20 AUGUST 1870

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Up to Friday no tidings of the effect of all

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this on Paris had reached London. It is believed that the truth had not reached Paris at all, or, at all events, the Parisians, for at midnight on Thursday they were joyfully...

On Sunday, the 14th inst., the retreat to Verdun commenced,

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and continued on Monday ; but moving 120,000 men, with their impedimenta, out of a fortress with few gates on one side is a slow process, and on Monday night the Marshal rested...

Before recording events in their order, we wish to say

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a word on the grand point of all, the comparative numbers of the com- batants. We have steadily asserted that France was outnumbered, and now believe that our statements were...


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G ERMANY still advances, and the balance of evidence goes to show that Marshal Bazaine, with the remainder of the Army of the Rhine-120,000 strong—is enveloped either in Metz or...

At last, probably on Saturday, the 13th, the struggle ended

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; the Emperor left without followers, and Bazaine, set free of political considerations, organized his retreat. He had no difficulty in crossing the Moselle, which flows through...

Immediately after Forbach and the explosion in the Chamber caused

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by that news, the Emperor was pressed to resign the com- mand-in-chief. He apparently resisted, for he first made Marshal Bazaine commandant of three corps, then Count Palikao...

Naturally this victory is claimed by both sides. The Marshal,

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in a despatch of the 17th inst., dated " head-quarters," but con- taining no hint where head-quarters may be, claims it because " we have everywhere maintained our position "...

V' The Editors cannot undertake to return Manuscript in any

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Count Bismarck has followed up his attack on the Emperor

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and his creatures by publishing a photograph of a note and a draft treaty sent by Count Benedetti to himself in August, 1866, after the Prussian victories, the note speaking of...

General Troche's proclamation to the people, dated Wednesday, 17th August,

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is modest in tone, hopeful, and conciliatory. "To defend Paris," he says, "will be the pride of my life, and the crowning of a career till now unknown to most of you." He has...

The expulsion of the Germans from Paris, decreed last week

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by the Legislative Body, has been to some extent carried out. It is said that it was a humane precaution, Paris being too excited to tolerate foreigners ; and undoubtedly...

All manner of rumours are in circulation in London, but

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none of them deserve or receive very much belief. It is said that the Empress Eugenie has requested permission to pass through Belgium, a permission not needed ; that 50 tons of...

Lord Granville has written a very good circular to Her

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Majesty's diplomatic and consular representatives in Germany, in answer to the assertion that we are not properly observing our neutrality by selling horses, coal, and munitions...

It is well that there is a man somewhere, for

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the wildest ideas are current in Paris. The populace believe themselves betrayed, see a spy in every fair-haired man, and rave of Bismarck as they used to do of Pitt. M....

It is stated that in the same sitting, which was

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secret, the Left demanded the dismissal of the Emperor, and Count Palikao sat impassive, while the Right were almost reduced to silence. It is clear that the Count does not...

A telegram from Rugen, dated August 17th, announces the first

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naval skirmish of the war. The ironclad Grille, and gunboats Blitz, Drache, and Salamander, on 16th inst. engaged four French ironclads, a corvette, and a despatch-boat without...

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The Lancet of this week has a very caustic paragraph

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on the 'Queen's health, congratulating the nation on the complete 'health which enabled the Queen to travel on Tuesday from -Osborne to Windsor, to hold a Council on Wednesday,...

The Member for West Surrey, Mr. Briscoe, is dead, and

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all the , papers, following Dod, are speaking of him as a moderate Liberal. In fact, however, he was returned in 1868 by the Conservatives to oppose Mr. Gladstone's Irish...

The young rhinoceros at the Zoological Gardens in using its

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horn to root up the barrier between its stall and that of the female, as it would use it to root up trees in the forest, broke it off, on which there was a considerable loss of...

The Liberals of Plymouth and the Attorney-General, Sir R. -Collier,

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have been acting together a delightful little farce—the former affecting the greatest jealousy for Sir R. Collier's devotion 'to his Parliamentary and other duties, and Sir R....

The Americana have taken the defeat of their countryman's yacht,

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Dauntless, by Mr. Ashbury's yacht, Cambria, in the great Atlantic yacht race, with their accustomed good-nature, though they found it so difficult to believe that their champion...

Consols were on Friday evening 91-1 to 911.

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Lord Elcho has given up urging that the Volunteers should

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be armed with Solders, for the very excellent reason that of the 300,000 which Mr. Cardwell stated to be in store, it seems that -nearly 200,000 are in store in Canada. Lord...

We give the following curious evidence that the mitrailleuse is

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only a revival of an old invention, from " Grose's Military Anti- quities" (1801), vol. ii., p. 165 :—" A patent was granted by King Charles I. to William Drummond, of...

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THE WAR. 4 LAS! for France, for the gallant and gifted people, and .11. the beautiful land ! An armed nation is rushing on her, a nation welded into a bar of steel, and wielded...

