foundation. There may not be enough pebble powder, but there is...

The Austrian Minister of War, General Benedek, has informed the

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Delegates who manage the joint affairs of the Empire that the Austrian Army, with its Reserves, now numbers 864,000 men, all of whom have received two years' training, and are...

The German occupation of Dieppe seems to have been dictated

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'mainly by a sentimental desire to reach the sea, and thus be able 'to say that Prussians had crossed France from the Rhine to the British Channel. The invaders stopped but one...

" W. R. G." evidently begins to think that Germany

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may, after all, have to retire without having conquered France. In one letter he complains that France is so obstinate, that Germany may have to retire without her rightful...

Lieutenant G. C. Musters, R.N., has performed a moat creditable

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feat. Landing in April, 1869, in the Chilian penal settlement in the Straits of Magellan, he made friends with a Patagonian cacique, named Orkeke, studied his people, learned...

The Right Hon. S. Cave made two speeches on Wednesday

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at an agricultural show at Horsham, noteworthy because they em- body so clearly some popular fallacies. He was entirely opposed, he said, to the Prussian system of raising an...

Consols were on Friday 91/ to 92i.

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WHY SHOULD FRANCE SURRENDER ? W E would recommend those of our readers who disbelieve in the possibility of further French resistance to read the last volume of Carlyle's...

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W HY Count Bismarck has already thought fit to menace Luxemburg it is by no means easy to conjecture. The matters to which his organs point as breaches of neutrality are, except...

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T HE Constitution of this new German Empire, with its elected but not elective Emperor, its Upper House of Princes reigning by divine right, and its Lower House of Members...

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W E are not particularly delighted with the proceedings of the first meeting of the London School Board. Their most important act, the election of. Lord Lawrence as Chairman,...

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dlways tried to seem the Minister of a proud as

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well as of a Our contention, however, is not simply that to fulfil Lord 'carefully-arranged policy ; but we must, of course, accept the Derby's view, limited as it is, great...

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I t TR. LEAR has followed up his delightful "Book of Nonsense' , by a new one, called "Nonsense Songs, Stories, Botany, and Alphabets," which contains many great triumphs of...

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T HE literary career of Alexander Dumas was specially in- teresting to Englishmen for two reasons. He was, so far as we know; the only true quadroon, the only grandchild of a...

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I F the earth could be viewed from the sun during the morning and early afternoon hours of Thursday next, the moon would be seen to pass athwart the upper part of the...

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[TO THE EDITOR OF THE "SEECTATOE.1 SIR,—One word about Army organization, a matter only touched on in what I wrote upon " Bismarckism." My friends and my- self, for great...


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THE CANADIAN FISHERIES QUESTION. [TO THE EDITOR OF THE "SPECTATOL "] SIR, —In speaking on the Canadian fisheries question, you mention no Treaty but that of 1818. Let me refer...

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[TO THE EDITOR OP THE " SPECTATOR:1 Sia,—If you can spare me room, I should like to reply to my critics. In answer to the challenge of both (speaking not as a scholar, but as...


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TENT LIFE IN RACY, clear, fall of humour and full of incident, this little book is as pleasant a narrative of two years in the life of an explorer as it has ever been our good...

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THIS new book, by a well-known and popular author, affords- , curious proof of the difficulty of basing an interesting romance on • The Country House on the Rhine. By Berthold...

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AMONG the gay crowd of Christmas books, we find one which, without neglecting the function of amusing, may fairly claim the credit of being useful ; which will not be out of...


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Ix Tirol, as its own country-folk call the land of vale and, mountain, still linger a host of wild legends which the author of Patranas has translated and arranged for readers...

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CHRISTMAS BOOKS. time of one of the most meritorious periodicals of the present day— the Portfolio. In the very handsome volume before us wo have twelve essays on contemporary...

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SCHOOL Boons. — Matthice's Greek Grammar Abridged. (Murray.) — Thin abridgment was originally made

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by the late Bishop Blomfield, revised by the Rev. J. Edwards, and now appears with further alterations by Mr. E. S. Crooke. These alterations are, we think, certainly improve-...

History of England. By J. A. Fronde, M.A. (Longmans.)—This is

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a new edition of Mr. Fronde's "History" in twelve volumes, wonderfully printed and got up, far handier to hold than the first edition, and quite as pleasant to read. Its single...

Notes about Aldeburgh. By J. F. Hale. (J. R. Smith.)—"Aldeburgh,"

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which mortals call Aldborongh, is not a place to which one's thoughts turn with much longing just now ; but it is not an undesirable place never- theless, with its open sea and...