17 OCTOBER 1908

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The leading French telegraph agency communicated to the Press on

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Thursday evening nine heads of the programme of the proposed Conference, which, provided they are correct. supply a great deal more detail than the communique issued in London....

The official communiqué ends very significantly by a declara- tion

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that the subjeCts covered by the Anglo-Russian Con- vention have also come up for discussion, and that the discussion has proved the identity of view of the two Ministers. This...


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T HE foreign situation has distinctly improved during the week, and on Friday an authoritative statement was issued by the British Foreign Office declaring that the exchange of...

We note with regret that a telegram in Friday's papers

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states that on Wednesday a Moslem woman, several times divorced, was discovered by a mob in the house of a Greek whom she wished to marry. To protect them, both were removed to...

The last of these heads should be especially interesting to

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Britain, because in the last resort the Capitulations which now so seriously hamper administrative and judicial reform in Egypt rest upon the Capitulation Treaties with Turkey,...

*,* The Editors cannot undertake to return Manuscript, in any

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. Au Imperial Rescript has been issued in Japan enjoining

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on all classes in the community the need of economy and simplicity. "For the purpose of keeping pace with the constant progress of the world, and of participating in the...

In the Commons on Thursday Mr. Grayson was expelled for

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disobeying the Speaker's ruling. We do not care to advertise Mr. Grayson or his views by dwelling further on this trivial incident. On Friday Mr. Will Thorne, the Labour M.P.,...

The Licensing Bill has been under discussion in the Commons

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during the later part of the week, 4,0 tonal in the case of debates controlled by the "guillotine," it is difficult to attach any great sense of reality to the dia- cussion ;...

On Monday in the House of Commons, when Parliament reassembled,

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the Children Bill, which had been sent from Grand Committee, was considered on report. Both on this day and on Tuesday Mr. Lupton, a Liberal Member, was very active in...

' The Durban Convention for the discussion of South African

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union met on Monday. The opening speech was delivered by Sir H. Nathan, Governor of Natal. The proceedings were continued in private. The special correspondent of the Times says...

A rearrangement of several Cabinet posts has been brought about

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by the transference of Lord Wolverhampton to the post of Lord President of the Council from the Duchy of Lancaster, in which he is succeeded by Lord Fitzmaurice. Lord Fitz...

Mr. Balfour, who denounced the Government policy with great animation,

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nevertheless admitted that the property they were dealing with was less than full freehold. Thus the real difference between the Government and the Opposition is a question of...

The conflict at Tabriz during the past week has gone

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in favour of the Nationalists, who have driven the Royalist forces from several positions. These reverses to the Shah's troops of course explain the dismissal of Ain-ed-Dowleb,...

The Turkish method of retorting to Austria in the Near

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East by a boycott of Austrian goods seems to be more effectual than one would have supposed. The Turkish Government says that it is doing all that is possible to protect...

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The Archbishop of Canterbury, at the opening of the new

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schools in the parish of St. Michael and All Angels, Croydon, on Tuesday evening, delivered an address on the religious aspect of the education question. There was a twofold...

The Publishers' Circle Book Trade Dinner, held last week, was

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enlivened by some delightful literary reminiscences from Sir George Trevelyan, who responded to the toast of "Literature." Amongst the rare privileges he had enjoyed was that of...

The first meeting of the London County Council after the

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Recess on Tuesday was the occasion of an unemployed demonstration, and ended in uproar. Mr. Frank Smith moved the suspension of the Standing Orders in order to bring forward a...

Sir Henry Drummond Wolff, who died on Sunday last, will

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long be remembered as a member of the famous Fourth Party. He never reached the position either in Parliamentary or diplomatic life which his undoubted abilities at one time...

The papers of Monday print an appeal for funds from

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Lord Rayleigh, the Chancellor of Cambridge University. Lord Rayleigh succeeded the late Duke of Devonshire as president of the Cambridge University Association, which was formed...

On Tuesday Mr. Harold Cox drew the Speaker's attention to

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what be held to be a breach of privilege committed by the Board of Inland Revenue. The Board, he pointed out, had issued instructions to the pension officers to the effect that...

The Lord Mayor has issued an appeal on behalf of

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the Central Committee of "The Provision of Meals for Children Fund," of which he has been appointed chairman. Last winter £20,000 was raised by voluntary subscriptions, £12,000...

Bank Rate, 2i per cent., changed from 3 per cent.

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May 28th. Consols (2i) were on Friday 85—on Friday week 841.

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AUSTRIA-HUNGARY AND THE SLAVONIC PROBLEM. I T is curious to note how little attention is at present being paid to the influence of the Slavonic question on the Near Eastern...

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T HE Morning Post of Monday published an inspired article headed "Unionist Policy—Constructive Proposals," which is commended to the attention of readers " on account both of...

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R. WINSTON CHURCHILL, who has certainly no small command of the arts which appeal to the multitude, has recently said that the problem of unemployment is the problem of the...

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T HE woman suffrage movement, as it is conducted by the Women's Social and Political Union, has reached a point where a little clear thinking on the part of the country has...

