21 AUGUST 1869

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The Spectator

T HE Emperor of the French has pardoned everybody who has done nothing. By a decree of August 14, countersigned by all his Ministers, he releases all persons under sentence for...

We published the other day some speculations on one of

The Spectator

the most startling of astronomical facts, the explosion, or rather the conflagration of Tau Corona. It appears that another and much more important star is slowly taking itself...

It is suggested that there is a complete excuse for

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the conduct of the Duke of Edinburgh which has so irritated the Australians. The Prince was told on arrival at Melbourne that he was the guest of the colony, that money had been...

The text of the letter addressed by the Sultan to

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the Viceroy of Egypt has been published. It bears date the 3rd August. It is a dignified but most severe reprimand from a sovereign to his vassal. The Viceroy is reminded that "...

The paper war between Count Beust and Baron Thile, ad

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interim Secretary of Foreign Affairs in Berlin, continues, and grows hotter. Count Beust says he has neglected no effort to conciliate Prussia, but has always, failed. Baron...

Marshal Niel died, as expected, in the night of Friday

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week, a terrible loss to the Empire, though possibly a great relief to the Prussian Cabinet. The Marshal really believed in war, and held that the military training of a whole...

The British Association has met this year at Exeter, and

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Pro- fessor Stokes has been elected President. His address was highly orthodox in tone, his main thesis, after he had passed from the progress of astronomical inquiry, being the...

' 1 „,* The Editors cannot undertake to return Manuscript in any

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As usual, during the recess, the daily papers keep tapping

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the rock, but they have not drawn water yet in any quantity. The discussion about the morality of Formosa does not yield much, except to the lessee of Drury Lane, and London has...

The Times' commissioner sent to inquire on the spot into

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Irish tenure has fairly commenced his work, and as yet betrays no bias. He is in Tipperary, and describes the labourers there as fairly well off ; but the fkrmers are almost all...

Two of the London gas monopolies have gone out of

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town, the Imperial Company to West Ham, and the Chartered Gas Com- pany to Beeton, near the northern outfall of the drainage. This company is spending about £700,000 on its new...

The Prince Imperial has performed one of the functions of

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royalty for the first time. Napoleon, being unable to pass his fete "in the midst of his , great military family " at Chalons, sent his son, now thirteen years of age. The child...

An occurrence, unique of its kind, is reported from Berlin.

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The Rev. H. Heinrici, Lutheran minister, was reading the Creed in the Cathedral, and had reached the words, " I believe in God the Father, God the Son, and God the Holy Ghost,"...

We commence to-day the publication of a short series of

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papers on the prospects of the English labourer in America. They are condensed by their author from a report made by him to the Society of Arts, who sent him out to examine the...

The German Governments are evidently seriously moved by the projects

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imputed to the Pope. They believe that the (Ecumenical Council will modify the Syllabus so as to refuse to the State all control over the Catholic clergy. So grave is this...

The able correspondent of the Pall Mall Gazette who writes

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from Barcelona declares—he is a Conservative witness—that the Spaniards are utterly disgusted with their system of justice, and will remedy it, if no other remedy is obtainable,...

Captain Seymour, the Orange candidate for Antrim, has been returned

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by three to one, though his opponent, Sir A. Shafto Adair, stood pledged to vote for tenant-right. Captain Seymour, naturally, declared that he should resist the ballot.

The Pall Mall Gazette says the abolition of suttee among

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Hindoos was due to Sir Charles Napier. Sir Charles did forbid it in Scinde, but in so doing he only obeyed a general Act passed in the reign of Lord William Bentinck, which...

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The International Boat Race is fixed for Friday next, the

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27th, and not the 25th, as we said last week, at 5 o'clock. As we ex- pected, the opinion has been changing during the past week until - the chances are regarded as nearly even,...

Dr. Selwyn has not succeeded at all as a Spiritual

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Peer, his greatest speech having been a most rambling, incoherent affair, and be does not seem very likely to succeed as a leader within the the Church. In a Visitation Address,...

The Bank of England has reduced its rate of discount

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to 24 per cent., and this in the face of a harvest believed to be below the average, and a consequent certainty that millions must be spent upon foreign wheat. The accumulation...

The British alliance with Burmah seems to be doing an

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infinity of mischief with no corresponding good. The Burmese are very discontented with their King, who is a sort of rough copy of Ismail Pacha of Egypt, and treats his kingdom...

Mr. Henry D. Jencken, barrister-at-law, apparently a barrister just now

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employed in settling some lawsuits in Spain; must be a person capable of singular " detachment" of mind. His vigorous advocacy of his own side had offended some of his...

Members of Parliament are threatened with a new and most

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frightful danger, much worse than the explosion in the crypt which is to blow them into the air. A mechanician named Gensoul has invented a machine which reports speeches...

A breach-of-promise case was tried at Liverpool on the 17th

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- inst. which is curiously characteristic of English manners. The defendant, Mr. J. E. Thompson, son of a large shipbuilder in Sunderland, was engaged to a Miss Fleming,...

The Austrian Government has agreed to the dissolution by degrees

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of the Croatian military colonies. These colonies are set- tled by soldiers, who remain under military law, receive some military pay, and can, when needful, turn out an army of...

Consols were on Friday evening 92{ to 93.

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MR. LOWE AND HIS POUND AGAIN. T HE more one thinks over Mr. Lowe's conundrum in cur- rency, the more certain does it appear that he is right as to the answer, and that, like...


