17 JUNE 1955

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U NTIL recently the two Europes faced each other like clenched fists. Now, warmed by the universal fear of annihilating war (for it is in the hydrogen bomb and not in any change...


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ESTABLISHED 1828 No. 6625 FRIDAY, JUNE 17, 1955 PRICE 7d.


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T HE strike settlement resembled nothing so much as the ending of a musical comedy. All the apparently irrecon- cilable misunderstandings inexplicably vanished; the happy couple...

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Portrait of the Week Parliament, in one of those oppressive

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displays of respon- sibility for which it is noted at moments of national crisis, had already put off its debate on the strike and agreed to renew the regulations made under the...

M. MOLOTOV CONDESCENDS Foreign affairs this week have been devoted

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to a minor frenzy of dipjomatic activity leading up to the talks 'at the summit,' which the Russians have now rather grudgingly agreed to hold at Geneva on July 18. M. Molotov...


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H EROIN is in the position of the prisoner in the dock. The charge is that it does more harm as an element in the international drug traffic than it does good in relieving pain....

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Political Commentary

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By HENRY FAIRLIE NE thing at a time,' a Conservative said to me the other day when I asked him why the Prime Minister had not yet announced any changes in his Govern- ment....

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A Spectator's Notebook

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I HAVE TWICE, now. in this Parliament looked down on Sir Winston Churchill occupying what is the most powerful private Member's place in the House of Commons : the seat on the...

I AM GLAD that the US Court of Appeal has

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upheld, though by the narrowest possible margin. Judge Youngdahl in dismissing the two chief perjury charges against Professor Lattimore. Professor Lattimore has been on the...

A NEWS ITEM as casual as any comic's throwaway line

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informed us that Lady Violet Bonham Carter is numbered among those distinguished women who are introducing Miss Marlene Dietrich during her season at the Café de Paris. Of...

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MR. WILLIAM DOUGLAS HOME has twice in the Spectator ex-

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pressed (somewhat guardedly. it is true) his admiration of the star reporter who rockets about the world regardless of lan- guage difficulties and sends back confident...

l'HE PARIS CORRESPONDENT of the Manchester Guardian re- ported on

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June 10 that, at his luncheon with MM. Pinay and Faure, M. Molotov expressed the hope that he would one day soon be able to offer a return luncheon to his hosts in Moscow....


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From Lena M. Jeger, MP T HE Prime Minister of Malta, Mr. Dom Mintoff, has come to London at a crucial point in his country's development. Economic and constitutional issues have...

Medical Intelligence

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VR-R-RUNCH I They can forget that "bad teeth" bogy now.' —Chapman Pincher. Daily Express, May 6. `THE INCIDENCE of dental disease is very high . . . most young children suffer...

AN INSPECTION of doctors' surgeries and waiting-rooms in East Suffolk

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has resulted in a favourable report. I am glad to think that patients there have bright and pleasant rooms to wait or he examined in, and I see that some East Anglian doctors...

Financial Intelligence

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'I sAY that the City is becoming a Casino—and the share jamboree is a threat to us all.'—Frederick Ellis, in Sunday Express. `THE WAVE of buying expresses a confidence in the...

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Justice and the Public Interest

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BY CHARLES WILSON An inquiry will be held to consider practice and procedure in relation to administrative tribunals and quasi-judicial inquiries. . . .—The Queen's Speech on...

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How Northcliffe Would Have Laughed!

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By RANDOLPH S. CHURCHILL M R. BRIAN INGLIS, writing in the Spectator last week on 'The Freedom of the Press,' committed himself to two most remarkably fallacious argu- ments. He...

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What Happened at

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Versailles? J. 'La distance n'y fait rien : it n'y a que le premier pas qui cotite.' (The Marquise du De/Jand in a letter to D'Alembert, Z July, 1763.) I N August. 1901, two...

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Oxford Street

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BY GEORGE BRUCE 'VELY Oxford Street . . . a street taking an hour to L O cover from end to end, with double rows of brightly shining lamps. in the middle of which stands an...

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City and Suburban

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By JOHN BETJEMAN 0 NE of the most glorious things about the railway strike has been the virtual silencing of station announcers. Those cultural accents which pronounce all names...

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Offices and Open Spaces I AM constantly, or anyhow at fairly frequent intervals. meeting young men of good education who say that they want to lead an open-air life. My...

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SIR,—I feel sure I will not be the only Australian to register protest against Mr. Betjeman's remark that an 'untidy car park surrounded by wooden shacks' would he in any way in...

SIR,—Permitting himself, apparently, to ignore completely the vital role played

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by railways both in war (as we have learnt for ourselves twice in a lifetime) and in peace (as is being brought home to us very forcibly at the present moment) the author of...

SIR,—Your correspondent in today's issue omits Christ's Hospital which has

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two of its scholars in the new House of COmmons. They represent respectively Fulham East and Argyll. 17 Dornton Road, South Croydon

99 Gower Street, London, W.C.1

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Euston 3221


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SIR,—A young employee of mine has just done his annual training for a fortnight at Alder- shot—two weeks which a grower of fruit and vegetables can ill spare. He makes no com-...


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SIR,—May I add a footnote to Mr. Brian Inglis's excellent article on 'The Freedom of the Press' in your issue of June 10? The British Institute of Public Relations defines...

Letters to the Editor

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Strike-Breakin; Intellectuals an:t Educating MPs Public Relations Military Training Wagga Wagga lahn 0. Carter, Stanley Mayne J. P. Bardde) G. W. Crawfor Rosamund V. Broadley,...

