18 FEBRUARY 1888

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The rumour, long since prevalent, that Mr. Goschen intends to

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" convert Consols "—that is, in fact, to offer £106 or there- abouts in 21 stock for £100 in Three per Cents.—has this week gained almost universal credence. The time is, it is...

Mr. Chamberlain has disappointed his enemies. In spite of the

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bitterness expressed by the Irish, and of difficulties raised by the Canadians as much as the Americans, he has succeeded in framing a Treaty on the Fisheries which is approved...

Yesterday week, Mr. Balfour, in the debate on the Address,

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intimating that he spoke chiefly because Lord Londonderry had had no opportunity in the House of Lords of ex pres- sing his opinion of the state of Ireland, proceeded to say...

The frightful range which a European war would have is

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well illustrated by a statement that reaches England from China. It is stated that the Chinese Government is closely watching events in Europe, that it is collecting an army on...

*** The Editors cannot undertake to return Manuscript, in any

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With the "SPECTATOR" of Saturday, March 10th, will be issued, gratis, a SPECIAL LITERARY SUPPLEMENT, the outside pages of which will be devoted to Advertisements. Advertisements...


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T HE Government of M. Tirard sustained on Monday what was really, though not nominally, a serious defeat. The Colonial Ministry asked £800,000 for Tonquin; but the Bonapartists,...

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The Solicitor-General for Ireland replied in a very vigorous speech,

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in which he showed that Mr. Parnell, who now attri- butes so much of the improvement of Ireland to the Land Act of last Session, last Session described that Act as one which...

Sir George Trevelyan on Tuesday, premising that he intended to

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show that what he had said in the country he would say within the walls of Parliament, proceeded to bleat criticisms on the Government in the most lamb-like of tones,—tones...

Mr. Parnell, in moving, on Monday, the amendment which condemned

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the Government for the Criminal Law Amendment Act, and for the " harsh, partial, and mischievous " conduct of the Government in enforcing it, made a great parade of the wish of...

Mr. Morley's reply to Mr. Balfour was not in his

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best style. It consisted chiefly in asserting that whatever improvement there is in the state of Ireland, is due either to the feeling that so large an English party is on the...

On Wednesday, Colonel King-Harman and Mr. Herbert Gladstone both spoke.

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The former showed that the Parnellite talk about conciliation and union of hearts is chiefly kept for consumption in Great Britain, while in Ireland the old style of invective...

On Thursday the debate was begun by Mr. O'Brien, who

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boasted loudly that he had broken not only the law of the Crimes Act, but the Common Law ; and he justified the pro- ceeding, whenever it resulted, as he maintained that it did...

Although Lord Spencer's Government had proceeded against a larger number

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of persons, in proportion to the number of agrarian offences, than the present Government had proceeded against, the Crimes Act of last year had diminished the number of...

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Mr. Finlay replied to Mr. O'Brien in a manly but

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unre- markable speech ; and no great speech was made till the Attorney- General rose, later in the evening, and remarked, with some irony, that Sir George Trevelyan had...

A memorial to the late Archbishop of Dublin, Dr. Trench,—

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a beautiful poet, though hardly more than a minor poet, amongst his other distinctions,—has been set on foot by a very influential committee, of which a multitude of Bishops and...

No intelligence of interest is reported from Eastern Europe. The

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Russian Government is not moving, publicly at least, in Bulgarian matters, but is steadily increasing its preparations in Poland and the West generally. According to the Sreuz...

Do Radicals really think that it will never be necessary

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or expedient for this country to enter into a secret treaty ? At all events, Mr. Laboachere thinks so, for he keeps worrying Sir J. Fergusson as to a Treaty about Italy ; and on...

The extreme Radicals and the Irish on Monday got up

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a demonstration in London, in honour of the release of Mr. T. D. Sullivan and other Irish Members imprisoned for defying the law. They were met at the Euston Square Station by a...

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The bulletins from San Remo tell the public as little

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as ever, their whole meaning being that the Crown Prince has not suffered greatly from the operation of tracheotomy. It was not expected that he would suffer from that, the true...

Sheriff Fraser and Mr. McNeill, the Commissioners appointed by Parliament

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to inquire into the condition of the crofters of Lewis, have presented their report, which is full of grave appre- hension. The number of the people has increased from seven-...

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THE DEBATE ON MR. PARNELL'S AMENDMENT. T HE debate on Mr. Parnell's amendment ought to be very encouraging to the Government. There are several characteristics in it which any...

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T HE division of Monday in the French Chamber may prove to have been one of considerable importance. It is, to begin with, almost fatal to the Gambettist policy of acquiring new...

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T HE Lewis question is not a great one, but it contains in itself every one of those burning questions which are now agitating English society, and will agitate it more and...

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P ONTESBURY, in the diocese of Hereford, has the unusual good fortune to have three Rectors. Each is called the Rector of a " portion," but apparently they all three take it by...


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I T is the custom of the English, when they alter procedure either in the Law Courts or the Houses of Parliament, to introduce a better system bit by bit ; and we must not,...

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IRISH LOCAL GOVERNMENT. T HE cry that Irish Local Government, as

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at present con- stituted, is something peculiarly bureaucratic and centralised—that Ireland, in fact, is governed like a Poland —has been a cause of grave doubt and difficulty...