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O N Thursday week, with modest pomp and appro- priate ceremonial, Oxford celebrated the Jubilee of the University Museum. There are few now living who can remember the struggle...

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I T sometimes seems as though common-sense were the only unchanging element in the mind of civilised man. Creeds and customs change, ideals and methods of thought vary with the...

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T EE house is Early Victorian of the stodgiest variety. As

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you climb the long, wooded drive from the lodge, the stone porch is fairly terrific with its pillars and carving and general suggestion of expensive weight. One can almost...

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W HEN Holofernes kept a grammar school in the days of Elizabeth, and the budding wits of the age played truant from it, many an hour no doubt was spent by these youths in a...

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[TO THE EDITOR OF THE " SPECTATOR.'] SIR,—In his speech at Swansea on October 1st Mr. Lloyd George expressed his views on the economic and financial conditions of Great...


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THE POLITICAL OUTLOOK. [To THE EDITOR OF THE "SPECTATOR."' Srn,—A correspondent well versed in British politics tells me that he holds a revolution of some kind to be a...

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[TO THE EDITO8 OF THE " SPECTATOR."I Six,—Referring to the report of Mr. Rudyard Ripling's brilliant and stirring address a few days since to the students of the Middlesex...

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SIR,—The progressive socialisation of our institutions must, ever more and more, bring in the authority of the doctor. It was, for instance, inevitable that sooner or later...


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[TO TR! EDITOR OF THE " gPSMATOP..1 read your article, "The Right to Work,'" in the last issue with great interest, having had first-hand experience of the unemployed. Your...

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LTO THE EDITOR OF Till "Sesarrroie] SIB,—May I call your

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attention to Scott's views on the proper way to deal with unemployment ? They seem to do equal honour to his head and to his heart: They are to be found in a letter to Southey...


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SIR,—Your article on "The 'Right to Work ' " in last week's issue -mentions that many men who were employed on the Manchester relief works two years ago left their work, and so...


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Sin,—It is possible that you and some of your readers may be interested in a little incident of unemployment which came to my knowledge a short time ago. The incident in...


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SIE,—I venture to suggest that Dr. Macphairs arraignment of the "American woman," although both forcible and timely, is not very discriminating or very just. Dr. Macphail...


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LTo THE EDITOR OF TUX " SPECTATOR:1 Sin,-1 have read with much interest the letters appearing in the Spectator entitled "The 'American Woman.' " In many recent books and letters...

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Sin,—There are two statements in Dr. Macphail's letter (Spectator, October 10th) which I think should not be allowed to pass unchallenged. "Deprived of this excuse for existence...


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(TO TUN EDITOR OF TUB " SPIICTATOR."J would ask for space in your columns to raise a point hitherto unnoticed in the question of child-murder discussed in the Spectator of...

[To THE EDITOR OF VIZ SPZCTATOR."1 was recently at a

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suffrage meeting where a lady from the platform cited the case of Daisy Lord as an instance of the incompetency of men to judge of and settle the affairs of women. She thought...


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SIR,—Dr. Macphail says : "Fortunately or unfortunately, a diminishing birth-rate is confined only to those societies which we accustomed to think of as highly civilised"...

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rTO THE EDITOR OP Till "SPEOTA.TOR.".1 SIR,—Is there any real

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reason why candidates or Members should not be forbidden by law to give to charities, &c., in their constituencies ? The object of such gifts is merely to buy the favour of the...


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[TO TIM EDITOR OF TIES "SeROTA.TOR.") was just on the point of writing a letter to you on this subject when my eye caught your very able and well-reasoned article and the letter...


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[To THE EDITOR Or TICE "SPECTLTOR."] SIR,—The true University (said Carlyle) is a great libtary. The saying is true, provided that the reader knows how to use the library. But...


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[To TER EDITOR OP THE .`SPRCTATOR.1 Sin,—May I., as one who is actively associated with the work of the Moral Instruction League, supplement Mr. Johnson's letter in your last...

[TO TIIR EDITOR OF TIIR "SPECTLTOR-"1 SIE,—Referring to your article

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in last week's issue of the Spectator, it appears to me that the real cause of the evil to which you refer is the desire of a candidate not to be outdone by the rival candidate...

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i - Tc, THE EDITOR OF THE " SPECTATOR...1 SIR,—I read with interest and sympathy the letter in your last number from "An Observant Invalid." If, however, the writer will turn to...


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[To THE EDITOR OF THE " SPECTATOR...1 Sin,—On Monday, October 12th, on a lonely marsh near a wood about three miles from Brightlingsea, in Essex, I saw two golden orioles. These...


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(To THE EDITOR OP THE " SPECTATOR.1 you, of your courtesy, allow me through your paper to tell old students and friends of the late Professor J. Churton Collins that a movement...


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[To THE EDITOR OP THE " SPECTATOR...1 Si,—Your correspondent Mr. A. J. N. Barker (Spectator, September 26th) is perfectly correct in his statement that the majority of egret...


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Sin,—Allow me to say in answer to "Mem Sabiba " (whose letter in your last issue is in no sense a reply to mine) that she invents a preposterous statement, attempts to father it...