The Spectator

W E do not want to commence the discussion of the Irish Land Measure one day sooner than we are obliged. It is a heavy subject at any time, though, thank Heaven 1 it is at last...

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A N infidel Torquemada, a man who persecutes people even unto death simply because they affirm that they believe, who disbelieves so strenuously that he will die on a gallows if...

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T HE critical event of the year in an industrial sense is= alwaysthe Harvest. Although Agriculture has become- much less important relatively to the other pursuits of the-...

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A MERCHANT who cashed a bill drawn at thirty years' sight would be considered in the City either a credulous fool or a man who had adopted a • very odd mode of giving away his...

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I T appears that the Bishops' Resignation Bill is likely to become a dead letter. The clauses which provided for a compulsory power in certain cases were struck out, it will be...

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S OCIETY," par excellence, is out of town ; but in the society - which remains a furious discussion is raging as to the morality, or rather the propriety, of Formosa, Mr....

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" D EMAGOGUES," we should have written, if the word had not come to bear a sinister meaning which we have no wish to convey. At Rome, where political life was better understood...

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A LONG-VEXED question—one which astronomers and phy- sicists have laboured and puzzled and even quarrelled over for two centuries at least—has at length been set at rest....

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I T would fill a large book and require an able writer to do justice to the subject of the condition of the Working- Classes in America. What I would propose to do here,...

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cx11.—THE WELSH MARCHES :--SHROPSHIRE.-SINCE THE SAXON CONQUEST. T HE history of the conquest of Shropshire by the Saxons is entirely unknown. When it was accomplished, and...

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THE BATTLE OF THE LANGUAGES. [TO THE EDITOR OF THE " SPECTITOR.1 SIR,—The question of the influence of parentage in what you term the " Battle of Languages " is merely another...


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[TO THE EDITOR OF THE "SPECTATOR. "] Sin,—Will you allow a disciple of Comte a few words in reply to your remarks last week upon the weakness of Positivism when confronted with...

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[TO THE EDITOR OF THE "SPECTATOR."] SIR,—I have just read the article on " Lying in Court " in the current number of the Spectator, and cannot refrain from writing to thank you...

[TO THE EDITOR OF THE "SPECTATOR:'] SIR, —The Spectator always

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hits hard,' but generally accords to friends and foes fair play. If you had chanced to say anything— especially to make a grave accusation—on insufficient grounds, I am certain,...


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DR. CON OLLY.* THE discoveries of the philanthropist run side by side with those of the man of science, and certainly are entitled to no secondary honours. The man who fights...


The Spectator

cm THE EDITOR OF THE " SPECrATOR.1 am sure you will readily allow me the very small space which I ask, to do me that which will be at once a favour and an act of justice. In...


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[TO THE EDITOR OF THE "SPECTATOR. " ] SIR,—Without laying stress upon "the eternal fitness of things," I cannot but think that Mr. E. L. Garbett has in your last number made out...

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Tins is a sportsman's narrative, and Captain Hardy has told his tale so agreeably that the reader who is in search of amuse- ment for an idle hour will find all that he looks...


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WE learn with regret that Mr. Henderson died before his work had passed through the press. It becomes under these circum- stances more than usually disagreeable to find, as we...

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COMPANIES.* Tuts compilation, for such it essentially is, of the old City customs and ceremonials has been prepared with unusual care and judgment, and deserves special credit...

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BATHING-PLACES. • THE autumn holiday, which was once a luxury, has

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now become, to those who live in cities, a necessity ; and, as everybody goes out of town, the whole coast has become studded with places which invite the presence not only of...

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much discussion lately on the position of women and what they ought to be and do, and the use of a collection of essays to explain the views of a party which has a great common...

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"HUNDREDS of volumes," says Mr. Dircks, " have been written professing to enlighten us on the subject of nature, without ad- vancing a single available process to attain the...

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Occupations of a Retired LA by Edward Garrett (Strahan), has

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reached a second edition. It is a pleasant story, which would be better perhaps without its controversial tinge, of a City merchant, who retires to his native place, and helped...

SzRuoas.—The Son of Man: Discourses on the Humanity of Jesus

The Spectator

Christ. By Frank Conlin, D.D. (Hodder and Stoughton.)—Dr. Conlin is a minister of the National Church of Geneva. His sermons are of the French type, and written with a...

The Theory of Ocular Defects and of Spectacles. From the

The Spectator

German of Dr. Hermann Schaller. By Robert B. Carter, F.R.O.S. (Longmans.)— This book is of too technical a character to be discussed in these columns, but we may briefly call...

Only an Earl. By the Countess Pisani. 3 vols. (Hurst

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and Blackett.)—The reader will not, at all events, complain that these volumes are scantily provided with incident. On the contrary, events of the most harrowing kind abound....

Cottage Plans. By the Earl of Cawdor. (Ridgway.)—A very useful

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book, which may, we trust, do something towards the object for which Lord Cawdor has put it together, the improvement of the dwellings of the agricultural poor. It contains...

Married. By Mrs. T. C. Newby. 3 vols. (Newby.)—Mrs. Newby

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tells us in her first volume how her heroine came to be married, and in her second and third how, being married, she behaved herself. The attempt to enter this great region of...


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A History of the Early Church. By the Rev. J. Pryce, M.A. (Long- mans.)—This is a manual, written from the point of view of a High Churchman, but moderate in tone, and fairly...

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Porrar.—The Three Fountains with other Verses. By the Author of

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"The Afterglow." (Longmans.)—The author calls his principal poem a "leery epic." It is written with some power, especially power of description, but there is scarcely sufficient...