18 AUGUST 1894

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Friday's news from Corea is very vague. All that is

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certain is that the Japanese are continuing to pour fresh troops into the peninsula. Their number is now believed to reach fifty thousand men, and for Asiatic troops they are...


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I T is stated that last Friday week a Japanese fleet sailed to the mouth of the Gulf of Peohili and attacked the two great Chinese arsenals, Port Arthur and Wei-hai-wei, which...

The debate in the Lords on the Evicted Tenants Bill,

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which lasted through Monday and Tuesday evenings, was a rather lop-sided, though an extremely able, debate. The only speech of great force on the Ministerial side was Lord...

The result of the great Anarchist trial in France is

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not what any one, least of all the authorities, can call satis- factory. The jury, unconvinced—and, as we think, rightly —that the prisoners all formed part of a great criminal...

On Tuesday, France and the Congo Free State signed an

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agreement which completes the ruin of the much- belauded agreement entered into by as with the King of the Belgians last May. We had proposed to form a buffer-State between our...

On Thursday morning Caserio Santo, the murderer of President Carnet,

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was guillotined at Lyons. Caserio refused to see a priest or to take a cordial, but trembled violently when at the scaffold. His last words were " Courage, com- rades ; vive...

*** The Editors cannot undertake to return Manuscript, in any

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The reply of Lord Salisbury was one of the most

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brilliant which even that brilliant speaker has ever delivered ; nor was he guilty of any imprudent sarcasm,—for surely never was there so absurd an attempt as that of some of...

Mr. Gladstone also held a three days' fete this week

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in the grounds of Hawarden Castle,—the last of which must have- been somewhat spoiled, we fear, by Thursday's rain,—in aid of the building fund of the Hawarden Institute and the...

Lord Hersehell delivered the only powerful defence of the Government.

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He freely admitted that the " Plan of Cam- paign" was absolutely indefensible ; but then he maintained that not only those who took part in it were not necessarily immoral and...

Mr. Gladstone has written a letter to Dr. Spence Watson

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thanking the Federation of Liberal Associations for their - cordial recognition of his services to the Liberal party during ' his long connection with it. In this letter he...

On Tuesday them were three great speeches. The Duke of

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Devonshire insisted with great power that this was a Bill for superseding a Court of law founded on a long tradition of principle, by an arbitrary tribunal with no principles at...

We are much surprised that no sort of answer has

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been given to a letter by Mr. Arnold-Forster, published in the Times of Friday, August 10th. In that letter he told the story of an offer made by "a powerful and responsible...

If the Admiralty had refused on groundw of public policy,

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and bad asked the country to believe that these grounds are good and sufficient, though they could not be stated, we should have said nothing. Since, however, they have stated...

Lord Lansdowne made a very moderate and interesting speech, in

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which he pointed out that this Bill was really aiming at what we might call "a selection of the unfittest " tenants in Ireland for special favour. And Lord Tweedmouth (better...

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The middle-class Englishman may be a Philistine and some- what

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prone to fill his belly with the east wind of catchpenny phraaes. When, however, he comes to the actual work of governing, he seldom fails to show himself sound and com- petent....

A Treaty settling the frontier between Liberia and the French

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Soudan was officially published on Tuesday. Under it, France and the negro Republic rearrange their boundaries in such a way that the Hinterland of Liberia will be imposed as a...

The Indian Budget was introduced into the House of Commons

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by Mr. Fowler on Thursday. If nothing were done, there would this year (1894 95) be a deficit of Rx.3,517,000. This would be met in part by reducing the expenditure by...

Bank Rate, 2 per writ

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New Consols (21) were on Friday, 104-102.

The full Report of the proceedings of the annual meeting

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cf the Imperial East Africa Company has just been issued. The Company again state their hard case in regard to the concession by the Sultanate of Zanzibar. They contend that, on...

The House of Commons, during the first two days of

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the week, discussed the Miners' Eight-Hours Bill. On Monday, Mr. D. A. Thomas moved the insertion of words in the second clause under which a majority of the underground workers...

Congress his passed the Tariff Bill in the form proposed

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by the Senate, the Democratic majority in the House of Representatives, after a long struggle, and finding that the Senate could not be moved, preferring to give way rather than...

On Tuesday, the chief speech of interest was that made

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by Mr. Chamberlain, the promoters of the Bill remaining silent in order to save time. Mr. Chamberlain twitted them on their reticence in argument. "Apparently, with the new...