SIR,—It is not for me to enter into the merits

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or demerits of your article, or the proposals that you make, but you start the constructive Part of your statement by : 'First, the clause in civil servants' contracts...


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SIR,—I write to protest about the inaccuracy of your correspondent's figures with regard to MPs in the new Parliament who were educated at Oxford. It makes one wonder if his...


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SIR,—I thought Mr. Fairlie slated Mr. Martin with the brutal arrogance of a budding intel- lectual, and so doing begged a number of questions. Mr. Fairlie assumes society is a...

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THE 'primitive' painter, like the child, loves the grand effect, the mechanical novelty, and the twopenny blood. With what relish he records the awful night the Town Hall burnt...

Contemporary Arts

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THEATRE To put on the stage Eugene O'Ncill's vast adaptation of the fall of the house of Atreus is a difficult business in itself; to put it on well much more so. Yet, at the...


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THERE can hardly be a greater distance in our professional operatic world than that between Glyndebourne's Figaro. with which they opened their coming-of-age season last Wed-...

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WE live in the age of Pickles's Pony. More deadly than radioactivity, more humiliating than a stammer, emotionally more carminative even than Gilbert's Growl. Pickles's Pony...


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JOHN CRANKO'S new version of The Lady and the Fool at Covent Garden (the original was given at Sadler's Wells last year) is a thor- oughly competent assembly of so many dance-...


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STRATEGIC Am COMMAND. (Plaza.) To launch VistaVision, a new but not notice- ably original recruit to the Big Screen, Para- mount has produced a film dedicated to the Strategic...

JUNE 19, 1830

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COBBETT AND CHELTENHAM.—The editor of the Political Register wrote a description of Chel- tenham. in his gentle way, in 1826, which he ended by stating, that not a farthing of...

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Is the Travel-Book Dead? BY KINGSLEY AMIS T HE vogue for the highbrow travel-book shows no imme- diate signi of abating. At any rate, here are two more endeavours in that...

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Revolution in the Raw

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IRE RUSSIAN REVOLUTION, 1917. By N. N. Sukhanov. Translated and edited by Joel Carmichael. (O.U.P., 42s.) Mos - r accounts of the Russian revolution, even eye-witness d...

In All Directions

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BIRD MAN. By Leo Valentin. (Hutchinson, 12s. 6d.) DEEP-SEA explorers, a flying man, a decimator of elephants and— by comparison with these exotics—a humble cowboy, unlock their...

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Ellen Glasgow

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THE WOMAN WITHIN. The Autobiography Of ELLEN GLASGOW. (Eyre and Spottiswoode, 21s.) WHAT a striking trio of female novelists the contemporaries Ellen Glasgow, Edith Wharton and...

Recent Reprints

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PENGUIN Books have now added Aldous Huxley to those eminen t contemporaries of whose works they have produced something approaching collected editions. Ten volumes of his...

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New Novels

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THE CITY AND THE MOUNTAINS. By Eca de Queiroz. (Reinhardt, 12s. 6d.) MR. MARTINSON'S quietly growing European reputation makes the publication of The Road (Vtigen till...

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It always seems an upside-down world when one gets news of the seasons from the southern hemisphere. Here Welsh mountain sheep have been back for some time from their lowland...

Country Life

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BY IAN NIALL TRESPASS is very common in the country in summer. Very few cases come to court because the offence is not easily brought home to the culprits. It usually involves...


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Young runner beans are attractive to slugs and need protecting with soot or slug-killer. As the plants shoot they become tougher, how- ever. Later it may be found that the...


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Most dogs swim and not a few take to the water at the slightest provocation. When I had a dog I used to let him swim when he felt like it. He was fond of the water, but he would...


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H. R. C. Wright. Cambridge Studies in Economic History (General Editor : M. M. Postan). (C.U.P., 31s. 6d.) TILE union of Holland and Belgium in 1815 Mat well have created a...

Other Recent Books

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THE APPRENTICESHIP OF ERNEST HEMINGWAY. hit ',BEGIN over again,' said Gertrude Stein to Ernest Hemingway after they had become friends in Paris in 1922, 'and concentrate.'...


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BY PHILIDOR No, 2. BRIAN HARLEY (from hie book 'Mate In Two, Moves') BLACK, 11 men. WHITE, 11 mch.


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The possibility of a chess-playing automaton 'has always been an intriguing speculation. Baron Wolfgang von Kempelen, in 1769, made one (in the form of a cross-legged Turk,...

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• A prize of £5 is offered for a translation

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in similar form of this sonnet. 'Averse de Mai,' by Emmanuel Signore: : Les denteures du jour s'ecroulent; leurs decombres Fitment sur la ntontagne. Alt! (fuel aflreux tiso►:...

Rookery Cooks

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SPECTATOR COMPETITION No. 276 Report by Joyce Johnson I have a cookery book consisting of recipes supplied by well-known people. One compiled from recipes by fictional...


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ACROSS 1 The auctioneer's approving comment is full of promise (4, 4). 5 Spadeful of earth? Nearly all (6). 9 Unlikely admonition from the lion- tamer (8). 10 The Imperial...

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By CUSTOS THE bull market in industrial shares has blazed its way into fresh triumphs. The index at 212.6 as I write has now risen 27 points or nearly 15 per cent. in a month,...


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By NICHOLAS DAVENPORT WHEN a government asked a Royal Com- mission to report on so complicated a question as 'The Taxation of Profits and Income,' it was virtually certain to...