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A battle has been going on for some time in the- Barnet Board of Guardians, which has ended in what may prove to be an illegal decision to entrust the religious teaching of the...

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A PARAGRAPH-WRITER in the St. James's Gazelle of Monday adds one more to the many attacks which social satirists are always making upon the system of afternoon calls. He says...


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A T a time when there is so much useless talk about the unemployed, and so much unwise charity, one feels grateful to any one who, like Mr. Mills, tries to strike out some...

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To THE EDITOR Or THR " srzeriroz.•rj SIR,—Your remarks on girls' modern education and the way in which proper exercise is overlooked, is a most cheering phenomenon to those who...


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AN ANGLICAN " MISSION " TO CONVERT ITALY. [To THE EDITOR Or TIER " SPECTATOR. "] SIR,—I am very far from wishing to controvert the opinions which you have expressed on the...


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[To THR EDITOR Or THE "SPECTATOR- " ] Sia,—Thanks are due to Mr. Quick for his insistance upon one main point of the indictment against the present system of elementary...

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DR. MARTINEAU'S " STUDY OF RELIGION."* [SECOND NOTICE.] DR. MARTIN EAU has never written anything that is more effective for its purpose and more comprehensive in its grasp of...

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LUCIDLY and succinctly has Mr. Maurice described in this volume the revolutionary movement which shook Central Europe in 184849. Rightly, too, does he describe that move- ment...

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PERTINACITY is the characteristic of Pretenders. It was ex- hibited last century by the Stuarts ; in this century, the French and Spanish Bourbons and the Bonapartes furnish...

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MR. FRITH'S AUTOBIOGRAPHY.* ALTHOUGH Mr. Frith states that he is

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ignorant of all literary art, he has managed to write two highly amusing volumes. The story of an artist's life is as interesting as that of a poet or a statesman, if the author...

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THE authorship of really effective nicknames is almost as hard to trace as that of proverbs. They may be described as partial or personal definitions which gibbet some special...

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of childhood and youth seems to come back to us with the new appearance of Undine, endowed this time, after the fashion of the present day, with an intro- Undine : a Romance....

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We have received two volumes of the " Present-Day Tracts"

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Series. (Religious Tract Society.) —One deals with the subject of Non-Christian Philosophies of the Day. Eight tracts are included. Professor Blaikie writes on "Christianity and...


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The twenty-fifth annual issue of The Statesman's Year-Book, edited by J. Scott Keltie (Macmillan and Co.), appears earlier than it did last year, and, appropriately enough,...

this title, really goes beyond his subject. The "Plague of

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Books," for instance, is a discourse on a matter more important than any "amenities " of life, social or other. It concerns, in fact, the essence of life itself. Life may be...

The East Neuk of Fife. By the Rev. Walter Wood,

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M.A. (David Douglas, Edinburgh.)—This is the second edition—so enlarged and rearranged as to be practically a new work—of one of those excellent local histories that Scotland is...

The Dedications of Books. By Henry B. Wheatley. (Elliot Stock.)—Mr.

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Wheatley finds three epochs of dedication, which may be briefly described by the ruling motive of the dedicator,—friend. ship, money, friendship. Early dedicators, as in the...

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Our Earth and its Story. By Robert Brown, Ph.D. (Cassell

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and Co.)—Dr. R. Brown, already favourably known for his valuable works, " The Peoples of the World " and " The Countries of the World," has now increased the obligation under...

A Dictionary of Philosophy. By J. Radford Thomson. (R. D.

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Dickinson.)—The plan of the book is to give the ipsissima verbs of philosophers. It represents a vast amount of reading, and doubtless will be found, on the whole, of some...

Some Chinese Ghosts. By Lafeadia Hearn. (Roberts Brothers, Boston, 17.8.A

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.)—These Chinese legends show, in some instances, the curious resemblances which run through all the folk-lore of the world. The first story, for instance, " The Sonl of the...

A History of the Vyne, in Hamp , .hire. By Chaloner W.

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Chute. (Jacob and Johnson, Winchester.)—It is pleasant to find the owner of a historic house sensible of the "honour to which be is born." There are some very undesirable...

Municipal Records of the City of Carlisle. Edited by R.

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S. Ferguson, M.A., and W. Nauson, B.A. (Tharnam and Sons, Carlisle ; Bell and Sons, London.)—Most of this volume, which is one of the publications of the " Cumberland and...

Death—and Afterwards. By Ed win Arnold. (Trfibner and Co.) —Mr.

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Arnold has done well to reprint this suggestive essay from the Fortnightly Review. It is a powerful argument in behalf of a truth which, however strong our motives for believing...

Schoolboy Stories. By Ascot R. Hope. (Nimmo and Co.)— There

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is no doubt about Mr. Hope's schoolboys being real creatures. They are not heroic, they are not extraordinarily virtuous or victims; but they are ordinary human beings, and not...

The Herb of the Field. By Charlotte M. Yonge. (Macmillan

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and Co.)—This is a "revised and corrected" reprint of a book which first appeared more than thirty-four years ago. These thirty.foar years, as she remarks, have made the system...

Service Afloat; or, the Naval Career of Sir William Hoste.

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(W. H. Allen.)—Sir William Hoste's naval career coincided with the long war with France. He entered the Navy as a midshipman on board the `Agamemnon,' and attracted the...