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LORD SALISBURY'S MERITS. W E have often expressed our strong sense of Lord Salisbury's defects as a statesman, but we wish to-day to express with equal frankness our strong...

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THE EIGHT-HOURS BILL. T HE collapse of the Eight-Hours Bill for

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Miners is a subject for nothing but congratulation. Even if the principle on which the measure was based had been a satisfactory one, it would obviously have been impossible to...

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I T was clear enough that neither party wished to come to terms with the other on the Evicted. Tenants Bill, though both parties wished it to be thought, and possibly themselves...

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out of our boasted Congo Agreement. Of that there can be no longer any sort of doubt. Like Caesar's mantle, the Agreement has been rent and torn in a dozen places. Lord...

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THE TRIAL OF THE THIRTY. T HE farce is at an

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end. The thirty scapegoats have been sent into the wilderness, and most of them have returned scatheless. True, three of the lower-class prisoners have been sentenced to varying...

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I N an interesting, though badly reported, paper on " The Popular Attitude towards Economics," read before the British Association on Tuesday, Mr. into It. Phelps gave a very...

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TASTING LIFE. T HERE is at the present moment a large

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and growing class of people who not only consider that they have a right to taste life as a man tastes claret or cigars, out of curiosity or the desire to find what tickles his...

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J EREMIAH ' was a monkey, a common brown monkey of the Himalayas. He derived his name from the pathos of his expression, for out of a strange, puckered, wizened little old face...

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AERIAL CARRIAGES. T HE name "flying-machine," though a taking title for

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a British Association paper, hardly does justice to the serious side of the ingenious experiments on which Mr. Maxim has lately spent much thought, time, and money in order to...

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T O those who love birds, a record which has recently come under our notice may prove of some interest, a record of the songs of birds kept day by day assiduously for a year....

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S IR B. W. RICHARDSON opened the literary and scientific section of the Grindelwald Conference on Monday by an address on " How to Make the Most of Life." That is an art of...

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BAYREUTH AND WAGNER. Bayreuth, August 7th. THE Wagner Festival is attracting more attention than over this year ; Bayreuth is full of strangers, and the cafes -and restaurants...

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[TO THE EDITOR Or THE "SPECTATOR. "] It,—An article in the Spectator of August 4th gives the 00 mon-sense arguments on this now rather important clues.. tion. The democracy of...


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reader of the Spectator, will you allow me to thank you for the broader view of "Cobdenism" in the article under this title in the issue of August 11th ? I wondered, as I read...


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C OBDENISM. [TO THE EDITOR OF THE " SPECTATOR. "] am sure that, having devoted an article (in the Spectator of August 11th) to my criticisms on Cobden in the St. James's...

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OUT IN THE DARK. On, up the brae, and up and up, beyont the fairy thorn, It's there they hae my baby laid, that died when he was born. Afore the priest could christen him to...


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[TO TEE EDITOR ON THE " BPEOTATOlt."] Sin,—Your article in the Spectator of July 21st on " The Art of Naming" is interesting, and calls attention to a matter which deserves more...


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[To THE EDITOR OF THE " STECTATOR."] lately spent some weeks in a village, where I never saw any sign of drunkenness or idleness, where everybody was at work, and where I saw...


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[To THE EDITOR OF THE " SPECTATOR. "] Stn,—Many of your readers will have agreed with the sub- stance of Mr. Dale's letter, bearing the above heading. But they will have...

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THE NEW BULGARIA.* WHATEVER may be the accuracy of Mr. Dicey's estimate of the present importance of Bulgaria in the scheme of European nations, or of its destiny as a future...


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[AN IIIPROMPTIT.1 SAID the Toad, while pacing slowly Through the wood from east to west, Bent on finding in the thicket Her whose physique matched him best,— $' Is her skin more...

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RICHARD WITHER.* IT may be an open question in what

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country the best pictures of modern art were painted, but the most exhaustive book on the subject seems decidedly to have been written at Munich. Herr Richard Muther, who is at...

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THE MOUNTAINS OF CASHMERE" THE mountaineer is very far from

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having arrived at the sad position of Alexander when he lamented that there were no more worlds to invite his conquest. It is true that the Alpine Club has succeeded in reducing...

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WE have observed in this useful book some curious spellings of local and personal names which, being consistently adhered to, we must assume to have been deliberately adopted by...