PARIS IN ARMS. H AD General Trochu been appointed Dictator a

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week ago, as he would have been had the Corps Legislatif con- tained fewer nominees of the Tuileries, or had Paris not been stricken for once with an access of moderation, there...

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S UPPOSING the Germans to dictate peace, either at Chalons or before Paris, what will be its terms ? It may be said that discussion is premature, but it is the universal topic,...

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T HE one change in the present Government which would immeasurably strengthen it, not only in the confidence of the country, which is important, but in the confidence of the...

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H ISTORY seems to show that there is hardly any race, from the Maori to the Prussian or the Yankee, which will not make good military material, and which, under able leadership,...

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THE English _arrangements for. collecting and distributing intelligence about this War, though in some respects very commendable, are still by no means perfect. It is a great...


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1 T is undeniable that the purpose with which Civil Marriage was legalized in these kingdoms was nothing else than the relief of those classes of persons who declined to...

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I T is not a little remarkable that even the most vivid descrip- tions of the horrors of a battle-field,—such descriptions, for instance, as Dr. Russell gives in the remarkable...

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A HOLIDAY IN THE TYROL. IL—Tim PASSION PLAY. go THE EDITOR OF "THE SPECTATOR:] Berne, Friday, August 12, 1870. SIR, Violent disturbances in Paris !' An Englishman shot by order...

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all is at stake—honour, nationality, and everything. For this everybody

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must be ready to sacrifice whatever is valued most ; their husbands, sons, often their sole supports, are taken from them ; younger sons not quite of the required age for...

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LTO THE EDITOR OF THE “SPEOTATOE.1 SIR,—The following letter from a French friend, not engaged in politics, and in a position to form a good judgment, may interest "Paris,...


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—4-- THE MALMESBURY CORRESPONDENCE.• DURING the leisure of Opposition, Lord Mahnesbury has followed up his publication of the "Political Diaries and Corre,spondence " of his...

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A MERRY PURITAN.* CONVENTIONAL notions of the Puritans are sadly

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overturned in the case of Dr. Wilde, whom the Rev. John Hunt has set before us in fresh and attractive array, making us thereby his debtors anew. If Wilde was the exception...

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to the horrible outrage committed on the persons of the French Plenipotentiaries when on their way back to France, in deference to the official intimation from the Imperial...

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SPURIOUS POLITICAL ECONOMY.* Is the study of political economy declining

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in England ? Most people will be astonished at the question, looking at our recent progress in the application of the science. How can it be asked, in a country where the...

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review this book earlier. We read it under a stronger light in the rear of the events of the last few weeks, which have served to disperse not a few mists. The bulk of this...

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The Contemporary Review: August. (Strahan.)—It seems unfair to- find fault with a review which has shown such marked excellence as has the Contemporary daring the last few...

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A Lonely Life. By the Author of " Wise as

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a Serpent." (Houlaton.) —This is a tale the interest of which the critic will not injure by reveal- ing the plot, for this, indeed, the author does not attempt to involve in any...

Curious Facts of Old Colonial Days. By James Banwicke. (Sampson

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Low and Co.)—These facts are certainly very "curious." Indeed we might apply a very mach stronger epithet to many of them. The stories of the dealings of the Government with the...

Two stately volumes are to be added to the literature,

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already copious, of the Abyssinian Expedition.—Reconnoitring in Abyssinia, by. Colonel H. St. Clair Wilkins, R.E. (Smith, Elder, and Co.), contains what are, in fact, the first...

Forsaking all Others. By Emma Pickering. 2 vols. (Newby.)— This

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is the history of an elopement, and of the secret marriage which followed it, and of the numberless troubles, humiliations, and sorrows- which ensued. The purpose, therefore, of...

Our Domestic Fire-Places. By F. Edwards, Jun. (Hard wicke.)—Mr- Edwards

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agrees with Nathaniel Hawthorne, who says in his "Mosses- from an Old Manse " that the old appeal to the nation " to fight for their hearths " would fall dead in a land of close...

obtained only two species of fish, and in the great

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inland lake of Ashangi procured but one solitary specimen, and that in an illegitimate way from the stomach of a grebe. The book is very handsomely got up..

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The Young Mountaineer. By Daryl Helms. (Nimmo.)—Our tale- writers, as

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well as our dramatists, seem to find it convenient to "adapt" from the French. Here the adaptation is of the simplest kind. The scenery, the manners, even the language, remain...

Illustrations of Ancient Buildings in Kashmir. By H. H. Cole,

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Lieutenant, R.E. (W. H. Allen and Co.) —This handsome volume is the first of a series with which it is intended to illustrate the Archwological Survey of India now being carried...

New EnmeNs.—Captain Sir F. L. M'Clintock publishes a third edition

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of a story which will never lose its interest, the Fate of Sir John Franklin. (Hurray.) Captain M'Clintock commanded, as our readers will remember, the Fox, the vessel fitted...