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[To vu Intros or THE "Fissaseron." SIR,—I venture to ask your assistance in a matter which is briefly as follows :—The proprietors of Punch are making arrangements for holding...

NOTICE.—When Articles or "Correspondence" are signed with the writer's name

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or initials, or with a pseudonym, or are marked "Communicated," the Editor must not necessarily be held to be in. agreement with the views therein expressed or with the mode of...

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(From the Pic/dish of Morris Rosenfeld.) I HAVE one child, and only one, The dearest little lad, And seeing him, I feel as though The whole wide world I had. But 0 so seldom...


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MR. YEATS'S POETRY.* THE publication of a living writer's collected works implies a claim to a recognised and permanent place in the literature of a nation. None but classics...

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MRS. GEORGE CORNWALLIS-WEST has had, in her own phrase, "delightful and absorbing experiences," and has "met many of the most distinguished people of her generation." "Why," she...

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THIS is one of the most remarkable mountaineering narratives which we have seen. Mount McKinley is the highest peak on the North American Continent, reaching, as it does, a...

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MR. DITCHFIELD reminds us when he writes about the English parson of Johnson and Garrick. The great Doctor spoke his mind freely enough about his friend, but would not suffer...

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THE CENTURY SHAKESPEARE.* WE offer our hearty congratulations to Dr.

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Furnivall on the appearance of The Century Shakespeare. He has done much excellent work during his sixty-odd years of literary activity, but nothing more practically useful than...

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To the weary dweller in towns who has a romantic rather than a practical attraction towards the country the cry of a return to the land has an almost irresistible fascination....

ANIMAL LIFE.* Mn. GAMBLE has produced a very readable little

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book which will suggest matter for thought. It is intended for those who have a limited knowledge of zoology, but who wish to systematise the facts they have acquired, to take...

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READABLE NOVEL13.—The Spirit of Revolt. By Philip Gibbs. (Methuen and

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Co. 6s.)—The hero of the story, if it can be called a story, is a Labour M.P. His principal achievement is to marry a chorus girl. But the book is very clever and pleasant.—...

• THE narrator in Mr. Lucas's new novel described himself

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as • watching the theatre of life from the stalls. In Mr. Lyons's volume—a collection of papers which have already appeared in the Clarion—the corresponding role is held by one...

Round-the-Fire Stories. By A. Conan Doyle. (Smith, Elder, and Co.

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6s.)—Sir Arthur Conan Doyle frankly announces in his preface that his stories are all concerned with the grotesque and the terrible, and therefore the reader must not be too...

Hill Rise. By W. B. Maxwell. (Methuen and Co. 6s.)—Mr.

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Maxwell knows how to tell a story, and therefore the faults of his somewhat limited outlook may be forgiven him. There are one or two curious social solecisms in the book, as,...

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Life and Letters of Hannah E. Pipe. By Anna M.

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Stoddart. (W. Blackwood and Sons. 15s. net.)—Hannah Pipe was born to teach. When she was a little girl she made her dolls go to school, and. at the age of seventeen she started...

Of the Imitation of Christ by Thomas ti Kenspis. Translated

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by Richard Whytford. Re-edited into Modern English, with Historical Introduction, by Wilfrid Reyna, O.S.B. (Chatto and Windus. 7s. 6d. net.)—William Whytford, so called, it is...

In the "Victoria History of the Counties of England" (A.

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Con- stable and Co., £1 lls. 6d. per vol.) we have two first volumes, Rutland and Herefordshire, the first to be completed in two, the Beoond in/our volumes. "Rutland," says the...

The Co-operative Congress, 1008, (Co - operative Union, Manchester.)—The places represented at

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the Congress (held at Newport in June) were four hundred and seventy-six. The delegates must have numbered more than twelve hundred. It is almost needless to say that the volume...


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[Under this heading we notice stieh Books of the week as hays not bun , veserved for review in other forms.] The Ideal Ministry. By Herrick Johnson, D.D. (Fleming H. Revell...

Gotham, and other Stories. By the Rev. E. D. Stone.

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(Mao-. millan and Co. is. 6d.)—Mr. Stone's "Latin Reading-Book In Usum Tironum" is something of a new departure. The Latin passages which he gives—not, it must be understood,...

Thomas Doggett : a Famous Comedian. By Theodore Andrea Cook

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and Guy Nickalls. (A. Constable and Co. 10s. 6d. net)— Mr. Cook relates the story of Doggett the "Man" ; Mr. Nickalls tells about the " Race." The actor's story begins with a...

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Mew EDITIONS.—.We welcome a new venture in "Nelson's Shilling Library"

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(T. Nelson and Sons). The mother-idea of the Library is the production in a cheap but pleasant and readable form of important modern and copyright books. The first volumes are...

A Ruskin Calendar. Compiled by the Rev. Albert E. Sims.

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(G. G. Harrap and Co. 2s. 6d. net.)—This little volume is sufficiently described by its title. Every day in the year is furnished with a quotation, the source from which the...

Atlas of the Chinese Empire. (Prepared by Mr. E. Stanford

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for the China Inland Mission. 108. 641. net.)—In this volume there are, besides the key map, eighteen maps of provinces, a circuit being followed from Kwantung in the South-East...