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SAMUEL BAMFORD.* BAarronn is best known by his Life of

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a Radical, which in its day won great renown, and is still widely read ; but his Early Days is equally interesting, and in some respects more valuable. Moreover, the one work is...

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THE TIDAL TH AMES THE Thames which Mr. Wyllie's pencil and

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Mr. Grant Allen's pen combine to describe, extends from London Bridge to far beyond the Nora, where it is popularly supposed to end, to the North Foreland southwards, and...

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OUR HOUSEHOLD INSECTS.* NONE but those who are accustomed to

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take special notice of the smaller objects around them are aware of the number and variety of the living denizens of our houses, and still more of our gardens. But there are...

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Around Tonquin. By Prince Henri d'Orleans. Translated by C. B.

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Pitman. (Chapman and Hall.)—We are disappointed with the Prince's narrative ; a traveller with his experience and oppor- tunities could have made a much more solid and...


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The Narrative of a Busy Life : an Autobiography. By Arthur Hill Hassall, M.D. (Longmans.)—Dr. Hassall's name will be connected in many minds with his very useful researches,...

Verba Verli Dei. Harmonised by the Auth or

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of "Charles Lowder." (Longmans.)—This volume, it ie explained, is not a harmony of the Gospels. It is an arrangement of the sayings of Christ, according to the periods of his...

The Practical Guide to Algiers. By George W. Harris. (G.

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Philip and Son.)—This is the fourth edition of a useful book, " revised," we are assured, " up-to-date and enlarged." It seems to give every kind of practical information that...

A Guide to Palmistry. By Mrs. Eliza Carter-Henderson. (Gay and

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Bird.)—If any one wants to be his or her fortuneteller—and Mrs. Carter-Henderson promises such a possibility—here is the guide to that knowledge, whether it be desirable or not....

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History of the New World Called America. 2 vols. By

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E. J. Payne. (Clarendon Press.)—Mr. Payne has conceived and elaborated a profound philosophical history of Early America, in which, after relating at length the parts played by...

In the Meshes. By Florence Severne. (Osgood, MoIlvaine, and Co.)—The

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characters in this story are strong and well defined, and the plot is well worked out. Romayne, the clever and unscrupulous doctor, who is seen to be capable of a great love,...

servedly reprinted. There is more " life" than "rock" about

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them, and most of the chapters are devoted to palaeontology, and very well handled the different subjects are. The history, evolution, and relation of the members of some...

The Flora of the Assyrian Monuments. By E. Bonavia, M.D.

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(Constable.)—Dr. Bonavia easily makes out a, case for the identification of the pine, vine, date, pomegranate, banana, &c., with certain designs on Assyrian monuments, but we do...

Christina Chard. By Mrs. Campbell Praed. 3 vols. (Chatto and

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Windus.)—Christina is the daughter of an Australian millionaire, or reputed millionaire, for indeed his millions are in the pockets of others, for his ingenuity to extract,...

Gold, Sport, and Coffee-Planting in Mysore. By R. IT. Elliot.

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(A. Constable and Co.)—Mr. Elliot is well acquainted with such pressing questions of the hour as Casts, Indian Silver Currency, and Native Representation, and is always good...

Major Joshua. By Francis Forster. (Longmans )—The Major gives his

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name to the drama in which he plays the part of the Chorus, as did the Trachinian women long ago to the tragedy of the Passion of lieracles. He is a notable person in himself,....

.A Beginner. By Rhoda Broughton. (Bentley and Son.)—Miss Emma Jocelyn

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feels constrained to give the world the benefit of her views upon one of the questions which we are always being told it is necessary to face. Accordingly, she writes a novel,...

From the Frontier. By Frederick Boyle. (Chapman & Hall.)— We

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are told, and we are sorry to be told, by Mr. Boyle, that this volume is his "last series of ' Camp Notes.' " It would be difficult to find so vigorous and picturesque a writer,...

Leadwork. By W. R. Lethaby. Illustrated. (Macmillan.)—It. is remarkable how

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little we care about leadwork in England, which is the home of the art and where it has reached its perfection. It is practically dead now, never having had the toughness of...

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We are glad to see that Mr. W. Robinson's excellent

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book on The Wild Garden (John Murray), illustrated by Alfred Parsons, has already reached a fourth edition, which it well deserved.

Our Rati/ways, By T. Pendleton. 2 vols. Illustrated. (Cassell and

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Co.)—There is still apparently room for another history of railways—plentiful as such histories are—and we must acknow- ledge that Mr. Pendleton has managed to keep his subject...